This is an aggregation of all of the recent blog posts of the Case Blog system. The entries are in reverse chronological order according to each entry's last modified date. Persons with questions regarding Planet Case or the Blog system can check the FAQ or email us at blog-admin@case.edu.

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August 27, 2014

Case Western Reserve University conference examines international law and ethics issues arising from emerging military technologies

Panel topics: autonomous robotic weapons, military use of genomic science, cyber warfare, and non-lethal weaponry




News Release: Wednesday, August 27, 2014



Rapidly emerging technologies carry the potential for new types of warfare. Experts gather Friday, Sept. 5 at Case Western Reserve University School of Law for the day-long conference: International Regulation of Emerging Military Technologies.

Prominent experts on international law, ethics and arms control will discuss appropriate ways to regulate four categories of emerging technologies: autonomous robotic weapons, military use of genomic science, cyber warfare, and non-lethal weaponry.

Although the panels have diverse topics, a common thread is how to prepare international law for these technologies.

"The main question is under what circumstances should any military use them?" said Maxwell Mehlman, Arthur E. Petersilge Professor of Law and director of the Law-Medicine Center at Case Western Reserve Law School. "Should there be international agreement? What would the rules be? And what's realistic? What can actually be enforced?"

Unlike drones, which are controlled weapons, autonomous robots can be programmed to make instant decisions in a precise military operation. “Some think that it may be possible to program robots to act morally," Mehlman said.


Genomic science, Mehlman explains, raises both wide-ranging and personal questions: Should everyone doing military service undergo genomic testing for the purpose of identifying those who are either more or less likely to experience post-traumatic stress disorder? And how will the bank of genomic data that is collected then be used?

A cyber warfare attack could infiltrate or disable a computer system, or a power grid, or bank accounts. It raises concerns about disproportionate retaliation.

Non-lethal weaponry seems like a more humane type of warfare, a way to disable an enemy without killing. Might that tactic actually remove ethical barriers from launching an attack?

The conference is made possible by a grant of the Wolf Family Foundation and support from Case Western Reserve's Inamori International Center for Ethics and Excellence.

Organizers of the conference are the Consortium on Emerging Military Technologies, Military Operations, and National Security (CETMONS), directed by Mehlman, and the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center, directed by Case Western Reserve School of Law Interim Dean Michael Scharf.

Articles by the speakers will be published in a special double issue of the Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law.

The conference agenda and link to a webcast are available at: http://law.case.edu/Lectures.aspx?lec_id=372


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 07:45 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

August 27, 2014

CWRU astronomers win time on Hubble to study galaxy formation


Aug. 27, 2014


CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University astronomer Chris Mihos leads a team of Ohio researchers recently awarded nearly 20 hours of observing time on the Hubble Space Telescope to study the outskirts of the nearby spiral galaxy M101.

Access to Hubble is extremely competitive, with only about one in five proposals being awarded observing time and research funding. Their observations, to be made during a 10-day window this fall or next—the only time Hubble will be in position to focus on all the features the team seeks—will help determine how galaxies form over time.

The study is motivated by recent observations of M101 by Mihos and his collaborators, including CWRU Observatory Manager Paul Harding, using CWRU’s Burrell Schmidt telescope in Kitt Peak, Arizona. Those observations revealed very faint, diffuse blue light from young stars in the galaxy’s extreme outer regions – signs that the galaxy is continuing to grow over time.

They also saw that the galaxy’s outer regions were extremely distorted. The distortions, coupled with computer simulations by recently graduate astronomy major Sean Linden, raise the possibility that if M101 collided with one of its companion galaxies 200-300 million years ago, the collision could have tugged stars and gas out of M101, leading to the formation of new stars.

“But there’s a problem,” Mihos said. “From ground-based telescopes, what we see is light from millions of stars all blended together. Based on that, it’s hard to say unequivocally what happened at what time. We need to see the individual stars to work out the details and really understand what’s going on.”

So Mihos, Harding, CWRU astronomy graduate student Aaron Watkins and Youngstown State University’s Patrick Durrell and John Feldmeier, associate professors of physics and astronomy, applied for time on Hubble to peer closer. Being above the atmosphere and possessing more powerful optics, the multi-billion-dollar telescope will enable them to see nearly 10,000 individual faint stars.

The colors and brightness of these individual stars, from very old red stars to young and bright blue stars, indicate not only age, but also chemical makeup. These details will help the researchers determine whether new stars have always been forming in the galaxy’s outskirts or whether a recent interaction with a companion galaxy triggered transient changes.

The team will also try to determine if M101, which is about 25 million light years away, has a halo of faint stars like that in the Milky Way. Astronomers believe that the halos of spiral galaxies are built through an ongoing process of accretion: As a spiral galaxy grows with time, smaller galaxies fall in and are torn apart by its gravity, leaving their stars orbiting in an extended halo.

But some scientists have suggested M101 has no halo -- which, if true, would throw a wrench in the current understanding of galaxy formation.

“If it really has no halo, then it's hard to see how it fits in our standard picture of galaxy formation,” Mihos said. “We'd have to come up with scenarios for building a big spiral galaxy without the accretion that normally forms a halo. That could be hard to do.”


Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 03:21 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

August 27, 2014

Case Institute of Technology Fundraising Campaigns

As we celebrate the success of our university-wide fundraising campaign, we can look back on other successful campaigns.

Case Institute of Technology’s first campaign was spurred by a major gift. In October 1925, trustee Charles W. Bingham offered a $500,000 gift if the school could raise an additional $500,000. The funds supported the construction and maintenance of the mechanical engineering building, increases in faculty salaries, and establishment of the Alumni Endowment Fund. The second campaign, the Endowment and Building Fund Campaign planned to raise $5 million in five years (1937-1942), but was cancelled in 1940 due to the uncertain conditions.

Though Case Institute of Technology had several campaigns before World War II, fundraising became a higher priority in the 1950s. Several successive campaigns included the Diamond Jubilee Campaign, the $6,500,000 Building Fund Campaign, and the $17 million Capital Campaign.

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Diamond Jubilee Campaign celebration

The 3 year Diamond Jubilee Campaign was held 1952-1955. Over $1 million was raised for building construction and over $1 million was raised for operations, scholarships, and other purposes. Buildings constructed from the campaign included the William E. Wickenden Electrical Engineering Building. The $6,500,000 Building Fund Campaign (1957-1959) raised over $8.3 million for buildings, which included Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears Library-Humanities Building and Strosacker Auditorium.

The last campaign, the $17 million Capital Campaign, was planned before Federation but carried out between 1967 and 1970. Funds were raised for land acquisition, construction, and renovation for student housing and academic buildings. These projects included the Glennan Space Engineering Building and the Carlton Road dormitory complex.

See our past blog posting about CWRU fundraising campaigns for more campaign information.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 12:17 PM | Comments (1) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

August 27, 2014

Universities at War: The CWRU Student Perspective of World War I

In the early twentieth century, the American college experience began to encompass the fun, frivolity and new friendships that coexist with the learning environment on campus. However, when the United States entered World War I in 1917, the college experience changed dramatically on many campuses, including those of Western Reserve University (WRU) and the Case School of Applied Sciences (CSAS).

From the beginning of the war, young Americans were bombarded with messages about what their relationship to the war could and should be. The student response at WRU and CSAS to these changes reflected a desire to maintain the traditions of the college experience, while also embracing the emphasis on sacrifice and heroism expressed in war propaganda.

Presented by Kelvin Smith Library, “Universities at War” is an exhibit that investigates the messages students received about the war through various print culture media. Posters, postcards, literature, advertisements, flyers and pamphlets will be on display, as well as university curriculum and student responses through yearbooks and other student publications. The exhibit also features a collection of WWI propaganda posters generously loaned by Stan Berger.


WWI_Poster-web.jpg Join us for the following special events!
Click here to RSVP.

“Universities at War” Exhibit Opening Reception:
Thursday, Sept. 18 from 4:30-6:30 p.m.
Kelvin Smith Library, Hatch Reading Room

“Western Reserve and Case and World War I” Presentation by Richard Baznick: (Director, Institute for the Study of the University in Society)
Friday, Sept. 26 from 12:15-1:30 p.m.
Kelvin Smith Library, Dampeer Room

“World War I in Pictures” Presentation by Henry Adams: (The Ruth Coulter Heede Professor of Art History, CWRU)
Friday, Oct. 31 from 12:15-1:30 p.m.
Kelvin Smith Library, Dampeer Room

“Cleveland during World War I” Presentation by John Grabowski: (Krieger-Mueller Associate Professor in Applied History, CWRU and Historian & Senior Vice President for Research and Publications, Western Reserve Historical Society)
Friday, Nov. 14 from 12:15-1:30 p.m.
Kelvin Smith Library, Dampeer Room


These events are free and open to the public with valid photo ID. The “Universities at War” exhibit will be open during regular business hours beginning Friday, Sept. 19. For more information, please contact KSLspecialcollections@case.edu.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 11:02 AM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

August 26, 2014

Lunch and Learn Session for Reaxys on September 12

Join us for a Lunch and Learn Session featuring Reaxys, an online workflow solution for research chemists from Elsevier. Reaxys is based on the trusted content from Beilstein (organic), Gmelin (inorganic and organometallic), the Patent Chemistry database and the most important current journals and patents within chemistry.

Designed by chemists, Reaxys supports literature, substance, property value and chemical structure searches and has recently been enhanced with additional tools such as Ask Reaxys, the Reaxys Tree and an AutoPlan option within the Synthesis Planner.

When: Friday, September 12, 12-1 PM
Where: Clapp Hall, Room 405
Speaker: Elsevier Representative, Theresa Buiel

RSVP here to help estimate lunch order

This event is free to attend and open to CWRU students, faculty and staff. For more information, contact yxz508@case.edu.

Continue reading "Lunch and Learn Session for Reaxys on September 12"

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 04:26 PM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: New Research Tools

August 25, 2014

CWRU nursing school’s new MOOC to teach health care workers how to make changes that improve quality and safety of patient care



News Release: August 25, 2014



“Take the Lead on Health Care Quality Improvement”—a new free massive open online course (MOOC) offered this fall by Case Western Reserve University’s school of nursing—targets ways frontline health care workers can deliver safer and better care to patients.

The principles to be explored can also apply to medicine, dentistry, social work, nonprofits, health care professionals and home health care professionals.

Quality improvement has become an international concern in the health field, said Mary Dolansky, PhD, RN, associate professor of nursing and director of the Quality and Safety Education for Nurses (QSEN) Institute that provides resources to improve quality and safety in health care.

The MOOC, a five-week course from Oct. 15 through Nov. 19, is the first offered by the school of nursing’s faculty and draws from the interprofessional course that has been offered at CWRU for the last 20 years – “The Continual Improvement of Health Care”.

Individuals from more than 40 countries have already enrolled for the course. Enrollment is unlimited, but the registration deadline is Oct. 15.

The course is offered through the web-based educational organization Coursera. While free, individuals can possibly earn continuing education credits for $10 per module. Approval is pending.

Register for free online at http://coursera.org/course/hcqualityimprovement.

Joining Dolansky as instructors are Shirley Moore, PhD, RN, FAAN, the Edward J. and Louise Mellon Professor and associate dean for research at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, and Mamta Singh, MD, MS, associate professor of medicine at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and Co-Director of the Center of Excellence in Primary Care at the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center

As part of the curriculum, students will choose an area to change, whether in their work environment or personal life—taking theory to actual practice.

“We will focus on developing a philosophy of improvement in frontline health care workers,” Dolansky said. “Learning how to make change will increase our success as overall, less than half of the health care’s profession’s efforts to improve patient care have succeeded.”

Nurses and physicians work directly with the patients, but often follow policies and procedures set by people not always involved with the day-to-day patient care, believes Dolansky.

The course leads students through the process of taking what’s learned from reading and lectures to the work setting to enhance experiential learning through application assignments, she said.

The course will explore four principles for making positive changes:
• Understanding the system and contextual factors that surround an area to be improved.
• Collecting information or data to find patterns to track if changes are successful or not.
• Applying principles of the psychology of change to engage and encourage others to make the change.
• Initiating tests of change or “PDSA’s” that is, plan, do, study and act.

“We’re encouraging people to not only go to work to ‘do their work’ but also to ‘improve their work. This is what is needed to transform healthcare,” Dolansky said.


Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 01:01 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

August 22, 2014

Revised Kulas Music Library Hours on Monday, August 25

Due to electrical work taking place in Haydn Hall, Kulas music library will not have evening hours on Monday, August 25. Kulas will be open from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Regular fall semester hours will resume on Tuesday, August 26.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 02:23 PM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

August 21, 2014

Case Western Reserve University School of Law MOOC offers insight into representing professional athletes

Experts provide inside look at business and legal issues of sports

News Release: Thursday, August 21, 2014


CLEVELAND—Sports executive Peter Carfagna, Distinguished Visiting Practitioner at Case Western Reserve University School of Law, will offer insight into the complex business and legal world of professional athletes in a free, six-week online course.

Registrations are already being accepted for “Representing the Professional Athlete,” a massive open online course, or MOOC, offered on the Coursera platform. The course begins Sept. 16. To register, go to the “Join for Free” tab at the Coursera online page for the course.

Carfagna is chairman and chief executive officer of Magis LLC, a privately owned sports marketing, management and investment firm, and chairman and secretary-treasurer of the family-owned Lake County Captains—the Cleveland Indians' minor league baseball affiliate in the Midwest League.

Previously, Carfagna was chief legal officer and general counsel of International Management Group (IMG) and senior partner at Jones Day LLP. He is executive in residence at Cleveland Marshall College of Law, and he has been a Visiting Lecturer on Sports Law at Harvard Law School 2006-present.

Based on his book, Representing the Professional Athlete (West Academic Casebook), Carfagna describes the course as “a virtual reality trip” of what it's really like to manage an athlete. The course offers students a taste of his full-semester course at Case Western Reserve law school.

The MOOC features interviews with the primary financial advisor of NFL quarterbacks and brothers Eli and Peyton Manning, and introduces students to a pro athlete in the early stages of his career—Clint Frazier, the Cleveland Indians’ first-round draft choice in 2013.

The online course delves into widely reported sports issues, including superstar LeBron James' recent return to the NBA's Cleveland Cavaliers.

Each weekly session lasts 75 to 90 minutes. Videos include lectures, guest interviews and play acting of hypothetical situations. Each week, students will be asked to complete a multiple choice quiz and participate in a course forum.

The topics are:

Week One: NCAA amateurism and eligibility
Week Two: Introduction to agents and the three U.S. major leagues’ collective bargaining agreements
Week Three: Early stages of professionalism and selecting an agency
Week Four: Representing the peak professional athlete
Week Five: Income protection and life after retirement
Week Six: Life cycle of tennis and golf pros, the longest career trajectory in sports


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 04:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged:

October 24, 2013

Preserving Your Travel Journal/ Octavofest, 2013 at Kelvin Smith Library

Following a short summary of this year’s Octavofest events at Kelvin Smith Library, this blog provides tips from a conservator on how to preserve your paper-based travel journal(s).

Kelvin Smith Library supports and actively participates in Octavofest, a multi-institutional yearly celebration of book and paper arts unique to Cleveland, Ohio. Because this year’s theme is “Travel”, October, 2013 events at Kelvin Smith Library included:

•“Around the World in 80 Books”, on display in the Hatch Reading Room through December 20th, is an exhibit of rare books, manuscripts, and archives about travel selected from the collections of Kelvin Smith Library. The exhibit covers a wide range of time periods and presents very different perspectives on travel. Items also represent different period styles of printing and binding, from ancient papyrus through ultra-contemporary art binding.
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An exhibit case displaying travel books in the Hatch Reading Room of Special Collections

•Travel Journal Workshop, conducted by book and paper artist Aimee Lee; participants enjoyed creating two different versions of personal travel journals using fine art papers.
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Artist Aimee Lee demonstrating a paper folding technique

•Presentation: Guest presenters Jared Bendis and Amy Kesegich shared their travel experiences and journaling practices, including electronic journaling.
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Jared Bendis shares his online travel blog. Amy Kesegich displays examples of her personal travel journals

Preserving Your Travel Journal

A travel journal, also called road journal or travelogue, is a record made by a voyager. Generally in diary form, a travel journal contains descriptions of the traveler's observations, feelings and experiences, and is normally written during the course of the journey. The intention of updating friends or family on the journey and recording thoughts and experiences to keep for future remembrances are some of the reasons these journals are kept.(content modified from Wikapedia). Travel journals often include photos, sketches/paintings created by the traveler of interesting people and places, as well as actual items from the trip such as menus, ticket stubs, matchbooks, and business cards that will remind the traveler of where they have been and what they experienced. Travel journals may be recorded in a paper-based journal or book as traditionally done, or more recently may be created online as blogs.

In order to ensure the physical preservation of your analog travel journal, three things must be considered:the original materials from which your journal is constructed; the protection required to keep your journal from harm while traveling is in progress, and the future storage conditions of your journal following your return home.

Original Materials:

The initial selection of a journal that is made from acid-free archival materials will prove invaluable for the future preservation of the journal and will insure that if given a reasonable storage environment the journal will not deteriorate rapidly over time.
• Paper and cover board: acid-free, lignin-free, buffered.
• Able to expand to hold items without stressing the binding, and open flat
• Pockets for loose objects made of acid-free paper, Bristol board or page protectors made from inert archival plastics such as Mylar (polyester), polypropylene or high-density polyethylene, or use archival plastic “corners”
• Avoid use of anything made of Vinyl and PVC!!! These plastics off-gas chemicals that can prematurely degrade paper! If the plastic has a “smell” it is not acceptable!
• Non-migrating stable adhesives such as acid free glue sticks, PVA. Only use archival tapes such as Filmoplast.
• Writing Utensils: Acid-free pigment-based single-pigment inks, (such as Pigma Micron pens), waterproof, fade proof inks, pencils. Use a writing tool based on the type most suited to the paper in your journal. Different types of inks may bleed when used on cotton/rag art-type papers, or smear on coated papers.
• All materials should pass the PAT (Photographic Activity Test.)

Protection During Travel:

• Protect your journal from the elements such as weather, sand, and dirt by purchasing a waterproof case to hold it while traveling or at least putting it in a heavy zip-lock bag. (NOT for long-term storage)
• Do not leave a journal in a hot car or in direct sunlight for long periods of time.
• Make sure your journal is protected in a waterproof enclosure when at the beach or near a pool.
• Keep the journal away from pets or local dogs, and small children.
• Do not “cram” an unprotected journal into an overly stuffed backpack or suitcase
• Be sure to include your contact information in the journal in case it is lost.

Long-term preservation of your journal:

• Store in a cool, dry, stable interior environment, minimize exposure to light, especially sunlight.
• Optimum storage conditions: 65-70F, 35-55% RH.
• Maintain good air circulation.
• Avoid storing paper-based items in a basement, garage, or attic, or near heat registers.
• Do not store near windows or outside walls.
• Store away from overhead water or waste pipes.
• Avoid preventable exposure to airborn pollutants; do not smoke around your journal or store it in an area where food is cooked and prepared.
• Store in a sturdy acid/lignin free buffered archival box.
• Wash hands before handling; keep away from food and drink.
• Clean and dust your bookcase or storage area regularly to discourage insects and pests that eat glues, molds and papers.

For more questions or information about preservation, please contact Preservation (216)368-3465.

For questions or information about the Hatch Travel exhibition, contact Scholarly Resources and Special Collections staff,216-368-0189.

For more information about Octavofest events at Kelvin Smith Library, contact Gail Reese,216-368-5291.


Posted on KSL Special Collections News Blog by Sharlane Gubkin at 08:00 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events

August 20, 2014

Things to Remember About ILLiad and ILL Services

As we begin another academic year, here are a few friendly reminders about how to best use ILLiad...

* ILLiad is primarily intended (with a few exceptions) for use in obtaining loans and non-returnable copies through interlibrary loan processing. Please avoid submitting requests when materials are already available in the Kelvin Smith Library collections, or in the collections of its branch locations or of other CWRU campus library systems.

* ILLiad is not a substitute for OhioLINK. Please check the OhioLINK (and SearchOhio) collections for items available for request through online borrowing. Please do not request loans through ILLiad when you can already borrow them through OhioLINK, and avoid submitting requests for the same item in both ILLiad and OhioLINK simultaneously.

* Please make sure to provide as complete and clear citations as possible, for the books, copies, etc., that you wish to request. It is always helpful for you to indicate ISBN, ISSN and OCLC Accession numbers, as well as the sources of your citations and any other helpful information. Most ILLiad forms include an appropriate field for these data, including a miscellaneous 'Notes' field.

* Please submit a separate ILLiad request transaction for each individual loan or copy item you require. ILL staff may ask that you re-submit any 'multiple-item' requests into their respective parts.

* Avoid submitting duplicate requests for exactly the same loan or copy item. You may always check your ILLiad account for any outstanding requests that require additional time to be filled, and you can contact ILL staff if you need further details that are not readily visible in the notes or tracking history of a specific transaction. Re-submitting another request will not in any way expedite your receipt of the material you require.

* When setting up a new ILLiad account in the KSL site, please be sure of the following: 1. You have not previously created an account in our system. 2. Your department appears in our list--otherwise, you may actually need to set up your profile with one of the other three CWRU campus library locations (Law, MSASS, Cleveland Health Sciences). 3. You can provide a current e-mail notification account that you check on a regular basis, and can keep it up-to-date.

* ILL staff reserve the right to cancel any ILLiad request at our discretion, and in accordance with any of the above-mentioned criteria.

We hope this will be helpful for your use of out ILLiad system and ILL services, as well as guiding you towards other internally accessible resources. Please also feel free to search this blog for more extensive help topics that have been previously addressed. If you have questions or concerns, please contact ILL staff, by phone at (216) 368-3463 or (216) 368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 08:50 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

August 20, 2014

Online Catalog will be unavailable Thursday, August 21

Please note that beginning around 7 a.m. on Thursday, August 21, our online catalog will be unavailable during business hours. Users who are not able to access the CWRU catalog are encouraged to search the OhioLINK central catalog at http://olc1.ohiolink.edu/search.

Thank you in advance for your patience and understanding during this process.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 01:09 PM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: KSL Services & Spaces

August 19, 2014

Taiwanese Minister of Health and Welfare leads delegation’s visit to Cleveland

Symposium planned Wednesday on acute, long-term care

News Release: Monday, August 18, 2014


Minister of Health and Welfare, Taiwan, R.O.C. (Republic of China) Wen-Ta Chiu and a delegation of health officials, researchers and practitioners will be in Cleveland on Wednesday for the health care symposium “Toward Integrating Acute and Long Term Care in Taiwan: Lessons Learned from the U.S.”

The symposium runs from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. at the Benjamin Rose Institute on Aging, 11890 Fairhill Road. More information about the symposium is available at benrose.org/education/.

The symposium is co-sponsored by the National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan, R.O.C. and Case Western Reserve University, in partnership with Benjamin Rose Institute on Aging with support from the Ministry of Health and Welfare of Taiwan, R.O.C.

The delegation is connecting with national and local experts and strategists to share information and learn about successes and challenges associated with serving aged and disabled populations. The group will explore innovative strategies and culturally relevant approaches to aid in development of the system of care in Taiwan.

Media note: Minister Wen-Ta Chiu is scheduled to make keynote remarks at the symposium Wednesday from 8:40 a.m. until 9:15 a.m. and may be available briefly to media for questions about long-term care after the keynote.

To register, go online to: events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/eventReg?oeidk=a07e9nybd719adb999f&oseq=&c=&ch=.



Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 08:49 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

August 05, 2014

Shelving installation will temporarily affect University Archives services

In August and September the University Archives will have new compact shelving installed. Consequently, some services will be curtailed.

Please be aware of the following:

For more information, please contact University Archives.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 11:33 AM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: KSL Services & Spaces

August 08, 2014

“No Butts About It...” Campus Smoking Bans

From This

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To This

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Prompted by Cleveland City Council’s February 1987 passage of the Clean Indoor Air Ordinance limiting smoking in public places, CWRU enacted phase one of its no-smoking poiicy on August 16, 1987. Cigarette vending machines were removed and retail cigarette sales ended. Smoking was prohibited inside buildings except in food service facilities, employee and student lounges, waiting rooms, and lobbies. Smoking in residence hall rooms was up to the students. Smoking was still permitted in private offices. Additional designated smoking areas were created.

Two years later, August 14, 1989, phase two prohibited smoking inside all campus buildings. Again, smoking in residence hall rooms was left up to the students. Smoking on campus grounds was still permitted. To help smokers, CWRU offered University Hospitals Smoke Stoppers program at a discount.

So the situation remained until, in 2006, Ohio voters passed the Smoke Free Workplace Act, expanding no-smoking public areas. The Act primarily described the kinds of spaces in which smoking was prohibited. It also required posting no smoking signs and removing ashtrays and “other receptacles used for disposing of smoking materials.” In response, CWRU banned smoking in all buildings. The residence hall exception ended. Campus grounds and walkways became smoke-free, with the exception of designated smoking areas.

Smoking in public went from common to a near-total ban in 20 years. I don’t know if that change is fast or slow, but it is big. The somewhat irreverent, "No Butts About It" title was used by Campus News to announce the 1987 and 1989 policies.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 02:15 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

August 04, 2014

September 12 Social Work Licensure Class Cancelled

Posted on MSASS PD/CE Online Journal by Michele Murphy at 11:34 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged:

August 01, 2014

Flourish & Prosper: The Third Global Forum for Business as an Agent of World Benefit to explore business strategies in which people excel, companies prosper and nature thrives




News Release: Friday, July 18, 2014



CLEVELAND—A progressive international conference in Cleveland, Ohio, this fall will explore how cutting-edge innovators and forward-thinking leaders are moving beyond traditional notions of social responsibility and sustainability to full-spectrum flourishing and profitability.

Flourish & Prosper: The Third Global Forum for Business as an Agent of World Benefit will bring together leading business executives, management scholars, policymakers and others from around the world from Oct. 15 to 17 at Case Western Reserve University.

Real-world examples of companies identifying new business solutions that combine profitability and social responsibility serve as the foundation for the dynamic 2 1/2-day summit. Among them:

• One company introduced free-trade coffee to grocery stores, building long-term trade partnerships and environmentally sound business practices into a venture with double-digit sales growth.
• Another turned the simple idea of connecting buyers and sellers of local foods virtually through an online catalog into a thriving enterprise that simultaneously sustains the organic farming community.
• Still another devised a more sustainable business model by aligning with local suppliers of raw materials from the country’s native plants for its cosmetics line—in turn, boosting the suppliers by creating new outlets for their products.

“We see it as the business opportunity of today—where breakthrough innovations are shaping a world in which companies prosper, people thrive and nature flourishes,” said Chris Laszlo, PhD, associate professor and faculty director for research and outreach at the Weatherhead School of Management’s Fowler Center for Business as an Agent of World Benefit. “Simply put, these business innovators are doing well by doing good.”

Hosted by the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University and convened by the Fowler Center for Business as an Agent of Word Benefit, the Globally Responsible Leadership Initiative and the Academy of Management, Flourish & Prosper offers exceptional speakers and groundbreaking workshops in a design studio format.

Keynote speakers and breakout session leaders are a fascinating mix of Fortune 500 CEOs, world leaders, entrepreneurs, creative thinkers and engaging management educators, including:
• Martti Ahtisaari, president of Finland, 1994-2000 and Nobel Peace Prize winner
• Raj Sisodia, co-founder, Conscious Capitalism
• Jodi Berg, CEO of Vitamix
• Bart Houlahan, co-founder of B-Lab
• Chris Killinstad, CEO of Tennant Company
• Michel Giannuzzi, CEO of Tarkett S.A.
• Sir Mark Moody-Stuart, former chairman, Anglo American and Royal Dutch/Shell
• China Gorman, CEO, Great Place to Work
• Jane Nelson, director, Corporate Social Responsibility Initiative, Kennedy School, Harvard University
• Barbara Krumsiek, chair and former CEO of Calvert Investments

A full list of speakers can be viewed here: globalforumbawb.com/speakers/

The agenda is best described as an “unconference,” presented as a massive design studio more engaging, creative and action-oriented than a traditional convention. The Global Forum will allow participants to:
• Interact with business leaders dedicated to flourishing enterprise
• Understand market expectations for companies to have a net positive impact
• Partner with complementary organizations to help solve global challenges
• Learn how to scale breakthrough innovations for systems change
• Strengthen a sense of connection to purpose, others and the world
• Design creative workplaces and build practices aimed at personal wellbeing
• Develop actionable, sector-specific business plans

"Participants will examine and embrace the new spirit of business—the shift to full-spectrum flourishing, the most significant human development opportunity of the 21st century,” said David Cooperrider, the Fairmount Minerals Professor of Social Entrepreneurship at the Weatherhead School. “Every social and global issue of our day is an opportunity to ignite industry leading innovation, eco-entrepreneurship and new sources of value."

Registration for the Global Forum is available at this site:
www.eventbrite.com/e/flourish-prosper-third-global-forum-registration-11184225319.


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 04:35 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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July 31, 2014

Flourishing Enterprise: The New Spirit of Business

New book by Weatherhead School of Management researchers sets course for economic revival




News Release: Thursday, July 31, 2014




CLEVELAND—America is on course to be surpassed economically by China and India. With a disengaged workforce and a shrinking middle class, the quality of life for the masses, long held as the American Dream, is suffering.

But a new book by a team of business management researchers from the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University details a progressive “people first” approach that—with minimal investment—is delivering profitability while restoring our place in a healthier and more prosperous world.

Flourishing Enterprise: The New Spirit of Business (Stanford University Press, 2014), to be released in August, provides the framework for an upcoming conference, Flourish & Prosper: The Third Global Forum for Business as an Agent of World Benefit.

The Global Forum is expected to bring together 1,000 executives, managers, and teams from companies around the world, Oct. 15-17 at Case Western Reserve, to explore how successful enterprises can achieve flourishing and prosperity for all.

The book describes vital links between paying more attention to personal well-being and concern for the planet, as well as running a successful business.

“Flourishing is the business opportunity of today—inspiring people, solving complex problems, collaborating across supply chains, and catalyzing systems change for value and profit,” said Chris Laszlo, an associate professor at the Weatherhead School and director for research and outreach at the Fowler Center for Business as an Agent of World Benefit.

As a lead author of Flourishing Enterprise, Laszlo explains the three primary takeaways from the book:
 When people are inspired by new magnitudes of purpose for business and society, they bring their deepest and best selves to work.
 In flourishing organizations, innovation emerges everywhere.
 Flourishing enterprises sustain industry leadership in the face of continual change and complexity.

Companies such as Google, General Mills, Patagonia, Fairmount Minerals, Schuberg Philis (Holland), Natura (Brazil), and Kyocera (Japan) already model many essential facets of flourishing enterprises, Laszlo said.

Nine coauthors contributed to the book, including Judy Sorum Brown, author of A Leader's Guide to Reflective Practice and The Art and Spirit of Leadership. She is a senior fellow in the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, Distinguished Senior Fellow at the Fowler Center and has served as a White House fellow and as vice president of the Aspen Institute.

Flourishing Enterprise includes a foreword by Peter Senge, a well-known sustainability author and senior lecturer on leadership and sustainability at MIT Sloan School of Management.

“In a business world where growth and profit is king, this book provides an inspiring alternative to what success can look like and how to achieve it,” said David Baker, senior manager of the Boeing Co. “I highly recommend it for business leaders and managers at all organizational levels.”

Important links:
Flourishing Enterprise: The New Spirit of Business (Stanford University Press)
http://www.sup.org/book.cgi?id=23936

Flourish & Prosper: The Third Global Forum for Business as an Agent of World Benefit
http://globalforumbawb.com/

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 06:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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July 31, 2014

CWRU graduate student Valentino Zullo finds a commonality in comics and social work


News Release: Thursday, July 31, 2014


Two unlikely professions—social work and creating superhero comics—share a common thread: Each zeros in on a person’s origin to better understand what makes them how they are, suggests a graduate student at the Case Western Reserve University social work school.

For the creators of such superheroes as Superman, The Hulk, Batman, Green Lantern, their stories are based on how the heroes got their powers, said Valentino Zullo, a comic scholar and second-year graduate student at Case Western Reserve’s Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences. And social workers search for the roots of their clients’ problems.

In fact, several graphic novelists have revealed in their work their own personal struggles with mental illnesses, Zullo contends. Are You My Mother? by Allison Bechdel depicts her own journey through psychoanalysis. Ellen Forney’s Marbles is about her struggles with manic depression. And Justin Green tells of healing his own obsessive-compulsive disorder in Binky Brown Meets the Virgin Mary.

Social work clients may benefit from similar introspection, Zullo said.

“Having people read autobiographical comics allows them to be inspired and learn that they, too, have the potential to write and illustrate their own stories,” he said.

Zullo explained how powerful it can be for a client to start writing about and drawing his or her perceptions and experiences. The pictures and words, he said, will illustrate how clients perceive the world around them.

Having the client tell stories in the form of comics, or reading comics by others with similar mental health issues, allows the social worker an entry point into understanding their stories, he said.

Zullo, 25, who grew up in Chardon, Ohio, began reading comics at age 4 to learn English. The son of immigrants from Iran and Italy, his first language was Italian.

His favorite comics were Sega’s Sonic The Hedgehog (Archie Comic imprint)—the adventures of a blue hedgehog with supersonic speed. By his teens, he had graduated to X-Men comics, but had also read entire series of comics, like Archie and others.

Zullo discovered as an undergrad at Kent State University that comics could be an actual field of study. When asked in a 17th-century literature class what he liked to read, his answer was “comics.”

Instead of ridicule, his professor told him, “Then write about the comics.”

Zullo recalled how powerful that was. “I was 19,” he said, “and no one had ever said something like that to me. I didn’t know you could write about comics.”

He earned a master’s degree in English at Bowling Green State University, where he focused on comics. He presented the talk, comics and psychiatry, at a comics conference at Dartmouth College and published academic papers on the subject.

He has also developed an interest in psychoanalysis, and recently began training at the Cleveland Psychoanalytic Center.

He plans to combine his English, social work and psychoanalysis training into a new form of treatment that he refers to as “comics and the clinic.” Eventually, he hopes to write a dissertation and book about his idea.

He has already begun sharing his interest in comics with others. Since spring, Zullo has been giving public talks about various aspects of comics at the Cleveland Public Library’s Main Library.

Starting in September, he will present a series of free, public talks expanding on his idea for using comics in social work.

And on Saturday, Aug. 2, at 2 p.m., in coordination with Cleveland hosting the Gay Games, he will explore Gay-themed comics in the talk, “Out of the Closet and into the Costume: Gay Comix.”


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Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 12:45 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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July 31, 2014

Researchers find cataract surgery slows dementia for Alzheimer’s patients


News Release: Thursday, July 31, 2014


Cataract surgery on Alzheimer’s disease patients slows dementia and improves their quality of life, according to clinical trials conducted by researchers at Case Western Reserve University, University Hospitals Case Medical Center and MetroHealth Medical Center in Cleveland.

The preliminary findings are the result of a five-year study funded by the National Institute on Aging that examined the benefits of cataract surgery for people with Alzheimer’s disease.

The promising results were presented recently at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2014 in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Grover “Cleve” Gilmore, PhD, Dean of the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve, led the study. Alan Lerner, MD, from Case Western Reserve’s medical school and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, described the study’s outcomes at the conference.

Gilmore said he hopes the study’s outcomes change the health disparity for Alzheimer’s patients denied cataract surgery due to a lack of evidence of any benefit.

“We’ve shown that it does benefit them,” he said.

The researchers report that, after assessing risks and safety issues for Alzheimer’s patients, co-occurring health problems—like cataracts—should be addressed.

“This study supports the Alzheimer’s Association view that people with dementia retain, and benefit from, full health care treatment,” said Maria Carrillo, PhD, the association’s vice president of medical and science relations.

Common perceptions that Alzheimer’s patients need no extra care or shouldn’t be put through surgery “are not justified and are bad medical practice,” Carrillo said.

Gilmore’s psychological research in visual perception deficits has shown that blurred vision and problems with contrast, which can occur with aging and dementia, place many at risk for accidents, such as bumping into things and falling down stairs. And as their visual world disappears, he said, many become withdrawn.

The study’s co-investigators are: Lerner and Jon Lass, from Case Western Reserve’s Department of Ophthalmology at the medical school and University Hospitals Case Medical Center (UH); Julie Belkin and Susie Sami, from UH; Tatiana Riedel from Case Western Reserve’s Department of Psychological Sciences and Sara Debanne from the Department of Epidemiology; and Thomas Steinemann, from Case Western Reserve and MetroHealth Medical Center.

The study’s participants were recruited from UH and MetroHealth. There were 28 Alzheimer’s patients who had cataract surgery and 14 who did not. The group that had the surgery reported not only clearer vision, but that their cognitive abilities were maintained or improved as the brain worked to process and interpret information the individual can now see.

The patients weren’t the only ones to benefit from the surgery. Gilmore said caregivers reported being less stressed because the surgery allowed Alzheimer’s patients to become more mobile and independent—getting dressed, eating, moving and even driving.

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Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 12:37 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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July 31, 2014

$1.6 million grant backs nursing program to increase patient participation in clinical cancer trials


News Release: Thursday, July 31, 2014



Case Western Reserve University medical and nursing school researchers hope to drastically increase the number of qualified cancer patients who participate in clinical trials, a critical step in testing and developing new treatments and preventions.

For various reasons—including a lack of awareness that clinical testing exists—only approximately 5 percent of cancer patients take part in trials of experimental therapies.

As many as half of cancer patients who are eligible still don’t enroll, according to the study’s investigators, Neal Meropol, MD, from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and University Hospitals Case Medical Center, and Barbara Daly, PhD, RN, FAAN, from CWRU’s Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing. And both are members of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center.

The university received a five-year, $1.6 million grant from the National Cancer Institute to develop and test a program that researchers hope will boost participation by focusing on oncology nurses to educate and inform patients about opportunities to help advance cancer research.

“We realize the culture of research does not begin and end with doctors,” Meropol said. “In fact, nurses spend more time with patients and represent an opportunity to highlight the importance of clinical trials in finding new cures for cancer.”

Clinical trials are used to assess the effectiveness of new methods of diagnosing, preventing and treating patients with, or at risk of, cancer. By participating in the testing, patients gain access to innovations in care that could improve their quality and length of life.

Because nurses spend the most time with patients, they have more opportunities to answer patients’ questions and direct them to resources to explore options offered in clinical trials.

The program

Researchers developed a program to increase participation by educating nurses on how to approach patients and discuss clinical trials as a routine treatment option.

In the first year, 30 nurses will be interviewed and another 100 will be surveyed to discover the key factors that may prevent them from sharing information with patients about clinical trials.

Based on what nurses report, researchers will develop a web-based program, called Oncology Nurse IMPACT, to address those barriers in a series of teaching videos.

A group of 1,030 nurses, recruited nationally from the Oncology Nurses Society’s 30,000 members, will participate in testing the intervention. Half will use Oncology Nurse IMPACT tailored to each nurse’s concerns. The other half will receive educational materials in the form of online text about clinical trials.

Results of the two approaches will be compared to determine which method worked best to increase discussions about trials between nurses and patients. The group receiving text information will then have the opportunity to also use Oncology Nurse IMPACT after the study is completed.

The work follows earlier studies that analyzed reservations doctors and patients have about clinical trials, said Meropol, the Dr. Lester E. Coleman, Jr., Professor of Cancer Research and Therapeutics at University Hospitals Case Medical Center and Case Western Reserve.

Researchers found doctors and patients have gaps in what they know about clinical trials, as well as some negative attitudes that prevent more patients from participating.

Among the concerns patients reported were:
• A lack of awareness about clinical trials.
• A belief that trials should only be used as a last resort.
• A fear of side effects.
• A fear they will receive a placebo instead of a treatment.
• A concern that a computer, not their physician, will select their treatment on a trial.

Daly, the Gertrude Oliva Perkins Professor in Oncology Nursing and clinical ethics director at University Hospitals Case Medical Center, noted that nurses are particularly attuned to worries that patients have and skilled in counseling and supporting patients.

Given their close relationships with patients, she said, nurses may be particularly effective in correcting misunderstandings, such as those identified in the previous research, and encouraging patients to discuss the option of trials with their oncologist.
 

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Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 11:40 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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July 28, 2014

Alumnus Professional Baseball Player Ray Mack

With the exciting news that junior pitcher Rob Winemiller was drafted by the Toronto Blue Jays we remember alumnus Ray Mack (formerly known as Mlckovsky), a former Major League player.

Ray Mlckovsky received the B.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Case School of Applied Science in 1938. He received the Honor Key and won an Athletic Medal. Mack was a member of Phi Delta Theta fraternity, Blue Key, Case Senate, Interfraternity Council, and American Society of Mechanical Engineers. As a student-athlete he earned 3 letters each in football and basketball, also winning the first Les Bale ‘09 award. Case did not have varsity baseball at the time Mack was a student, so he played amateur baseball in Cleveland.

Mack_Ray.jpg
Ray Mlckovsky (Ray Mack) in his senior year

He played in his first major league game 9/9/1938 (Cleveland vs. Detroit). He appeared in 1 other game that year and 36 in 1939 before his first complete season in 1940. In 1939 Mack played for Buffalo in the International League, teaming with Lou Boudreau for the double-play combination. He and Boudreau continued to play with each other for the Cleveland Indians. Mack was chosen for the 1940 All-Star game.

According to the Case Alumnus, “During the off-seasons, Mack held engineering jobs at the Cleveland Electric Illuminating Co. and Lamson and Sessions. In 1941, he took a part-time position in war work at Thompson Products and entered the army in 1945. In 1946, Mack rejoined the Indians and played with them throughout the season. In the winter he was traded to the New York Yankees, later played with the Newark, N.J. club and near the end of 1947, went to the Chicago Cubs. He retired from baseball in the spring of 1948 to become a sales engineer at the Browning Crane and Shovel Co.”

Mack was born 8/31/1916 in Cleveland, Ohio and died 5/7/1969 in Bucyrus Ohio. His son, Tom, played football for the Los Angeles Rams in the National Football League and was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1999.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 02:34 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: People

July 28, 2014

Juan Luis Buñuel’s memoir, with entries on famed surrealist filmmaker father Luis Buñuel, appears in new publication edited by CWRU film researcher


News Release: July 28, 2014



An unedited family memoir by film director Juan Luis Buñuel, eldest son of famed Spanish surrealist filmmaker Luis Buñuel, spent 10 years in Linda Ehrlich’s closet.

With Juan Luis’ permission, Ehrlich, an associate professor of modern languages and film studies at Case Western Reserve University, edited the manuscript, recently published as Good Films, Cheap Wine, Few Friends: A Memoir (Shika Press, 2014).

“This memoir offers a first-hand look at the life of a vibrant man who has been surrounded by important figures of the 20th century, including his father, Alexander Calder, Joan Miró and Orson Welles,” writes Ehrlich.

In his memoir (originally written in English for his children), Juan Luis, 80, traces family events, from his father’s awareness of the rise of Franco’s dictatorship in Spain to exile in France, New York City, Hollywood, and, eventually, Mexico.

Following the artistic innovations of his first three films made in Europe (Un chien andalou, L’age d’or, Las Hurdes/Land Without Bread), Luis Buñuel created many of his subsequent films in Mexico, where Juan Luis spent his adolescent years.

Juan Luis learned filmmaking while working various jobs on films by Welles, Louis Malle, J.A. Bardem and his father. He wrote and directed three feature films—Expulsion of the Devil (1973), Lady with the Red Boots (1974), Leonor (1975)—and many documentaries, including a series for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), and two about his father’s hometown, Calanda, Spain.

The memoir details how his father’s early friendships with Salvador Dalí and the poet Federico García Lorca impacted Juan Luis’ life. Calder was like a second father who saved the family during hard times and inspired Juan Luis as a sculptor and painter.

Juan Luis’ engaging anecdotes also offer insight into the artistic world of such figures as actors Fernando Rey, Catherine Deneuve, Brigitte Bardot and Maria Félix; artists Man Ray and Rufino Tamayo; directors Ingmar Bergman and Luís Berlanga; and writers Carlos Fuentes, García Márquez and James Jones.

Readers also learn of his involvement in such important political movements as the Paris demonstrations in 1968, the Black Panthers and the reforms of Panamanian ruler Omar Torrijos.

Luis Buñuel was invited back to Spain in 1960 to make Virdiana (1961), a film that Ehrlich notes was anything but safe because of its subtle attack of religious and bourgeois hypocrisies. Juan Luis recounts smuggling the reels of his father’s completed film across the border to France, hidden beneath bullfighter’s equipment.

Once safely in France, Virdiana was entered in the Cannes Film Festival, where it won highest honors. A high-level Spanish government official, invited to speak at the ceremony, was fired the next day when the Vatican denounced the film.

The memoir’s beginning

Ehrlich met Juan Luis during a campus visit in 2004 when the Oberlin College alum was on a speaking tour in Ohio.

Messages flowed between Cleveland and Paris, where Juan Luis now calls home. One email mentioned a memoir.

Ehrlich asked to read it and received a digital copy. She urged him to make it public. With a German publisher considering it, Ehrlich shelved the manuscript.

“Last year, I wanted an intellectual challenge and thought about editing the book,” she said. Juan Luis agreed.

Thinking it would be easy, Ehrlich said she didn’t envision the 10-hour days ahead with a computer, iPad and other devices opened to French and Spanish dictionaries to verify correct spellings, dates, names and places.

Computer 22 in the Kelvin Smith Library’s Freedman Center became her unofficial “office” as she became engrossed in the book. She reorganized and redesigned the original unillustrated manuscript, with the help of Jared Bendis, the library’s creative new media officer.

She also received help from other people at the university: the Freedman Center staff, and Elena Fernández, Charlotte Sanpere-Godard and Christine Cano from the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures, and alum Corey Wright for computer skills.

Last December, Ehrlich traveled to Paris to choose photos and clarify story details with Juan Luis. When the final editing was done, she knew the project was worth the commitment.

“I read the manuscript more than 19 times and never grew tired of the stories,” she said. “Through Juan Luis’ musings about his extended family in Spain and France, I began to understand the unpretentious, fun-loving and brave nature of this remarkable group of people. It was a joy to live for a while in the ‘Buñuelian universe.’”



Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 12:06 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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July 28, 2014

It takes more than practice to excel, CWRU’s new psychologist reports


News Release:July 28, 2014



Case Western Reserve University’s new assistant professor of psychology Brooke N. Macnamara, PhD, and colleagues have overturned a 20-year-old theory that people who excel in their fields are those who practiced the most.

Their findings are in this month’s online issue of Psychological Science.

“Don’t get me wrong. Practice is important,” said Macnamara, “It’s just not as important as many have thought. What does count for the skills is still unknown.”

Macnamara, who was a doctoral student at Princeton University at the time she conducted the study’s research, teamed with David Z. Hambrick, PhD, from Michigan State University, and Frederick L. Oswald, PhD, from Rice University. Each has studied how people acquire skills and become experts at what they do.

The idea that practice is the leading factor in achievement came from studies by K. Anders Ericsson, a Swedish psychologist.

In 1993, Ericsson and colleagues proposed the idea that differences in amounts of accumulated practice were the main reason why people differed in their expertise. They arrived at that conclusion by asking violin students to estimate their lifetime practice. They found that the average amount of practice estimated by the “best” students was about 10,000 hours, which was higher than the averages of less-skilled students.

Author Malcolm Gladwell further advanced that idea in Outlier: The Story of Success (Little Brown and Company 2008) by proposing the 10,000-hour rule—the notion that with 10,000 hours of practice one becomes an expert.

But Macnamara and her colleagues found that practice explained 12 percent in mastering skills in various fields, from music, sports and games to education and professions. The importance of practice in various areas was: 26 percent for games, 21 percent for music, 18 percent for sports, 4 percent for education and less than 1 percent for other professions.

Their conclusion was based on a comprehensive review of 9,331 research papers about practice relating to acquiring skills. They focused specifically on 88 papers that collected and recorded data about practice times.

The data from interviews and questionnaires about the amount of time spent practicing supported the researchers’ original assumption that something other than practice time was involved in mastering a skill.

Macnamara and colleagues also found that when amount of practice was estimated by logged hours in a journal over time—presumably a more accurate measure than when one tried to estimate lifetime practice from memory—that practice made up an even smaller percentage in acquiring the skill than the study’s average.

Her next step is to find out what factors contribute to being an expert on an instrument, playing field, in the classroom or at work. She hopes to investigate such factors as basic abilities, age when starting to learn the skill, confidence, positive or negative feedback, self-motivation and the ability to take risks.

A great practice musician could freeze up in front of an audience, she said. Yet someone less skilled but with more confidence could shine.

So practice isn’t the whole story, she said.



Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 12:03 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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June 19, 2014

Submit your proposal for the upcoming Digital Scholarship Colloquium: Pedagogy & Practices

The Freedman Center for Digital Scholarship at Kelvin Smith Library will host its annual Digital Scholarship Colloquium on November 6-7, 2014. This year's colloquium will focus on digital research pedagogy and practices in the humanities, sciences and social sciences. Proposals for panels, papers and presentations that address these themes are currently being accepted.

Submission topics may include (but are not limited to) instructional methodologies and strategies for:

Please submit 250-word abstracts and technology requirements to Amanda Koziura (amanda.koziura@case.edu) by July 31, 2014. Accepted panels, papers and presentations will be notified by August 15, 2014. Please note that all presenters will be responsible for their own registration and travel costs. For more information visit http://library.case.edu/fccoll.

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Entry is tagged: Freedman Center