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November 30, 2015

Uncovering the true essence—and fake paintings—of Thomas Hart Benton

News Release: Tuesday, December 1, 2015

Thomas Hart Benton captured early- to mid-20th Century America with a style and swagger uniquely his own. Capturing what made the painter tick—and tick-off so many people—has been a career-long pursuit of art historian Henry Adams.

In fact, Adams was one of the first scholars to take Benton seriously, paving the way for the artist’s posthumous rise in esteem (and the prices paid for his works).

For an artist considered simple and reactionary during his lifetime, the turnaround in Benton’s reputation has been dramatic—and due in no small part to the insight and scholarship of Adams, the Ruth Coulter Heede Professor of Art History at Case Western Reserve University.

“Almost without realizing it, I had written a book,” said Adams, author of the new Thomas Hart Benton: Discoveries and Interpretations (University of Missouri Press), a collection of writings from his nearly 30 years examining Benton’s life and career. The book is out December 1.

“When I started, there was immense hostility to Benton’s work,” said Adams “Now, he’s come back into favor.”

Nowhere is this appreciation more evident than in the sizable sums paid—and rampant fakery—of Benton artworks.

In the book’s last chapter, Adams writes of assessing the legitimacy of Benton pieces for the likes of Christie’s and others—and concluding at least half were forgeries. (When Benton died in 1975, there were no experts or catalogues of his art, providing a window for forgeries to flood the market.)

Telltale signs of fakery come in clumsy brushstrokes, or pastiches that borrow and remix elements of famous Benton paintings; Adams has even used infrared technology to peer under paint for sketch marks in fitting with Benton’s habits.

Still, “It’s easy to be fooled,” said Adams. “You hope you’re right, but definitive proof is tough.”

At one point, Adams’s identity was stolen; an unknown person, posing as Adams, vouched for the authenticity of a Benton fake in a letter to Sotheby’s.

“The brazenness of some attempts have kept me on my toes,” he said.

An artist still in review

Before Benton’s artwork found fame in the early 1930’s, he dabbled in trendy genres of the early 20th century, traveling, moving, and living in squalor until his sweeping mural America Today launched his career and solidified his artistic signature—colorful and crowded renditions of American life and history, as viewed through his own lens.

Benton had a knack for touching a nerve, Adams writes, an extension of the artist’s rabble-rousing personality. In a mural commemorating Indiana history for the World’s Fair, he juxtaposed Abraham Lincoln’s boyhood with a burning cross, illuminating members of the Ku Klux Klan, a still-controversial (yet accurate) nod to the state’s past as a hotbed for the hate group.

Along the way, Benton was branded a racist, anti-Semitic and a reactionary for his artwork—accusations “most of which are untrue,” according to Adams.

“Benton wanted us to see what happened, and what is happening,” said Adams. He lauds the artist’s willingness to depict prickly issues, such as income inequality, hypocrisy in religion and the media’s role in shaping prevailing views.

Essentially, Benton was ahead of his time—a common refrain in the essays, articles and speeches that are the source material for Adams’s book.

Chapters create a non-linear portrait of the artist’s life, from Benton’s use (and appreciation) of African-American subjects, his relationship with onetime student Jackson Pollack, and his unsung contributions to American music and letters.

For daring to embrace Benton’s work, Adams endured his own share of slights and dismissals. But then again, “perhaps I should not complain,” Adams writes in the book, “researching an artist who is out of favor provides a good opportunity… to make new discoveries.”

What began as an assignment for Adams in the late 1980’s—then a young curator in Kansas City tasked with creating an exhibit for Benton’s centennial—morphed into an ongoing fascination that helped re-define Benton’s legacy as indispensible American artist.

“Benton is a much richer person and artist than I understood at first,” said Adams. “And, still, there is more to be said—still more to discover.”

Adams honored

This fall, Adams’s contributions to the Northeast Ohio arts community were honored with a show created by ARTneo: the Museum of Northeast Ohio Art. Henry Adams: A Curatorial Review displayed works by regional artists who have been exhibited in shows Adams has curated or subjects of his scholarship.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 09:22 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged:

November 30, 2015

NASA Glenn Research Center and CWRU Fusion analyze ways to commercialize a promising new water purification technology

Cleveland Water Alliance also part of joint effort aimed at regional economic development

News Release: Monday, November 30 15, 2015

CLEVELAND—NASA Glenn Research Center scientists and students in Case Western Reserve University’s interdisciplinary Fusion program are studying a novel water purification technology and how to commercialize it. Senior researchers at NASA Glenn have developed and tested a promising technology that reduces organic contaminants to carbon dioxide and clean water. NASA is experimenting with applying high-voltage pulses to fluids to form what is called “non-equilibrium plasma.”

Others have experimented with similar technology to purify water for more than a decade, but NASA’s approach is considered novel because it uses much less energy and doesn’t heat the water. Also, NASA’s device is scalable to a specific need, so it can be used at a relatively low cost.

NASA is considering applications as near as Toledo, where the spread of chemically-resistant algae in Lake Erie has become a major health concern, and in space missions, where water purification for reuse is critically needed.

To bring this technology to market, however, NASA needs to collaborate with commercialization partners. Case Western Reserve’s Fusion program is assessing ways to make that happen.



Launched in 2009, Fusion is an interdisciplinary academic approach that links students from the School of Law, Weatherhead School of Management, Case School of Engineering and STEP (Science and Technology Entrepreneurship/Innovation Programs) in the College of Arts and Sciences in collaborative teams for teaching and learning about technology commercialization.

Fusion introduces students to multi-factor evaluation tools for product and enterprise development that the students will utilize professionally. Each year, Fusion students evaluate leading-edge scientific research outputs with commercial potential.

Ted Theofrastous, who directs the Fusion program, also is managing attorney for the Case Western Reserve University School of Law's IP Venture Clinic. Theofrastous said the students’ analysis will consider alignment of technology to need, cost, scale, competition and the intellectual property landscape.

“Our hope,” he said, “is that aspects of the students’ work may be useful to NASA in its ongoing commercialization efforts.”

The technology

The NASA technology uses high-voltage, high-frequency, electrical pulses to destroy micro-organisms, sterilizing water without using toxic chemicals and filters and without heating water as other purification processes require. The technology can be scaled to meet a range of needs, from small portable units that purify drinking water in disaster relief to much larger industrial applications.

A growing demand exists for water purification—including in the Great Lakes, where the growth of toxic, sometimes treatment-resistant algae blooms in the western basin of Lake Erie is well documented. Globally, according to World Health Organization studies,improved sanitation in the world’s impoverished areas can reduce disease and illness linked to micro-organisms and chemicals in the water people drink or otherwise use.

The NASA Glenn technology can offer advantages over other water treatment methods that rely on chemicals and filtration—both of which are expensive and provide less-favorable outcomes, Theofrastous said.

Innovation partners

Robert J. Shaw, NASA Glenn Research Center’s director of venture and partnerships, said the center is pleased to be partnering with Case Western Reserve Fusion students.

"One of our center's strategic goals is to be a better partner within our region and our state, and to play an appropriate role in supporting economic development in the private sector,” Shaw said. “By supporting the Fusion project through offering a NASA Glenn-developed technology and providing subject matter experts, we hope we can help create the next generation innovators and entrepreneurs who will grow our economy.”

The Cleveland Water Alliance (CWA), a network of Northeast Ohio businesses, academic institutions and public agencies, is also involved in the Fusion project. Fusion students attended a water technology conference at NASA that also involves CWA.

“Fresh water innovation is increasingly driving Northeast Ohio’s regional economy,” said CWA Executive Director Bryan Stubbs. “The Fusion program is an example of academia at a research institution helping to accelerate water innovation. My hope would be that we bring a product to market, matching a technology with a corporate partner.”

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 02:45 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 30, 2015

International Year of Light - 2015

The International Year of Light (IYL) is coming to an end. The Kelvin Smith Library (KSL) celebrated the International Year of Light (2015) through a display in the Art Gallery, a Research Guide (, and a curated book display of items you may borrow.

The gallery highlights research done on "light" at Case Western Reserve University, examples of light all around us, examples of research resources, and interesting items from our Special Collections & Archives and Digital Case. The display will come down at the end of the calendar year so come by to explore if you have not.

The IYL Research Guide includes faculty/student research done at Case, recommended books, and other related resources. The book display, also by the Art Gallery, are books picked by librarians from a variety of disciplines. The items may be checked out.

More on the International Year of Light:
On 20 December 2013, the UN General Assembly 68th Session proclaimed 2015 as the International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies (IYL 2015).

From the IYL Fact Sheet:

The International Year of Light and Light-Based Technologies (IYL 2015) is a global initiative adopted by the United Nations to raise awareness of how optical technologies promote sustainable development and provide solutions to worldwide challenges.

The goal of IYL 2015 is to highlight to the citizens of the world the importance of light and optical technologies in their lives, for their futures and for the development of society.


Posted on KSL News Blog by Brian Gray at 08:20 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

November 25, 2015

Pink Floyd Concert at CWRU

On November 6, 1971 Pink Floyd played a concert at Emerson Gym to over 3000 people. This was part of a 27-date North American tour which began in San Francisco and ended in Cincinnati. We believe it was the first concert in Cleveland by Pink Floyd.

The entertainment section headline of The Observer (11/9/1971) read, “Pink Floyd concert - two views.”

The headline for the article by James Cunningham read, “Best concert ever.” As Cunningham recounted,

“We heard foot steps Saturday night We heard a baby cry, and the sound of birds twittering. Who was that girl we heard giggling and who was that with the axe?

“It was Pink Floyd packing them in at Emerson gym for one of the most successful concerts this school has had this year, drawing over 3000 people.

“There was Pink Floyd standing amidst a towering array of amplifiers, and electronic equipment playing for over three hours their special brand of experimental rock built on the group’s almost inexhaustible source of expression.

“Having been together for over six years they developed a sense of timing and musical sense which has been noticably [sic] lacking in many of today’s 50,000 watt groups. The audience recognized this and responded accordingly.

“It’s hard for any group to keep an audience totally absorbed, especially in Emerson where the conditions are less then adequate for such a large crowd. Pink Floyd could, lifting the listener into every world imaginable.

“Their music often relies heavily on recorded effects played with the music as in High Time Cymboline where the imaginative use of tapes let us hear the footsteps of a person as he walked from room to room. Add to this the total darkness of the gym and the excitement became stunning.

“Organist Richard Wright’s use of the melotron was another highlight of the concert. Echo stood out as his finest solo where his soaring and driving work were outstanding.

“Then there was Careful with that Axe Eugene. All I can say about this ditty is that you shouldn’t see it if you haven’t all your faculties. You’ll need them.

“There were the old favorites of course such as “Atom Heart Mother” or “Set The Controls for the Heart of the Sun.” All very enjoyable although sometimes monotonous.

“It was a successful concert. It made money and it was fine entertainment. We were crowded but after it was over all we remembered was the music. Fie on you who didn’t go.”

Concert poster, 1971

In contrast to Cunningham's article, “Terrible planning” was the headline for Anastasia Pantsios’ article. While she admired the band and their music, the venue and planning for the concert was a disaster.

“Some rock concerts seem destined to be special events. Take, for instance, the appearance of Pink Floyd this Saturday in Emerson Gym.

“Pink Floyd is the group whose innovative music was admired by the Beatles back in 1967, when Pink Floyd’s musical head trips were appreciated only by a small circle of super freaks.

“Now, many of Pink Floyd’s explorations seem almost trite, since so many other groups have adopted them in part, yet the concentrated application of strange outer-space sound effects is uniquely Pink Floyd’s and most other groups attempting to imitate them have degenerated into noisy doodling.

“Pink Floyd’s is totally head music, polar opposite to that of the ‘Git up and boogie’ school, and ideally a situation would have been provided in which the listener could sit back in comfort and sink himself mentally into the band’s deep, cerebral sound.

“Due to the most blatant example of promoter disregard for an audience that I have yet witnessed, the keen edge was taken off the music as one attempted to make oneself even slightly comfortable.

“Twenty minutes before show time the gym was already crammed and full of heavy smoke, a strain on even the strongest lungs. By the time the group began to play, there was no elbow room anywhere, people were standing eight to ten deep in the exit doors and more were sitting in the lobby. Others were turned away, even those who had purchased a ticket in advance.

“There has been much talk lately about providing a pleasant and sane atmosphere in which to listen to rock music. If ever a group deserved such an atmosphere, Pink Floyd did. It irritates me that poor planning or greed or some other motive could result in such a complete fiasco.

“Despite this, one couldn’t help admiring the creative playing of the group. Beginning with a standard blues guitar line that wouldn’t make the group stand out from twenty other good bands, they journeyed into a vast gallery of eerie sounds which surrounded the audience on all sides, making it particularly a pity that so many had to sit in the lobby.

“The group’s overall sound is slow, measured, floating and cold.

“The title of one of the numbers “Set Your Controls for the Heart of the Sun” gives a clear picture of the sort of feeling the group provokes.

“A concert by Pink Floyd is an all too rare pleasure and I hope that the next time around external matters will not intrude upon this pleasure.”

Pink Floyd played Cleveland again in 1972 at the Allen Theater. In 1977 the band played to over 83,000 at Cleveland Municipal Stadium as part of the World Series of Rock.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 03:38 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

November 24, 2015

KSL's revised hours for the 2015 Thanksgiving Break

The Kelvin Smith Library Thanksgiving Break revised hours begin Wednesday, Nov. 25, with building hours slightly adjusted. 24/7 services and the Cramelot Cafe also are taking a break. KSL reopens for business Sunday, Nov. 29, with Cramelot reopening Monday, Nov. 30. We hope you enjoy your holiday break!


Wednesday, Nov. 25: 8am-5pm, Early Close; NO 24/7

Thursday, Nov. 26 to Saturday, Nov. 28: CLOSED; NO 24/7

Sunday, Nov. 29: 12pm-12am, Return to Regular Business Hours, including 24/7 after midnight


Wednesday, Nov. 25: 11am-4pm, Early Close

Thursday, Nov. 26 to Sunday, Nov. 29: CLOSED

Monday, Nov. 30: 11am-9pm, Return to Regular Business Hours

I'm not a turkey.jpg

Posted on KSL News Blog by Mahmoud Audu at 10:54 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

November 24, 2015

Propers for the last Sundays before Advent

I'm almost too late for this. Here are recordings of my settings of the Introit, Gradual, and Communio for the "pre-Advent holding pattern". The Offertory has been previously posted. Performances are by the enhanced Schola Cantorum of Immaculate Conception Church, directed by me.

Posted on Jeffrey Quick's Blog by Jeffrey Quick at 09:37 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Podcasts

November 23, 2015

Some miscellaneous compositions by moi

I've been noticing some holes on my web page, pieces I have recordings of but they aren't in e-land.
For instance, there was the wonderful recording of Queen and Huntress that Allie Laurie did with the Old Stone Singers (Text by Ben Jonson). Or in a similar vein, Andrew White singing my setting of Herrick's To the virgins, to make much of time. And my one any only solo guitar work, Trois pieces de salon, in a recording nearly obliterated by furnace noise. Enjoy!

Posted on Jeffrey Quick's Blog by Jeffrey Quick at 03:54 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Podcasts

November 18, 2015

Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Current -- A Reprise

Just sending out another long-overdue reminder for everyone to be sure all the information in their ILLiad profiles is being kept up-to-date. This topic was previously addressed in my entry published on June 28, 2010, so it's time to talk a little more about it again...

A Quick Run-Through of Profile Points--

* Username - this is permanently associated with your account from the time you create it, and cannot be changed; it also can never be re-used in another account.
* Name (First, Last) - whenever you change this (e.g., due to change in marital status), we recommend you also update it in likewise your ILLiad account.
* Phone Number - we rarely contact patrons by phone, but we still recommend you keep this up-to-date, anyway.
* E-mail Address - it is very important that you keep this current (and properly formatted), and make sure it is an account where you regularly check your messages; this is our primary means of keeping in touch with our users.
* Address - it is probably a good idea to keep this updated, especially if you are enrolled as a Distance Ed Graduate student (Doctor of Management) receiving courier delivery of loans (home or business), or Faculty signed up for campus delivery (to departmental drop-off site); otherwise, ILL service does not send regular notifications by mail.
* Status - please keep this updated in accordance with your status in the university at all times.
* Department (or Major) - this should also be always kept up-to-date; more about university departments, below...

** Departments that have changed their names, recently or not-so-recently (and which you may want to update in your profile, if applicable), for example:
THEATER and DANCE -- now two separate departments

** Departments served by a campus library system other than Kelvin Smith Library for ILL purposes (and which will not appear in our own ILLiad registration list)...
-- If you no longer are affiliated with the university through the College of Arts and Sciences, the Case School of Engineering, the Weatherhead School of Management, or a central administrative department.
-- If you have transferred to a department in the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, the School of Law, the School of Medicine, the School of Nursing (except students), the School of Dental Medicine, or any of various interdisciplinary health science-related programs.
-- Under the two circumstances described immediately above, we ask that you discontinue using your KSL ILLiad account, and set up a new account at one of these sites for all future ILL service needs, as appropriate: MSASS Harris Library LAW Library Cleveland Health Sciences Library
-- This topic was previously discussed in my entry for August 7, 2009, and is also addressed in our FAQ Page regarding Who Can Use ILLiad?

For further explanation on keeping your ILLiad account current, please view our Customer Help Page section on Changing Your User Information.

Though it's a topic for another time (and has also been discussed elsewhere in this blog), we always recommend that you change your ILLiad password regularly, paying attention to the usual security considerations. More on this may also be found at our Customer Help Page section on Changing a Password.

If you have further questions or concerns, please feel free to contact KSL ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 12:21 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Policies | Recommendations | Services

November 20, 2015

Students treat senior patients in van equipped as dentist’s office

News Release: Friday, November 20, 2015

CLEVELAND - Students and faculty at Case Western Reserve University’s School of Dental Medicine are treating Cleveland-area seniors in a dentist’s office on wheels—a 38-foot van, in fact, renovated to provide full-service oral care.

The “Lifelong Smiles” van—believed to be the first of its kind in Northeast Ohio—also serves as the teaching tool for dental students, who began clinical rotations on the van this fall semester as part of a new curriculum requirement.

“There’s almost no difference between our van and a traditional dentist’s office,” said Nicole Harris, a visiting assistant professor in the dental school’s Department of Community Dentistry.

Dental students, under supervision of faculty, provide, oral exams, digital X-rays, cleanings, fillings, dentures, extractions and cancer screenings on the van for many patients who haven’t visited a dentist in years. The van is driven and parked outside Cleveland-area nursing homes and assisted-living facilities for residents to come aboard. In addition, two portable dental chairs are set up in facilities for those patients who cannot get on the van.

The van is the centerpiece of a new dental school initiative known as the Geriatric Dental Program. Third-year students take classes in providing oral care to seniors, while fourth-year students complete clinical rotations in the van. Completing the geriatric program is mandatory for all dental students.

“There’s a perception it’s more difficult to treat seniors, which has kept many dentists in their comfort zones, avoiding these patients,” said James Lalumandier, chair and professor in the dental school’s Department of Community Dentistry. “We want to reverse that—and need to—given our current and future dental needs.”

The Geriatric Dental Program was created, in part, as a response to changing demographics nationally, said Lalumandier. The nation’s senior population—ages 65 and older—is expected to surpass 72 million by 2030—more than double the number from 2000, according to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

“Often, underserved elderly populations cannot go out and get care on their own. So we’re building a model where we go to them,” said Suparna A. Mahalaha, a visiting assistant professor in the Department of Community Dentistry and co-director of its new Geriatric Dental Program, along with Harris. “At the same time, by providing students experience with older patients, we’re planting a seed in them to serve seniors during their careers.”

Soon, Case Western Reserve medical, nursing and social work students also will accompany dental students in assessing patients in facilities where the van is parked, as part of a university-wide emphasis on increasing interdisciplinary training in the health sciences.

“It used to be people just lost their teeth. In today’s world, seniors are retaining a good portion of their teeth and need specialized care that’s in fitting with their overall medical histories,” said Lalumandier. “Across the health sciences, students are opening their eyes to the idea that oral health is key to a patient’s complete wellbeing.”

The van pays weekly visits to two assisted-living residential day programs in Cleveland, and the dental school is looking to expand the number of locations students serve. Program leaders also are recruiting active and retired dentists willing to volunteer on the van in various roles.

The Ohio Department of Health donated the vehicle to the university after reviewing competing proposals from across the state. Funds for the van’s overhaul were provided by the McGregor Foundation, the Dental Trade Alliance Foundation and others.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 07:01 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

June 28, 2010

Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date

Just a short note here to remind you to check your ILLiad patron account occasionally, to make sure that your personal information is correct and up-to-date. Please remember that you are responsible for keeping this information current, as it does not automatically update in tandem with your library circulation (or any other university) records.

The two most important pieces of information to keep absolutely up-to-date are as follow:

1. Always be sure your e-mail address is current (i.e., an account which is active, and which you check regularly), so that any notifications we might send to you arrive at the proper location.
2. Keep your name current (e.g., if there is a change in your marital status). The name as you spell it in your ILLiad account is what will be printed on our labels and checkout slips for any ILL loans, and is what will appear in any of our e-mail communications to you. Make sure this is up-to-date, so that the pick-up information we use is correct, and any loaned items are properly marked and shelved alphabetically at the KSL Main Service Desk hold shelf. Also, remember that if you never capitalized your names (i.e., first and last) when you originally set up your profile or last made changes, this information will remain and be used as you entered it.

You can update your ILLiad personal information by logging into your account and selecting the appropriate link from the Main Menu, which appears in the column at the left of the browser window. More detailed assistance may be found in our Customer Help page, under Change User Information. For the sake of good security practices, we suggest that you regularly change your password too; additional details on this are found at the Change Password link as well.

Keeping the personal information in your ILLiad profile current and accurate will help us to better serve your interlibrary loan needs.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 08:31 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Policies | Recommendations

November 13, 2015

Has Chicago’s $3.2 billion public housing makeover successfully re-integrated the poor? New book says no

News Release: Friday November 13, 2015

A $3.2 billion (and counting) transformation of Chicago’s notorious high-rise public housing has dramatically changed the urban landscape there, attracting affluent residents to segregated areas and catalyzing revitalization in long-marginalized neighborhoods.

But far fewer low-income Chicagoans at the heart of the city’s initiative—replacing deteriorating public housing with high-quality mixed-income communities—have been helped than intended when the ambitious plan was launched 15 years ago.

In fact, mixed-income development—an anti-poverty strategy to build diverse communities of market-rate renters, owners and public housing residents—has often created a sense of isolation for poor residents within their own communities. So far, the approach has helped few improve their social and economic standing.

The mixed success of Chicago’s foray into mixed-income development is detailed in the new book Integrating the Inner City: The Promise and Perils of Mixed-Income Public Housing Transformation (344 pages, University of Chicago Press), co-written by Mark L. Joseph, founding director of the National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities at Case Western Reserve University, where he is an associate professor at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.

“As an anti-poverty strategy, policy was ahead of knowledge,” said Joseph, who co-led a seven-year, in-depth study of three new mixed-income developments in Chicago. Researchers collected interviews with hundreds of mixed-income housing residents and numerous development professionals and observed more than 500 community meetings and events.

“We found some measures of success: The pizza guy will bring pizza to these neighborhoods now. Low-income families live in beautiful housing in safer and more stable areas,” Joseph said. “But as a platform to get out of poverty? Our analysis suggests that is not happening on the aggregate.”

Microcosm of urban America

In the late 1990’s, the Chicago Housing Authority’s “Plan for Transformation” was a response to the city’s “calamity” of public housing—“environments not fit for human living,” as Joseph said—which devalued neighborhoods, concentrated poverty and deepened racial segregation.

When Chicago demolished and replaced public housing complexes with modern mixed-income units, residents of every stripe were drawn to convenient urban locations, appealing price points and attractive housing. No-go, economically unproductive areas became safer, more prosperous places where residents felt comfortable letting their children play outside for the first time, according to interviews conducted by Joseph and his team of researchers.

The benefits of living in these neighborhoods would set the stage for low-income residents to access better opportunities, according to the Plan for Transformation, including proximity to more prosperous neighbors.

While these assumptions drove the multi-billion-dollar effort in Chicago, Joseph and researchers found scant evidence they have integrated the poor more fully into mainstream society.

For one, property managers were ill-equipped and unwilling to handle conflicts and culture clashes—or tackle the delicate task of creating a community among their diverse range of residents. In some cases, complexes even had two sets of rules; lower-income residents were not allowed to grill or have pets, while condo owners could do both.

As a result, lower-income residents reported feeling stigmatized and alienated by their middle- and high-income neighbors.

“Whatever people carried in terms of stigma or discomfort became intensified in close quarters,” Joseph said. “Hearing each other through walls and sharing elevators and common space activated stereotypes of race, class and culture among all residents.

“These communities are a reflection of the broader project in America: How can we live together in a diverse society, across lines of difference? How do we live together when we’re uncomfortable with each other?”

Hope still for transformation

When the Plan for Transformation was in its early stages, more than 90 percent of public housing residents that would be relocated from the old developments by the strategy indicated a desire to retain their right to move back into the future mixed-income developments—yet only 8 to 10 percent actually have thus far.

The remaining 90 percent moved into private housing with vouchers, other public housing or elsewhere; these Chicagoans are still mostly poor and live in segregated, unsafe communities, Joseph’s team’s research shows.

“Given how few of the original public housing residents moved into the new housing, and those that did are having these social challenges, it becomes a question of: Did it work as a strategy to lift people out of poverty?” Joseph said. “We have to conclude, no, at this stage.

“But we have many ideas about how to make it work better.”

The book, co-authored by Robert J. Chaskin, a professor at the University of Chicago, suggests mixed-income developments could be more effective at decreasing poverty if part of broader strategies that address workforce development and public education as well as an approach to property management and community engagement that create a more even playing field.

Center turns research into action to improve future developments

In 2013, responding to increasing demands from policymakers, practitioners and other researchers, Joseph founded the National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities at the Mandel School at Case Western Reserve to serve as a go-to resource for the field.

The applied research center provides information resources—such as a mixed-income database and library—and project consultation. Drawing lessons from Chicago and other United States cities, Joseph and colleagues are working with governments, private builders and citizens, including most recently in Washington, D.C. and Ferguson, Mo., to create future mixed-income developments more effective at fighting poverty.

“There’s great potential in mixed-income communities, and, frankly, we don’t have an alternative that seems more promising,” Joseph said. “The question now is: How can we better achieve what these efforts set out to do?”

Book launch and signing

Joseph and the National Initiative on Mixed-Income Communities will host a public affairs seminar and conversation on Integrating the Inner City Through Mixed-Income Development, followed by a book signing, on Friday, November 20, from 12:30 p.m. to 1:30 p.m. at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel Community Studies Center, room 115, 11402 Bellflower Rd. Refreshments will be served.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 08:22 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 11, 2015

CWRU Weatherhead School of Management to conduct Master of Science in Management-Healthcare classes at Global Center for Health Innovation

News Release: Wednesday, November 11, 2015

Case Western Reserve University Weatherhead School of Management’s Master of Science in Management-Healthcare (MSM-Healthcare) program is branching out into the Global Center for Health Innovation in downtown Cleveland.

Two MSM-Healthcare courses—Health Finance and Health Decision Making and Analytics—will be taught there when the next semester starts in January.

“It’s a chance to do things differently, to get us out of the campus and out with the community,” said Simon Peck, associate professor of Design & Innovation and associate dean for graduate programs at the Weatherhead School. “The Weatherhead School wants to be associated with intellectual innovation in health care.”

Part of the Cleveland Convention Center complex, the Global Center, which features four themed floors, brings together large corporations, medical device companies and Cleveland’s largest hospital systems, all in one setting.

Global Center tenants showcase current health care trends and future methods for patient care, including trends in medical imaging.

While Weatherhead’s MSM-Healthcare faculty will lead the courses, Global Center-member companies and organizations will add to the curriculum and student experience with guest lectures, discussions about issues in health management and technology demonstrations.

Peck said the arrangement makes more feasible professional connections for students while helping the Global Center achieve its education mission.

“We are excited to partner with the Weatherhead MSM-Healthcare program,” said Fred DeGrandis, the Global Center’s managing director and chief administrative officer. “This partnership is a great example of what the Global Center is—a forum for learning, collaboration and discovery that powers health care transformation.”

Weatherhead MSM-Healthcare is designed for working professionals. Students attend class during the evening. The 30-credit-hour program is completed in six semesters over two years, with one summer semester dedicated to an independent project.


About Case Western Reserve University

Case Western Reserve University is one of the country's leading private research institutions. Located in Cleveland, we offer a unique combination of forward-thinking educational opportunities in an inspiring cultural setting. Our leading-edge faculty engage in teaching and research in a collaborative, hands-on environment. Our nationally recognized programs include arts and sciences, dental medicine, engineering, law, management, medicine, nursing and social work. About 4,900 undergraduate and 5,900 graduate students comprise our student body. Visit to see how Case Western Reserve thinks beyond the possible.

About The Weatherhead School of Management

The Weatherhead School of Management is different from other business schools. We are bold in our ideas, creative in our approach, and adaptive in our interactions within a changing business environment. We’ve enhanced traditional management education by integrating the fundamentals of business with ideas and practices that change individuals, organizations, and societies. Our graduates are ready to add immediate value to their organizations, their communities, and the world.

About The Global Center for Health Innovation

The Global Center for Health Innovation is a trusted forum where individuals invested in health and healthcare engage and connect. Part of the Cleveland Convention Center complex, the Global Center brings together large corporations, healthcare systems, educational institutions and developing companies to discover what’s possible in healthcare. The collaborative atmosphere encourages inspired, innovative and forward-thinking ideas that can lead to future advancements in the industry. The Cleveland Convention Center and the Global Center for Health Innovation are managed by SMG, the nation’s largest and most experienced convention center and facility management firm. Learn more at

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 08:36 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 10, 2015

Case has another Winner! Knovel Academic Challenge

Case Western finished in the top 10 for organizational participants in the recent Knovel Challenge. After achieving 94 out of 100 points, Emily Serfling has won a $25 Amazon gift card for being the top scoring student at Case!

Emily is a senior biomedical engineering student. Her favorite Knovel feature is being able to look up things like material properties.

Knovel Picture.jpg

Knovel is an resource that KSL subscribes. It offers e-books, data sets, and interactive tools (equation editor, etc.) for all Case faculty, staff, and students.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Brian Gray at 09:57 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: New Research Tools

November 10, 2015

Prostate cancer radiation therapy without fatigue? Nursing researcher seeks answers to common side effect

News Release: Tuesday November 11, 2014

Fatigue from prostate cancer and its treatment can be debilitating.

The symptom, which can’t be relieved with rest, can lead to increased depression, impaired cognitive function, sleep disturbance and health-related quality-of-life issues.

To treat—and ultimately prevent—cancer-related fatigue, Case Western Reserve University cancer researcher Chao-Pin Hsiao will develop and test a novel mechanism of mitochondrial bioenergetics and radiation-induced fatigue using molecular-genetic approaches. The research is supported with a $272,970 grant from National Institute of Nursing Research (K01NR015246).

The American Cancer Society estimates that 220,800 new cases of prostate cancer will be diagnosed this year. Localized radiation therapy (XRT) is the standard treatment for non-metastatic prostate cancer, and although proven effective for increasing survival rates, fatigue is often a side effect during and after treatment.

Hsiao, an assistant professor at the university’s Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, hypothesizes that cancer-related fatigue is linked to the reduced production of adenosine triphosphate—a molecular compound that provides energy for physiological processes—triggered by radiation-induced cellular damage from XRT. The research project, which began in August 2015, is expected to be completed in 2018.

Hsiao has researched genes associated with cancer-related fatigue since 2009, as a post-doctoral fellow at the National Institute of Nursing Research in Bethesda, Md.

“After coming to the school of nursing (in 2013), I developed hypotheses’ based on the discovery of these genes, which regulate mitochondria (an organelle found in cells, in which the energy production occurs),” Hsiao said. “Since, I’ve spent a lot of energy in the lab trying to understand why mitochondria dysfunction causes fatigue and how to measure it.”

Based on her findings, Hsiao will develop and test pharmacological and nutraceutical interventions aimed at treating cancer-related fatigue—and maybe even preventing it entirely.

“This project is an essential step to understanding the biological basis of radiation-induced fatigue,” she said.

Her motivation to improve the quality of life of cancer patients stems from caring for her cancer-stricken father, King-Long Hsiao, as a teenager in Taipei, Taiwan—a battle he ultimately lost.

The experience inspired Hsiao to enter the health care field as a registered nurse and cancer researcher. Her passion for research on symptom science and management (i.e. cancer-related fatigue) is reinforced through direct interaction with patients and the experience of caregivers.

“Caring for my dad and patients reminds me how you can improve people’s quality of life by decreasing symptoms and suffering,” Hsiao said. “And that’s the ultimate goal.”

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 04:49 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 02, 2015

Student Traditions - Mather College’s Yale-Harvard Basketball Game

Long before intercollegiate women’s basketball attracted television coverage and legions of fans, the sport was a focus of interclass rivalries at women’s colleges, Western Reserve University’s Flora Stone Mather College included. Each year class teams battled each other for supremacy. Basketball season culminated with an all-star game held in late March or early April. Two teams were made up of the best players from all four classes. A single game decided the champion. The tradition seems to have started in 1909 or 1910 and, by 1912, the team names, Yale and Harvard, had been adopted.

Mather's Harvard and Yale teams, 1918

As was typical of Mather College traditions, the annual Yale-Harvard game was no paltry affair. Varia Historia, the student yearbook, described the 1912 game, “The campus and gymnasium had been decorated with huge banners and rooters yelled and sang. Harvard produced a band and a small boy mascot and Yale a bull dog and three more baskets than their opponents.” [105] Getting into the spirit of the rivalry, the cafeteria featured back-to-back Harvard Day and Yale Day. Harvard beets were a feature of the former. There is no description of the Yale menu. Eventually, as was also typical of Mather traditions, a banquet was added to the festivities. For over fifty years the Yale-Harvard game was one of the more vigorous Mather spring traditions.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 03:07 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

October 28, 2015

National Science Foundation grant expands CWRU-directed program to promote gender equity in STEM faculty positions

News Release: Tuesday, October 27, 2015

A program to promote gender equity in academic science and engineering careers across universities in northern Ohio is being expanded to western Pennsylvania.

With a new three-year, $750,000 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) Advance Program, Case Western Reserve University will lead an effort to develop, share and evaluate approaches and policies that lead to more women in full-tenured professorships in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics).

The new round of funding builds on a consortium of northern Ohio institutions created six years ago in a program called Institutions Developing Excellence in Academic Leadership (IDEAL).

IDEAL was a three-year, nearly $1 million grant NSF awarded in 2009 to Case Western Reserve and five other northern Ohio universities to develop and share approaches to achieving gender and minority equity in STEM positions. The other institutions include: Bowling Green State University, Cleveland State University, Kent State University, University of Akron and University of Toledo.

NSF Advance funding for IDEAL-National (IDEAL-N) expands the effort to four institutions in western Pennsylvania: Carnegie Mellon University, Duquesne University, Indiana University and University of Pittsburgh.

“There’s still so much important work to be done,” said Lynn Singer, Case Western Reserve’s deputy provost and vice president for Academic Affairs and professor of epidemiology and biostatistics, pediatrics, psychiatry and psychology. Singer is the grant’s principal investigator (PI).

Gender equity in STEM careers—and developing world-class talent in those fields—is considered vital to the nation’s ability to compete globally. NSF Advance was created in 2001 to increase the representation and advancement of women in the academic STEM workforce.

According to NSF, women represent 35 percent of all science and engineering faculty, with just a 6 percent growth in those numbers from 2000-2010. And just 19 percent advanced to become full-tenured professors.

“IDEAL-N will spur institutional transformation in the STEM disciplines across northern Ohio and Pennsylvania,” said Diana Bilimoria, KeyBank Professor and Chair of the Department of Organizational Behavior at Case Western Reserve’s Weatherhead School of Management. “This innovative partnership will generate benefits for each university as well as advance regional and national efforts to foster science and technology careers and reverse the drain of talent from academic STEM.”

Bilimoria and Deanne Snavely, dean of Natural Sciences and Math at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, are co-PIs on the expanding program.

IDEAL-N not only expands the program geographically, but also will, among other activities, involve:

• Creating academic “change leaders” to apply and track new approaches to promote gender equity and career development in STEM faculty positions at each participating university.

• Using innovative, cost-effective technology for continuous, convenient communication among the participating universities.

• Developing a gender equity index to assess results.

“The gender equity index would be a simple way for universities to track their progress over time and compare themselves to national averages,” Singer said. “It gives you an idea where your university stands.”

Since 2001, the NSF has invested more than $130 million to support Advance projects at more than 100 institutions of higher education and STEM-related non-profit organizations.

“CWRU is pleased and privileged to lead this new and expanded IDEAL program,” said William A. “Bud” Baeslack III, provost and executive vice president and professor of materials science and engineering. “It will bring together universities from Ohio and Pennsylvania to develop new, innovative strategies for promoting the advancement of women to senior faculty positions in STEM fields.”

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 04:46 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 28, 2015

Innovation hub think[box] gets more support—and a new name

News Release: Wednesday, October 28, 2015

It’s not think[box] any more.

The innovation hub that opened earlier this month at Case Western Reserve University already has a new name: Sears think[box].

Or, more formally: the Larry Sears and Sally Zlotnick Sears think[box] at the Richey Mixon building.

As part of events involved in the university’s Innovation Summit, President Barbara R. Snyder announced Tuesday evening that the couple’s giving to think[box] now totals $10 million; in recognition of their generosity, she added, the innovation center had been named in their honor.

With the newest commitment, Larry, a 1969 alumnus of the engineering school, and Sally, a 1972 graduate of what was then the Flora Stone Mather College for Women (as well as a 1974 graduate of the School of Library Science) have become the largest individual donors to the Case School of Engineering in its history.

“Their visionary leadership [and] their longstanding engagement is truly extraordinary,” President Snyder said. “They have made such a difference.”

Larry Sears, a graduate of Shaker Heights High School, came to the university as a young man who loved to tinker. Even as an undergraduate, he “cobbled together” the space and equipment need to create a machine shop in the basement where he lived in Cleveland Heights.

“I owe whatever success I have had to [my] extracurriculars,” Larry Sears said Tuesday evening, citing that shop as well as opportunities to collaborate with professors and others on real-world projects. “It was the work I did outside the classroom that consolidated the theoretical [knowledge learned in class].”

Three years after he earned his degree, Larry founded Hexagram, an electronics company that went on to create a remote automatic meter-reading device for gas, water and electric companies. The technology proved so successful that by the time he sold the company in 2006, Hexagram served more than six-dozen utilities and had a contract with Pacific Gas & Electric for another 4.1 million meters.

The month after the sale, Larry and Sally made their first major philanthropic commitment to engineering, a nearly $6 million gift for the Sears Undergraduate Design Lab. Larry Sears also serves as an adjunct professor in the Case School of Engineering and has been a member of the university Board of Trustees since 2008.

The couple first committed $5 million to think[box] in 2012 and helped launch major fundraising. Their newest contribution brings the total for think[box] to $10 million.

The pilot space for the Sears think[box] opened in 2012 and drew more than 100,000 visits over the ensuing three years. It also contributed to the launch of 20 start-ups that, in turn, drew $2.5 million in funding.

Like the pilot version, the newly opened Sears think[box] offers 3-D printers, circuit-board routers and laser cutters. In addition, it features such equipment as a Lynx 3-D Microscope for intricate tasks requiring high-resolution stereo viewing, a 3-D scanner, a mixed signal oscilloscope used in developing electronics, and a vacuum chamber for degassing epoxies, mold materials and resins.

Jeffrey Duerk, dean of the Case School of Engineering, emphasized the “innovation ecosystem” created within a building that includes floors for developing ideas, prototyping products, securing advice and guidance regarding the financial, legal and other elements of launching a start-up, and then incubating that new company. Faculty, students, staff, alumni and members of the community all are welcome, he added.

“It’s really uniquely available to our campus and to our neighbors,” Duerk said.

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 04:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 27, 2015

Case has a Winner! Knovel Academic Challenge

Valerie Weaver, a junior mechanical engineering student at Case, was the Week #1 winner of a $100 Amazon gift card. Join me in congratulating Valerie! She said the contest was her first exposure to Knovel. She loved the Data search and plans on using it.

You have just this week to enter as the contest ends at 11:59:59 p.m PST on Sunday November 1st. Get in your entry now:



Knovel is an resource that KSL subscribes. It offers e-books, data sets, and interactive tools (equation editor, etc.) for all Case faculty, staff, and students. Each time Knovel has run the challenge described belong, Case has had 1 or more winners. Lets keep that streak alive.

Knovel Academic Challenge campaign is a 5-week problem-set based competition for undergraduate and graduate engineering students. Based on player performance, weekly and grand prizes are granted to the winning students.

In order to play, students must register (for free) at Please note that registration remains open from now throughout the 5-week challenge, so students can enroll at any time.

Beginning on 9/28, every Monday at 12:00:00 AM PDT, a new set of problem sets will be live in the game. Each week, students will log in with their KAC credentials and solve 7-10 multiple choice problem-sets with direct links to Knovel accessible from within the game interface. Students have the option to exit and reenter the game anytime between problem-sets, and they have as much time as they need to answer each question, as long as they finish all problem sets each week by Sunday at 11:59:59 PM PST.

Students have 3 attempts to answer each question correctly. If the question is answered correctly on the first attempt, they get 4 points; on the second attempt, 3 points; and on the third attempt, 1 point. Each week, students accumulate points to compete for weekly and grand prizes. Only grand prizes depend on total accumulation of points. The weekly prize only depends on points from that respective week.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Brian Gray at 11:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: New Research Tools

October 23, 2015

Case Institute of Technology and Kanpur Indo-American Program

The theme of 2015 Archives Month is, Both Local and Global: STEM Activity in Ohio. As part of its international activity in the 1960s, Case Institute of Technology was one of the consortial universities involved in the development of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur (IIT). ]The program was known as the Kanpur Indo-American Program (KIAP) and operated 1962-1972.

IIT at Kanpur was established in 1959 by the Indian government. The development of IIT was supported by the U. S. Agency for International Development (AID) through a consortium of 9 American universities: California Institute of Technology, Carnegie Institute of Technology, Case Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ohio State University, Princeton University, Purdue University, University of California, and University of Michigan. Educational Services, Inc. (a non-profit educational corporation) held the contract with AID and carried out the administrative functions and dealings with AID and the Indian government.

The U.S. institutions were responsible for: academic and professional content of the program, recruitment of faculty to serve as visiting professors at IIT-Kanpur, procurement of scientific and technical equipment and books, specialized training of IIT-faculty in the U.S., and organizational and administrative assistance.

Case signed its agreement with Educational Services, Inc. in March 1962. The Board of Trustees Executive Committee had approved the agreement and Case’s participation in the Kanpur program on 3/5/1962.

04254D1 copy.jpg
Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru met with U.S. consortium members in New Delhi, November 1961.

One representative of each institution and one person from Educational Services, Inc. served on the Steering Committee (later known as the Consortium Committee). This committee was responsible for policy, recruitment of U.S. staff, and placement of Indian participants. Arthur H. Benade, Associate Professor of Physics, was the first Case Institute of Technology Steering Committee representative, serving 1961-1964. (Benade spent his youth in India, where his father was Chairman of the Physics Department at Forman College in Lahore, now a part of Pakistan.) Prof. Benade gave up his duties as Case Representative when he left for India in 1964 to serve as a Visiting Professor at IIT-Kanpur. The Steering Committee representatives were responsible for all program activities on their campuses.

Arthur H. Benade

Ten other Case professors and administrators provided their expertise during stays in Kanpur or service on the Steering Committee. They included (title is Case title at that time): Richard Paumen, Registrar; Joseph Pigott, Director of Physical Planning; Alfonso M. Alvarado, Assistant to the Provost for International Programs; Robert H. Scanlan, Professor of Engineering; D. Harvey Buchanan, Professor of History; Morrell Heald, Associate Professor of History; Ernest B. Leach, Associate Professor of Mathematics; Richard A. Schermerhorn, Professor of Sociology; William F. Schneerer, Associate Professor of Engineering Graphics; Robert R. Archer, Associate Professor of Mechanics.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 03:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

October 22, 2015

Pediatricians test their powers of persuasion to deliver more children to the dentist

News Release: Thursday, October 22, 2015

CLEVELAND—Convincing more parents and caregivers to take young children to the dentist begins with persuasive pediatricians—the belief behind a new Case Western Reserve University research project testing a novel approach to reduce cavities and improve the oral health of low-income children.

Studies show only 1 in 3 children from low-income and some ethnic backgrounds visit a dentist in their early years and are more susceptible to oral diseases, including tooth decay. Black children and Hispanic/ Latino children are nearly twice as likely as white children to have untreated tooth decay in baby teeth, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.

“Many parents believe, since baby teeth fall out, there’s no need to take kids to a dentist,” said Suchitra Nelson, a community dentistry professor in the Case Western Reserve School of Dental Medicine. “But cavity-causing bacteria remains even after losing baby teeth and can lead to problems persisting beyond childhood.

“By drawing on the influence of pediatricians, we believe there’s tremendous potential to eventually reduce oral health disparities.”

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR), a branch of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), awarded the project up to $4.6 million over the next five years.

During routine well-child visits, nearly 90 Northeast Ohio-area pediatricians will apply a fluoride varnish to the teeth of more than 1,500 participating children. They will also deliver core oral-health messages to parents and guardians, including the importance of baby teeth and information on how untreated cavities can lead to problems in the permanent teeth, serious infections and pain, trouble with eating and speaking, loss of time in school and other negative effects.

Pediatricians will also give prescriptions for children to visit local dentists that accept Medicaid, which will cover basic dental expenses.

The study is especially relevant to Northeast Ohio, which has one of the highest rates of untreated cavities among poor and minority children under 6 years old, according to Nelson.

By the project’s end, researchers hope to pinpoint messages that most effectively sway parents and caregivers to take their children to the dentist. They will then translate their findings into a scalable model that could be adopted by pediatricians across the country.

The research grant is one of 10 the NIH recently awarded to research institutions nationally, with the goal of reducing inequalities in access to dental care and improving the oral health of children.

Grant awardees, which include the University of California at San Francisco, Boston University and others, will each try a unique approach but work collaboratively as part of the newly established Multidisciplinary and Collaborative Research Consortium to Reduce Oral Health Disparities in Children, an initiative of the NIH and NIDCR.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 05:04 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 22, 2015

CWRU biologists find keys to driving a cockroach

Sensorimotor neurons in central complex encode for movements

News Release: Oct. 22, 2015

CLEVELAND—Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have identified neurons in a cockroach’s brain that control whether the insect walks slow or fast, turns right or left or downshifts to climb.

By selectively stimulating these same neurons, the scientists can cause the roach to replicate the movements.

The finding makes clear how the insect brain directs the body to move in an intended direction, including changes in joint coordination and reflexes.

“The central complex appears to be an area of the insect brain that monitors many forms of sensory information as well as the insect's internal state, and then influences various forms of movement,” said Roy Ritzmann, biology professor at Case Western Reserve.

“It’s like a joystick on the animal,” said Joshua Martin, a postdoctoral researcher in Ritzmann’s lab. “We can control its direction and alter its speed.”

The scientists believe this finding provides insight into the control of movement, not just in insects, but likely all animals that walk. The cockroach’s system is also a useful model for building robots that can maneuver around obstacles on their own, self-driving cars and for controlling drones the researchers said.

The research is published today (Oct.22) in the journal Current Biology. Martin, the lead author, and Ritzmann worked with recent Case Western Reserve PhD graduates Peiyuan Guo; Cynthia Harley, in the Department of Biology at Metropolitan State University; and Laiyong Mu, from the Department of Neuroscience at the University of Arizona.

To understand how the insects control movement, the research team inserted tiny wires in the central complex of 27 free-walking cockroaches, recorded the neuronal activity and videotaped the insects. The electrodes were placed in an area of the brain that responds to antennal and visual inputs, which are essential for navigating.

“The neural activity is generated in the center of the cockroach brain,” Martin said. “The outputs from the central complex are sent to the motor center in the thoracic ganglia—its version of the spinal cord—and on to the limbs.”

Neuronal activity increases when the animals are walking and turning, but it took several steps to determine if that activity encodes for specific movements.

The researchers matched a statistical model of how neurons generate spikes to the neuronal activity recorded. They then used high-speed video to backtrack and match the insect’s movement around the time of the neuronal spike. By making statistical links between movements and spikes, they separated the signals for different speeds and turn directions.

From that, “we can see which cells prefer a left or right turn and which prefer forward motion slow and fast, and see combinations of slow right or fast left,” Ritzmann said.

When the scientists passed electrical current through the same electrodes that recorded activity, different ensembles of neurons were activated, and the cockroach repeated what had been spontaneous movements.

“For the vast majority of cockroaches we tested, if you stimulate the cells you saw were active before the turn or slow or fast walk, you get the same movement every time you stimulate them,” Martin said.

The researchers also showed that electrical stimulation applied to central-complex cells alters reflexes in a manner consistent with changes in motions associated with turning.

When a walking insect turns, the legs on the inside of the turn change from pushing backward to reaching out and pulling laterally. This requires a change in the way the leg joints are coordinated, which occurs when pattern generation circuits for each joint are coupled through inter-joint reflexes.

It was already known that those reflexes change when the animal decides to turn or walk backward. But, to learn how brain activity alters leg motions, Martin tested the reflexes by tugging and relaxing a joint sensor–an activity akin to a doctor tapping a patient’s knee–and monitored what happened with and without stimulation in the central complex.

They were able to directly change the reflex from a walking/pushing pattern to a turning/pulling pattern when they stimulated the brain. “It's as if the doctor could stimulate your brain and change your reflex, so that when he hit your knee, instead of kicking out you, kicked backwards,” Martin said.

“So it appears that the motor maps that we identified act on the motor system by altering the sign of these reflexes,” Ritzmann said.

The encoding system was consistent across the animals tested, but is probably not unique to cockroaches, the team concluded.

“It is highly likely that descending motor control such as this also resides in all legged animals, including us,” Ritzmann said. “So this kind of study, with the technical advantages that insects afford researchers, can help to understand how movement is generally controlled in complex environments.”

Ritzmann is among a group of scientists at Case Western Reserve who suggest that robots would be more autonomous and useful, and autopilot and driverless cars would benefit, if makers would include systems like the sensorimotor complex insects use to maneuver and navigate. This research is a step toward that, he said, “but we have to better understand how animals solve these issues first.”

The team also found that the central complex’s neural coding system is flexible. When a cockroach climbs over a block, a set of nerve cells that had been firing readily in a fast-walking cockroach changed their activity, producing a different correlation between spiking neurons and locomotion.

The researchers will look further into how the central complex changes to adapt movement to the needs of the animal. Martin, Ritzmann and colleagues are now studying sensorimotor function in praying mantises and other species of insects.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 04:27 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 22, 2015

Men can benefit from pelvic exercises to prevent urinary leaks after prostate cancer treatment, study finds

Men can benefit from pelvic exercises to prevent urinary leaks after prostate cancer treatment, study finds

News Release: Oct. 22, 2015

CLEVELAND—Men with urinary leaks from surgery or radiation therapy for prostate cancer can benefit from “Kegel” exercises known for treating incontinence in women after giving birth, according to a Case Western Reserve University study.

About 30 percent of prostate cancer patients nationally are affected by incontinence a year after surgery, and another 14 percent still feel the effects after five years, said Amy Y. Zhang, PhD, associate professor from the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing at Case Western Reserve.

The researchers from the university’s School of Nursing, with University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Cleveland Clinic, MetroHealth Medical Center and the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, wanted to know whether exercises could help men who experience urinary incontinence following prostate cancer treatment.

“Urinary incontinence has been shown to cause significant distress in men following prostate cancer treatments,” Zhang said. “They’re afraid to travel or attend other social gatherings because there may not be a restroom nearby.”

The findings, published in a Journal of Urology article Zhang wrote, detailed results from 244 men randomly assigned to one of three approaches to reduce leakage and manage symptoms.

The first two approaches offered the men one session of biofeedback-assisted pelvic exercises and six biweekly sessions—either in a peer support group or by phone—to learn how to self-manage their symptoms.

In the third approach, men received information and a doctor’s directions for care or sought information on their own.

Researchers tracked leakage and symptom distress at the beginning of the study and again at three and six months.

By the third month, the first two methods—biofeedback, plus support group or telephone contact—showed better results. The number of leakage episodes decreased.

At the last assessment at six months, the men receiving biofeedback and support recorded the greatest reduction in leakage amount.

While more study is needed, Zhang speculates that the improvements were most influenced by the peer group support.

“This study helps fill a gap in our knowledge about how we can treat these patients,” she said.
The National Institutes of Health/National Cancer Institute (R01CA127493) supported the study. Cleveland Clinic, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center and the MetroHealth System provided patient access.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 04:24 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 20, 2015

Study aims to document return on investment to U.S. employers who train registered apprentices

CWRU Weatherhead School of Management Economics Professor Susan Helper has key role in collaborative national research

News Release: Tuesday, October 20, 2015

CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University will be at the forefront of collaborative research to determine the return on investment for employers who establish registered apprenticeships. The goal is to quantify the benefit to employers in the United States.

Weatherhead School of Management Economics Professor Susan Helper will play a lead role on a team that began developing the research the past two years, while Helper was on leave from Case Western Reserve to serve as chief economist at the Commerce Department. The previous year she served on President Barack Obama’s Council of Economic Advisers.

At a recent White House Apprenticeship Summit, Commerce Secretary Penny Pritzker said the Joyce Foundation, JPMorgan Chase and the Annie E. Casey Foundation will support the research, involving economists from Case Western Reserve, Stanford University and the Commerce Department.

“As far as we know, there has been no study of the return to U.S. employers of investing in apprenticeship,” said Helper, the Frank Tracy Carlton Professor of Economics at Weatherhead School of Management. “Given the renewed interest in the learn-while-they-earn apprenticeship model, it is important to fill this gap.”

The study will analyze diverse sectors and geography to provide needed data on employer benefits and costs.

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, registered apprenticeships meet national standards for registration with the Labor Department’s Office of Apprenticeship or federally recognized state apprenticeship agencies. A registered apprentice earns a nationally recognized credential from the Labor Department. The Commerce Department’s Skills for Business initiative is about preparing workers for jobs of the future.

The study will gather data to help employers understand if investing in registered apprenticeships can boost the bottom line, while helping the nation prosper. Researchers will make visits to companies and hold conversations with workers and managers. U.S. employers who sponsor registered apprentices generally do so to build a pipeline of skilled workers, boost retention, reduce recruiting costs and improve productivity.

President Obama recently announced that $175 million in American Apprenticeship Grants will help train and hire more than 34,000 new apprentices in high-growth and high-tech industries over the next five years.

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 03:29 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 09, 2015

New $1.17 million National Institutes of Health grant creates pipeline for minority students to pursue PhDs in nursing at CWRU

News Release: Friday, October 9, 2015

A new five-year, $1.17 million grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) will prepare 20 nurses from underrepresented ethnic groups to pursue doctorate degrees at Case Western Reserve University’s Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing.

The NIH-funded “Bridges to the Doctorate” training program will create a pipeline of masters in science of nursing students (MSN) from Cleveland State University and Ursuline College to enter the Frances Payne Bolton PhD program.

Ultimately, the goal is more highly trained nurse educators from underrepresented ethnic groups on faculty and working in leadership roles at hospitals.

“Hospitals serve people of all races and ethnic backgrounds, and more nurses from underrepresented groups targeted in this project are needed to reflect the patient population,” said program leader Elizabeth Madigan, Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Independence Foundation Professor at the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing. “And that starts with having a more diverse faculty that can serve as role models for future nurses.”

Fewer than 3,000 nurses (less than 2 percent nationally) have obtained doctorate degrees, according to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s “Future of Nursing Scholars.” And minorities make up less than 12 percent of the faculty at nursing schools nationally.

The American Association of Colleges of Nursing reported that nursing students from underrepresented ethnic groups (African-American, Hispanic) actually begin pursuing higher education degrees at higher rates than whites, but get stalled somewhere along the line in their pursuit of doctorate degrees, Madigan said.

The Bridges to the Doctorate program introduces MSN students to the PhD program at Case Western Reserve and allows them to begin building a network of researchers and educators. The program will provide MSN students with:

· Two mentors (one each from their home school and CWRU).

· Research opportunities, with support for related research materials.

· Compensation for research assistantships, working up to 20 hours with Case Western Reserve researchers.

· Support to attend scientific conferences.

Madigan is collaborating with Patricia Sharpnack (a Case Western Reserve alumna), dean of the Breen School of Nursing at Ursuline College, and Maureen Mitchell, director of the Graduate Program at CSU.

Family responsibilities and economics often delay or prevent the pursuit of doctorate degrees, Madigan said. Many potential candidates work as registered nurses (RN) while attending school.

Research assistants aren’t paid as much as RN’s, which is a disincentive, she said. The three participating institutions hope to encourage more MSN students to take on research projects by nearly matching hourly RN salaries.

Two students each from Ursuline and CSU will enter the program this fall, earn MSN degrees and then apply to the Case Western Reserve PhD program. Four more MSN students will be added to the program each year.

If successful in recruiting four students for the first year, the university could receive $234,485 annually from the National Institute of General Medical Services of the NIH.

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 03:35 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 19, 2015

Angela Y. Davis to deliver keynote address at CWRU Social Justice Institute “Think Tank 2015”

News Release: Monday, October 19, 2015

CLEVELAND—Angela Y. Davis, internationally known for her work to combat oppression in the United States and abroad, will deliver the keynote lecture and participate in a moderated dialogue for Case Western Reserve University Social Justice Institute’s third biennial Think Tank—“Educating for Struggle: Social Justice, Empathy and Social Transformation.”

Davis, the Distinguished Professor Emerita of History of Consciousness and of Feminist Studies at University of California Santa Cruz, will present at 7 p.m. on Friday, Nov. 13, in Ford Auditorium, Allen Memorial Medical Library, 11000 Euclid Ave., on the Case Western Reserve campus in Cleveland.

A scholar, author, organizer and activist dedicated to building communities of struggle, Davis draws on her experiences in the early 1970s, including the 18 months she spent in jail and on trial after being placed on the FBI's “Ten Most Wanted List” for a crime she did not commit. A persistent theme of her work has been the range of social problems associated with incarceration and the criminalization of communities most affected by poverty and racial discrimination.

“It may be hidden to some, but it is clear to many, many others that Cleveland and the nation are experiencing the stark realities of an unjust criminal justice system and racial and economic inequalities,” said Rhonda Y. Williams, founder and director of the Social Justice Institute. “Angela Y. Davis’ visit is right on time, for she is a commanding example of how to harness the power, spirit, will and audacity to think and act in the name of social justice over a lifetime.”
On Saturday, Nov. 14, local and national thought leaders will lead three consecutive sessions on empathy, social justice and social transformation, focused on labor, LGBTQ rights, immigration and the criminal justice system.

Saturday’s closing keynote performance-talk will feature the Chilean hip-hop artists Rebel Diaz. The acclaimed bilingual crew performs internationally, using “boom-bap” traditions and hip-hop appeal to address issues of justice and provide social commentary.

Think Tank 2015 opens with a screening of the film, Finding the Gold Within, on Thursday, Nov. 12 at 6 p.m. in Strosacker Auditorium. One of the students featured in the documentary is now a CWRU student. He will participate in a Q & A following the screening.

All events are free and open to the public. Donations are welcome. Registration is requested and can be made online through the Social Justice Institute website: More information is available on the website or by calling the institute at 216-368-7568.

The Social Justice Institute at CWRU aims to provide a space for promoting and supporting social justice-related research, scholarship and teaching; for building trust with and improving our community and society; for growing social change leaders; and for promoting broad-based conversations, solutions and action.

The event is co-sponsored by the Office of Inclusion, Diversity and Equal Opportunity, the President's Advisory Council on Minorities, the Office of Multicultural Affairs, the Schubert Center for Child Studies, the Beamer-Schneider Professorship in Ethics, 90.3 WCPN/ideastream, the LGBT Community Center of Greater Cleveland and Olivet Institutional Baptist Church.

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 12:10 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 21, 2015

Partnership formed to commercialize technology that restores movement in paralyzed patients

Nonprofit receives $1.05 million in seed money to speed development; FDA approves clinical testing

News Release: Oct. 21, 2015

CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University’s Institute for Functional Restoration (IFR) and Synapse Biomedical Inc. have entered a partnership to commercialize fully implantable systems that restore muscle function in paralyzed patients.

To make the technology accessible more quickly, the Craig H. Neilsen Foundation has provided $1.05 million in seed money to IFR, a nonprofit designed to make neuroprosthetics developed by Case Western Reserve faculty available to patients not served by traditional medical-device makers.

In a third step forward, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved IFR’s application to begin clinical trials on 10 patients. The first trials, with patients using the system for hand grasp and postural balance, are scheduled to begin this fall.

“The business model we’re creating is designed to be a lasting partnership, serving the small population with spinal cord injury as well as patients who’ve suffered a stroke and other neurological disorders,” said Hunter Peckham, the Donnell Institute Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Distinguished University Professor at Case Western Reserve.

Peckham and his team have sought a for-profit manufacturing partner that’s committed to serving the population.

“The partnership with Synapse Biomedical marks a pivotal step in our program because, not only will it serve as the manufacturer of the CWRU-developed Networked Neuroprosthesis and license the technology for its own use, but we anticipate the partnership being the first step in creating a sustainable business model for this technology to reach people with spinal cord injury,” said Megan Moynahan, the institute’s executive director.

For 13 years, Synapse Biomedical has been developing and commercializing a neurostimulation system to help patients with spinal cord injuries (SCI), ALS or other illnesses to breathe. The company has sales in 25 countries.

“We have a long history of transferring technology from the advanced development labs of CWRU to the commercial marketplace and look forward to making this available to a broader group of patients,” said Anthony R. Ignagni, president and chief executive officer of Synapse Biomedical, Inc.

Earlier-generation systems developed at Case Western Reserve had components outside the body but demonstrated that neurostimulation allows paralyzed individuals to grasp and drink from a cup, maintain balance, breathe and cough, regain bladder control or stand.

The technology uses electrical stimulation to activate neural pathways and create or restore motion. Smaller, more powerful and longer-lasting batteries and microelectronics now allow surgeons to embed an entire customized system under the skin. A patient will recharge the battery nightly with a wireless charger.

In upcoming clinical trials, patients will test a multi-purpose implantable stimulator that can be deployed in various configurations to address multiple clinical problems due to neurological disorders, such as paralysis, Peckham said.

The Neilsen Foundation wants to ensure patient access to the technology doesn’t rely solely on for-profit businesses that can halt production if investors fail to see a large return–a scenario that took an earlier, proven system off the market.

“Our goal in funding IFR is to give the nonprofit enough support to get off the ground and begin working to bring this new technology to the people who need it as soon as possible,” said Kim Eisner, the foundation’s executive director.

The Ohio Development Services Agency awarded a $3 million Third Frontier Innovation Platform Program grant to support the effort in 2013. Case Western Reserve, Synapse Biomedical and Cleveland-based Valtronic, which specializes in combining mechanical, electrical, control and computer engineering in design work, will match the funding as they move forward.

“Valtronic is excited to enter a partnership agreement with Case Western Reserve University and Synapse to facilitate, grow and bring the next-generation of innovation and technology to the forefront of patient care,” said Jay Wimer, president and CEO of the company.
To reach more patients, Synapse is bringing international partners to the collaboration. The University of Tokyo, Institute for Industrial Science will participate in developmental tasks and clinical studies and USCI Ltd. will help establish a Japanese entity to further promote the commercialization of the technologies in Asia.

Synapse Biomedical will build and sell the systems as the technology earns regulatory approvals in Europe, Japan and from the U.S. FDA as early as 2017.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 07:52 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 21, 2015

Case Western Reserve to award honorary degree to legendary singer-songwriter-producer Smokey Robinson

News Release: Wednesday, October 21, 2015

Case Western Reserve University will award an honorary degree to William “Smokey” Robinson to open the 20th Annual Music Masters Series tribute concert at 7:30 p.m. on Saturday, Nov. 7 at Playhouse Square’s State Theatre honoring the lifetime contributions of the legendary R&B and soul singer-songwriter, producer and talent scout.

In conferring an honorary degree, Case Western Reserve recognizes those whose work exemplifies the highest ideals and standards of excellence in any valued aspect of human endeavor, including scholarship, public service and the performing arts. The honorary Doctor of Humane Letters degree acknowledges Robinson’s many musical and cultural contributions, which extend from enduring songs to his leadership in the music industry.

“Smokey Robinson began working with Berry Gordy in the 1950s even before Motown Records existed, and has continued to make extraordinary music ever since,” President Barbara R. Snyder said. “His voice and lyrics captured joy, heartbreak and many other emotions that comprise the human condition. His story is testament to the power of talent, combined with dedication and support.”

Inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1987—the Rock Hall’s second year—Robinson is widely considered one of the most influential popular music artists of the 20th century, creatively combining pop music with early rock and roll and gospel.

Among the most prolific and successful songwriters of the 1960s, Robinson was among the first artists to record at the Detroit-based recording empire known as Motown Records. Robinson and the Miracles scored 27 pop-soul hits at Motown from 1960-71, including such classics as “You’ve Really Got a Hold on Me,” “Shop Around,” “Going to a Go-Go,” “The Tracks of My Tears,” “The Tears of a Clown" and "I Second That Emotion.”

In addition to fronting the Miracles, Robinson served as a Motown vice president for several years, producing, writing and scouting for talent as Berry Gordy Jr.’s most trusted confidant and right-hand man.

Robinson wrote hit songs for Marvin Gaye, the Temptations, Martha and the Vandellas, the Supremes, the Four Tops and countless others. In 2006, he was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame; he received a Kennedy Center Honor the same year.

Rolling Stone magazine, in featuring Robinson as one of the world’s 100 greatest singers of all time (No. 20), described his unique style this way: “His high, delicate delivery marked him as not so much a tenor as a male soprano, able to glide into a heartbreaking falsetto that remains one of the most distinctive sounds of 20th-century pop.”

Paul McCartney once marveled: “Smokey Robinson was like God in our eyes.”

“Conferring an honorary degree to Smokey Robinson is a singular form of recognition for one of the great multi-faceted entertainers of our time,” said Daniel Goldmark, director of the Center for Popular Music Studies at Case Western Reserve.

Robinson will be the honoree at the 2015 Annual Music Masters Series, a 20-year collaboration between the Rock Hall and Case Western Reserve that combines scholarly and popular approaches to rock and roll history in a unique program that reflects the museum’s educational mission and the university’s Center for Popular Music Studies.

Since the creation of the Music Department’s Center for Popular Music Studies in 2012, Case Western Reserve has become internationally known in the rapidly growing academic field of popular music studies, due, in part, to the center’s many ongoing partnerships with the Rock Hall—including the Music Masters Series.

The tribute concert culminates a weeklong celebration (Nov. 2-7) of the life and legacy of Robinson, who will attend to accept the award, but is not scheduled to perform.

Other featured events include a keynote lecture, “You Really Got a Hold on Me,” by famed rock journalist Dave Marsh on Thursday, Nov. 5 at 7 p.m. at Case Western Reserve’s Tinkham Veale University Center Ballroom. The event is free and reservations are not required.

A conference on Robinson’s life and legacy, in partnership with the Rock Hall, will be held Saturday, Nov. 7, from 10:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., in the Rock Hall’s Foster Theater. Tickets are $25 and are available at For a full list of events scheduled Nov. 2-7, visit

Tickets to the Nov. 7 tribute concert range from $30 to $100 and are available at the Playhouse Square box office by calling (216) 241-6000, or by visiting A limited number of premium seating and VIP packages beginning at $300 are available by contacting the Rock Hall’s development office at (216) 515-1201 or by Fri., Oct. 30.

Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 07:25 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 21, 2015

Congratulations to KSL Science and Engineering Research & Resources Fair Winners!

On September 29, Kelvin Smith Library hosted a Science and Engineering Research & Resources Fair to showcase many of the specialized resources available from the library. Vendors from Elsevier, Web of Science, IEEE, Springer, Gale, JSTOR, ASM International, and McGraw-Hill were available to demonstrate their products. Librarians were also on hand to talk about KSL services and many other research resources. Over 250 students and researchers participated in the activities.

Courtesy of our generous sponsors, we had two grand prize raffle winners – mechanical engineering graduate student Yeyuan Li won a mini iPad offered by Springer and electrical engineering & computer science undergraduate student Brendan Dowling won Bluetooth Bose Speakers offered by ProQuest. We also gave away many gift cards to other students that participated in the event.

Info Fair winners.jpg

Thank you to our sponsors:

We also want to thank to all the participants in this event!

Info Fair Pictures - 500 wide.jpg

Posted on KSL News Blog by Brian Gray at 07:00 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

October 21, 2015

Open Access Week

International Open Access Week is October 19 - 25, 2015. Kelvin Smith Library has a table of materials on display as you enter the library. You can also see more information at:

Posted on KSL News Blog by Brian Gray at 07:00 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

October 16, 2015

KSL's 2015 Fall Break Hours

Kelvin Smith Library has shortened hours for Fall Break.

Please be aware the library will be closing early from Friday, October 16th until Tuesday, October 20th.

24/7 will also be taking a break but KSL will return to our regular business hours on Wednesday, October 21st.

Friday, Oct. 16: 8am-5pm Early Close; no 24/7
Saturday, Oct. 17: 8am-5pm Early Close; no 24/7
Sunday, Oct. 18: 12pm-8pm Early Close; no 24/7
Monday, Oct. 19: 8am-8pm Early Close; no 24/7
Tuesday, Oct. 20: 8am-8pm Early Close; no 24/7
Wednesday, Oct. 21: 8am - 12am Return to Regular Business Hours

Cramelot Café hours during Fall Break:

Friday, Oct. 16: 11am- 4pm
Saturday, Oct. 17: Closed
Sunday, Oct. 18: Closed
Monday, Oct. 19: 11am- 4pm
Tuesday, Oct. 20: 11am- 4p

Posted on KSL News Blog by Mahmoud Audu at 04:09 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

October 14, 2015

We Can Clone -- and So Can You!

One of the new features of the latest version of ILLiad--which some of you may have already noticed--is that it now allows users to submit essentially identical request transactions of those previously entered on the same account, with just a single click. Please allow me to elaborate on some "best practices" suggestions on how to put this function to use...

"Cloning" is basically replicating an existing ILLiad transaction with most of the original details left intact. For example, the "Notes" field is not copied in the same way as author, title, date, etc., would normally be. Cloning also may be initiated from any request record regardless of its current status. "Re-submitting" a request is similar, but can only be done from a transaction that has been cancelled.

Now, a few words on the differences between Cloning and Re-submitting, and how they should be implemented:

Cloning creates an entirely new record with a new transaction number assigned. It should be applied when you need material that has previously been obtained for you, such as a book received but already returned or an article delivered electronically but already past its expiration. It should not be used simply to enter simultaneous duplicate requests, as these are normally cancelled by ILL staff as a matter of policy.

Re-submitting resurrects an existing cancelled record, with the original transaction number retained (and hence also the original creation date in its tracking history). We strongly recommend that you only use this process in response to a recent cancellation, in which we have advised you to provide corrections or amendments to your original citation. We prefer that you re-submit a corrected transaction that was created within the past two or three months--in case of a more "dated" cancellation, it is better simply to "clone" the request.

The above options refer to the "patron-initiated" public functionality of the ILLiad system. Of course, this is also an action that may be performed by ILL staff on behalf of our patrons. In fact, we also have the capability to "clone" a request from one user to another. We are, however, obligated to keep copyright and cost-related consideration into account, and must conscientiously monitor any unreasonable excess in the implementation of this function. We appreciate the judicious use of this convenient feature by you our users, and hope this information is helpful to your research needs.

For more detailed information regarding cloning and re-submitting ILLiad request transactions, please visit the following Customer Help Page locations:
Clone a Request
Re-submit a Request

If you have further questions or concerns regarding ILL services and the ILLiad cloning function, please contact us, by phone at (216) 368-3463 or (216) 368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 02:29 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Features | Recommendations | Services

October 14, 2015

CWRU researcher lands grant to build stealthy brain tumor treatment

Combining nanotechnology with traditional chemotherapy drug and resistance-inhibitors

News Release: Oct. 14, 2015

CLEVELAND—A Case Western Reserve University researcher has received a 5-year, $2.82 million National Institutes of Health grant to make, in essence, stealth bombs that slip past the brain’s defenses to attack an incurable form of cancer.

Efstathios Karathanasis, a biomedical engineer at Case School of Engineering, has developed chain-like nanoparticles that can carry drugs across the blood-brain barrier that keeps standard medicines from reaching their target—a highly aggressive brain cancer called glioblastoma multiforme.

The nanochains will tote bombs of chemotherapy medicine and glioblastoma stem cell inhibitors identified by Jeremy Rich, MD, chairman of the Department of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine at Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute.

The researchers expect the chemotherapy will destroy the majority of tumor cells and the inhibitor will eliminate cancer cells that are resistant and can cause brain tumors to reoccur. Their goal is to develop a treatment that eradicates the cancer with one safe dose.

“The grant enables our labs to integrate our technologies,” Karathanasis said. “We need integration to solve this problem.”

Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and most malignant tumors of glial cells, which provide structure to the brain. The median survival rate among adults is just under 15 months, according to the American Brain Cancer Association.

The blood-brain barrier that normally protects the brain from harm becomes a deadly impediment when tumors are present, preventing drugs from crossing from the blood stream into the diseased tissue.

And “surgeons can’t go in and cut liberally,” Karathanasis said. “Brain tumor cells are often invasive and spread throughout the normal brain, and drugs—if they get in—do nothing because of resistance that develops.”

To reach inside tumors, Karathanasis’ lab developed a short chain of magnetic nanoparticles made of iron oxide and modified the surfaces so one links to the next, much like Lego building blocks.

They link three and then chemically link a liposome sphere filled with a chemotherapy drug. The surface of the nanochain is also modified to penetrate and attach to the tumors’ vascular walls.

When nanochains congregate inside a tumor, the researchers place a wire coil, called a solenoid, outside near the tumor. Electricity passed through the solenoid creates a weak radiofrequency field. The field causes the magnetic tails of the chain to vibrate, bursting the liposome spheres, releasing their drug cargo into the brain tumors.

In testing with mouse models of aggressive brain tumors, the technology took out far more cancer cells, inhibited tumor growth better and extended life longer than traditional chemotherapy delivery. The targeted delivery system also used far less drug than used in traditional chemotherapy, saving healthy tissue from toxic exposure.

To treat glioblastoma multiforme, which typically produces cells resistant to chemotherapy, the team will add inhibitors to traditional chemotherapy drugs.

For instance, Rich’s lab has shown that inducible nitric acid synthase is a unique signal regulator in glioblastoma stem cells. The cancerous stem cells depend on the enzyme for growth and to form tumors. Normal neural cells do not.

In testing with mouse models of the cancer, models injected with an inducible nitric acid synthase inhibitor had fewer and smaller tumors compared to control models.

In addition to the grant money, the researchers will have access to the National Cancer Institute’s Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer, and will exchange ideas and resources, Karathanasis said.

The Karathanasis and Rich labs will work with Mark Griswold, professor of radiology at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, who will build radiofrequency systems. Ketan Ghaghada, assistant professor of radiology at Baylor College of Medicine, will guide and oversee the steps taken to translate the research toward clinical trials.

Over the next five years, they’ll optimize the drug delivery system and mix of chemotherapy drug and inhibitor, study their effects and effectiveness in mouse models and evaluate the efficacy on human glioblastoma grafts in the models.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 12:10 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 11, 2015

Several bits from a wedding I sang recently

I haven't blogged here in awhile, but this seems as good a place as any to park several mp3s.

First, the responsorial psalm. Response is by Royce Nickel , verses set to a falsobordone in the 6th mode that I wrote for this purpose.

Then there's a setting of O Sacrum Convivium by Francesco Feroci, cathedral-master in Florence 1719-1757. I edited this from a manuscript on the Internet Culturale; you can download the edition from cpdl.

I'm the crappy-sounding out of tune guy, with Evan Bescan, tenor, and Brian MacGilvray, bass.

Posted on Jeffrey Quick's Blog by Jeffrey Quick at 09:52 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Podcasts

October 09, 2015

CWRU's International Initiatives

In its five-year Plan for Case Western Reserve University, 1990-1995, the university adopted as one of its priorities, “Global and international orientation in teaching, research, and scholarship.” At that time CWRU had students and faculty from over 70 countries and was committed to expanding previous international initiatives and developing new programs.

The Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences responded to the challenge by reviewing past programs and planning new ones. In 1993 its faculty committee, Local-INternational Konnections (LINK), issued the Report on MSASS International Activities: A Look at the Last 20 Years. LINK’s assessment of the school’s situation in 1993 was that, “international work at MSASS has increased significantly since 1990. However, in comparison to the organized structures for international work at other professional schools at CWRU, MSASS is behind considerably. At the same time, however, MSASS is probably substantially ahead of other schools of social work in the United States.”

MSASS traced its international involvement to student and faculty exchange programs in the 1920s. Students and faculty have come from Australia, Canada, Egypt, Great Britain, Hungary, India, Israel, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, New Zealand, Norway, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Uruguay, and others.

MSASS has provided technical assistance to other countries developing social work education and professional associations. Research has explored the emergence of non-profit organizations, community organizing, and needs of and services for handicapped children.

In 1999 MSASS established the Office on International Affairs and Non-Governmental Organizations. Both international field placements and local field work with an international emphasis have been offered. The Herman D. Stein Lectureship in International Social Welfare, endowed in 1999, brings prominent international figures in social work to campus annually. Among numerous global activities, Stein, Dean of the school from 1964 to 1968, was president of the International Association of Schools of Social Work, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director of UNICEF, and conducted social welfare missions all over the world.

These global perspectives and action in the field of social work education and practice have been part of the school’s proud 100-year tradition of service, teaching, and scholarship.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 05:24 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities