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April 28, 2016

EEPS Colloquium: Friday, April 29, 2016 Noon

Friday, April 29, 2016
Noon, AW Smith, Rm. 104

Insights on Climate Dynamics and Physical Ice Properties from the WAIS Divide Deep Core: What the Bubbles are Telling Us by Dr. John Fegyveresi (CRREL)

Posted on Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences News and Events by Linda Day at 12:51 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Colloquia

April 27, 2016

As U.S. population ages, nursing scholar calls for paradigm shift in approach of health-care system

News Release: Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Longer lifespans, due to advances in medicine and public health, mean people are living longer with multiple chronic conditions.

To help people avoid long, slow declines in health, the national health-care system should promote disease prevention earlier in life instead of emphasizing short-term care, as it does now, suggests a nurse scientist with the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve University.

The commentary, written by Elizabeth Madigan, the Independence Foundation Professor of Nursing, with other nurse scientists, was published recently in the journal Research in Gerontological Nursing.

The health-care system should set patients up for a so-called “mortality cliff,” advises Madigan, rather than a “morbidity slope,” meaning a long, slow decline, such as failing to address high blood pressure, leading to a stroke, functional decline and poor quality of life.

“Each of us is going to die,” Madigan said. “It’s better for a person to be as healthy as possible right up until the moment they die. That’s the mortality cliff.”

Yet the current cost structure in the health-care industry is chaotic, writes Madigan, encouraging providers to focus care on significant health events that require admittance to hospitals and other nursing facilities, along with a litany of tests and/or procedures.

Nationally, the issue will become increasingly acute; by 2060, nearly 100 million people in the United States will be older than 65—more than twice the country’s current count—according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).

“We need to start getting serious with patients at an earlier age—obesity prevention, smoking cessation, pushing physical activity, disease prevention—before chronic conditions develop,” said Madigan. “If we wait until 65, it’s too late.”

Promise in current experiments

Recent experiments with Medicare payment policies, which aim to rein in the high costs of care, show encouraging results, writes Madigan.

One such model sets aside a single pot of money for each patient for each procedure; hospitals and other providers, like home health-care agencies, are required to provide high-quality care within a certain timeframe. Meeting financial and quality-of-care targets earn the health system a bonus—thus eliminating an incentive to keep patients longer than necessary.

By the year 2018, HHS aims to process half of Medicaid and Medicare claims under such alternative payment models.

Also among promising efforts: a national awareness campaign called “Choosing Wisely” (from the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation) that helps patients only undergo essential tests and procedures.

“Aiming for a mortality cliff can even come in small actions,” said Madigan, such as physicians writing prescriptions for patients to exercise 20 minutes a day, three times a week.

“If a nurse or physician says ‘You really need to stop smoking,’ that communication works and has an impact,” said Madigan.

Among the encouraging approaches also recommended by co-authors of the commentary:

• Hospitals offering comprehensive education to patients about their conditions, which has been shown to empower people to participate in aspects of self-care and setting recovery goals;

• Providing ongoing one-on-one coaching and guidance to patients and informal caregivers, such as family or friends, which shows potential to reduce re-hospitalizations and overall health care costs;

• Calling on nurses to administer care in home settings, which can save thousands of dollars, compared to the same care given in hospitals.

“We’re hoping to move forward the national conversation,” said Madigan.

Co-authors of the paper are: Joan Davitt, an associate professor at the University of Maryland, School of Social Work; Marilyn Rantz, the Curators' Professor Emeritus at the Missouri University Sinclair School of Nursing; and Lisa Skemp, professor and chair at the Marcella Niehoff School of Nursing at Loyola University.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 08:25 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 26, 2016

Extended Registration for Personal Librarian Conference

On Thursday, May 12 and Friday, May 13, Kelvin Smith Library will be hosting the Second National Personal Librarian and First Year Experience Library Conference. This conference focuses on all aspects of the first-year experience and the personalization of outreach and services to incoming students. The first iteration of this conference garnered 150 attendees from more than 71 institutions; a larger crowd is expected this year.

The keynote at this year’s conference is Molly Schiller, associate professor and program coordinator for the Master’s programs in College Student Personnel and Higher Education Administration and a Fellow in the Learning Teaching Center at the University of Dayton. Her research focuses on college student development, with special emphasis on sophomore students. She has consulted with a number of institutions as they have worked to develop their sophomore year experience programs. She has also published a number of articles and book chapters on the topic.

The full itinerary is packed with valuable sessions and plenaries. Information is available on the Conference portion of the website ( and is continually developing. Registration for the Conference has been extended until this Friday, April 29. Click here to register:

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 01:39 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

April 25, 2016

Kelvin Smith Library Celebrates Preservation Week With Cooperative Bookbinding Evemt


Preservation Week, a yearly national event sponsored by the AssociatiooLibrary Collections and Technical Services, was created to increase public awareness of preservationeeds and inspire actioto preserve personal, family and community collections of all kinds, as well as library, museum and archive collections. KSL is celebrating with a cooperative bookbinding event on Wednesday, April 27 in the KSL lobby. Stop by any time between 10:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. to help sew a book using a sewing frame. Each participant will be given a ticket for a chance to win the handmade book when it is complete, using the cover material of the winner’s choice. Free educational material and in-person advice on preserving your own collections of books, photos and digital material will be available. 

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 12:37 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

April 25, 2016

A look ahead to Earth Day 2020: Businesses see profit with focus on the environment

News Release: Monday, April 25, 2016

As the country celebrated the 46th annual Earth Day in April, a professor at Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management looked ahead four years to much more than just a numerically noteworthy anniversary.

Chrisopher Laszlo has been documenting what he and others see happening—emergence of profit-minded businesses dedicated to bettering the world.

In an analysis written for GreenBiz, Laszlo concluded:

“In 2020, when Earth Day turns 50, the world will take measure not only of the environmental movement but also of business. Hopefully, we will celebrate the evolution of business leaders as custodians of the world for future generations—the original intent behind sustainable development. We will be able to point to corporate leaders who transformed their organizations from ones that do less harm to ones that do good, for their own business success and for all of us.”

Laszlo, a professor in the Weatherhead School’s Department of Organizational Behavior, is also faculty director for research and outreach for the management school’s Fowler Center for Business as an Agent of World Benefit.

Earth Day was founded the same year as the Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Clean Air Act.

“Back then, environmental activism had a militant strain to it that often saw business as the enemy,” Laszlo wrote. He noted that executives sought to fashion social responsibility as a necessary cost, not as a bottom-line imperative. He predicts that, by Earth Day 2020, a new business outlook will be more common.

Laszlo was among the originators of the concept of sustainable value (reframing sustainability as a business opportunity driving innovation, employee engagement and competitive advantage). As a co-founder and managing partner of Sustainable Value Partners LLC, he provides advisory services to senior leaders in some of the world’s largest companies.

Companies such as Unilever and Kingfisher, based in the United Kingdom; IKEA in Sweden; New Resource Bank in the United States; and Natura in Brazil are making social value their defining competitive edge.

“These companies are embracing the notion of operating for world benefit,” Laszlo wrote. “Paying attention to employee wellbeing and social good is opening new, untapped markets. It is leading to greater employee engagement. It is promoting authenticity and collaboration at work. In other words, there are a lot of dollars at stake.”

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 07:10 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 25, 2016

As always, Kelvin Smith Library

As always, Kelvin Smith Library is here to facilitate your learning, provide the proper research tools and offer you a comfortable place to study. With finals nearly here, we have made available more amenities to accommodate your study needs.
Monday through Wednesday of this week, from 3:00 to 7:00 p.m., a KSL Research Services Librarian will be available to assist you in finding specific resources, conduct research and manage other aspects of the research process. 
On Tuesday and Wednesday, our designated reading days, Cramelot will be open until 11:00 p.m. for your caffeine and snack necessities.
Our puppy friends will be visiting KSL throughout the week to provide some much needed love and snuggling - both of which prompt a release of the feel-good, stress-relieving hormones, serotonin, prolactin and oxytocin! 
You know those adult coloring books that are everywhere, like the supermarket checkout? Well, KSL has upped the ante of beautiful coloring pages by digitizing some images from its Special Collections and Archives. So this week, when you need a study break, head to the Hatch Reading Room (open 10-4:30, Monday through Friday) on the second floor, which is also a great quiet study space, and grab a coloring page and some crayons. Feel free to take your page with you to finish throughout the week or leave it for display!
KSL is opening up its Lower Level Classrooms to provide additional study space for you and/or your group. LL06A, LL06B and LL01 are all available 24/7 from Monday, April 25 through Wednesday, May 4.
Good luck on your finals!

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 12:41 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

April 21, 2016

Patricia B. Kilpatrick

We recently mourned the loss of Patricia B. Kilpatrick, Vice President and University Marshal Emerita on 3/3/2016. To the staff of the University Archives Pat holds a special place. While she held a number of important positions, it was her duties as Secretary of the University that made her our boss. The University Archives was established in 1964 through the persistence of Secretary of the University Carolyn Neff and the hard work of University Archivist Ruth Helmuth. When Pat succeeded Carolyn as Secretary of the University in 1979, she inherited us.

Pat with student protesters outside Haydn Hall, 1969

Pat was born 5/19/1927 in Cleveland. She entered Ohio Wesleyan University in 1945 and transferred to Flora Stone Mather College in 1947. Pat received her B.A. in 1949, majoring in History. She earned the M.A. in Physical Education in 1951. After graduation she married and started a family. She returned to Western Reserve University in 1962 as Instructor in Physical Education. She became an Assistant Professor and served as Chair of the Women’s Physical Education Department, 1970-1972.

In 1965 she became an assistant dean of Mather College. She served on the faculty until 1972, when she moved into administrative work full-time. In 1972 when Adelbert, Mather, and Cleveland Colleges merged, Pat became Associate Dean for Non-Academic Affairs and then Associate Dean for Student Affairs for Western Reserve College. She also served as Director of Thwing Center. With the looming retirement of Carolyn Neff, President Toepfer appointed Pat Assistant Secretary of the University in 1977 so she could learn the various duties. In August 1979 Pat became the last Secretary of the University.

The duties of the Secretary were important and varied. Some of the major responsibilities included administrative support of the Faculty Senate, the Visiting Committees, oversight of the University Archives, commencement, and Squire Valleevue Farm. In 1987 she was promoted to Vice President and University Marshal. The 1991 University Ball was held in her honor and Pat retired 6/30/1992.

Pat Kilpatrick at the University Ball in her honor, 1991 (photograph by Daniel Milner)

Pat served on many committees, one of the most influential being the President’s Advisory Committee on the Status of Women in the University - which she chaired (1971-1973). Pat was very involved in the Mather Alumnae Association (serving as President) and the Episcopal Church, in which she held a number of positions on the local and national level.

When the sheep barn at Squire Valleevue Farm was renovated in 1992 it was named Pat’s Place in her honor. Also in 1992, the Physical Education Department created the Patricia B. Kilpatrick Award to be presented to the four-year varsity letter-winner with the highest cumulative grade point average.

Pat was involved with many other committees, awards and accomplishments. Too many for this short post. You can hear Pat discuss her career in this 2008 Case Stories interview and this interview for the Flora Stone Mather Center for Women.

A number of years ago, Pat brought to the University Archives the two original flags of the newly federated CWRU. When Barbara Snyder became president, Pat told her about the flags and that they should hold a place of honor. We selected the flag in the best shape, it was restored, and is now hanging in the first floor lobby of Adelbert Hall.

On a personal note, my last conversation with Pat was in mid-December 2015 when she called to say she wanted to take the Archives staff out to lunch. We could not get it scheduled before the holidays and agreed to set it up after the new year. Unfortunately, we were unable to have that lunch.

Goodbye, Pat. We’ll miss you.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 08:12 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: People

April 20, 2016

Researchers discover moving, electrically “silent” source initiates brain waves

Finding may help in understanding memory formation, treating epilepsy

News Release: April 20, 2016

CLEVELAND—Brain waves that spread through the hippocampus are initiated by a method not seen before—a possible step toward understanding and treating epilepsy, according to researchers at Case Western Reserve University.

The researchers discovered a traveling spike generator that appears to move across the hippocampus—a part of the brain mainly associated with memory—and change direction, while generating brain waves. The generator itself, however, produces no electrical signal.

“In epilepsy, we’ve thought the focus of seizures is fixed and, in severe cases, that part of the brain is surgically removed,” said Dominique Durand, Elmer Lincoln Lindseth Professor in Biomedical Engineering at Case School of Engineering and leader of the study. “But if the focus, or source, of seizures moves—as we’ve described—that’s problematic.”

The findings, in the Journal of Neuroscience, builds on Durand’s work published late last year, identifying brain waves that appear to be spread through a mild electrical field—not the known transmissions through synapses, diffusion or gap junctions.

The speed of the waves most closely match those found in epilepsy and in healthy sleep and theta waves, which are thought to help form memories.

On this latest study, Durand worked with PhD students Mingming Zhang, Rajat S. Shivacharan, postdoctoral researcher Chia-Chu Chiang, and research associate Luis E. Gonzales-Reyes.

Source Search
Working from the same data that revealed the brain waves, the team found the source was also moving too slow for synaptic transmission and a little too fast for diffusion.

“We don’t know what’s causing the propagation,” Durand said.

The engineers estimate the size of the source is 300 to 500 micrometers in diameter. It appears to generate neuronal spikes all around its periphery, but the source moves nearly 100 times slower than the spikes.

“The source is like a moving car with pulsing lights,” Durand said.

To find the source of the waves, the team tracked spikes propagating through an unfolded rat hippocampus. They used a penetrating microelectrode array of 64 electrodes arranged in a grid on the tissue, to record the activity.

The delay between the initial spike and the peaks recorded along consecutive electrodes in the grid was measured in milliseconds.

By inserting time values surrounding those recorded by each of the electrodes, the researchers refined the grid to include a total of 256 points or pixels.

Using this data, the researchers created an isochrone map—a map of lines connecting locations where a given spike arrived at the same time. The maps look something like topographical maps, but instead of showing elevations, the lines show the wave fronts as they spread over time.

The source of each wave propagation was estimated to be the geometric center of the electrodes that recorded the first neural firing at maximum amplitude.

Each brain wave appeared to have a slew of sources, firing it along either from the temporal region toward the septal or vice versa.

The team applied Doppler effect equations to the frequency of spikes in front and behind the source. Like the direct observations, the results strongly indicate the sources are moving smoothly across the hippocampus.

When a source reached the hippocampus edge, it started in the opposite direction, which may explain observations by others that waves moving in opposite directions have been found in the same brain tissue at the same time.

Digging deeper
Durand’s lab is trying to understand how a source that moves without diffusion can move without electricity and generate electrical spikes.

The team is also trying to understand what these non-synaptic events do and whether they are relevant to processing neural activity. Because the speed of these waves is close to the speed of sleep and theta waves, the researchers speculate they may be involved in consolidating memory.

If the phenomenon is relevant to epilepsy, it may provide a target for therapies. “Can we block the spikes without blocking the source?” Durand asked.

The lab is now developing new neural imaging methods to better track sources and learn how they propagate spikes.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 04:39 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 19, 2016

Case Western Reserve University researchers land federal grants

News Release: April 19, 2016

CLEVELAND—Five Case Western Reserve University junior faculty members have been awarded National Science Foundation CAREER grants, bringing more than $2.5 million for research to campus.

The 5-year grants support the scientists as they delve into how nanopartical organization controls properties of materials, the mechanisms in the interfaces of layered materials that control performance, how red blood cells and tissues change with disease and new ways to mine large, complex data networks.

Jennifer Carter
Carter, an assistant professor of materials science and engineering, has received a $500,000 grant to help improve the durability of turbine discs used in nuclear, coal and hydro power plants, heat resistance in parts of medical imaging equipment and more.

Her lab is investigating the mesoscale (between nanometer and millimeter) structure, interactions and other features in the boundaries between layers of materials—in what are called interface-rich materials—that influence the performance of the overall part.

“In this project, we’re applying data analytics techniques to explore the multi-variable correlations that occur in material systems,” Carter said. “Conventional data analysis techniques have relied on one-to-one relationships.”

Carter’s lab plans to develop an open-source “big data” tool that companies, researchers and others can use to design and manufacture materials that optimize the interface to produce desired qualities.

Umut Gurkan
Because cancer, cardiovascular and kidney disease, anemias, obesity and a list of other diseases and conditions are accompanied by an increased stiffness and stickiness of red blood cells, Gurkan, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering, is investigating how this occurs and why. He received $500,000 to support the effort.

“We don’t know if the change contributes to the disease or is a result of the disease,” Gurkan said. “Healthy red cells are easily deformable and don’t stick to surfaces, but increased stiffness and stickiness can impair blood circulation.”

To understand the mechanical changes, his lab has built micro-channel devices that mimic circulation in the smallest of blood vessels. Here, they will try to identify which surface receptors are associated with increased adhesion and lower deformability.

The team will try to discern if and at what point increased adhesion is a surrogate for stiffness, the translocation of an inner membrane phospholipid to the outer membrane (thought to be correlated with adhesion) and function. Lastly, the team will explore whether unhealthy red blood cells can be identified by adhesion affinity and stiffness.

Emily Pentzer
Pentzer, an assistant professor of chemistry, is striving to uncover the principles governing structure-property relationships at the nanoscale. Pentzer’s goal is to provide researchers and manufacturers with insight they can use to make such things as solar panels that harvest more energy, more efficient medicines and coatings that better protect ball bearings to ocean liners.

To learn the fundamentals, her lab is using graphene nanosheets to tailor such properties as conductivity and mechanical strength, energy storage and charge transport, gas adsorption and more.

“We’ll use synthetic chemistry to create a new set of materials and dictate properties such as solubility, converting heat into current or whether the material is catalytic vs. inert,” Pentzer said. “We’ll control the spatial and temporal organization of nanomaterials to access well-defined geometries not accessible by conventional methods.”

She specifically chose to study carbon-based nanosheets, which have proven to be multifunctional materials but difficult to modify, in order to reveal the properties of different structures. Her grant totals $550,000.

Nicole Seiberlich
Seiberlich, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering, is developing and testing a new technique, called MRF-X, to probe the microstructure of tissue in the body, using standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scanner to collect data in a new way. She received a $504,000 grant for the project.

“Our hypothesis is there’s a different makeup in healthy and diseased tissue,”Seiberlich said. “We’re going to use MRI fingerprinting to help us better understand microstructural tissue properties.”

MRI fingerprinting (MRF) is a technique designed to identify the signatures of different diseases inside the body. Seiberlich’s lab will focus on chemical exchange between different kinds of tissues. Specifically, her team will map the water exchange in healthy skeletal muscle and brain tissue. They’ll then compare the healthy brain tissue data to water exchange data from the brain of a multiple sclerosis patient.

If the technique is able to consistently detect and quantify differences, Seiberlich believes it could help doctors to diagnose disease earlier and more accurately and allow researchers to study how diseases progress, possibly identifying targets for therapies.

Xiang Zhang
Driven by challenges in real-world applications to society, biology and medicine, Zhang, an assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science, aims to significantly extend the reliability and efficiency of large network analysis, funded with a $499,210 grant.

In computer science, networks such as the millions of people using Facebook, or the functional associations between different biological molecules are represented by graphs. The nodes, or vertices, in a graph represent objects and the edges represent relationships, such as the interaction between nodes.

“Many successful methods for analyzing network data have been developed,” Zhang said, “but methodology development for large network analysis is still at its early stage.”

His lab is focusing on three avenues toward improvement: Develop new measures to capture the similarity between nodes. Explore numerical and algorithmic approaches to study dual networks and cross-network analysis. Design robust and flexible multi-network algorithms for clustering and ranking.

Each of the five projects is now underway. They include education, mentorship and outreach to graduate, undergraduate and K-12 students.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 07:56 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 19, 2016

New technology quantifies effects of prostate tumor laser ablation

Effort to understand risks of treatment, and prognostic clues to long-term outcomes

News Release: April 19, 2016

CLEVELAND—Prostate cancers are either low-grade, low-risk forms that may be monitored but otherwise untreated. Or they’re serious enough to require surgery and radiation.

Monitoring can cause patients anxiety. Radical treatment comes with complications.

For those patients with a low-risk form who still want to take action, MRI-guided laser ablation is a growing treatment that occupies the middle ground by killing tumor cells directly while limiting the effects to the immediate location.

But what happens to the prostate after ablation?

Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed computational tools to use magnetic resonance images to quantitatively evaluate the effects on the form and structure of the prostate following treatment.

“The risks of surgery and radiation are well known,” said Anant Madabhushi, professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and director of the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics. “This image analysis technology may help us understand the risks of ablation.”

The detailed analysis of the shape changes may also yield prognostic information, he said.

The study is published in the online open access journal PLOS ONE. Co-authors include Robert Toth, who earned his PhD in Madabhushi’s lab and founded Toth Technology, based in New Jersey; and Dan Sperling, MD, founder of the Sperling Prostate Center, with offices in New York and Florida.

In prostate images taken from eight patients, the researchers detected not only a reduction in the size of the gland, but deformations.

To see the changes, the team developed a tool for co-registration—that is, aligning and fusing the before-and-after treatment images. In addition, the tool takes into account whether deformation is caused by such things as a full bladder or other changes in surrounding organs. It subtracts those influences on the prostate, leaving only the changes due to ablation.

Madabhushi’s team has patented the co-registration and analytic tools. The researchers believe the technology could be used to monitor any organ undergoing any of a long list of therapies.

The researchers plan to expand their study to at least 40 more patients and track them and the original eight for another 3-5 years to see how changes in the prostate’s shape may correlate with patients’ long-term outcomes.

“If the patient has a recurrence of active cancer, is the shape change associated?” Madabhushi asked. “If so, would that change allow us to predict the outcome, acting as an early biomarker?”

Prostate-specific antigen tests may not spike and indicate recurrence for a year.

“Quantifying the changes to the prostate may provide us that information earlier,” he said, “and earlier is almost always better for patients.”

This work was funded via a grant from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health (R21CA167811-01).

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 07:52 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 19, 2016

Hartwell Foundation names CWRU among its Top 10 Biomedical Research Centers; grants Individual Biomedical Research Award to School of Medicine autism researcher

News Release: Wednesday, April 19, 2016

The Hartwell Foundation, a Memphis-based philanthropic institution committed to funding innovative biomedical pediatrics research, has named Case Western Reserve University among its national Top 10 Centers of Biomedical Research.

The prestigious designation allows Case Western Reserve to nominate three researchers per year for a Hartwell Individual Biomedical Research Award. Institutions selected for limited participation submit up to two nominations in each competition. Case Western Reserve this year joins 16 other participating institutions to compete for the awards.

From the nominees submitted in each competition, the foundation selects 10 investigators to receive a Hartwell Individual Biomedical Research Award, which will provide support for three years at $100,000 direct cost per year. In addition, for each funded nominee, the participating institution will receive a Hartwell Fellowship to fund one postdoctoral candidate who exemplifies the values of the foundation. Each Hartwell Fellowship provides support for two years at $50,000 direct cost per year.

Each year, the Hartwell Foundation announces its Top Ten Centers of Biomedical Research. Selected institutions hold an internal competition to nominate three principal investigators for a Hartwell Individual Biomedical Research Award to pursue early-stage, innovative pediatric research that has not yet qualified for significant funding from outside sources.

“We are honored to be chosen as a top 10 research center of excellence in children’s health among this illustrious group,” said Lynn T. Singer, deputy provost and vice president of academic affairs, “especially as it demonstrates Case Western Reserve’s commitment to translational approaches that could rapidly benefit children’s health.”

In addition, the Hartwell Foundation announced a 2015 Hartwell Individual Biomedical Research Award to Hoonkyo Suh, PhD, assistant professor at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, for his work with autism spectrum disorders.

Suh, who is also an assistant staff member in the Department of Stem Cell Biology at Cleveland Clinic, was awarded for his work entitled, “Hippocampal Nerve Cell Networks in Autism Spectrum Disorders.”

More than 3.5 million children in the United States are diagnosed with autism, with one of 68 younger than age 8 estimated to have the disorder. Suh’s work will test a new idea that autism is a disorder of specific neural circuits, which are structural arrangements of neurons and their interactions with each other.
Suh theorizes that aberrant neural circuits in the part of the brain called the hippocampus formed during fetal development and early childhood cause autism.

As fetuses and young children develop, new hippocampal neurons integrate into existing neural circuits and make numerous connections with other parts of the brain, especially the cerebral cortex. The neural circuits connecting the hippocampus and the cortex ensure the information-flow necessary for learning, memory, emotion, language and social interaction. Problems in these connections may be tied to the development of autism.

To evaluate the possible contribution of aberrant neural circuits to autism pathology, Suh will map and manipulate brain neural circuits in a mouse model. Understanding how neural circuits are anatomically and functionally altered in autism animal-models will provide greater insight into how autism develops and progresses in affected children.

“If we find that aberrant neural circuits in the hippocampus play an important role in the development and progression of autism, this will provide a compelling foundation for developing therapies for autism by targeting those circuits, said Suh, who received a PhD in neuroscience from the University of Michigan and a bachelor’s degree in biochemistry from Yonsei University in Seoul, Korea.

“We have enjoyed a strong and growing relationship with Case (Western Reserve), as evidenced by its success in the Hartwell annual competition,” said foundation President Frederick A. Dombrose. “This September, we plan to hold our Ninth Annual Meeting Biomedical Research (a meeting of the funded investigators) in conjunction with the university.”

Case Western Reserve has already initiated the limited submission process for the next round of funding from the Hartwell Foundation. Letters of intent are now being taken from those individuals seeking nomination in the areas of basic and applied-life sciences, including engineering focused on biomedical applications. The proposed research must have the potential to benefit children of the United States. Information is posted online at For questions about the process, please contact Stephanie Endy, associate vice president for research, at

Case Western Reserve has six other faculty who are current or former Hartwell investigators:

• 2014, Brian A. Cobb, an associate professor of pathology, for his work entitled, “Harnessing Lymphocyte Cooperativity for the Treatment and Prevention of Asthma.”

• 2013, Roberto F. Galan, assistant professor of neuroscience, for his work called, “Cortical Network Dynamics and Epileptiform Activity in Autism: From Animal Models to Children.”

• 2012, Saptarsi Haldar, assistant professor of medicine, for his work called, “Creating a New Treatment Approach for Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy.”

• 2011, Jennell C. Vick, assistant professor of psychological sciences, biomedical engineering and pediatrics, for her work entitled, “Treatment for Severe Speech Disorders in Children: Identifying Target Consonant Movements for Use with Animated 3D Visual Feedback Software.”

• 2011, Jonathan E. Sears, assistant professor of ophthalmology and cell biology, for his work called, “Preventing Retinopathy of Prematurity.”

• 2007, M. Michael Wolfe, professor of medicine, for his work entitled, ”Peptide Replacement Therapy Using Transgenic Stem Cells Delivered to the Small Intestine.” (He received his Hartwell award at another institution before joining Case Western Reserve.)

Two fellowships have also been awarded by Case Western Reserve from the Hartwell Foundation support:

• 2014, Luke Bury, PhD, for his work in genetics and genomics sciences.

• 2013, Andrew Barnes, PhD, for his work in psychological sciences and biomedical engineering.

In addition, in 2014, Sears received a Collaboration Award in association with a researcher from Cornell University for their proposal entitled, “Overcoming Retinopathy of Prematurity and Chronic Lung Disease: Unified Systemic Approach.” The collaborators received $698,407 in combined direct cost over three years.

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 08:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 18, 2016

Please Don't Hammer! -- A Little Patience with ILLiad

Sometimes our ILLiad server gets a little overwhelmed due to high usage, or the Internet is just plain running slow thanks to overall excessive traffic volume. You may be trying to enter your ILL requests, and the screen apparently freezes up. We all know that feeling, but the truth is -- ILLiad is a very reliable application, but like anything, requires a little patience every now and then.

Please keep in mind that, although it looks like nothing is happening, the act of repeatedly pressing the 'Submit Request' button on request forms in quick succession will result in the creation of unnecessary duplicate transactions. We ask that you please allow time for the page to refresh after clicking on this button the first time, and wait until you receive the confirmation message at the top indicating the request has been received and assigned a transaction number.

If you have submitted multiple requests in this manner, they will subsequently show up as "Outstanding Requests" on your Main Menu page (which might seem inexplicable at first). At this point, you may choose to cancel them on your own (as a courtesy to ILL staff). Please be aware that we do not accept duplicates, and if we see multiple requests for identical materials submitted by the same patron in this pattern, we will process only the first one and cancel the remaining transactions. Our policy regarding duplicates has been addressed previously in the blog entry for April 21, 2011.

In a related issue...

When viewing electronically delivered PDF's, you may notice similar slowness while waiting for the page images to appear on your screen. Just another reminder that high-volume Internet traffic might be partly to blame, while the fact is that larger files will normally take longer to load as a rule. Clicking on "View PDF" repeatedly under these circumstances may actually further slow down the loading process -- leading to escalating frustration. As always, we recommend a little patience, and your material should be delivered in due course. FYI, this topic has also been issue previously discussed in entries for August 27, 2013, March 23, 2012 and May 5, 2009.

As always, we hope this bit of advice has been helpful in providing you optimal service from the ILLiad application.

Questions or concerns about ILLiad, or about ILL policies and services in general? Please contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 03:49 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Policies | Recommendations | Services

April 18, 2016

Online program reduces bullying behavior in schools, tests show

News Release: Tuesday, April 19, 2016

Behaviors that enable bullying—a significant public health problem for adolescents—were reduced among students who completed a new online anti-bullying program, according to a new study from Case Western Reserve University.

“Part of convincing schools to use technology to address bullying is proving its effectiveness,” said Jane Timmons-Mitchell, a senior research associate with the university’s Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at the Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences. She led a research team evaluating the program, known as StandUp.

After completing the program—which addresses verbal, physical, sexual and cyberbullying—students reported significantly reduced odds of bystander passivity to both emotional and physical bullying. Use of healthy relationship skills also increased significantly.

Most anti-bullying programs are taught as a curriculum in-person and have proven to be a hard sell to schools pressed to complete compulsory coursework and testing. They have also yielded mixed results but have been especially ineffective for non-white students and students in eighth grade and higher.

“We have to go where the kids are, instead of telling them where they should be,” said Timmons-Mitchell. “We do that by using new technology.”

In a 2013 survey by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, nearly 20 percent of high school youth said they had been bullied on school property in the last year alone. Overall, 14 percent to 54 percent of students in the United States report involvement with bullying, according to previous academic research.

All states have laws and/or policies that require schools to provide a mechanism to address bullying.

“Any participation in bullying can affect youth negatively. Being both a bully and a victim can lead to depression, self-harm, suicidal ideation and suicide attempts,” said Timmons-Mitchell, adding that perpetrators of bullying are more likely to commit crimes as young adults.

How it works

StandUp consists of three half-hour sessions taken three months apart. The program is designed to present different tracks if a user identifies as a bully, as a victim of bullying, or a passive bystander—or as a combination of the roles.

Video clips of dramatized bullying situations in schools are interspersed, prompting responses—for example: “What do you think the bystander should do?”

Users are given individualized guidance matched to their bullying experiences, including an emphasis on six healthy relationship skills:

• Using calm, nonviolent ways to deal with disagreements (leaving the room to cool down, for example);
• Respecting the boundaries of others;
• Communicating feelings and needs clearly and respectfully;
• Making decisions in social situations that are right for each person;
• Respecting the feelings and needs of other people;
• How to appropriately take a stand to stop bullying.

Studies have shown that adolescents especially respond more honestly to questions delivered by computers than on paper, Timmons-Mitchell said.

“Computers make it easier to deliver a strong message to adolescents,” she said, “that continuing down a negative path could land you in serious trouble and endanger the well-being of others.”

The producer of StandUp, Pro-Change Behavior Systems Inc., is revising the program for additional testing in schools based on researchers’ findings. Later this year, a clinical trial in schools is planned in Rhode Island.

The research was funded by a grant from the Health Resources and Services Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, under H98MC26260 “Project CARE for Epilepsy,” to Tatiana Falcone, a child and adolescent psychiatrist, at Cleveland Clinic.

Co-investigators of the project and co-authors of the paper “Pilot Test of StandUp, an Online School-Based Bullying Prevention Program,” (doi: 10.1093/cs/cdw010) published in the journal Children & Schools, are: Deborah A. Levesque, chief science officer at Pro-Change Behavior Systems Inc. and main author and creator of StandUp; Leon A. Harris III, a research assistant with the Begun Center; Daniel J. Flannery, the Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Professor at the Mandel School and director of the Begun Center; and Falcone.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 08:57 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 18, 2016

Fire, risk and accident shape glassblower who shattered norms

News Release: Monday, April 18, 2016

Known for his signature eye patch, Dale Chihuly lost sight in his left eye at the height of his career in the 1970’s, losing the depth perception so critical to precise glassblowing.

Forcing a pivot in the artist’s process, the injury led to the very kinds of asymmetrical glass forms that have become synonymous with Chihuly’s creative style.

“Chihuly was the first person in glass to exploit accident in an art form that—until then—was celebrated for its exactitude,” said Henry Adams, Ruth Coulter Heede Professor of Art History at Case Western Reserve University and author of the new book Chihuly on Fire.

Still active at 74 and widely regarded as the world’s greatest living master in glass, Chihuly’s works capture the restlessness and essence of his subjects, often plant and animal forms brimming with elaborate ribbing and streaks of color.

“He is unbound by the limitations the word ‘glass’ suggests,” said Adams. “He’s produced art unlike anything ever seen in glass before.”

Playing off accidents

In the book, Adams notes the irony inherent in the accident that reshaped the artist’s life and work: Glass—Chihuly’s chosen medium of expression—has also been his nemesis; in fact, it nearly killed him.

Thrown through a windshield in a traffic accident in 1976—requiring 250 stitches in his face—Chihuly lost function in his left eye. Six months into his recuperation, he set about to re-learn his craft.

In no time, “…[he] progressed from forms that seemed clumsy and misshapen to some of the most astonishingly beautiful objects ever made in glass,” writes Adams.

The eye patch has become an unmistakable ingredient of his persona, “endowing him with a mysterious quality setting him apart from everyone else,” Adams continues.

Paradoxically, the auto accident proved to be a career breakthrough: While Chihuly maintains a strong grasp on the act of blowing glass, the technical skills of many artisans go beyond those he developed before and after his accident. Thus, Chihuly leads a studio of skilled glassblowers to execute his imagination—similar to many professional sculptors, who rely on specialized foundry workers.

“He plays the role of coach of the team,” said Adams, who followed Chihuly in his Seattle workshop, watching how the artist creates drawings of ideas to suggest directions for his well-coordinated crew.

Shaping glass into an art form

Throughout his 50-plus-year career, Chihuly confronted a hesitation in critical circles to consider glassblowing to be art, rather than merely a craft.

“He’s had trouble getting folks to take him seriously outside of his circle,” said Adams. “Still, if you’re successful you attract criticism—that’s the nature of being an artist.”

Often commanding six-figure prices, Chihuly artworks and installations—in hotels, casinos, botanical gardens and other large-scale locations—reflect the value placed on creations that push into new territory, especially at critical junctures in an artist’s career.

“You get to a point where you can repeat yourself and other people can catch up with you—or you can make some kind of new innovation, where you’re moving forward to a place other glass artists aren’t attaining,” said Adams. “Chihuly has made a life of that.”

While much has been written about Chihuly before, the narrative of his life so far has remained fragmentary, said Adams. Chihuly on Fire, adapted from an essay Adams wrote 20 years ago and now published by the Chihuly Workshop, seeks to align the disparate stages of the artist’s career and reveal the scope of his achievement.

“We come to see a coherent artistic vision—and maybe for the first time—understand the breadth of risk and intelligence in his work,” said Adams.

“Glass is shaped with fire and has very strong element of danger,” added Adams. “I suspect that one of the attractions of glass for Chihuly is this element of danger.”

Chihuly on Fire comes on the heels of another recent Adams book on an American artist, Thomas Hart Benton: Discoveries and Interpretations, released in fall 2015 and profiled in The Daily.

Adams also unveiled research on the architecture of Thomas Jefferson at the 225th anniversary celebration of the Massachusetts Historical Society in Boston in January, which coincided with the opening of the exhibit, “The Private Jefferson,” featuring Jefferson’s personal papers and architectural drawings.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 01:43 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 12, 2016

U.N. Human Rights Chief to speak at CWRU Law School

News Release: Tuesday, April 12, 2016

CLEVELAND—United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra'ad Al-Hussein, the first Muslim to ever hold that position, is coming to Case Western Reserve School of Law to receive the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center 's Humanitarian Award for Advancing Global Justice and deliver the Klatsky Endowed Lecture in Human Rights.

The award presentation and the Jordanian prince’s lecture—titled "The Road to Violence"—will occur at the CWRU Law School's Moot Courtroom (A59) from 5-6 p.m. on Friday, April 15. The event is free and open to the public. A tab to view the webcast is at this link:

“In his role as U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, Prince Zeid has recently delivered high-profile speeches on balancing human rights and the war on terrorism, preventing violent extremism and responding to the Syrian refugee crisis,” said Case Western Reserve Law School co-Dean Michael Scharf.

During December of 2015, Prince Zeid denounced U.S. presidential candidate Donald Trump’s call for a ban on Muslims entering the United States as “grossly irresponsible.” He expressed concerns that such a ban would help extremists seeking to drive a wedge between Western governments and their Muslim citizens.

Prince Zeid has held the U.N’s highest human rights position since 2014. Previously, he was Jordan's Permanent Representative to the U.N., and he served as Jordan’s Ambassador to the United States and Mexico. Scharf said Prince Zeid played a central role in establishing the International Criminal Court, and he was elected the first president of the Assembly of State Parties of the Court in September 2002.

The Humanitarian Award, established in 2004, is given each year to an individual who has made a significant contribution to advancing global justice. The recipient is selected by the two-dozen law faculty associated with the Cox Center. Prince Zeid is the second U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights to receive the award.

The Klatsky Endowed Lecture in Human Rights was established in 1991 through a grant from Emeritus University Trustee Bruce Klatsky.

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 05:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 12, 2016

CWRU Law School conference asks: Are employee wellness programs actually beneficial?

News Release: Tuesday, April 12, 2016

CLEVELAND —At first glance, employer-sponsored wellness programs appear to benefit all involved. But legal, ethical and privacy issues associated with such programs are also becoming more apparent.

“Corporate Wellness Programs: Are They Hazardous to Well-Being?,” a conference at Case Western Reserve University School of Law on Friday, April 15, will examine the benefits and problems in what are known as corporate or workplace wellness programs. The daylong gathering of wellness and law experts is co-sponsored by the Law-Medicine Center and the Center for Business Law & Regulation at Case Western Reserve.

“Generally, the approach has been that employers provide incentives, such as financial rewards, to employees who meet certain requirements created by these wellness programs, such as losing a certain amount of weight, cooperating with health assessments, doing a certain amount of exercise and so on,” said Maxwell Mehlman, director of CWRU’s Law-Medicine Center, the Arthur E. Petersilge Professor of Law and a professor of bioethics at CWRU School of Medicine.

The widely accepted intention of wellness programs is that they are good for employers and employees, he said.

“But there are real concerns,” Melhman said. “The business sector has other motives, which are to reduce health-care costs, increase productivity and provide less expensive benefit plans to employees. Ostensibly, if employees are healthy, they won’t need as much medical care. So it’s not just the employer looking out for the well-being of the employee, it’s the employer looking out for economic self-interest. There’s potential for a conflict of interest there.”

Workplace wellness programs may also prove costly in unintended ways, according to Jonathan Adler, Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law, who directs the Center for Business Law & Regulation.

“Such programs may not only shift health-care costs onto workers, but also may impose disproportionate costs on those workers the programs are most intended to help,” Adler said. “Some analysts are also concerned that wellness programs violate the Americans with Disabilities Act and encourage employment discrimination.”

Despite these and other concerns, workplace wellness programs continue to have their champions and appear to be increasingly common nationally. According to a RAND Corp. study, workplace wellness is a $6 billion industry in the United States.

Conference speakers include: Soeren Mattke, managing director of RAND Health Advisory Services; Michael Roizen, chief wellness officer of Cleveland Clinic Foundation; and Christopher Kucynski, director of the ADA/GINA Policy Division of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

The conference will consider:
 Under the Affordable Care Act and the policy statements of the EEOC, what are the limits to what employers can do to promote employee wellness?
 How are these programs designed and what rules do they have to follow? For example, they are not supposed to discriminate against a person with disabilities. There may be people with physical limitations who cannot fulfill a requirement, such as people with genetic predisposition to obesity. “To penalize some people because they can’t lose weight or keep it off, some would say, is unfair,” Mehlman said. “There are other immutable characteristics that people can’t change.”
 To what extent can employers keep tab of their employees’ health without invading privacy?
 Do wellness programs corrupt the patient-physician relationship? Mehlman said, “The most salient concern is the potential of employers to get into the private medical information of employees.”

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 04:37 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

April 07, 2016

Nature Medicine editor Roxanne Khamsi to open Research ShowCASE 2016

News Release: Wednesday, April 6, 2016

Roxanne Khamsi, chief news editor of Nature Medicine, will present the keynote address for Case Western Reserve University’s annual Research ShowCASE, where hundreds of scientists, scholars, faculty members and students come together to exhibit, demonstrate and explain their research projects ranging from the social sciences to engineering and medicine.

Research ShowCASE 2106 is Friday, April 15, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. in the Veale Convocation, Recreation and Athletic Center on the Case Western Reserve campus. Khamsi’s remarks open the event, which is free and open to the public, at 9 a.m.

Khamsi oversees science coverage as chief news editor at Nature Medicine, a monthly biomedical journal. Her reporting has taken her from the outskirts of Madrid, where she met with Boeing engineers designing a fuel-cell airplane, to a psychiatric facility in the suburbs of New York City, where she learned about the ethical issues of treating patients with long-acting antipsychotics.

Khamsi has written hundreds of news articles about a diverse variety of scientific topics, ranging from genetics to telecommunications as well as niche fields such as neuroeconomics to paleobiology. Her articles have also appeared in publications such as The Economist, Wired News and the MIT Technology Review. She also teaches at Stony Brook University in Long Island, New York, through the Alan Alda Center for Communicating Science.

“This event is such a great learning opportunity for our students and researchers,” said Tracy Wilson-Holden, director for Research Integrity and Education in the university’s Office of Research Administration and an adjunct bioethics instructor. “It is a chance for them to talk about their work in a way that helps the community get excited about the research being done at Case Western Reserve University. We are so pleased to have Roxanne Khamsi speak at the event, and we look forward to hearing her perspective on the essential skill of effectively communicating complex scientific messages to the public.”

Khamsi will be joined at the showcase by Provost William A. “Bud” Baeslack III and Vice President for Research Suzanne Rivera.

A signature event attracting more than 1,000 campus and community stakeholders, the daylong event includes competitions for post-docs, graduate students and undergraduate students to practice the art of communicating their research and describing the impact their science can have. Cash prizes are awarded to winners in several categories at each of the academic levels.

Each year, between 400 and 600 posters and interactive booths fill the venue, celebrating the great work and discoveries of Case Western Reserve’s research community.

Among the exhibitors:

• From the Biologically Inspired Robotics Lab, doctoral student Akhil Kandhari will demonstrate his soft-body robot that mimics the movement of a worm, which has practical implications for fixing water pipes or, one day, fitting inside a blood vein.

• The Medical Robotics and Computer Integrated Surgery lab is working on making the popular Da Vinci surgical robot autonomously suture patients to both assist surgeons and let them work on more patients.

• Senior Emily Shelton will show her diverse skills and talents by both presenting her Senior Capstone physics research and performing a dance at the event.

• Staff member Mischelle Brown will showcase her project that explores whether children attending urban public schools become better readers when they have the opportunity to design “adventure playgrounds” in their communities.

• Post Doctoral Fellow Filomena Pirozzi will present her research on understanding the pathogenesis of microcephaly.

In addition, a number of high school students performing research at Case Western Reserve are also included in a competition that awards a $20,000 per year scholarship to the university.

For more information, including photos and videos from previous showcases, visit:

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 12:57 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

August 07, 2009

Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use?

Another school year is about to begin, and no doubt you may need to sign up for interlibrary loan services to support your scholarly research needs. In case you aren't aware, there are actually four different service points on campus for interlibrary loan services, depending on which part of the university with which you are connected. There are also three additional affiliated locations which provide library services to their respective clientele.

If you are a faculty or staff member, or a student, at the College of Arts and Sciences, the Case School of Engineering, or the Weatherhead School of Management, a student at the School of Nursing, or a staff member in any of the university central administrative offices, or have enrolled in the Kelvin Smith Library Alumni Membership Program at the Alumni Choice Membership Service level, please sign up using the KELVIN SMITH LIBRARY ILLiad website.

If you are a faculty or staff member, or a student, in the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, set up your account in the MSASS Harris Library ILLiad website. If you are a faculty or staff member, or a student, at the School of Law, use the LAW Library ILLiad site for your ILL services.

Faculty and staff members, and students, at the School of Medicine or the School of Dental Medicine, or faculty and staff members at the School of Nursing, should set up for interlibrary loan services through the CLEVELAND HEALTH SCIENCES LIBRARY ILLiad site. If you are enrolled in or affiliated with any health sciences-related interdisciplinary programs, such as Biochemistry, Environmental Health Sciences, Epidemiology & Biostatistics, Molecular Biology & Microbiology, Neurosciences, Nutrition, and Physiology & Biophysics, you should also use this site to set up your account.

Finally, if you are connected with any of our affiliated institutions, please get in touch with their respective libraries directly for service, at the contacts below:

* Cleveland Institute of Music Library: (216) 707-4508
* Cleveland Institute of Art Library: (216) 421-7440
* Cleveland Clinic Library (Lerner College): (216) 444-5697
* University Hospitals (residents, other staff): (216) 844-1208

Please be mindful that all the libraries mentioned above are more selectively specialized for the particular subject areas of the department or program with which you may be associated. (Of course, the Kelvin Smith Library, our main system, embraces greater breadth in this respect.) Their staff and collection resources will be better suited to assist you with research in your own specific discipline, especially by providing the reference services that guide in making your interlibrary loan usage more effective.

If you are not directly associated with Case Western Reserve University or any of its affiliates as indicated above (or are alumni not enrolled in the Choice Membership), we recommend that you instead consult your local public library branch, the academic library of your own college or university, or your employer's corporate or medical library, for help with interlibrary loan services.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 02:51 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

April 05, 2016

April is Earth Month; Let's Care for KSL, too!

Screen Shot 2016 04 05 at 2 07 32 PM

With April being the month we dedicate to respect, care and cleanliness of our earth and environment, we here at KSL have decided to take that initiative indoors, too!

As finals approach and studying becomes more intense, it is harder to focus on what’s around you than what’s in front of you. However, so that all can have access to clean, comfortable and well-cared-for accommodations, we kindly request that KSL visitors and researchers make an extra effort to throw away your trash, recycle what can be and clean up the area you’ve used. As you set a good example of respect, cleanliness and care, you can rest assured that when you return to KSL to study, the people who have come before you have provided the same level of respect.

To assist all our environmental efforts, KSL admin has a Clorox wipe kiosk slated for arrival early next week. It will be placed centrally on the first floor, between the Freedman Center and computer area.

Thank you in advance for all of your environmentally heroic efforts!

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 02:13 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

April 05, 2016

Freedman Fellow Dr. Gillian Weiss to Speak at KSL April 6

WeissGCrop 200x200

On Wednesday, April 6, 2016, at noon, the Kelvin Smith Library will host 2015 Freedman Fellow Gillian Weiss, PhD, as she talks about her project The Jewish View on CWRU: Campus Activism, 1967-1973

This project aims to uncover the historical role of Jewish students, faculty and administrators in the physical infrastructure, social movements and intellectual life of CWRU from the founding of its constituent parts to the present. Launched in spring 2014 by Professor Weiss, this self-study plans to produce and disseminate knowledge through an interactive website, publications, exhibitions and talks. Professor Weiss will discuss her findings and the process of developing this digital scholarship project.

The Freedman Fellows Program is an annual award allowed for full-time CWRU faculty whose current scholarly research project involves some corpus of data that is of scholarly or instructional interest (e.g., data sets, digital texts, digital images, databases), involves the use of digital tools and processes, and has clearly articulated project outcomes.

The Freedman Fellows Program began in 2005 with funding from the College of Arts and Sciences, the Kelvin Smith Library and the Freedman Fellows Endowment established by Marian K. and Samuel B. Freedman. The aim of the program is to support the integration of new research methodologies and digital tools in faculty scholarship to enhance understanding, examine questions in new ways, broaden perspectives, and fundamentally redefine how research is conducted and disseminated. The 2016 call is currently in place, closing on April 8, 2016.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 10:41 AM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

March 29, 2016

2016 Canada-U.S. Law Institute conference to explore international trade, investment and disputes

News Release: Monday, March 28, 2016

CLEVELAND—Canada and the United States enjoy a long relationship built on cooperation and collaboration. But there are also disagreements, as an upcoming conference will explore.

“Cooperation and Conflict: International Trade, Investment, and Cross Border Disputes,” the 2016 conference of the Canada-U.S. Law Institute (CUSLI), will bring to Case Western Reserve University experts in law, policy, business and government to examine Canada-U.S. relations during the U.S. presidential election year and as Canada adapts to its 2015 election of Prime Minister Justin Trudeau.

The conference is April 7-8 at Case Western Reserve University School of Law and CWRU’s Tinkham Veale University Center. Ambassador of the United States to Canada Bruce Heyman will provide the distinguished lecture at 11 a.m. on Friday, April 8.

The agenda, including a link to the event webcast, is available at:

Trade agreements present a host of challenges, including intellectual property, agriculture, the dispute resolution process, and protecting natural resources. Border security and the international threat of terrorism remain major issues, intensified by recent attacks in Europe.

“This relationship spans across virtually every sector, from manufacturing to agriculture to retail,” said Ted Parran, CUSLI managing director. “Shared stewardship of Lake Erie and its fishing industry is a top priority, and personal and cultural ties also run deep, with over 1 million visits between Ohio and Canada each year.”

Parran said the United States-Canada economic relationship has been estimated to generate over $600 billion (U.S. dollars) per year in goods, and more than $1 trillion annually, including services.

Founded in 1976, CUSLI serves as a forum on bi-national legal and business issues and is jointly managed by Case Western Reserve University School of Law and University of Western Ontario Faculty of Law.

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 03:40 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 06, 2009

Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan

A few words about borrowing theses or dissertations for your scholarly research needs...

First of all, if you need to access any titles that have been done at any of the colleges of Case Western Reserve University (or any of its predecessor institutions), you should ordinarily not have to request them through interlibrary loan. Be sure you have searched them in the CASE Online Catalog for current availability. The most recent 5 years of masters' theses (and the newest Ph.D. dissertations) from the College of Arts and Sciences, Case School of Engineering, and the Weatherhead School of Management should be available in the Kelvin Smith Library. Any titles done at the School of Medicine, Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, or the School of Law should be held at their respective library locations. All others should be available for request by using the Iron Mountain form.

Theses originally submitted in electronic format will often have a link displayed in their online catalog entries, for immediate download. You may also search the availability of many electronic CASE thesis titles that have been digitized at either Digital Case Electronic Theses or OhioLINK Electronic Theses.

If you cannot find a CASE thesis title in our catalog, or if one that you do find is not currently available (e.g., checked out, in processing, or at bindery), we suggest you contact the University Archives for further assistance. The phone number for their reference desk is 216-368-3320, and they may also be contacted at

If you need to borrow a thesis or dissertation that was done at any of the OhioLINK Member Universities, you should first search for it in the OhioLINK Catalog, where you can submit your request directly. Digitized OhioLINK theses are also available for download through the OhioLINK Electronic Theses and Dissertations Center.

In all other cases, you should use ILLiad to request the thesis titles you require. Remember to use the 'Thesis' form under the 'New Request' section of the Main Menu, when you log into your account. The data fields provided in this page are appropriate to this particular loan type. You should use this form for titles done at Ohio universities not part of OhioLINK, U.S. universities outside Ohio, and any universities outside the United States.

Keep in mind that the loans of theses or dissertations borrowed through ILLiad will be subject to different loan rules than any that you borrow directly from the CASE or OhioLINK collections. As each lending institution operates along its own set of policies, it is possible that various restrictions may be imposed. For example, loan periods may vary (in contrast to the uniform due dates of direct check-outs), renewals may or may not be allowed, and in some cases a 'library-use-only' restriction may be required. When you receive a notification of receipt, the message text will indicate if any of these apply.

Some additional issues and caveats to remember about borrowing theses through ILLiad...

Most often a thesis or dissertation is held only at the library of the institution where it was done. Sometimes there are copies available held at more than one library location, with the possibility of two or more libraries at the same university. Occasionally some theses are widely held through several locations besides the originating institution, as a reflection of how influential the author's research has proven to be. Usually, however, you can expect only a single copy to be all that will be available for borrowing through interlibrary loan.

Occasionally a thesis is on loan at the institution's library at the time you place a request for it, and they will often reply by informing us to try again at a future date. Under these circumstances, we will send you a cancellation notice and suggest that you re-submit your request at a time when it may again be available for loan.

If you have already requested a particular thesis title that we have been able to borrow for you and have recently returned it, you should expect not to be able to borrow it again immediately. Please put off re-requesting it for at least two to three weeks (or longer if a foreign thesis) if you need it again, to allow for return shipping, check-in and re-shelving for future availability at the lender library.

Some theses will only be available for circulation in microfilm (reel or fiche) formats from the lender libraries. We usually try to request hard copies of theses when we can, but sometimes only microfilms are loaned to us by the lender libraries even when we do not expect them. Many Canadian theses, for example, can only be borrowed from the National Library of Canada, which loans them almost exclusively in microfiche format. Please remember that the Kelvin Smith Library does offer the appropriate equipment and reference assistance for viewing microfilm format, as well as for reproducing into the print or electronic forms which you may find more useful. Consider this before returning any unused theses borrowed for you on microfilm through ILL.

Some lenders will actually provide us with a complete reproduction of a thesis or dissertation. When this is in electronic format, we usually can provide it to you through electronic delivery (after converting your ILLiad transaction into an article-type request format). Due to copyright restrictions, you will be expected to save or print only a single copy of the thesis, which you may retain for personal research use but not freely disseminate. Keep in mind that it will usually be a fairly large file, so please allow adequate time for it to download. When we actually receive a print reproduction, we will provide it to you as a loan, with indefinite renewals if needed. As this material is library property, we will expect you to return it when you are finished so we may submit it to our Acquisitions Department to be considered for binding and addition to the Kelvin Smith Library collections, for future availability.

Expect that some theses will take us longer to obtain than the usual loans you may request. Those done at Canadian, British, European, Japanese and other foreign universities will often require more time for us to borrow, and in some cases we will only be able to obtain them by purchasing a reproduction directly from the holding library, which often becomes a time-consuming process (more about that below). You can also expect many European and other non-English universities' theses to be available only in the original language, and not in English translation. Some of these may be referenced (i.e., title & abstract only) in translation, but not be available in full-text translation. Occasionally, though, some actually are written originally in English by their authors.

Once in a while, a holding library will not allow a thesis title to circulate at all. We can sometimes purchase a reproduction from them, but unfortunately this is not always the case. Some libraries will require us to obtain permission directly from the author before proceeding with processing a reproduction. Some lenders will instead refer us to University Microfilms International to purchase a copy ourselves, while others will simply not offer any option at all. In many such cases, we will have to cancel your ILLiad request and inform you of the specific circumstances. When a title is available from University Microfilms International, we will also suggest that you may wish to purchase a personal copy, or advise you to contact our Acquisitions Department using the Suggest a Purchase form to have a copy added to our own collections.

Hopefully this has shed some light regarding theses and dissertations, and how best to use interlibrary loan services and other available resources in accessing them.

Continue reading "Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan"

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 04:33 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Policies | Recommendations | Services

March 24, 2016

Millennials admit to being narcissists—but don’t you dare call them that

News Release: Wednesday, March 24, 2016

So-called millennials consider their generation the most narcissistic ever.

Older generations agree—but think the narcissism goes even beyond what millennials admit.

For millennials (adults born between 1980 and 1994, and also known as “Generation Y”), this assessment by their parents’ and grandparents’ generations does not sit well, according to new research based on a series of studies led by Joshua Grubbs, a doctoral candidate in clinical psychology at Case Western Reserve University.

“Millennials and older generations agree that millennials are the most narcissistic,” Grubbs said. “They just disagree to the extent of the narcissism.”

In the last decade, popular writings have portrayed millennials as exceptionally self-centered, creating a prevailing narrative that has become accepted as fact, to a degree, due to its repetition, Grubbs said.

“This is the first generation where there’s such a prevalent exposure to the message (that) they’re narcissistic, mainly through the Internet,” said Grubbs. “We’d like to know, over time, what effect that has. This is the first step.”

Hence, Grubbs set out to measure this phenomenon, which, until now, had been mostly based on anecdotal evidence: for example, the self-centered behavior of some young people on social media and the ubiquity of “selfies.”

Emojis, fake personality tests—and other experiments

In one experiment, study participants were asked to choose between emojis—cartoon faces often used in texting and social media—that best matched their feelings after being called “narcissistic.” The saddest emoji face was chosen most often, while the participants who picked indifferent or happy emoji faces tended to be the most narcissistic, as measured by self-surveys.

In another experiment, millennials were given fake personality tests that told them they were narcissistic, while researchers recorded their reactions.

“Millennials generally object when the ‘narcissistic’ label is applied to them—it feels like a putdown,” said Grubbs, noting that study participants associated the term with arrogance, self-centeredness and a penchant for vanity. “The only people that found the label acceptable were people who are actually narcissistic—and research shows there are very few of them.”

“Still, millennials experience more anger, frustration and sadness over the label than other generations,” Grubbs said. “Even if they agree with it to some extent, it still bothers them.”

Another key distinction emerged in the research: What may seem like signs of “narcissism” or self-obsession to one person may be evidence of “individualism”—a trait valued by millennials—to someone else.

“This research doesn’t mean every single millennial is narcissistic,” said Grubbs, a millennial himself. “But on the whole, people of my generation probably are more narcissistic than in past generations.”

Grubbs recently presented the research—which will be published later this year—at the annual meeting of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology in San Diego.

“Over time, the ‘narcissistic’ label could impact how millennials feel, their mental health (and) their attitudes about themselves and general generation,” said Grubbs, also a pre-doctoral intern in professional psychology at the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center. “This provides us with a broad picture we can use in further research.”

Grubbs also researches the psychology of religion and spirituality, as well as the psychology of addiction, narcissism and entitlement.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 02:27 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 23, 2016

Efforts to destroy ISIS have permanently changed international law, legal researcher concludes

International law authority examines right to use force in self-defense against threats within a nation that can’t or won’t stop terror attacks

News Release: Wednesday, March 23, 2016

CLEVELAND—An urgent need to respond with force to the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has permanently changed the use of self-defense in international law to attack a threat in another country, according to newly published research from the Case Western Reserve University School of Law.

The use of force against al-Qaida and ISIS during the past 14 years has given rise to what Michael Scharf, co-dean of the Case Western Reserve School of Law, describes as a “Grotian Moment”—a fundamental paradigm shift that will have broad implications for international law.

The main implication of this newly accepted change in the international law of self-defense is that any nation can now lawfully use force against a threat (terrorists, rebels, pirates, drug cartels, etc.) in another country if that nation is unable or unwilling to suppress the threat within its borders.

Scharf, a former attorney adviser for United Nations Affairs for the U.S. Department of State, is Joseph C. Hostetler-Baker Hostetler Professor of Law and director of the law school’s Frederick K. Cox International Law Center. He details the radical change in customary international law in his article, “How the War Against ISIS Changed International Law,” for Case Western Reserve Journal of International Law, Vol. 48 (2016).

The U.S. State Department maintains a list of terrorist organizations that pose a significant threat to the United States and its allies. The list, according to Scharf’s article, includes 58 terrorist groups based in 35 countries.

The scenario

Since August 2014, the United States—assisted by some Western and Arab countries—has carried out bombing and cruise missile attacks against ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria. Iraq consented to the air strikes in its territory, but Syria didn’t. And Russia blocked the United Nations Security Council from authorizing force against ISIS in Syria.

The United States invoked several legal arguments to justify airstrikes against ISIS in Syria, including: the right of humanitarian intervention, the right to use force in a failed state and the right of hot pursuit, before finally settling on self-defense, Scharf wrote.

Even in the aftermath of al Qaeda attacks in the United States, use of force in self-defense had not been viewed as lawful against terrorists within a sovereign nation unless the terrorist organization was under the effective control of that nation. But the United States argued such force can be justified where a governing authority is unable or unwilling to suppress the threat operating within its borders.

The shift

That view was not initially accepted by Russia, China or even the United Kingdom—a close U.S. ally. But opposition changed in the aftermath of ISIS attacks of a Russian jetliner and a Paris stadium and concert hall in 2015, leading to the unanimous adoption of a U.N. Security Council resolution calling on nations to use all necessary measures to fight ISIS in Syria.

U.N. Security Council Resolution 2249, adopted in November 2015, does not clearly endorse a particular legal justification, Scharf wrote. He added: “Despite its ambiguity, Resolution 2249 will likely be viewed as confirming that use of force in self-defense is now permissible against non-state actors where the territorial state is unable to suppress the threat that they pose.”

Scharf’s emphasizes use force remains subject to three key limitations to guard against abuse:
• The military response must be to an armed attack to trigger the right to use force in self-defense. Mass terrorist attacks that result in deaths meet that threshold.
• The use of force must be targeted against a terrorist organization and not against the nation where the terrorist group exists, or that nation’s military, unless the nation is shown to be effectively in control of the offending group.
• Military action must still meet the international law principles of necessity, proportionality and discrimination.
Scharf’s research paper also offered that further limitations are likely to develop as nations invoke the new aspect of international law.

Scharf is also author of the book Customary International Law in Times of Fundamental Change: Recognizing Grotian Moments (Cambridge University Press 2013).

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 08:00 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 23, 2016

The conflict between science and religion lies in our brains

News Release: March 23, 2016

CLEVELAND—The conflict between science and religion may have its origins in the structure of our brains, researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Babson College have found.

Clashes between the use of faith vs. scientific evidence to explain the world around us dates back centuries and is perhaps most visible today in the arguments between evolution and creationism.

To believe in a supernatural god or universal spirit, people appear to suppress the brain network used for analytical thinking and engage the empathetic network, the scientists say. When thinking analytically about the physical world, people appear to do the opposite.

“When there’s a question of faith, from the analytic point of view, it may seem absurd,” said Tony Jack, who led the research. “But, from what we understand about the brain, the leap of faith to belief in the supernatural amounts to pushing aside the critical/analytical way of thinking to help us achieve greater social and emotional insight.”

Jack is an associate professor of philosophy at Case Western Reserve and research director of the university’s Inamori International Center of Ethics and Excellence, which helped sponsor the research.

"A stream of research in cognitive psychology has shown and claims that people who have faith (i.e., are religious or spiritual) are not as smart as others. They actually might claim they are less intelligent.,” said Richard Boyatzis, distinguished university professor and professor of organizational behavior at Case Western Reserve, and a member of Jack’s team.

“Our studies confirmed that statistical relationship, but at the same time showed that people with faith are more prosocial and empathic,” he said.

In a series of eight experiments, the researchers found the more empathetic the person, the more likely he or she is religious.

That finding offers a new explanation for past research showing women tend to hold more religious or spiritual worldviews than men. The gap may be because women have a stronger tendency toward empathetic concern than men.

Atheists, the researchers found, are most closely aligned with psychopaths—not killers, but the vast majority of psychopaths classified as such due to their lack of empathy for others.

The new study is published in the online journal PLOS ONE. The other authors are Jared Friedman, a research assistant and recent graduate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science who will begin his PhD in organizational behavior at Case Western Reserve in the fall, and Scott Taylor, assistant professor of organizational behavior at Babson College.

Brain structure
The research is based on the hypothesis that the human brain has two opposing domains in constant tension. In earlier research, Jack ‘s Brain, Mind & Consciousness lab used functional magnetic resonance imaging to show the brain has an analytical network of neurons that enables us to think critically and a social network that enables us to empathize. When presented with a physics problem or ethical dilemma, a healthy brain fires up the appropriate network while suppressing the other.

“Because of the tension between networks, pushing aside a naturalistic world view enables you to delve deeper into the social/emotional side,” Jack explained. “And that may be the key to why beliefs in the supernatural exist throughout the history of cultures. It appeals to an essentially nonmaterial way of understanding the world and our place in it.”

Friedman said, “Having empathy doesn’t mean you necessarily have anti-scientific beliefs. Instead, our results suggest that if we only emphasize analytic reasoning and scientific beliefs, as the New Atheist movement suggests, then we are compromising our ability to cultivate a different type of thinking, namely social/moral insight.”

“These findings,” Friedman continued, “are consistent with the philosophical view, espoused by (Immanuel) Kant, according to which there are two distinct types of truth: empirical and moral.”

Experiments and results
The researchers examined the relationship between belief in God or a universal spirit with measures of analytic thinking and moral concern in eight different experiments, each involving 159 to 527 adults. Consistently through all eight, the more religious the person, the more moral concern they showed. But no cause and effect was established.

They found that both spiritual belief and empathic concern were positively associated with frequency of prayer, meditations and other spiritual or religious practices, but neither were predicted by church dinners or other social contact associated with religious affiliation.

While others theorize that mentalizing—interpreting human behavior in terms of intentional mental states such as needs, desires or purposes—has a positive association with belief, the researchers found none.

Like other studies, these experiments showed that analytic thinking discourages acceptance of spiritual or religious beliefs. But the statistical analysis of data pooled from all eight experiments indicates empathy is more important to religious belief than analytic thinking is for disbelief.

So why can the conflict between science and religion become so strong?

“Because the networks suppress each other, they may create two extremes,” Boyatzis said. “Recognizing that this is how the brain operates, maybe we can create more reason and balance in the national conversations involving science and religion.”

Using both networks
The researchers say humans are built to engage and explore using both networks.

“Far from always conflicting with science, under the right circumstances religious belief may positively promote scientific creativity and insight,” Jack said. “Many of history's most famous scientists were spiritual or religious. Those noted individuals were intellectually sophisticated enough to see that there is no need for religion and science to come into conflict."

They refer to Baruch Aba Shalev’s book 100 years of Nobel Prizes, which found that, from 1901 to 2000, 654 Nobel laureates, or nearly 90 percent, belonged to one of 28 religions. The remaining 10.5 percent were atheists, agnostics or freethinkers.

“You can be religious and be a very good scientist,” Jack said.

The researchers agree with the New Atheists that suspension of analytical thinking—at the wrong time—can be dangerous, and point to the historical use of religious differences to persecute or fight wars.

“Although it is simply a distortion of history to pin all conflict on religion,” Jack said. “Non-religious political movements, such as fascism and communism, and quasi-scientific movements, such as eugenics, have also done great harm.”

The researchers suggest, however, that taking a carefully considered leap of religious faith appears be an effective route to promoting emotional insight. Theirs and other studies find that, overall, religious belief is associated with greater compassion, greater social inclusiveness and greater motivation to engage in pro-social actions.

Jack said the conflict can be avoided by remembering simple rules: “Religion has no place telling us about the physical structure of the world; that’s the business of science. Science should inform our ethical reasoning, but it cannot determine what is ethical or tell us how we should construct meaning and purpose in our lives."

To dig deeper into belief, the researchers are planning studies to learn if individuals who increase their empathy then increase their religious or spiritual belief, or vice versa.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 07:40 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

June 24, 2015

Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised IV)

Short on ideas again, so here it is -- as always, hope this is useful.

Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008
Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008
Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008
Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008
One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008
Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008
Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008
ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008

Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009
'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009
Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009
'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009
'Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009
Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009
Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009
Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009
Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009
Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009
Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009
Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009
Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009

Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010
Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010
Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010
ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010
Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010
Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010
Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010
*Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010
Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010
Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010
Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010
OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010

E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011
Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011
Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011
Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011
Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011
ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011
Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011
Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011
*Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised) -- September 20, 2011
One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please - Revisited -- October 25, 2011
ILL Do's and Don't's - 1st Installment -- November 23, 2011
OCLC Non-Supplier Locations -- December, 27, 2011

ILL Do's and Don't's - 2nd Installment -- January 25, 2012
Quick List of ILL Pointers -- February 23, 2012
Reminders about Electronic Deliveries -- March 23, 2012
Some Tips on Properly Filling out ILL Request Forms -- April 23, 2012
Some Brief Comments about ILL Turnaround Times -- May 23, 2012
Logging in with Your ILLiad UserName & Password -- June 19, 2012
ILLiad Login Problems? -- It May be Your Browser -- July 24, 2012
Tips for Distance Ed Graduates (DM Program, Document Delivery & ILL) -- August 28, 2012
5 Quick Tips for ILL -- September 21, 2012
2 Tips Regarding Article Requests -- October 25, 2012
Browsers and Viewing PDF's in ILLiad -- November 20, 2012
ILLiad Login vs. Single Sign-On -- December 20, 2012

ILLiad Requests and Non-Roman Alphabetical Characters -- January 28, 2013
Loan Notifications from ILLiad: Overdues, Renewals, Recalls, etc. -- February 19, 2013
Reminder About Library-Use-Only Loans -- March 6, 2013
Faculty Campus Delivery & ILLiad Loans -- April 17, 2013
*Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised II) -- May 22, 2013
Coming Soon -- Another Overdue Notice ... and a Few Comments on Loans -- June 18, 2013
Planning Your Use of ILLiad Loaned Materials -- July 24, 2013
Some Comments on Electronic Delivery -- August 27, 2013
ILL and the New KSL Service Center Configuration -- September 20, 2013
A Few General ILL Comments Worth Repeating -- October 24, 2013
ILLiad Help Pages May Have the Answer -- November 18, 2013
Some Timely End-of-Year Odds and Ends -- December 17, 2013

New Feature--ILL Staff Can Log into ILLiad as Patron, and an Update on Requesting Renewals -- January 23, 2014
Memory Cues for KSL ILL Staff Contacts -- February 20, 2014
A Few Words About Picking up Your ILLiad Loans -- March 19, 2014
ILL Books No Longer Needed? -- April 22, 2014
*Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised III) -- May 13, 2014
ILL Books May Become Part of the KSL Collections -- June 23, 2014
Numbers to Remember for Interlibrary Loan Services -- July 11, 2014
Things to Remember About ILLiad and ILL Services -- August 20, 2014
Visiting Scholars and ILL Services -- September 17, 2014
OhioLINK Loans vs. ILLiad Loans at KSL -- October 23, 2014
OCLC Numbers, ISSN's & ISBN's When Submitting ILL Requests -- November 21, 2014
Some Quick End-of-Year Reminders About ILL -- December 5, 2014

Quick Refresher Course on Password Reset -- January 21, 2015
Loans vs. Copies - When Catalogued Monographs Turn Out to be Journal Article or Book Chapter Reprints -- February 13, 2015
ILL Convenient Services at the KSL Service Center -- March 16, 2015
Essential ILLiad vs. OhioLINK -- April 20, 2015
Don't Get Blocked! -- Maintaining Uninterrupted ILLiad Service at KSL -- May 20, 2015

Have a nice Summer, everyone!

Questions or comments? ILL staff may be contacted by phone at (216) 368-3463 or (216) 368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 02:30 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Indexes

March 21, 2016

Non-Roman Alphabetical Characters in ILLiad Requests - Revisited

This is a topic I dealt with fairly extensively in an entry on January 28, 2013. Just wanted to make a few comments on some recent developments in the world of KSL ILLiad...

I have been noticing a greater influx of requests submitted into the KSL ILLiad site that contain actual Chinese characters, so I thought it might be apropos to remark on this recent trend. (As a passing note--this has been occurring primarily for materials in the area of art history, but also with a few in science and engineering.) For some time, ILLiad has been accepting these characters (as well as other non-Roman characters) with no problem. OCLC, our main application for transmitting online interlibrary loan transactions, is also able to process them as part of a submitted citation.

For the most part, this is all fine and well. However, it can have implications on our ability to effectively search the OCLC database for available holdings on books and periodicals with Chinese titles (as with any other foreign-language titles using non-alphabetic writing systems). If you wish to submit a request (for a book, book chapter, conference paper, journal article, etc.), it is more prudent to enter a title for the book or journal in transliterated form -- or better yet, actually translated into English. This makes the task of searching much easier and quicker for ILL staff, and thus expedites the processing of your request. If you choose to include such characters in your primary book title or journal title entry field, it is much more helpful if you have them accompanied with the transliterated form of the title, or better yet, cite the ISBN, ISSN or OCLC number (in their respective entry lines, of course) as well. Relevant comments in the "Notes" field of the request form are also most welcome.

A more appropriate context for including these characters in your citation is where you enter the title (and author) of the article, book chapter, conference paper, etc. An English translation might also be of use, while simply including a Romanized transliteration is probably less helpful. Supplier library staff may by chance be able to recognize the foreign characters, and better visually locate the material to be reproduced, yet not be able to equate the characters with transliterated syllables or words translated into English. Your best bet, of course, is to always cite the inclusive pages or at least the starting page number.

As always, hoping this advice proves to be enlightening in your use of our ILLiad resource.

Questions or concerns about ILLiad or ILL services in general? Please contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 04:00 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Features | Recommendations

February 25, 2016

EEPS Colloquium: Friday, April 22, 2016 Noon

Friday, April 22, 2016
Noon, AW Smith, Rm. 104

The Ocean's Role in Ice Age Cycles: New Insights from Marine Microfossils by Dr. Katherine Allen (University of Maine)

Posted on Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences News and Events by Linda Day at 01:36 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Colloquia

March 15, 2016

Aida Louise Smith: Case School of Applied Science’s First Woman?

Case School of Applied Science (CSAS) was incorporated in 1880, with an all-male Board of Trustees, faculty, and student body. The first graduate degree was awarded to a woman in 1928. The first woman joined the faculty in 1938. Women were admitted to the regular undergraduate program in 1960.

But women were engaged in the work of CSAS before these milestones. Aida Louise Smith has recently been identified as the first (documented) woman employed by CSAS.

In the minutes of the October 5, 1896 meeting of the Board of Trustees, President Staley reported, “that he had engaged Miss Louise Smith as Secretary to himself and Faculty at a salary of $8.00 per week as authorized at the last meeting and upon motion President Staley’s action was approved.” Miss Smith remained at CSAS until November 1906. In the annual directories, Miss Smith is variously listed as Assistant Librarian, Secretary to the President, and Secretary of the Faculty.

Aida Louise Smith in CSAS Differential 1902

The Differential 1902, the student yearbook for the 1900/1901 academic year, devoted an entire page to Miss Smith, including the following tribute:

“Case is not a coeducational institution, and naturally there are no ladies on the faculty; but there is one lady at Case without whom the wheels would cease to revolve, and we can think of no one whose withdrawal would occasion such serious interruptions to the established order of things.”

“Miss Aida L. Smith was graduated from Lake Erie College at Painesville, and afterwards traveled extensively in Europe and the East, spending quite a long period at Smyrna. Since her return to America Miss Smith has been engaged more or less in college work. In 1896 she accepted her present position at Case, and since that time there have been devolved upon her, one by one, the duties of librarian, cashier, mail-clerk, telephone-central, secretary, and general advisory committee. A notion of Miss Smith’s wide field of action may be gained by reading the bulletin board at any time:”

‘Found: a bunch of keys; owner may have them from Miss Smith.’ ‘For Case Library cards apply to Miss Smith.’ ‘Freshmen will hand their short stories to Miss Smith.’ ‘Tuition for second term is now due; Miss Smith will receive payment.’

“In the social entertainments at Case, Miss Smith has always been ready with advice and help, and in her every day relations with the school has shown a personal interest in the students which we heartily appreciate.”

I am indebted to Chris Bennett of the Lake Erie College Library for additional information about Aida Louise Smith. She graduated from Lake Erie in 1889. From 1890 to 1892 Miss Smith was a teacher at the American Institute for Girls, in Smyrna, Turkey. After leaving Case Miss Smith served as superintendent of The Sybil Carter Indian Mission. Lake Erie College alumnae directories list her residence in 1928 as Brooklyn New York.

Next: “Discovering” Aida Louise Smith: the highs and lows of archival research

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:44 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: People

March 17, 2016

“Discovering” Aida Louise Smith: the highs and lows of archival research

Earlier this week I shared some biographical information about Aida Louise Smith, who we believe is the first woman employed by Case School of Applied Science (CSAS). Below is a short description of my search for Aida, along with some insights this small project offers about archival research.

The Power (and Fun) of Serendipity
I didn’t set out to identify the first woman employed by CSAS. We’ve been slowly but surely digitizing our 330-volume collection of student yearbooks. One of the prep tasks is to make sure the volume to be scanned has all its pages. While prepping the Differential 1902, I saw a page devoted to Aida Louis Smith. I was charmed by the tribute and intrigued by the small pieces of her life story it contained. She seemed like a good subject of a blog posting during Women’s History Month, so I decided to see what other details I could find to add to the yearbook information.

Follow the Function
In an archives, there is almost never one source that brings together all information about a person, event, building, or program. Records are by-products of activities carried out by departments, offices, committees, or other units. The way to identify likely sources of information is to think about what activities would have created records about the subject. For example, hiring an employee typically involves applications that contain biographical information. But there’s a catch.

The Way We Do Things Now is Not the Way They’ve Always Been Done
In 2016 there is a structured process to hire employees, an entire Human Resources department that oversees that process, and numerous records are created. In the late 19th century hiring was a simpler matter and records and departments were fewer. Besides the academic departments, CSAS had the President’s Office and two governing bodies, the Trustees and the Faculty. There were no vice presidents, deans, or directors. The Trustees were much more involved in the day to day operation of the school than they are now, and the records reflect that fact. The President submitted periodic detailed operating reports to the Trustees and the Trustee meeting minutes record decisions on such matters as the purchase of library materials, laboratory equipment, and hiring a secretary for the President.

Records Change, Too
During Aida’s time, the annual Catalog of CSAS included a directory of all current students, faculty, trustees, and staff. It wasn’t until 1893 that any staff appeared, male shop assistants. It wasn’t until 1900 that a woman’s name, Aida Louise Smith, appeared as Assistant Librarian. Her name last appeared in the directories in 1905 and the following year Lida Miller Marshall was listed as Secretary to the President.

Be Patient, Persistent, and Skeptical
The annual directories are pretty reliable But if you’re going to claim that someone was the first woman hired at CSAS, confirmation in multiple sources would be beneficial. In the January 1907 President’s report announcing Miss Smith’s departure the previous November, he wrote that she had been his secretary for twelve years. That would mean she was hired in 1894 or 1895, which contradicted the directories. Unfortunately, there are gaps in the President’s reports in the 1890s. Since a new position required ongoing expenditures for salary and given that Trustees acted on relatively modest one-time expenditures, it seemed likely the Trustees would have approved Miss Smith’s hiring. Minutes from 1893 through 1895 were silent, however. While I wasn’t enthusiastic about reading more handwritten meeting minutes, persistence paid off. In the meeting of October 15, 1896 Miss Smith’s hiring was reported and approved. A useful reminder to be skeptical of assertions that happen several years after the fact.

Start with the Short Path, but be Prepared for Dead Ends
Because I hoped to find more pictures of Miss Smith and more information about her life and interactions with students, I skimmed student yearbooks between 1896 and 1907 I found what seems to be a picture of Miss Smith in 1904, but no more details of her life.

One Hundred Percent Certainty is Rare
Contemporaneous records about her hiring do not state that Miss Smith was the first woman hired by CSAS. However, she was the first secretary hired for the President and she was the first woman to appear in the annual directories. The evidence seems persuasive that Aida Louise Smith was CSAS’s first woman employee. But I’m cautious about claiming firsts, so will qualify the assertion by describing Miss Smith as the first documented woman employee at CSAS.

“Discovery,” Documentation, and Researcher Hubris
I found myself crowing to my colleagues that I had discovered the first CSAS woman. Of course, I did nothing of the kind. Miss Smith’s association with CSAS had been documented in the Archives for over one hundred years. At best, I became aware of Miss Smith. To claim I discovered a lost piece of the school’s history diminishes the work of generations of librarians and archivists who labored to protect the documentation of her place in our story. But the next time I hear a researcher describing CWRU’s history as “lost” in the Archives, I’ll try to remember how exciting re-discovery is. And I’ll happily share the best part of being an archivist: to remember and to remind.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:29 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: People

August 28, 2012

Tips for Distance Ed Graduates (DM Program, Document Delivery & ILL)

Here are some guidelines for using ILLiad, for students enrolled in the Doctor of Management degree program at the Weatherhead School of Management...

Requesting Articles (Journal or Newspaper/Magazine Articles, Book Chapters, Conference Papers, etc.)--

* In most cases, you should submit your article requests via ILLiad, regardless of whatever potential lender library location source we may draw upon. We will attempt to fill your request to the best of our ability, through either interlibrary loan or internal document delivery service.
* Please request only ONE article, book chapter, or paper per individual transaction. This is primarily so for reasons involving copyright, as well as lender processing requirements and expectations. (ILL staff reserve the right to cancel multiple-article requests, and to advise you to re-submit them properly.)
* If multiple book chapters or conference papers from the same circulating monograph item are required, we recommend requesting the entire book or published proceedings as an alternate course of action (see under 'Requesting Loans' below).
* You may wish to check the Case Catalog (for holdings in KSL, R.R.C.C., Music, etc.), OhioLINK, or OCLC WorldCat for potential holdings -- this can be helpful, but is not required, as including an ISSN or OCLC accession number will assist us in locating sources. In any case, ILL staff are able to determine whether to obtain materials from our own local holdings or through interlibrary loan.
* If available in our Electronic Journals collection, we STRONGLY recommend downloading your articles directly from there, and be sure to turn on your VPN connection. (ILL staff reserve the right to cancel requests for electronic articles from this resource, and direct you to this link.) If, however, the Electronic Journal resource is inaccessible (in part, or as a whole), you may submit requests through ILLiad as long as you also indicate this circumstance in the 'Notes' field of the request form.

Requesting Loans (Books, Theses, Reports, etc.)--

* In most cases, you will submit your book requests using ILLiad, but you may also frequently consult OhioLINK for many loans not held in our own KSL collections.
* Please request only ONE loanable item per individual transaction, perhaps with the exception of a multi-volume set of reasonable size. Multiple volumes in a long series are preferably requested in individual transactions. (ILL staff reserve the right to cancel requests for unreasonable numbers of parts, and to advise you to re-submit your requests individually.)
* If more than one edition of the same title needed, we prefer that you request each copy separately. (ILL staff reserve the right to select one edition for processing, or to cancel and advise you to re-submit your requests for different editions separately.)
* Please check the Case Catalog for Kelvin Smith Library system holdings (KSL, R.R.C.C., Music, etc.). If copies are available in these collections, submit your request using an ILLiad loan form. We will provide these items through internal document delivery, and you will normally be given a full semester loan period.
* If no copies are currently available in the KSL system, first check OhioLINK, and submit your request there if any copies are shown as available in member library collections. (ILL staff reserve the right to cancel requests submitted in ILLiad for titles that are readily available directly through OhioLINK, and advise you to borrow by that method instead.)
* If no copies are available in OhioLINK (or SearchOhio), submit your request again using ILLiad. If you have the ISBN, or have searched WorldCat and have the OCLC accession number, you may include them in your ILL request form submission to assist ILL staff in identifying exact items and better locating potential lenders. In this case, we will attempt to borrow items from external interlibrary loan resources.
* CAVEAT: Available copies showing in the Case Catalog that are not in the collections of the KSL system (which include Music, R.R.C.C., Astronomy, Iron Mountain) -- i.e., Cleveland Health Sciences Library (Allen & HCL), MSASS, Law, and others sharing our catalog -- may preclude the proper submission of loan requests in OhioLINK. If this is ever the case, you may use ILLiad instead to enter your request, and indicate in the 'Notes' field of the form that this circumstance is presenting a difficulty.

Specifying Loan Delivery Method
* When you initially register your account in ILLiad, you do not have the option of indicating this setting option, as it is a special service not available to all eligible users of KSL's ILL services.
* Select 'Distance Ed Graduate' as your status, and 'DM' as your department or program. Upon your first session, please select the special option from your Main Menu, 'Change User Information', where you can select 'Mail to Address' as your Loan Delivery Method, as opposed to the default 'Hold for Pickup'. (You may also change this at any time in future sessions, if appropriate to your varying needs.)
* If you do not make this change, we will assume this to be your accepted selection, and hold your received ILL loaned items at the KSL main service desk rather than sending them to your indicated delivery address. If you reside locally, and prefer to pick up these items at the library, feel free to leave the original setting of 'Hold for Pickup' as is.
* NOTE: ILL staff maintain a listing of all current Distance Ed Graduates enrolled in the DM program, and can verify your eligibility for this special delivery service. We reserve the right to reset this option to 'Hold for Pickup' and your status to 'Graduate' or whichever one corresponds to that in official university records, if you are not a valid member of this program.

We hope this clarifies most of the questions and concerns regarding your general use of our interlibrary loan and document delivery services.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 09:43 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

July 24, 2012

ILLiad Login Problems? -- It May be Your Browser

We have been made aware of a few problems recently experienced by users when logging into their ILLiad accounts. One, for example, is the possibility of getting logged out of a session when selecting a particular form or function from the menu. Another may involve difficulties with using the 'Forgot Password?' function. Yet another may also affect the ability to view, save, or print electronically delivered PDF's.

It is possible that these issues may not be due to anything inherent in the ILLiad site, but rather the idiosyncrasies of whatever browser you may be using. We first of all suggest that you familiarize yourself with the features and layout of the browser you are using for ILLiad, and then recommend keeping up-to-date with the most recent version. We suggest you keep your embedded PDF viewing application (e.g., Adobe Acrobat) current as well. Problems with optimal use of ILLiad often are related to the preferences and privacy settings of these programs.

For example, it is important that your browser be set to accept cookies in order to properly log into ILLiad. This is usually relevant in the case of Internet Explorer, and sometimes also with Safari. Our web development staff have kindly provided a support page to help with this issue, at:

Browsers working with Acrobat will normally display print and save buttons along the toolbar at the top of the window. We have been made aware of situations with Safari where these do not appear when they would be expected. When using Google Chrome, you may have to hover your cursor in the lower right corner of the page in order for the menu to appear containing print and save icons.

There is always the possibility of variations occurring based on whether you are using a PC or a Mac, too. Of course, while library staff can't anticipate every possible scenario, we can offer a few suggestions based on our own experiences (such as those mentioned above). And we don't mean to give the impression we're laying all the blame on users' workstations or applications -- in fact, letting us know of problems arising such as these (which we may otherwise been unaware of), prompts us and our service providers to seek out an appropriate fix.

As always, if you have any such concerns, you may contact us by phone at 216-368-3517 or 216-368-3463, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 10:15 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Recommendations

March 15, 2016

Free database shows where to find some of the world’s most toxic snakes

Case Western Reserve University PhD student focuses on tropical islands

News Release: March 15, 2016

CLEVELAND—Snakes known to produce some of the most toxic venoms swim the shallows of the western Pacific and eastern Indian oceans and sun themselves on island coasts from southwestern Japan to Indonesia, the Andaman Islands to Fiji.

But to find banded sea kraits, ask a guy in Cleveland. Or at least look up his work.

Iulian Gherghel, who is earning a PhD in biology at Case Western Reserve University, teamed with researchers in Oklahoma and Europe to create a database of the snakes’ distribution. They published a description of their work and analyses in the current issue of the journal ZooKeys.

The database is designed to help conservation efforts and guide medical researchers who want to study the venom of sea kraits, environmental researchers who want to study their ecology and tourists who want to see the animals, the authors said.

“These snakes harbor potential for research in biomedicine,” Gherghel said. “The venom has proteins that may be useful in the future development of drugs for treating cancer, neurological disorders and heart disease.”

Sea kraits, in the genus Laticauda, are closely related to cobras (found in Asia and Africa) and coral snakes (that can be found in the southern United States) and include seven species that feed almost exclusively on eels. Researchers believe that sea kraits’ powerful venom developed as a result of their specialized diet.

The brightly banded snakes occupy a narrow niche in the ecosystem, which makes them vulnerable to climate change and possible models to study the phenomenon and its affects, the researchers said. The reptiles hunt in ocean water and return to land to mate and lay eggs, bask in the sun and drink fresh water.

“Without measures to protect them and their habitat, they are likely to be highly affected by global warming,” Gherghel said. “That may destroy the opportunity to discover new drugs as well as the opportunity to enjoy these animals in the wild—at a distance.”

Although kraits are considered docile and are known to shy away from humans, their venom remains a good reason to view them from afar, he explained.

Gherghel; Monica Papes, of Oklahoma State University; Francoise Brischoux, of Centre d’Etudes Biologiques de Chizé; Tiberiu Sahlean, of the University of Bucharest; and Aleandru Strugariu, of the University of Iasi; compiled information on kraits from museum records, field surveys and scientific studies.

They included 694 occurrence records, almost all of them sightings in the coastal waters, which were mapped to the finest scale possible.

The banded sea krait, L. colubrina, was the most common, sighted in 448 unique locations and found over the greatest range. The flat-tail sea krait, L. schistorhynchus, was the least common, found in only six records and over the smallest range.

Sea snakes may be seen at popular tourist destinations such as the Fiji Islands, Vanuatu, Philippines, Indonesia and other archipelagoes from the shores of south-eastern Asia.

The database is free and open to the public, published as supplementary material with the research paper at:

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 08:27 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 15, 2016

CWRU researcher to turn plant virus shells against human cancers

News Release: March 15, 2016

CLEVELAND—A Case Western Reserve University researcher has been awarded more than $3 million in federal and foundation grants to turn common plant viruses into cancer sleuths and search-and-destroy emissaries.

Nicole Steinmetz, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering, will customize tobacco mosaic virus to distinguish between indolent and aggressive prostate cancers, and potato virus X to deliver a pair of treatments inside triple-negative breast cancer tumors.

The National Institutes of Health’s National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NBIB) and National Cancer Institute (NCI), and the American Cancer Society are providing the funding.

Steinmetz will target two potential biomarkers of aggressive prostate cancers.

“The overall problem is, as men age, they are at increased risk for prostate tumor development,” Steinmetz said. “They may not have to be treated if the tumor is benign, but the current PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test—a blood test—is poor at telling slow-growing from aggressive cancers.”

Her lab has already developed a self-assembling contrast agent to be used in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The new agent includes a large payload of chelated gadolinium that has the potential to increase the visibility of molecular targets 10,000 times over current agents.

With a $2 million grant from the NCI, Steinmetz’s lab will focus on detecting and monitoring the cell membrane protein tetraspanin CD151 over the next five years.

Co-investigator John Lewis, associate professor of oncology at the University of Alberta, found that patients with increased levels of the “integrin-free” CD151 in their prostates had significantly increased risk for metastasis—the most deadly aspect of prostate cancer.

Using a $275,000 grant from the NBIB, Steinmetz will target epidermal growth-factor like domain 7 (EGFL7), a protein coding gene. EGFL7 is expressed in the lining of prostate blood vessels that are actively growing, which is the case in aggressive prostate cancers.

The contrast agent will assemble inside hollowed-out protein shells of tobacco mosaic virus. The lab will customize the outside surface chemistry to seek and link to CD151 or EGFL7.

Injected into the bloodstream, the elongated shape of the virus shells allow them to evade the body’s immune system and, by tumbling along the edges of the blood flow, more easily come in contact with and attach to the targets.

If an MRI shows CD151 or EGFL7 is present, the prostate cancer is considered aggressive and would require monitoring and treatment. If not found, no treatment is needed.

Because the contrast agent is packaged inside a protein, the researchers believe the body will recognize it as protein and quickly remove it from circulation, limiting tissue exposure to toxic gadolinium.

The work builds on long-term collaboration between Steinmetz and Lewis, who have developed several virus-based sensors targeting molecular zip codes —unique receptors in blood vessels and cancer cells of prostate tumors.

Other collaborators include Xin Yu, professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and MRI physicist on the project. Sanjay Gupta, professor of urology, and James M. Anderson, professor of pathology, at the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, will assess the safety and potential toxicity of the CD151 package.

Drug delivery
The American Cancer Society awarded Steinmetz $792,000 to produce a new chemotherapy delivery system to combat triple-negative breast cancer, one of the most aggressive forms of breast cancer.

Standard therapies targeting human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 and steroid receptors fail to work in Triple-negative breast cancer.

Steinmetz’s lab spent several years developing filamentous potato virus X particles to carry medicines deep into tumor tissue.

“We want the drugs distributed throughout the tumor to produce a greater therapeutic effect,” she said.

The flexible filaments are designed to use the leaky surface of tumor blood vessels as a doorway to slip into the tumor.

Once inside, the filaments are expected to migrate through the intercellular spaces, where the virus particles would deliver doxorubicin, which slows or stops cancer cell growth, and tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand, which turns on the cancer cell’s machinery to trigger its own death.

Steinmetz is working and consulting with Case Western Reserve School of Medicine’s Ruth Keri, professor of pharmacology; Agata Exner, professor of radiology; Alan Levine, professor of molecular biology and microbiology, and Julian Kim, professor of surgery and chief of the Division of Surgical Oncology at University Hospitals Case Medical Center.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 08:23 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 15, 2016

Changes in heart activity may signal epilepsy

Pronounced alterations in heart rate variability may contribute to sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP)

News Release: March 15, 2016

CLEVELAND—Doctors have long characterized epilepsy as a brain disorder, but researchers at Case Western Reserve University have found that part of the autonomic nervous system functions differently in epilepsy during the absence of seizures.

This connection to the involuntary division of the nervous system may have implications for diagnosing and treating the disease and understanding sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP).

The research is published online in the Journal of Neurophysiology.

“All the findings of our study on heart rate variability in epilepsy point to increased activity in the parasympathetic nervous system during sleep,” said Roberto Fernández Galán, assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science and senior author of the study. “But we don’t know if this abnormality compensates for epilepsy, coincides with the disease or is part of the etiology.”

Specifically, the parasympathetic—or “rest-and-digest”—nervous system modulates breathing and slows the heart rate of sleeping children with epilepsy substantially more than in healthy children.

To their surprise, the researchers also found that several children who had been diagnosed as neurologically normal—but had similar strong modulation and low heart rates—were later diagnosed with epilepsy.

The discovery suggests that changes in the parasympathetic tone precede the onset of epilepsy in children.

The Research
Galán worked with Case Western Reserve undergraduate researcher Siddharth Sivakumar; from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, Amalia Namath, who recently graduated with a master’s degree in medical physiology; Ingrid Tuxhorn, MD, professor of pediatric neurology; and Stephen Lewis, PhD, professor of pediatrics.

The group studied the electrocardiograms of 91 children and adolescents with generalized epilepsy, and 25 neurologically normal children during 30 minutes of stage 2, or light, sleep. No subjects were suffering from a seizure during these intervals.

The researchers found that respiratory sinus arrhythmia—the increase in heart rate during inhalation and decrease during exhalation—was more pronounced in patients with epilepsy, and that their heart rate also was significantly lower.

Those changes are consistent with increased firing of the vagus nerve in children with epilepsy, compared to those without, the researchers suggest. The vagus nerve is the main trunk of the parasympathetic nervous system. The more the vagus fires, the more it slows the heart, especially during exhalation.

The researchers found no difference in blood pressure between the two groups of children, indicating the sympathetic nervous system, which is responsible for fight-or-flight responses, is not involved.

All of the children in the study had electroencephalograms monitoring their brain activity during the 30-minute periods of sleep. There was no abnormal activity found there, either.

Galán said that by further defining differences in the respiratory sinus arrhythmia between children with and without epileptics, they may be able to identify thresholds, or biomarkers, to diagnose those with epilepsy or at risk of developing the disease.

The researchers say the findings also raise the possibility that medicines that help control the autonomic nervous system may help control epilepsy.

Other researchers, including Kenneth Loparo, chair of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Case Western Reserve, and Samden Lhatoo, MD, professor of neurology at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, have shown that autonomic dysfunction may play a role in SUDEP, the most common cause of death among people with uncontrollable epilepsy.

“This may be a key contributing factor,” Sivakumar said. “The heart rate and breathing decline dramatically after a seizure. If they are already low, and are then lowered further, that may cause a child to go a minute or more without a breath or pulse.”

Severe epilepsy in adults is sometimes treated by implanting an electrode to stimulate the vagus nerve, which, in turn, stimulates the brain. The treatment provides some relief for about 30 percent of patients, but other patients get no benefit and some find that their conditions worsen.

“In light of our new findings, we call for caution,” Galán said. “The implant may be slowing the heart during sleep even more.”

The study was funded by The Hartwell Foundation. The researchers are now seeking financial support to broaden their study to adults, to include patients from several hospitals across the United States and to begin investigating whether medicines that modulate the parasympathetic system may be used to treat epilepsy.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 08:20 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 15, 2016

Universities team up to pursue energy innovation

News Release: March 15, 2016

CLEVELAND—Four leading research universities are joining forces to accelerate innovations to address challenges and opportunities facing the energy sector.

Case Western Reserve University, Carnegie Mellon University, the University of Pittsburgh and West Virginia University are forming the Tri-State University Energy Alliance.

The universities have agreed to work more closely to align their individual and collective expertise for research, technology commercialization, partnerships with industry and more.

“We’re committed to working together to enhance the region’s resources towards energy innovation,” said Alexis Abramson, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of the Great Lakes Energy Institute at Case Western Reserve. “In so doing, we look to create a stronger regional energy ecosystem.”

The universities have overlapping areas of energy research, such as grid modernization, energy storage and oil and gas; taking advantage of a regional cooperation in these areas has the potential to lead to a formidable impact.

The Great Lakes Energy Institute at Case Western Reserve has a strong history in electrochemistry and materials applied to energy storage and growing expertise in data analytics used to explore the lifetime and reliability of energy technologies. Faculty and university partners also are actively engaged in developing a “living laboratory” to address grid modernization challenges.

The University of Pittsburgh Center for Energy is dedicated to improving energy technology development and implementation including work in the areas of energy and electric power delivery, reliability, and security; energy efficiency and sustainability; advanced materials for demanding energy applications; clean energy development and integration; carbon management and utilization; direct energy conversion and recovery; unconventional gas resources; and energy workforce development. 

The Wilton E. Scott Institute for Energy Innovation at Carnegie Mellon University, launched in 2012 as a university-wide research initiative, focuses on five strategic areas: pathways to a low-carbon future, smart grid, new materials for energy, shale gas, and building energy efficiency. The Scott Institute's holistic approach to research and development — across technology, policy, integrated systems and behavioral science —facilitates identification of real-world solutions for energy problems.

West Virginia University has over 120 faculty members performing research in collaboration with the WVU Energy Institute, focusing on fossil energy, sustainable energy, environmental stewardship, and energy policy. At WVU, the Marcellus Shale Energy and Environment Laboratory; the Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions; and the US-China Clean Energy Research Center – Advanced Coal Technology Consortium; are three examples of federal-academic-industrial partnerships progressing the state-of-the-art in energy technologies.

Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto announced the alliance at noon today during Carnegie Mellon’s Energy Week. Peduto addressed students, faculty and representatives from business and industry, government and non-governmental agencies and the public.

Alliance members will regularly discuss energy initiatives and activities, collaboration opportunities and enable faculty, research staff and students from the four universities to connect.

During the next six months, members will more specifically define the scope of alliance activities. Progress and opportunities will be reviewed and discussed regularly and at annual meetings.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 06:12 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

September 25, 2008

Requesting Renewals in ILLiad

If you have any books borrowed through ILLiad, you may begin receiving e-mails with the heading 'ILL Item Due Soon'. This means that your item must be returned to the Kelvin Smith Library within the next five days. If you need the loan period extended, now is the time to submit a renewal request, provided there isn't a 'NO RENEWALS' restriction imposed by the lending library. This should be clearly marked on the label affixed to the front cover of the book (as well as indicated in the text of your original pick-up notification and any ensuing 'due soon' notices).

Log into your KSL ILLiad account and select 'Checked Out Items' from the 'View' section of your main menu. A table will appear listing all the items you currently have loaned to you through ILLiad. Click on the transaction number -- it's a link! -- corresponding to the loan in question, from the first column. When the individual record is displayed, click on the 'Request Renewal' option at the top. You will then receive a confirmation message that your request has been accepted. If you received a message indicating that you cannot renew your item, it is for one of the following reasons:

1. It is too soon to request a renewal (i.e., more than 5 days before the original due date).
2. There is a 'NO RENEWALS' restriction on your loan.
3. Your item is already overdue.
4. You have already requested one renewal on the item. (This may also occur if you click 'Request Renewal' more than once in the same session.)

If your transaction was eligible for a renewal, and you successfully submitted your request, you should expect to receive a reply by e-mail in approximately 24 hours. This may vary because it depends on how quickly the lending library responds to our contact. You will be informed of the new date (the default 2 weeks automatically requested -- or more or less according to the lender's renewal policy), if the extension was granted. Otherwise, the lender has denied the renewal request and you will be asked to return the item by its original due date. In the latter case, we suggest that you submit a new loan request for another copy of the same title, although this may not always be the best solution for loans of theses, dissertations, rare books and other items not likely to be widely held. You will continue to receive overdue notices until you return the item, and if you keep it two weeks or longer past the due date, you risk having your ILLiad account blocked.

If your account does become blocked, you will still be able to log into ILLiad, but your privileges will be limited. Once you return any and all items that are 14 days or longer overdue, ILL staff will clear your record and restore your full ILL services.

Please remember that ILLiad loan transactions operate independently of your direct check-outs from the Case campus library collections and in OhioLINK. (For example, due dates are 'fixed', not 'floating' relative to when you charge them out, and renewals are not always automatically available and may vary in length.) You will need to request your Case & OhioLINK loan renewals directly in your CASE Libraries circulation account.

If you experience any trouble submitting your request for an ILLiad loan renewal, please contact the KSL ILL staff at 216-368-3517 or 216-368-3463, Mon.-Fri., 9 AM-4:30 PM, (or leave voice-mail), or contact via e-mail at

Continue reading "Requesting Renewals in ILLiad"

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 04:59 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Policies | Recommendations | Services

January 26, 2011

E-Books through Interlibrary Loan?

In this age of technological advances, we realize that some users find it cumbersome to make use of books and other monographs in print format. However, present circumstances are not well-disposed to the obtaining and delivery of such items in electronic or digital format through the usual interlibrary loan channels. This is due primarily to copyright restrictions and other availability permissions (e.g., passworded use, paid subscriptions). Also, even though there is already a lot out there that has been digitized or exists only in electronic format, there still remains a great deal that is not. Consequentially, we cannot normally scan and reproduce an entire item, and often are not allowed to copy in excess of 15% of the page length of a book (even with the publisher's permission secured to reproduce portions). As such, when we borrow a printed book for you through interlibrary loan, we cannot also be expected to scan the complete item and deliver it electronically. This practice is not only prohibited, but in most cases would be highly impractical. You will simply have to pick up the item at the library's main desk, sign it out and use it as is.

Various alternatives exist by which you may obtain access to books in electronic format. First, it is suggested that you consult the CASE Online Catalog to search for the specific item you need in our own local holdings. In some cases you will find that we own both the print and electronic versions of a specific title, or possibly only the electronic version. The title entry line in your search results will indicate '[electronic resource]' in those instances where this format is available, and a direct link to the e-book would also appear within the bibliographic record. The library's Electronic Books page also lists various resources from which you may search available e-books, including those accessible through OhioLINK.

You might possibly want to search for electronic books in OCLC WorldCat, which you can access from our library's Research Databases page. (Select 'W' from the alpha list, then on the next page scroll down and select 'WorldCat'.) You can limit your searches by type, such as 'Computer Files' or 'Internet Resources'. Some of the bibliographic records for 'Internet Resource' type materials will include the URL for the resource, but do not guarantee open access in every instance.

If you need access to theses and dissertations in electronic format, we suggest you consult the Digital Case Electronic Theses page for our own titles, and the OhioLINK Electronic Theses page for those available from our consortium institutions. Occasionally some other university libraries from which we borrow through regular interlibrary loan (i.e., outside Ohio or the U.S.) will provide us with electronic copies exclusively, or direct us to the resource at which they may be accessed online. In such cases we may either provide the file to you through the usual ILLiad download method (if this is practicable), or direct you to the source from which you may obtain it yourself (in a request cancellation notice). Frequently we are simply referred to the University Microfilms International site, at which you may purchase a great many titles in downloadable PDF format, as well as in print. In the case of many British thesis titles, you may wish to consult the British Library EThOS site, where you can register an account and be able to download electronic copies at no charge, or purchase print versions in various formats for a fee. It is also possible to request the digitization of titles from UK institutions that are not already available in that format. Please remember that restrictions on the use of British theses obtained from this source will be clearly defined.

Another obvious resource from which you might possibly access useful popular and scholarly materials in digitized format is Google Books. Of course, you may also consider purchasing Kindle e-books from as a reasonable alternative option. Keep in mind that we will try to do our best to get you the books you need through regular interlibrary loan services, but we suggest you also be open to the many other convenient sources available for obtaining innovative formats more directly and in less time.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 08:41 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

December 15, 2010

OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests

OCLC WorldCat is an invaluable resource for the location of materials potentially available for obtaining through interlibrary loan, and is our principle recourse in the searching process. If you have already searched this database before submitting your ILL request through your ILLiad account, you will note there is a field in most of the forms where you may enter the 'OCLC Number'--more specifically the 'OCLC Accession Number'. If you have this piece of information, providing it when submitting your request will greatly assist ILL staff in locating the materials you need from potential lender libraries.

You may access this resource from our library's Research Databases page. Select 'W' (not 'O') from the alpha list, then on the new page scroll down and select 'WorldCat'. You may then perform searches using any of various indexes, limits, etc., and will then be provided the results from which you may select specific bibliographic records. Clicking on 'Libraries worldwide that own item' will provide you with the OCLC symbols for the OCLC participant library locations that have holdings for the corresponding monograph or series title. The list that appears will indicate the names of potential lender institutions (next to their symbols), and if underlined these will link you to the library's online catalog (in many cases also automatically performing an OCLC Accession Number or keyword search).

Clicking on 'Search the catalog at OhioLINK' will perform a search in the OhioLINK Catalog based on the OCLC Accession Number for the selected record, and 'Find a Copy' will perform a similar search based on title and author keywords. (If you locate holdings of books in OhioLINK, we encourage you to pursue requesting available copies, if any, directly through that resource.)

Once you have determined the corresponding OCLC Accession Number for the material you need, and are ready to submit your ILLiad request, you may specify it in the appropriate form. We ask that you enter only one OCLC Accession Number into the 'OCLC Number' field, preferably that which has indicated the greatest number of potential holdings. If you have any additional accession numbers known that may be used alternatively, please specify them in 'Notes' field instead. Provide only the OCLC Accession Number in the 'OCLC Number' field--if you lack this number, please leave it blank. ISSN, ISBN and call numbers have their own specified fields (where applicable) in which they are to be entered, and any other reference number types (e.g., Library of Congress Control Number) may instead be indicated in the 'Notes' field.

Providing information from the OCLC WorldCat beforehand can greatly expedite the Interlibrary Loan service we provide for your research needs. Doing so will help avoid complications and delays in processing your requests, so we can get your materials to you as quickly as possible.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 09:35 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Recommendations

May 05, 2009

Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles

Just a general overview on retrieval of electronically delivered articles through your ILLiad account...

Whenever you wish to view the articles that have been provided to you through ILLiad, you first need to log into your account at the ILLiad Logon Page, then from your Main Menu select 'Electronically Received Articles' under the 'View' section. A table will be displayed with the column headings: 'Transaction', 'View', 'Size', 'Title', 'Author', 'Expires', and 'Delete'. (Please note that if nothing appears below these headings, you do not currently have any articles available for viewing.)

The numbers under 'Transaction' are actual links to the request information tables for that particular cited article, including any 'Notes' and tracking information. You can click on the number and then either view or delete the PDF containing your article from this screen. Under 'View' (back at the table display), you can click on the PDF icon next to the corresponding transaction number, and you will be taken directly to the display of your article file. In either case you may print or save a copy of your article -- remember to use the 'Back' button of your browser to return to the previous screen.

Next you will see the 'Size' of your file indicated. This is relevant as it can affect the time it may require to download your article. As a rule of thumb, anything in excess of 10 MB may take longer than 60 seconds to open. The table also displays the 'Title' of your article, that is, the journal (or book) title followed by the actual article (or chapter) title. The 'Author' of the article appears under the next column.

The expiration date , which is 30 days from the date your electronic article was originally posted (at which time you were sent an e-mail notification), is shown in the next column (under 'Expires'). After this date, your article transaction will be automatically removed from the table and the file will no longer be accessible. Under 'Delete' you may choose to delete an article file from your ILLiad account for the transaction indicated at the beginning of the corresponding row. Of course, you will want to be sure to have viewed, printed, or saved your article first, before it expires or you delete it.

If you accidentally delete an article before you have finished using it, you still have an opportunity to 'undelete' it if you do so before the next electronic cleanup session in our server's PDF folder -- usually within 24 hours. Once you delete an article, and decide you need to undelete it, click on the word 'undelete' in the text above the revised table. A new table appears where you can 'Undelete' the previously deleted article, and the transaction will be restored to your 'Electronically Received Articles' table. More details on this feature can be found at Undeleting a PDF. Just remember not to wait too long before you decide to undelete an article. If your article does not appear in the table any longer, you may need to request it all over again. For further assistance, contact ILL staff at (216) 368-3517 or (216) 368-3463, or at

More detailed information can be found in our Customer Help page, at the View Electronically Received Articles section. Policy information about ILLiad electronic delivery is also available at the Electronic Delivery Information page. We strongly encourage you to take advantage of this valuable function of the ILLiad system, for efficient and convenient access to the articles you need.

Continue reading "Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles"

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 08:40 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Recommendations | Services

February 13, 2009

'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms

Whenever your ILLiad request requires some special attention (such as 'RUSH' service or prior contact with a potential supplier location), the 'Notes' field in the online form is the place to indicate this when you submit or re-edit your citation. This field has been provided expressly for this purpose, and its use is preferable to sending us a simultaneous e-mail message. ILL staff will see your message immediately once they begin processing your request, rather than possibly some time after the fact. You may enter a few sentences of reasonable length, as the 'Notes' field can hold up to 255 characters.

The 'Source of Citation' fields, though not required, are also very useful in helping us search for the material you need. These are where you can indicate where you learned about the item you are requesting, and should not be used to duplicate the information you enter into the 'Notes' field. You should provide the title of the article, research paper, book, etc., or the Research Database entry, that refers to the material you are requesting. (Please do not use these fields simply to re-enter the same information for what you are actually requesting.) It is especially helpful if the source of citation you indicate is something library staff will have fairly easy access to (i.e., print or electronic journals, abstract/index databases already in our own holdings)r. If you refer to a rare or esoteric source, we may have to ask you to provide an actual copy of it to us, should we experience excess difficulty in verifying your citation.

Remember that the more information you can provide when citing the items you need for your research, the better we can avoid processing delays in providing your interlibrary loan materials.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 10:45 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Recommendations

December 18, 2008

ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts

Just another reminder that your loans obtained through ILLiad are managed separately from those items you have borrowed directly from the Kelvin Smith Library, from other CASE campus library locations, and from OhioLINK collections.

In order to view your current ILLiad loan transactions, you must log into your account at ILLiad. A list of your outstanding requests will appear on your Main Page, which will include those for any loans (and articles) still in process by ILL Staff, as well as any loans still awaiting pick-up. You may refresh this page by clicking on 'Your Name's ILLiad Page' at the top of the menu at the left, or you may check outstanding requests by clicking on 'Outstanding Requests' under the 'View' section. If you require further details regarding the current status of any outstanding requests still 'In Process', you will need to contact ILL Staff at 216-368-3517 or 216-368-3463 (M-F, 9AM-4:30PM), or at For currently checked out loans, click on 'Checked Out Items' under the 'View' section also -- this is where you may request renewals, where eligible (see my previous entry on 'Requesting Renewals in ILLiad', or read about Renewals in our 'Customer Help' page).

To view any current loans from KSL collections, from any other CASE campus or CASE-affiliated libraries, or through OhioLINK, see the CASE Library Catalog and select 'My Library Account'. Here you will be able to renew these items, if they are eligible. For information regarding loans from the Cleveland Public Library, read further at CPL@Case-KSL.

Please note that any fines or replacement fees for KSL or OhioLINK books must be negotiated through our Circulation Department, which you may contact at 216-368-3506 or at We recommend that you contact other CASE library locations (Cleveland Health Sciences, MSASS, LAW, etc.) directly regarding fines on items from their collections.

We do not pass on overdue fines to patrons for books borrowed through ILLiad, as a matter of policy, but we do ask that you try to return these items as soon as possible. In the unfortunate instance of the loss of materials loaned through ILLiad, notify ILL Staff immediately, at 216-368-3517 or 216-368-3463, or at -- ILL staff will then need to contact the lending institution(s) on policies regarding replacement fees, and you will most likely be held accountable for compensation of any such losses. Your borrowing privileges may also become curtailed as a result, until any billings have been reconciled.

Sorry to end on such a depressing note... Hope this will clear up any confusion about the differences among the various sources of loans which you may obtain through our library services.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 08:37 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

November 19, 2008

Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First

Just a friendly reminder to check availability of book and serial holdings in Case local libraries' and OhioLINK's collections, before you decide to submit a request using your ILLiad account...

For the availability of any books, journals or serials, in either print or electronic format, first check in the CASE Online Catalog, where you may search the holdings of Kelvin Smith Library and other Case campus library locations (i.e, Music, Astronomy, R.R.C.C., Iron Mountain, Allen, Health Center, MSASS & Law). Direct links to electronic format materials are often provided right in their catalog record.

Access to materials not physically held in the Kelvin Smith Library or other on-campus locations can be obtained or requested by the following means: Search and access our electronic collections at Electronic Journals & Electronic Books. Submit your requests for retrieval from our storage facilities using the R.R.C.C. or Iron Mountain forms.

If you need to borrow books that are not available in Case libraries' local collections, you may search at OhioLINK, where you can request circulating items directly. Please remember that items in our local collections currently checked out (or otherwise unavailable for loan) may be requested through OhioLINK, when copies of them are also available in other member libraries' holdings. OhioLINK does not presently offer a mechanism for providing delivery of articles from journals, however.

Once you have determined that you cannot obtain loans from any of our Case local collections or through OhioLINK, or articles from any of our Case local print or electronic collections, then it is time to submit requests through your ILLiad account. Please also keep in mind that we generally will not fill any requests through interlibrary loan for materials you can obtain directly from our local print or electronic collections or from OhioLINK libraries.

Checking our local collections and resources first can save you much time in obtaining the materials needed for your research. By making use of locally accessible resources (including OhioLINK) for loans, you have the added advantage of more flexible loan periods and renewal policies, unlike those borrowed using ILLiad.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 10:38 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

February 04, 2016

EEPS Colloquium: Friday, April 8, 2016 Noon

Friday, April 8, 2016
Noon, AW Smith, Rm. 104

Heat Pipes, Plate Tectonics, and the History of Habitability on Terrestrial Planets by Dr. William Moore (Hampton University)

Posted on Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences News and Events by Linda Day at 11:32 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Colloquia

March 10, 2016

U.S. State Department-sponsored group from seven nations visits Case Western Reserve

News Release: Wednesday, March 9, 2016

As part of a U.S. State Department program, Case Western Reserve University is hosting 15 representatives of higher education and government from seven countries in a cross-disciplinary program to demonstrate how an American research university forms links with industry and other private-sector businesses.

Officials from Panama, Uruguay, Tunisia, Portugal, Poland, India and Singapore arrived March 1, and will participate in wide-ranging activities both on and off campus through March 13, including a tour of Sears think[ box ], where the visitors can watch students and faculty make innovation happen.

Daniel Lacks, chair of the university’s Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, leads the program.

“It’s a great chance for us to show off Case Western Reserve’s leadership in research with industry, innovation and entrepreneurship,” said Lacks, whose experiences with Fulbright scholar programs convinced him that international education collaborations are valuable and rewarding for Case Western Reserve faculty who use the opportunity to meet the visitors.

Workshops involve faculty and staff from throughout the university, including Case School of Engineering, College of Arts and Sciences, School of Medicine, School of Law and Weatherhead School of Management, as well as Sears think[ box ], Center for International Affairs, Career Services, Research Administration, Corporate Relations and others.

“We’re excited to bring higher education leaders from throughout the world to learn how our university works with corporate partners to create real solutions to societal issues,” said David Fleshler, the university’s vice provost for international affairs. “Each of them will have the opportunity to forge strong bonds with faculty and students throughout campus, which is another way we will build relationships that internationalize our university and community.”

The group also has off-campus visits planned at BioEnterprise and Nottingham Spirk, as well as Oberlin College, Cleveland State University and Cuyahoga Community College. Plans also include a Cleveland Orchestra performance and a Cleveland Cavaliers basketball game.

The group’s visit is part of EducationUSA Leadership Institutes, administered by the Institute of International Education, a private, not-for-profit leader in the international exchange of people and ideas, and the State Department’s Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 06:28 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 09, 2016

Mindfulness in the workplace improves employee focus, attention, behavior, new management-based research concludes

News Release: Wednesday, March 9, 2016

CLEVELAND—Mindfulness is often viewed as either a touchy-feely fad or valuable management tool that can lift an entire workplace.

A new comprehensive analysis of mindfulness research, co-directed by a management scientist at Case Western Reserve University, suggests the latter—that injecting a corporate culture of mindfulness not only improves focus, but the ability to manage stress and how employees work together.

“Historically, companies have been reticent to offer mindfulness training because it was seen as something fluffy, esoteric and spiritual,” said Christopher Lyddy, an organizational behavior doctoral candidate at Case Western Reserve’s Weatherhead School of Management. “But that’s changing.”

Mindfulness, defined as present-centered attention and awareness, emerged from Buddhist philosophy and has been cultivated for millennia through meditation practices.

Organizations such as Google, Aetna, Mayo Clinic and the United States Marine Corps use mindfulness training to improve workplace functioning. The results of this latest research indicate the approach can improve a range of workplace functions.

“When you are mindful, you can have a greater consciousness in the present,” Lyddy said. “That’s vital for any executive or manager, who, at any given moment, may be barraged with various problems that call for decisions under stress.”

Lyddy is co-lead author of the research with Darren Good, who earned his doctorate at the Weatherhead School and is now an assistant professor at Pepperdine University’s Graziadio School of Business and Management. They headed an unusually interdisciplinary team that included experts in both management and mindfulness, as well as psychologists and neuroscientists.

The researchers considered 4,000 scientific papers on various aspects of mindfulness, distilling the information into an accessible guide documenting the impact mindfulness has on how people think, feel, act, relate and perform at work.

Their findings, Contemplating Mindfulness at Work (An Integrative Review), are recently published in the Journal of Management.

“Remarkably, scientists have found the effects of mindfulness consistently benign,” Lyddy said. “Of the thousands of empirical studies we read, only two reported any downside to mindfulness.”

A small but growing body of work in the management area suggests mindfulness is linked to better workplace functioning.
Among the new study’s conclusions:

• Mindfulness appears to positively impact human functioning overall. Research in such disciplines as psychology, neuroscience and medicine provide a wealth of evidence that mindfulness improves attention, cognition, emotions, behavior and physiology.
• Specifically, mindfulness has been shown to improve three qualities of attention—stability, control and efficiency. The human mind is estimated to wander roughly half of our waking hours, but mindfulness can stabilize attention in the present. Individuals who completed mindfulness training were shown to remain vigilant longer on both visual and listening tasks.
• Although mindfulness is an individual quality, initial evidence suggests that it affects interpersonal behavior and workgroup relationships.
• Mindfulness may improve relationships through greater empathy and compassion—suggesting mindfulness training could enhance workplace processes that rely on effective leadership and teamwork.

Lyddy said the research indicating significant and diverse benefits of mindfulness coincides with growing practical interest in mindfulness training nationally and worldwide.

For example, British Parliament has recently launched a mindfulness initiative called “Mindful Nation UK” that leverages mindfulness to benefit diverse sectors and improve national health, productivity and flourishing.

Lyddy and three other researchers have shared their perspective about how mindfulness impacts performance, decision making and career longevity. Here is a link to their London School of Economics and Politics (LSE Business Review) blog post:

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 08:54 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

March 09, 2016

Vol 6, No 1 (February 2016): Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy

Vol 6, No 1 (February 2016): Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy now online at

Continue reading "Vol 6, No 1 (February 2016): Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy"

Posted on Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy by Paul Schoenhagen at 04:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Announcement