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October 21, 2016

Archives Month in Ohio: Mock Political Conventions

October is Archives Month in Ohio. The theme this year is Ohio and Presidential Elections. As part of celebrating Archives Month we wanted to highlight student participation in mock political conventions.

To participate in the presidential election process, students have staged their own versions of political party conventions, selecting whether it would be a Democratic or Republication convention. Students made the arrangements for the convention, drafted the platforms and nominated candidates for president and vice president. The first mock political convention in the university’s history was held by Western Reserve University in 1908. Held May 2 at Gray’s Armory in downtown Cleveland, Wisconsin Senator Robert LaFollette was nominated as candidate for president. LaFollette was popular with students for many years. Though there was no mock convention that year, in 1924 LaFollette was the winner of the student straw poll.

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1908 program and 1924 cartoon

In 1932 a Mock Democratic Convention was held April 27 at Adelbert Gym. Newton D. Baker, former Cleveland mayor and Secretary of War, was nominated as candidate for president. The movement to hold a convention came from the Reserve Politics Club, composed of students from Adelbert College and the Law School. They invited the Mather College chapter of the League of Women Voters to participate. These groups set up a Committee on Arrangements and invited other student organizations university-wide to participate. Future Ohio congressman Charles A. Vanik served as secretary on the Committee on Arrangements for the convention. Vanik graduated from Adelbert College in 1933 and the Law School in 1936. He served Ohio’s 21st district 1955-1969 and the 22nd district 1969-1981.

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1932 convention floor and 1932 program

While WRU cancelled its 1948 convention, Case Institute held its first mock political convention - nominating Michigan senator Arthur Vandenburg. Subsequent CIT convention nominees included (among others) Dwight Eisenhower, Adlai Stevenson, and Governor William Scranton of Pennsylvania. Other activities, held as part of the mock conventions, included parades, election of a queen, picnics, and dances.

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1948 Case Alumnus magazine featuring the convention and 1972 poster

The conventions were intended to “provide political enlightenment and social entertainment.” Debates, speeches, and lectures would supplement the convention itself. In 1972 CWRU held its first mock political convention, nominating South Dakota senator George McGovern as candidate for president. In addition to the convention held April 21 and 22, California Senator John V. Tunney gave a lecture April 13 and Ohio Congressman Louis Stokes gave a lecture April 20.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 02:13 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

October 21, 2016

Cramelot Hours for Fall Break

With fall break here, October 21 through October 25, Case Western Reserve University students have the opportunity to relax for the next few days. That in mind, Cramelot at Kelvin Smith Library will adjust its hours accordingly. Please note the changes as follows:

Friday, 10/21: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Saturday, 10/22: CLOSED
Sunday, 10/23: CLOSED
Monday, 10/24: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m. 
Tuesday, 10/25: 11 a.m. - 4 p.m.

Regular hours [11 a.m. - 9 p.m.] will resume on Wednesday, October 26. 

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 01:51 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

September 25, 2015

Kelvin Smith Library is a SHARES Member

So what does this mean? Well, the SHARES Research Libraries Group is a worldwide consortium consisting of over 100 participating institutions. Membership in this group affords us preferential treatment for interlibrary loan services among our peer libraries. Researchers from our university also enjoy comparable on-site collection and service access (short of full borrowing privileges), while visiting any of these locations. This is particularly valuable to traveling scholars in facilitating their research endeavors while away from our campus.

For your convenience, below is a list of those institutions closest geographically to our university, primarily within Ohio and its surrounding states (and province). Note there are currently no SHARES members in Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia or Wisconsin.


Cleveland Museum of Art, Ingalls Library
Hebrew Union College, Klau Library
Ohio State University, Health Sciences Library
Ohio State University Libraries


University of Michigan
University of Michigan, Law Library


Bryn Mawr College, Canaday Library
Carnegie Mellon University, Hunt Library
Haverford College Library
Pennsylvania State University Libraries
Swarthmore College, McCabe Library
Temple University, Paley Library
University of Pennsylvania, Biddle Law Library
University of Pennsylvania, Van Pelt Library


Binghamton University, Bartle Library
Cornell University Library
Syracuse University Libraries


Art Institute of Chicago, Ryerson & Burnham Libraries
Northwestern University
University of Chicago Library


University of Toronto, Engineering & Computer Science Library
University of Toronto, Gerstein Science Information Centre
University of Toronto, Mississauga Library
University of Toronto, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
University of Toronto, Robarts Library
University of Toronto, Scarborough Library

Others of Major Importance:

Library of Congress
New York Public Library

During the course of our membership in the SHARES program, we have been provided easier access to the collections of a number of specialized and international libraries. This has allowed us to obtain use of materials we previously were not permitted to borrow or have reproduced. We hope our users will also choose to take advantage of the special benefits available with on-site use at other member institution locations.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding ILL services and the SHARES library consortium, please contact us, by phone at (216) 368-3463 or (216) 368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 11:15 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

October 17, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 8


In its October 17 issue, The Observer’s editors handed out fall grades, including: A to UPB and USG, B to CWRU’s new webpage design, C for the 4-day fall break, A to student athletes, F to anti-GLBA chalker and those who speculated about the recent rape, “W for World Series-bound to the Cleveland Indians!”

Some headlines in this issue:

• Theater department celebrates 100 years of Eldred
• GLBA’s Coming Out marred by anti-gay chalkings
• Annual week celebrates humanities on campus
• Nursing Professor spends a semester in Hungary
• President Pytte tells about university at annual speech
• CP & P hosts career fair
• Turkish Student Association presents Turkish Deserts Night
• Theatre of Voices to perform at Harkness
• Sand mandala to be built on-site at CMA
• Men in Black to be shown at Strosacker
• Volleyball squad ties school record for season wins
• CWRU graduate student to compete in American Weightlifting Championships

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 10/17/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 11:58 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

October 13, 2016

CaseLearns 2.0: New and Revamped Offerings Improve KSL’s Free Instructional Courses

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CaseLearns is back, bigger and better than ever. This free instructional program at Kelvin Smith Library has made improvements to have a longer view approach. Our students and faculty can establish research and scholarship skills through this program, which will advance their education and Case Western Reserve University through applied use of technologies.

The goals in mind with an improved CaseLearns are to slow attendees down, allowing ample time to ask fundamental and theoretical questions, and, in some cases, to foster group collaboration. “We want you to see us as an ongoing research partner,” says Jared Bendis, Creative New Media Officer - Digital Learning and Scholarship. The staff that teaches the CaseLearns courses are highly “trained professionals who want to activate KSL and the Freedman Center, becoming a feeder to our resources.” 

The revamped program features 33 different workshops, including eight new ones:

• Library Is Fun
• Protective Enclosures for Library Materials
• Research Data Management
• Open Access and the Right to Research
• Basic Library Research Skills
• Creating GIFs/Memes From Family Videos
• Video Tutorial Creation Using Camtasia
• Introduction to Data Visualization

CaseLearns start times coordinate with the University’s block scheduling system to make attending even easier. The next course up, Introduction to Desktop Publishing, will be held on Monday, October 17, from 2:15 to 4:15 p.m. in the newly renovated Freedman Center Collaboration Commons. Participants will learn the fundamental concepts of desktop publishing in a variety of software.

To learn more about this course or any others and to sign up, please visit

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 03:23 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged: KSL Services & Spaces

October 10, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 7

The 9/26/1997 issue of The Observer published an invitation from the Share the Vision initative for members of the CWRU community to sign its statement of principles to “affirm our commitment to a campus community that supports the worth and dignity of each individual. We believe that any act that demeans an individual member of our community demeans us all.” The 10/10/1997 issue includes a full page of those signatures.

In other news....

• CWRU working to improve recycling on campus
• USG reveals 1997-98 plans
• UPB lands Rusted Root
• CWRU commuters unite
• Chalking for national Coming Out Day, Friday October 10
• Association for Women Students Candlelight Vigil, October 15 - Come Because You Care
• Spartan Spotlight festured sophomore tennis player, Rashmi Phanindra
• Editorial: University once again fails to communicate
• Letter to the editor: Blame rapist, not alcohol
• Humanities Week events
• CIA students express regret over chalking incident
• Rape is unacceptable under any circumstances (guest opinion)
• Share the Vision signature page
• Love, mistaken identity, folly at Eldred: Shakespeare's Twelfth Night opens this weekend

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 10/10/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 01:38 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

October 05, 2016

Congratulations to the Library Resource Lab Winners!

Resource Lab

Resource Lab 2

On September 29, Kelvin Smith Library hosted the Library Resource Lab to showcase many of the science and engineering specialized resources available in the library. In its fourth year, this event has set records with more than175 participants, 11 vendors demonstrating their products and the overall satisfaction of those involved. 

Many participants expressed satisfaction with the event, as it allowed them to discover new resources and learn  ew tricks about familiar ones. Vendors from Elsevier, IEE

E, Springer, Wiley, ACS, SPIE, ProQuest, Gale, JSTOR, ASM International, and American Ceramic Society were also pleased with the experience, already having committed to returning next year.  endors were also impressed with how engaging the students were and the complexity of their questions. Event planners (KSL staff) were happy with the event's educational vibe, the opportunity to interact with so many participants, and the chance to highlight additional library resources and services available on campus.

Courtesy of our generous sponsors, we had two grand prize raffle winners, both BME students: Yuanqi Xie won a mini wireless printer/scanner offered by ProQuest and Lydia Warren won a $50 gift card offered by Springer. Multiple gift cards were also offered as door prizes.

Finally, we’d like to offer a big "thank you" to our sponsors, Elsevier, Wiley, IEEE, ACS and SPIE, and a shout-out to all event participants!

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 12:18 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

October 03, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 6

The 10/3/1997 issue of The Observer included a special section, Focus On Alcohol Abuse. It featured articles about the upcoming Sex, Drugs, and Rock 'n Roll Conference, some fraternities committing to be “substance-free,” upcoming alcohol awareness events, a poll of student attitudes towards drinking, campus resources for students with substance abuse issues, and recipes for mocktails.


Other headlines included:

• Two CIA students confess to "monkey" chalkings
• Browns return to campus for flag football game
• 25th annual Ebony Ball to be held Saturday, November 1
• Bookstore ad: "You demand power, speed, and mobility" Apple Power Macintosh 6500 for $3,015
• USG defends fall elections
• Editorial: Rape provokes a reaction, albeit a wrong one
• Alcohol is a deadly game that results in tragedy
• Discussion prevents misinterpretation
• Spartan Spotlight featured junior tennis player, Jay Mitchell

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 10/3/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 01:00 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

September 29, 2016

Kelvin Smith Library Celebrates 20-Year Anniversary with Celebration Events, Open House

Screen Shot 2016 09 29 at 4 06 51 PM

Twenty years ago, Case Western Reserve University unveiled its newest resource building, Kelvin Smith Library [KSL]. This informational hub was heralded as “the library of the future,” setting the national standard for services, innovations and education. KSL has exceeded every expectation, always staying at the forefront of resource accessibility, providing the highest quality services to enable research to thrive, fostering collaborative engagement and productive individual research, and understanding students’ and faculty’s changing needs and emerging opportunities.   

To celebrate its 20 years of success, KSL has a lineup of exciting events that features guest speakers, food, games, prizes and an open house. 

Monday, October 10, 4:00 p.m.: Western Reserve College class of 1980 alum and legendary caricaturist from The New Yorker Tom Bachtell will speak for about 40 minutes before College of Arts and Sciences dean Cyrus Taylor hosts a Q&A with our guest. The discussion will be accompanied by a gallery display of Mr. Bachtell’s work. Light refreshments will follow.

Friday, October 14, 12:00-4:00 p.m.: Celebrate KSL’s anniversary with our Homecoming Open House, centered around gaming in honor of our guest speaker Philip Orbanes [see below]. The event will feature a variety of games, refreshments, prizes and tours. 

Friday, October 14, 2:00-3:30 p.m.: Case Institute of Technology ’70 grad, former VP of Parker Brothers and founder of Winning Moves games Philip Orbanes will deliver his presentation, “Innovating a Career in Games.” A light reception will follow.

For any questions or to RSVP to either guest speaker’s event, please email or call 216-368-2992

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 03:44 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

September 28, 2016

View. Eat. Talk.

We want your thoughts on the changing meanings of freedom and equality, as prompted by the four-documentary PBS series, Created Equal: America’s Civil Rights Struggle. Join us on Thursday, September 29 and Friday, September 30 as we show the four films, two simultaneously at 12:30 p.m. on both days. All take a different angle on the struggle and efforts of the civil rights movement.

The Abolitionists [being shown in LL-06 A]: The struggles of the men and women who led the battle to end slavery.

Slavery by Another Name [being shown in the Dampeer Room, 2nd Floor]: Stories of men, some charged with crimes like vagrancy and others guilty of nothing, who were bought, sold, abused and subjected to sometimes-deadly working conditions as unpaid convict labor.

The Loving Story [being shown in LL-06 A]: The story of an interracial married couple from Virginia in 1958 who ensured a legal battle for breaking the Virigina Racial INTEGRITY Act of 1924, which forbade interracial marriage.

Freedom Riders [being shown in LL-06 B&C]: In 1961, a diverse group of volunteers rode buses throughout states in the deep south telling their stories of being jailed and beaten as local and state authorities ignored or encouraged violent attacks.

Please join us us as we nosh and talk about this important and relevant issue.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 12:52 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL | KSL Services & Spaces

September 27, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 5

Amid disturbing reports of a rape and racially derogatory chalkings targeting one of the candidates for freshman class president, the 9/26/1997 Observer also covered the events planned to celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month. La Alianza, CWRU’s Latin American Society invited people of all ethnic backgrounds, “La Alianza is open to all students with an open mind and a willing heart.”


Other headlines included:

• Family Weekend reunites parents with students

• Acquaintance rape shocks CWRU community

• New internship program offered for A&S students

• New program markets students' inventions: Weatherhead Entrepreneurs Society formed

• Editorial: Use substance, not style, in fighing racism

• Letters to the editor: Ignore racism no longer; Celebrate, don't tolerate

• CWRU alumni dance in Two-Twos

• Skalars, Scofflaws stomp and Grog Saturday

• History symposium to be held at Valleevue Farm

• Men's soccer gains first win of the season

• Spartan Spotlight featured senior cross country and track athlete, Tanetta Anderson

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 9/26/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:30 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

September 22, 2016

Some Comments on Making Better Use of this Blog

Sometimes the most recently published entries presented here may not have any relevance to your current research service needs, which is understandable. Please be aware that over several years during which I have been managing this blog, I have covered various and sundry topics related to our interlibrary loan services and the pragmatic use of the ILLiad application, and these commentaries are still relevant to scholarship and accessible from this site.

In order to make it easier to retrieve the existing entries that may address your needs, we suggest that you take advantage of the features provided by our hosting blog service, in order to locate and narrow down those that will best serve your needs. I will proceed to discuss the relative usefulness of each of these functions, as follows...

* Archives - Since, for most of the history of this blog, I have published only one single entry per month, and the "Archives" lists by month only (with no reference to topic), this option is not terribly useful.

* Categories - You can narrow down your search by selecting entries based on this criterion, which includes "Citations", "Features", "Indexes", "Policies", "Recommendations" and "Services". The associated links will pull up all entries classed by either primary or secondary category from among these. Selecting "Indexes" will bring up all the annual cumulative tables of contents I have created to date, the most recent containing links directly to each listed entry--this may better serve you than pulling up the "Archives".

* RSS - This will bring up the most recent 15 entries, as links or fully displayed (depending on your browser), which is a bit of an improvement over "Archives", but still not as good as pulling up the "Indexes" category. Feel free to subscribe to the feed, if you like.

* Search - Perhaps the most useful option of all. Simply enter your search term or terms into the input box and click on "Search" (or use the "Enter" or "Return" key on your keyboard if your browser does not display this button). Entering multiple terms appears to narrow down the search to entries containing all the specified words anywhere within the text, rather than to all those containing at least any one of them. (For those familiar with geometric logic, the "intersection" rather than the "union".) Please note you cannot further narrow your search by category, as the "Categories" option is a separate function altogether.

Keep in mind that the "Search" option available in this blog should employed only in the context of the functional use of your ILLiad account services, and not for general searches related to your research subject area. We recommend that you consult Summon or any of our Research Databases or Research Guides, or enlist the services of one of our Research Services Librarians for that purpose.

Here are some suggestions for the type of search terms appropriate to this blog:

"ISBN", "ISSN", "OCLC" or any combination of these
"Thesis", "Dissertation" or both
"Foreign", "Language", "Title", "English" or any combination of these
"Status", "Department" or both
"Password", "Security" or both
"Citation", "Source", "Notes", "Reference" or any combination of these
"Abbreviation", "Journal", "Monograph" or any combination of these
"Renewal", "Due" or both
"Request", "Clone", "Re-submit", "Cancel" or any combination of these

On the other hand, the following, by themselves or in combination (including with any of the "good" suggestions above), will not produce any results:

"Banana", "Chicken", "Xylophone" or "Feldspar"

As always, hope this has been in some way helpful.

Questions regarding this *blog, ILLiad or ILL services? You are welcome to contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

*FYI: Carl's ILLiad Blog is currently closed to comments (sorry)--please address any suggestions or observations to the e-mail address above. Thank you.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 07:43 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Recommendations

September 22, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 4

One of the recurring themes in the September 19, 1997 issue of The Observer was connections.


The Res Hall Rumble was intended to bring north side and south side student residents together. The article announcing the opening of the Baker-Nord Center for the Humanities describes the Center’s emphasis on connecting faculty and students across disciplines and connecting the university to the community. An invitation to submit letters to the editor aspired to provide “an open forum for all voices in the CWRU community.”

Other Observer headlines 19 years ago included:

• Lynyrd Skynyrd to perform at Severance on Sunday
• CWRU ranks 37th in U.S. News and World Report (up 1-1/2 places)
• USG election results announced
• CWRU to receive special citation from the Cleveland Arts Prize for its "role in promoting the arts"
• Music fest to celebrate independence of India
• Spartan Spotlight featured senior football team member Mike Chanpong

And here's the entire issue: Observer, 9/19/1997

This is one in a series of weekly blog postings describing what was happening at CWRU, as covered by The Observer, during the year many of the Class of 2020 were born.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:38 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

September 16, 2016

Join us for Library Resource Lab on September 29!

Lab Blog Image

You’re invited to 356 Nord Hall for Library Resource Lab on September 29, 2016 from 12:30 to 4:00. This event is open to all Case Western Reserve University students, faculty and staff but geared toward science and engineering students. You will experience all of the research resources, study tools and learning opportunities available at Kelvin Smith Library, CWRU’s main library. Resource Lab will feature free food, prize giveaways and demos. For more information, contact Daniela Solomon at We look forward to seeing you!

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 11:07 AM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

September 14, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 3

This announcement of the benefit to protest police brutality could easily be found in current news. It appeared in the September 12, 1997 issue of The Observer

Other Observer headlines 19 years ago included:
• Academic scholarship changes ease student stress: G.P.A. requirements lowered for both the President and Provost scholarships
• World mourns the loss of two remarkable women [Princess Diana of Wales and Mother Teresa]
• WRUW drums up Saturday music fest: folk and international music featured in day-long event
• Music legend to be honored next weekend: Jimmie Rodgers celebrated in [American Music Masters] conference, concert
• Scream to be screened outside: UPB sponsors "Drive-In" movie
• In sports, the volleyball team won 4 straight; women's soccer team won their first 2 games

On a lighter note, the Fun Page Photo of the Week was a weekly feature of the last page of the 1997/98 Observer.

And here's the entire issue Observer, 9/12/1997

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:19 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

September 08, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 2

Eyes On... was a recurring feature of the 1997/98 Observer, each week highlighting a different student group

Continuing our look at The Observer’s coverage of campus life 19 years ago, here are some of the headlines from the Augsut 29, 1997 issue.:

• Twenty-mill bond helps to give campus a makeover

• Students have new ways to get computer help

• Students have a new voice with "electronic suggestion box"

• Commuter appreciation week featured movie day and ice cream social, pool & ping-pong tournament

• Editorial supported dry rush: helps freshmen make wise decisions

• Michael A. Choma urged freshmen to "become an activist" "People who make a difference are those who use the power vested in their leadership role to realize their ideals."

• The sports section recruited writers, "Write about cool people playing even cooler games"

And here’s the entire issue

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

September 06, 2016

Apply Now for Your Personal Study Carrel at KSL


Welcome back to CWRU and Kelvin Smith Library! We are excited for you to visit, study, collaborate, produce and learn.

Graduate students, time to submit your application for the study carrels available at KSL. Our carrels, located on the main floor near the journal shelving and on the third floor in the Quiet Reading Room and along the perimeter of the bookshelves, are a great place to work quietly and keep personal study items. Each carrel features two locking bins to store your materials, a mounted task light and electrical outlets.

Applications for carrel assignments will be reviewed, beginning Wednesday, September 14, 2016. Winners choose and check out their carrels for this academic year. Keys will be due back on Friday, August 11, 2017.

For all information on carrels, please visit the policy/application page. To download an application, please visit here and then return it to the KSL administrative suite on the library’s second floor during these hours.

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 12:53 PM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged:

September 02, 2016

Remembering 1997-1998: Week 1

Many members of the CWRU Class of 2020 were born in 1997 and 1998. Some of our blog postings this year will highlight the campus events, issues, and personalities in those years. To see the student perspective, we’re digitizing The Observer. Each week I’ll post some of the headlines. More importantly, a searchable PDF of The Observer that week in 1997/98 will be available here.

I’m getting a late start, so here are some of the headlines from last week’s Observer from 1997 - August 22.

- Mystery writer James Patterson was the Fall Convocation speaker.
- Early enrollment figures reported the Class of 2001 as 752 students, 63% male.
- Observer editors warned the freshman class about their worst enemy: Apathetic Upperclassmen.
- As the headline below shows, Observer writers offered lots of tips for exploring Cleveland.


The Observer, 8/22/1997

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:37 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

August 31, 2016

Shakespeare on the Stage

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The earliest performance of a Shakespeare play on campus that the University Archives could document was Love’s Labour’s Lost, given by the Dramatic Club of the College for Women on January 19 and 20, 1898. The Dramatic Club also performed Twelfth Night in 1910 and The Taming of the Shrew in 1915.


The Dramatic Club was organized in 1894 originally as The Dramatic Association. The club presented at least 1 play each year, and, until 1902, performed in Guilford House. In 1922 the Dramatic Club changed its name to The Curtain Players. They continued to periodically perform Shakespeare, such as The Winter’s Tale and Romeo and Juliet. They presented A Midsummer Night’s Dream with the Sock and Buskin Club of Adelbert College as part of the University’s Centennial in 1926.

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The Sock and Buskin Club dates to 1908 when the Literary Society of Adelbert College presented a play, Rivals, by Sheridan. The cast then organized Sock and Buskin to present at least 1 play a year, similar to the Dramatic Club. Beginning in 1923, Sock and Buskin began offering more than 1 play. The Archives could not document an earlier presentation of a Shakespeare play (by Sock and Buskin) than the 1926 performance previously mentioned.

There was no theater-related department at WRU during this late 19th and early 20th century time period. The first Dramatic Arts Department was established at the Graduate School in 1931. Barclay Leathem was the first chair of the department. He had originally taught in the English Department (while a Law School student) and moved to the Speech Department in 1927 to teach the first theater classes. He retired in 1971 when he was named Professor Emeritus of Dramatic Arts.

The home of the Theater Department eventually became Eldred Hall. As part of the 50th anniversary of theater in Eldred in 1973-1974, As You Like It was performed.

Midsummer056-225.jpg LikeIt062.jpg
1955 program for A Midsummer Night's Dream and 1974 program for As You Like It

See our previous blog posts related to Shakespeare on campus: Shakespeare beginnings on campus, and Shakespeare Performance as part of WRU’s Centennial Celebration.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 02:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

August 28, 2016

Slack vs IRC

I was looking for a technical-ish discussion on the differences between IRC and Slack, and I found this thread on Hacker News, which sufficed.

It consisted of what I expected. IRC is old. IRC has problems. IRC3 fixes stuff. Slack is closed. Slack is proprietary. Slack has all your data. No one wants to run their own IRC server. Slack is easier to post "richer content."

Plus, there was plenty of discussions of other "chat protocols" (for lack of a better name). And plenty of links to XKCD standards comic.

This portion of the thread stuck out to me:

> > I'm really happy zulip was opened up

> we would love to work with Zulip to federate it into Matrix

Ping me over email ( and we can discuss

A dozen different "chat protocols" being discussed -- almost all in the form of a closed homogenous system or one that seeks to octopus tentacle into as many of the different systems as it can (like Trillian for AIM/MSN/Yahoo/etc.). History repeating itself, but then there's this -- "ping me over email... to discuss".

"Ping me over email."

I have probably 500 more words I would like to type as commentary to that. But I think leaving it with none is just as poignant.

Posted on Jeremy Smith's blog by Jeremy Smith at 10:46 AM | Comments (0)

Entry is tagged: Web Services

August 18, 2016

Getting Started with ILLiad -- Some Basics

It's the start of another academic year, so here are some brief reminders about how to get yourself ready to use Kelvin Smith Library's interlibrary loans services...

* Set up your new ILL account at Kelvin Smith Library's ILLiad site -- click on "First Time Users" and follow the instructions.

* Remember to verify your Case Account Number first before you register -- use your Case ID login and password to access this page.

* Determine what materials you need for your coursework or individual research -- we recommend you first consult with one of our Research Services Librarians for assistance.

* Check the Case Library Catalog for locally accessible materials in campus library or virtual collections, before using interlibrary loan services.

* Check in OhioLINK and SearchOhio catalogs for items available for request as well, before using ILL.

* If you cannot locate the returnable materials (e.g., books, theses, music scores, audio-visual) you need locally in our campus libraries, or from OhioLINK or SearchOhio, log back into ILLiad and submit your requests using one of the appropriate menu forms.

* If you cannot locate the non-returnable materials (e.g., articles, book chapters, conference papers) you need locally in our campus libraries, log back into ILLiad and submit your requests using one of the appropriate menu forms.

* Wait for an e-mail contact from the ILLiad system or from KSL's interlibrary loan staff regarding the delivery status of your requested materials, or about any possible complications with an ILL transaction.

* Log into your ILLiad account to download your electronically delivered articles -- any time, from anywhere.

* Or... Pay a visit to KSL's Service Center during regular operating hours to pick up your interlibrary loan books or other returnable materials.

* Stay alert for any follow-up communications regarding your current interlibrary loan transactions (e.g., overdue loans, renewals, cancellations).

We hope this has been a helpful primer for your interlibrary loan needs. Good luck with your studies and research in the coming year!

Questions or concerns about ILLiad or ILL services? Feel free to contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 10:21 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Recommendations | Services

June 29, 2016

The only thing that you absolutely have to know, is the location of the library. - Albert Einstein

In 1828 the first bequest given to Western Reserve College was half of Reverend Nathan B. Derrow's library. For the next nearly-190 years generous donors have supported CWRU’s libraries and generations of students, faculty, and staff have used library collections and services. In 2016 our most recent library, Kelvin Smith Library, celebrates its 20th anniversary. Below is a summary of KSL’s predecessor library buildings.

Henry R. Hatch Library (1896-1943)
Hatch Library was Western Reserve University's first building constructed and used entirely as a library. Before Hatch libraries occupied parts of multiple campus buildings, including Adelbert Hall, Clark Hall, and Case Main. Hatch was the library of Adelbert College, the undergraduate men’s college, until 1943, when its collection was integrated into the University Library in Thwing Hall. The building, on the southwest corner of Euclid and Adelbert, was razed in 1956. Henry R. Hatch, a trustee, donated the funds for the original building and for two additions in 1898. His generosity is memorialized in the Hatch Reading Room on the second floor of Kelvin Smith Library.

Thwing Hall (1934-1956)
Western Reserve University president, Charles F. Thwing had stated that if a building was ever named for him, he wanted it to be a library. In 1929 WRU purchased the Excelsior Club for $650,000. In 1934 it was converted to a library and dedicated on President Thwing’s 81st birthday.

Freiberger Library (1956-1996)
Along with several other buildings, Freiberger’s construction was financed by Western Reserve University’s 125th Anniversary Campaign. Construction was completed in 1956 and the University Library moved from Thwing Hall. Named for I.F. Freiberger, alumnus, trustee, and benefactor, whose generosity is memorialized in the I.F. Freiberger Pavilion on the second floor of Kelvin Smith Library.

Sears Library (1961-1996)
Constructed in 1960 as the Library-Humanities Building, Sears was Case Institute of Technology’s first library building. Previously, a reading room was housed in the Case Main Building and most academic departments maintained their own libraries. The building was re-dedicated in 1966 as the Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears Library-Humanities Building.

Kelvin Smith Library (1996-)
Constructed between 1994 and 1996, at a cost of $29.5 million dollars, the 150,000 square-foot Kelvin Smith Library merged the Sears and Freiberger collections and services. The lead gift was made by the Kelvin and Eleanor Smith Foundation. A. Kelvin Smith, for whom the library is named, was an alumnus, trustee, and friend.

In pursuit of brevity, this summary does not include the Cleveland Health SciencesLibrary and its predecesssors or the Judge Ben C. Green Law Library or the Harris Library of the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 08:18 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Places

August 15, 2016

The only classroom that is available for life - the library – Ralph M. Besse


At the 1961 dedication of Case Institute of Technology’s (CIT) Library Humanities Building, Ralph M. Besse described the challenge facing higher education in a world of exploding knowledge.

“Yet the dilemma of higher education is that a normal college time span permits only the development of either an undisciplined generalist or a narrowly-trained specialist, and neither is adequately equipped to achieve the objective of leadership in cultural improvement. No such gap in the training of leaders is endurable in a progressive society. If the great constructive goals of democracy are to be achieved, a solution must be found. We cannot long sustain leadership in a world in which competition among ideologies increases as fast as competition for material power if our best human talent is trained in only half of the arts of leadership.”

He went on to point out the role of the library in meeting this challenge.

“The dedication of this great new library suggests one of the answers. Within these walls all of the past and most of the developments of the present are recorded. The educational dilemma could be solved at Case if every one of its graduates were to leave college equipped with the skill of extracting knowledge from a library and motivated by a desire to do so.”

That CIT’s first library building was a Library-Humanities Building symbolized the role envisioned for both in a technical institute.

“This building recognizes two fundamental educational needs. It is a center where students, faculty, and representatives of business, industry and other elements of the community can pursue intellectual and cultural activities in attractive surroundings designed to be conducive to learning... The gallery available for displays, the lecture and seminar rooms, the Kulas Hall of Music and the Kulas Record Library bring together the broad cultural interests of the campus.” (Library-Humanities Building brochure, 1961)

Library-Humanities Building at the center of the new Case Institute of Technology entrance

The building itself was envisioned as a key component of the New Face of Case. “Located at the mid-point of the campus, the Library-Humanities Building is the most prominent and accessible of all Case buildings.” enthused a 1961 brochure describing the building.

The library originally occupied 34,000 square feet on the first three floors of the 83,345 square foot, six-story, building. It had seating for just under 450. This sounds more impressive when compared to the library reading room in Case Main, which seated thirty-two. The original collection capacity was 160,000 volumes, with growth to 250,000 volumes planned.

Frederick L. Taft, librarian, described some of the technical innovations of the new library in a December 1960 Library Journal article. “... conveyors include a horizontal chain drive conveyor which moves books and other materials to and from the receiving and shipping room; a vertical conveyor which carries books from all the upper floors to the circulation workroom... and a dumbwaiter which lifts books from the lower level bookstack to the circulation workroom... The Stromberg-Carlson Pagemaster system has been installed at the circulation desk. This small radious communications system enables a desk attendant to signal by transistor radio certain staff personnel anywhere in the building. The circulation desk is also equipped with pneumatic tubes which carry call slips to and from page stations on all stack floors. There is provision for photo-duplication services including a darkroom...”

Kresge Gallery
Other floors had classrooms, seminar rooms, conference rooms and the offices of the departments of Humanities and Social Studies and Mathematics. The lobby of the fourth floor was the home of the Kresge Gallery intended for exhibits relating to the Western Civilization courses, CIT’s art collection, and travelling exhibits.

Located on the second floor, ”The Kulas Hall of Music, a handsomely furnished 60-by-30 foot lounge, paneled in English oak and teakwood, is a harmoniously designed room where students and visitors may listen to music. The high-fidelity sound equipment permits reproduction of recorded material from magnetic tapes, records and AM and FM radio, either monaurally or stereophonically.” The George Sanford Collection, the core of the music collection, contained over 4,000 albums of classical music.

Building construction began in fall 1959 and ended early in 1961. The total cost of the building was $2.8 million. It was one of several buildings funded through CIT’s $6,500,000 Building Fund Campaign, which raised over $8.3 million. Major donors included the Leonard C. Hanna Jr. Fund, the Kresge Foundation, Mr. and Mrs. David S. Ingalls, Harris-Intertype Corporation, Kulas Foundation. The architect was Small, Smith, Reeb, and Draz and the general contractor was the Sam W. Emerson Company.

In 1966, Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears donated $1 million dollars for the building. It was the single largest non-bequest gift from an individual received by CIT in its nearly 90-year history. In recognition of their generosity, on June 15, 1966 the building was named the Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears Library. The dedication plaque read, “The Lester M. and Ruth P. Sears Library honors the founder of Towmotor and his wife. Lester Sears, innovating engineer, manager and humanitarian and Ruth Sears, his staunch supporter, have set an example for all of us to emulate.”

Sears remained the library for Case Institute of Technology until 1996, when its collections and services were merged with Freiberger Library in the new Kelvin Smith Library.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 02:43 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Places

August 08, 2016

Shakespeare Performance as part WRU’s Centennial Celebration

Let's continue our summer theme of Shakespeare on campus and in the classroom.

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During commencement week, on June 15 and 16, 1926, students from the Sock and Buskin Club of Adelbert College and the Curtain Players of Mather College performed Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream. This was part of Western Reserve University’s Centennial Celebration and in dedication of the Shakespeare Garden Theatre (also known as the Municipal Outdoor Theatre) in Rockefeller Park. The theatre was dedicated to Marie Bruot, former drama teacher at Central High School. City Manager William R. Hopkins requested the production. The theatre was on East Boulevard between Superior and St. Clair Avenues.

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Over 1500 watched the performance the first night. Seats were erected on the hillside where part of the audience was seated. Others watched from various vantage points. Spotlights were the only modern stage equipment used.

The play had participation from various groups on and off campus. The costumes were designed by Agnes Brooks Young of the Cleveland Play House and created by Mary Geary and students of the Household Administration Department at Mather College. The choreography of the fairy ensemble was supervised by Muriel East Adams of the Mather College Physical Education Department.

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The music was written by Quincy Porter of the Cleveland Institute of Music and performed by students of the Music School Settlement. Staging and lighting were under the direction of Max Eisenstat from the designs of Archie Lauterer, both of the Cleveland Play House. The director was K. Elmo Lowe, also of the Cleveland Play House. Lowe stated, “When we dedicate the Shakespeare Theatre we want comedy to be the occasion keynote. Just fun for everyone.”

Cast members included: Allen Goldthwaite as Theseus and Doris Young as Hippolyta; Ralph A. Colbert as Lysander, Fred W. Walter as Demetrius, Nadine Miles as Hermia, Fredrica Crane as Helena; Sidney Andorn as Oberon, Eleanor Koob as Titania, Emiah Jane Hopkins as Puck.

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The mechanicals were: John Maurer as Quince, Arlin Cook as Snug, Milton Widder as Bottom, Sterling S. Parker as Flute, Will Carlton as Snout, and Vincent H. Jenkins as Starveling.

The fairies were Katherine M. Squire, Evelyn Fruehauf, Helen Shockey, Lucile McMackin, Gladys M. Benesh, Miriam Cramer, Fay Hart, Alice Sorensen Caroline Hahn. Other parts were played by Sydney Markowitz (Egeus), Richard Barker (Philostrate), Harriette Winch, Helen Bunnell, Robert Glick and Maurice Rusoff (ladies and gentlemen of the Court).

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Titania and several fairies (left), Milton Widder as Bottom portraying Pyramus (right)

Learn about the beginnings of Shakespeare in the classroom.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 07:24 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities | People | Places

July 14, 2016

Kelvin Smith Library - Origins, Innovations, and a Few Numbers

The history of libraries at Case Western Reserve University has been a lengthy process of consolidation. In 1929 Western Reserve University had thirteen school and sixteen department libraries. In his 1928/29 annual report President Vinson wrote, “There is a large and increasing number of libraries in and around the University the coordination of which would, it is thought, work to the great advantage of all.” In December 1929, that coordination began with the appointment of Herbert Hirshberg as Director of University Libraries. It might be said that Kelvin Smith Library’s organizational geneaology begins with the establishment of University Libraries under Hirshberg. In the almost 90 years since, libraries have experienced an intriguing mix of continuity and change. Below are a few examples:

Library card catalog (left); Freiberger Library computer laboratory, 1991 (right)

1930: Western Reserve University’s libraries held a total of 360,000 volumes and spent $58,513.59 on books.

1936: The Cleveland Regional Union Catalog brought together, in a single card catalog, the holdings of over 40 libraries in the Cleveland area, including both WRU and Case libraries. The catalog was housed at WRU.

1945: WRU’s University Library’s total budget was $66,678.60.

1949: WRU’s University Library established an Audio-Visual Aids service to identify, order, and show films. In the first year over 7,300 students viewed 300 films.

1950: WRU’s University Library held 421,712 volumes, managed by a staff of thirty-two. Its total budget was $150,614. Nine other libraries existed for Flora Stone Mather College, Cleveland College, Law, Medicine, Nursing, Applied Social Sciences, Dentistry, Library Science, and Architecture.

Freiberger Library staff, 1959

1960: The total budget of WRU’s University Library was $295,060.

1965: Besides the University Library, WRU had separate libraries for the schools of Law, Medicine, Nursing, Applied Social Sciences, Dentistry, and Library Science. University Library’s budget was $468,620.

1968: James V. Jones was hired as Case Western Reserve University's Director of University Libraries. Although they would remain physically distinct for nearly 30 more years, Western Reserve University's Freiberger Library and Case Institute of Technology's Sears Library administratively became a single unit.

1971: University Library held 840,000 volumes and had a total budget of $1,544,191.

1975: Sears Library was one of several campus buildings flooded by severe thunderstorms. Over 50,000 volumes were damaged. While most of the volumes were restored, 10,000 were lost. Collection losses totalled $800,000.

Sears Library flood, 1975 (left); Instruction in using dedicated database terminal, 1978 (right)

1979: Access to over 200 Lockheed Information Systems, SDC, and BRS indexing and abstracting databases was available through dedicated terminals in Freiberger and Sears libraries.

1986: A new microcomputer laboratory, featuring Apple computers, opened in Freiberger Library. Almost 2,400 people used the lab during its first 20 weeks.

1987: EUCLID, the combined catalog for all campus libraries, went on-line. Terminals were available in all the libraries and it was hoped that dial-in access would be available soon.

1989: A new computer lab opened in Sears Library. It featured Macintosh SEs and ImageWriter LQs. Software such as PageMaker 3.02, Hypercard, and Microsoft Word 4.0 was available. Laser printing was 25 cents per page.

1990: Databases on CD-ROM allowed library users to conduct their own database searches on specially equipped workstations in Freiberger and Sears libraries. The Mailroom team defeated the Library team, 44-24, for the championship of the staff basketball league. (Libraries do not run on technology alone.)

1996: Kelvin Smith Library (KSL) opened, combining the collections and services of Freiberger and Sears libraries.

2001: KSL launched a Digital Chat Reference service to alow users outside the library to easily connect to reference librarians.

2004: The Center for Statistical and Geospatial Data opened in KSL to assist users to combine data from multiple sources and plot the results on a variety of maps.

2005: The Samuel B. and Marian K. Freedman Digital Library, Language Learning, and Multimedia Services opened to offer state-of-the-art multimedia tools to the campus community. KSL’s collection held 1,938,766 print volumes. The total budget was $8,400,979.

2006: Digital Case was launched as CWRU’s “digital library, institutional repository and digital archive.”

More recent initiatives at KSL can be seen in the library’s strategic plans and reports and KSL News

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 12:32 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

July 25, 2016

Paralyzed riders use new technology to race bikes

Time trials in Cleveland Heights will determine who reaches upcoming international competition

News Release: July 25, 2016

CLEVELAND—Four men and a woman from across the United States, who are paralyzed below the waist, will race on recumbent trikes at the Cleveland Heights Recreation Center at the Team Cleveland Cybathlon Trials, Tuesday, July 26.

The time trials, from 5:30 to 8 p.m. are free and open to the public.

The racers, or pilots as they’re called, are vying for two spots to travel to the international Cybathlon, a version of the Olympics for technology-assisted competitors, in Zurich, Switzerland.

All of the pilots in the Cleveland trials employ neural stimulation systems to power themselves around a track.

Engineers, scientists and medical professionals from Case Western Reserve University, the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, University Hospitals Case Medical Center and MetroHealth Medical Center originally customized each system to help individual pilots do such tasks as stand, walk, maintain balance and posture and more.

“An implanted neural stimulator can activate up to 16 muscle groups,” explained Ronald Triolo, a professor of orthopaedics and biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and executive director of the Advanced Platform Technology Center at the Stokes Cleveland VA.

“It was developed by the VA and Case Western Reserve and consists of a surgically implanted pulse generator and electrodes inserted into the muscles near the motor nerves, or wrapped around them,” Triolo said. “There's an external controller that communicates with the implant by radio waves transmitted through the skin by an antenna taped to the skin. “

A simple encoder senses where the pedal crank is and turns the right muscle on at the right time to propel the bike forward, he said.

Triolo, who leads the team supporting the pilots, agreed to enter the competition “to encourage the development of all sorts of assistive technologies and educate the public about their potential to impact the lives of people with disabilities,” he said.

Plus, he thought it would be fun for the pilots and their support team, who have continued to conduct research sponsored by the VA, National Institutes of Health and Department of Defense while they've trained and prepared for the competition over the past year.

The five pilots maintain active lives following their spinal cord injuries. They are:

• John Barber, of Medina, Ohio, a father of two who’s been married 24 years. He travels extensively as general manager for an electro-mechanical ceramic manufacturer.

• Don Crago, a veteran from Youngstown, Ohio, has been using a hand-powered cycle for decades. He also water and snow skis, shoots skeet and more.

• Jennifer French, of St. Petersburg, Fla., an author and editor, earned a silver medal in sailing in the 2012 Paralympic Games. She kayaks, fishes and scuba dives.

• Michael McClellan, of Rocklin, Calif., has been renovating a casita in Mulege, Mexico. He plays tennis and scuba dives and returned to college after his injury.

• Mark Muhn, of Morgan Hill, Calif., manages his construction company, travels with his wife and lives with their blended family of 10 children, along with goats, chickens and more, at their rural home.

Each pilot will ride two time trials on an oval track laid out inside the Cleveland Heights Community Center at Monticello Boulevard and Mayfield Road.

Riders with the top two times will advance to the Cybathlon, Oct. 8. They’ll compete in 750-meter races on an oval track in Zurich.

The competitions and demonstrations at the Cybathlon are aimed at facilitating discussion between academia and industry as well as technology developers and people with disabilities, and to promote the use of robotic assistive aids to the general public.

Pilots with other kinds of physical disabilities will compete by navigating a series of tasks using powered knee prostheses, wearable arm prostheses, powered exoskeletons, powered wheelchairs and novel brain-computer interfaces.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 01:58 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

July 19, 2016

New book: Is the Roberts Court pro-business? Not necessarily

Case Western Reserve School of Law Professor Jonathan Adler and business law experts examine U.S. Supreme Court’s record on business cases

News Release: Tuesday, July 19, 2016

CLEVELAND—At first glance, the new book Business and the Roberts Court (Oxford University Press) is a valuable read for lawyers practicing business law, and for the academics who teach it. Digging deeper, it’s a captivating mystery.

Does the United States Supreme Court under Chief Justice John Roberts live up to a pro-business tag attached by some court watchers? Or does the court shift in directions that make it seem anti-business?

“The goal was to create a volume that had value to corporate counsel, partners in firms, appellate practitioners and people who follow the court in a professional capacity,” said Jonathan H. Adler, the book’s editor and contributor of its introduction and final chapter, Business as Usual? The Roberts Court and Environmental Law. Adler is the Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law and director of the Center for Business Law and Regulation at Case Western Reserve University School of Law.

Business and the Roberts Court provides clues about how the nation’s high court may respond to business cases put before it in the years ahead, when a replacement is eventually chosen for conservative Justice Antonin Scalia, who was found dead in Texas on Feb. 13. The book was compiled before Scalia’s death.

Business law and regulatory cases touch on many important legal doctrines and can have far-reaching effects. Understanding the basis on which the Supreme Court decides business-related cases is of tremendous importance to practitioners and academics, Adler said.

Business and the Roberts Court covers extensive ground by:
• Examining the treatment of "business law" issues.
• Involving prominent scholars who look closely at recent decisions of interest to business.
• Evaluating the extent to which it is "pro-business" and what that means.
• Analyzing its approach to various business cases. Roberts was appointed to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit in 2003.

President George W. Bush nominated Roberts as chief justice of the United States, and Roberts took his seat on Sept. 29, 2005. The nominee of a politically conservative president was widely assumed to be pro-business. Adler’s introduction, In Search of the Pro-Business Court, raises the prospect that the Supreme Court under Roberts hasn’t been predictable.

Taken together, the book’s chapters lead to a conclusion, according to Adler, that where business interests seek outcomes that are in line with the justices’ doctrinal commitments, they can expect to prevail. Yet, where a business is unable to marshal arguments that appeal to the justices’ underlying judicial philosophies, its odds are less favorable, no matter how much a business may believe is at stake.

“This volume should make clear that the Court’s tendencies in business-related cases are not easily reduced to a hashtag slogan,” Adler said.

Since Roberts was confirmed, the Court has handed the business community its share of victories, but it has also handed business groups substantial losses, Adler wrote.
For example, businesses would likely approve of decisions raising the formal bar for filing many lawsuits, upholding broad arbitration clauses and rejecting new avenues of class-action litigation against large corporations.

The Court has also refused to pre-empt litigation against drug makers or block state immigration laws penalizing businesses that hire undocumented workers, and it unleashed the federal regulation of greenhouse gases by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Adler wrote the in the book’s introduction that “these are hardly outcomes favored by big business.”

Among the book’s authors and chapter titles:

Bradley W. Joondeph: Business, the Roberts Court, and the Solicitor General: A Further Exploration
At Santa Clara University School of Law, Joondeph is an author on the topics of federalism, judicial behavior and American constitutional development. He has had extensive experience with the Supreme Court, having served as judicial clerk to Sandra Day O’Connor.

J. Mitchell Pickerill: Is the Court Business-Friendly? Is the Pope Catholic?
Pickerill, from Northern Illinois University, is involved in research that focuses on the relationship between the Supreme Court and the other branches of government.

Richard J. Lazarus: Advocacy Matters
Lazarus teaches environmental law, natural resources law, Supreme Court advocacy, and torts at Harvard Law School. He has represented the United States, state and local governments, and environmental groups in the United States Supreme Court in 40 cases and has presented oral argument in 13 of those cases.

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 05:56 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

July 18, 2016

Researchers build a crawling robot from sea slug parts and a 3-D printed body

Swarms could one day search the depths of fresh and saltwater

News Release: July 18, 2016

CLEVELAND—Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have combined tissues from a sea slug with flexible 3-D printed components to build “biohybrid” robots that crawl like sea turtles on the beach.

A muscle from the slug’s mouth provides the movement, which is currently controlled by an external electrical field. However, future iterations of the device will include ganglia, bundles of neurons and nerves that normally conduct signals to the muscle as the slug feeds, as an organic controller.

The researchers also manipulated collagen from the slug’s skin to build an organic scaffold to be tested in new versions of the robot.

In the future, swarms of biohybrid robots could be released for such tasks as locating the source of a toxic leak in a pond that would send animals fleeing, the scientists say. Or they could search the ocean floor for a black box flight data recorder, a potentially long process that may leave current robots stilled with dead batteries.

“We’re building a living machine—a biohybrid robot that’s not completely organic—yet,” said Victoria Webster, a PhD student who is leading the research. Webster will discuss mining the sea slug for materials and constructing the hybrid, which is a little under 2 inches long, at the Living Machines conference in Edinburgh, Scotland, this week.

Webster worked with Roger Quinn, the Arthur P. Armington Professor of Engineering and director of Case Western Reserve’s Biologically Inspired Robotics Laboratory; Hillel Chiel, a biology professor who has studied the California sea slug for decades; Ozan Akkus, professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of the CWRU Tissue Fabrication and Mechanobiology Lab; Umut Gurkan, head of the CWRU Biomanufacturing and Microfabrication Laboratory, undergraduate researchers Emma L. Hawley and Jill M. Patel and recent master’s graduate Katherine J. Chapin

By combining materials from the California sea slug, Aplysia californica, with three-dimensional printed parts, “we’re creating a robot that can manage different tasks than an animal or a purely manmade robot could,” Quinn said.

The researchers chose the sea slug because the animal is durable down to its cells, withstanding substantial changes in temperature, salinity and more as Pacific Ocean tides shift its environment between deep water and shallow pools. Compared to mammal and bird muscles, which require strictly controlled environments to operate, the slug’s are much more adaptable.

For the searching tasks, “we want the robots to be compliant, to interact with the environment,” Webster said. “One of the problems with traditional robotics, especially on the small scale, is that actuators—the units that provide movement—tend to be rigid.”

Muscle cells are compliant and also carry their own fuel source—nutrients in the medium around them. Because they’re soft, they’re safer for operations than nuts-and-bolts actuators and have a much higher power-to-weight ratio, Webster said.

The researchers originally tried using muscle cells but changed to using the entire I2 muscle from the mouth area, or buccal mass. “The muscle already had the optimal structure and form to provide the function and strength needed,” Chiel said.

Akkus said, “When we integrate the muscle with its natural biological structure, it’s hundreds to 1,000 times better.”

In their first robots, the buccal muscle, which naturally has two “arms,” is connected to the robots printed polymer arms and body. The robot moves when the buccal muscle contracts and releases, swinging the arms back and forth. In early testing, the bot pulled itself about 0.4 centimeters per minute.

To control movement, the scientists are turning to the animal’s own ganglia. They can use either chemical or electrical stimuli to induce the nerves to contract the muscle.

“With the ganglia, the muscle is capable of much more complex movement, compared to using a manmade control, and it’s capable of learning,” Webster said.

The team hopes to train ganglia to move the robot forward in response to one signal and backward in response to a second.

With the goal of making a completely organic robot, Akkus’ lab gelled collagen from the slug’s skin and also used electrical currents to align and compact collagen threads together, to build a lightweight, flexible, yet strong scaffold.

The team is preparing to test organic versions as well as new geometries for the body, designed to produce more efficient movement.

If completely organic robots prove workable, the researchers say, a swarm released at sea or in a pond or a remote piece of land, won’t be much of a worry if they can’t be recovered. They’re likely to be inexpensive and won’t pollute the location with metals and battery chemicals but be eaten or degrade into compost.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 06:44 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

July 12, 2016

ILLiad Loans and "My Library Account"

"Why can't I view all my current loan check-outs in the same place?"

This is a question that comes up on occasion, and deserves at least some explanation to our users for whom it is a constant concern...

The scenario is this--

You go to the Case Library Catalog and click on the My Library Account link (which appears in the navigation bar at the top of many of our catalog pages) to view or renew your current loans, and you see all the items you currently have checked out or on hold (if any) through your CWRU library account, except ... those dog-gone interlibrary loan items you requested through your ILLiad account.

The reason for this is--

ILLiad is not in any way directly synchronized with or incorporated within the CWRU libraries' joint patron checkout system, which only handles loans of items held within the university's four campus location library systems, and of those held within the OhioLINK and SearchOhio consortium member libraries. (The latter of these, though technically direct checkouts from these external host collections, are often conceptualized as "interlibrary loans" by many patrons.) ILLiad is essentially a separate and (for the most part) independent system, and this is why ILLiad loan transactions (whether "in process", "on hold", "checked out" or "returned") are not encapsulated within or accessible through the "My Library Account" logon site display.

As a side note--

ILLiad does draw upon a patron's current status in the library's circulation system (through a tangential interface protocol known as "API authentication") to determine whether or not a potential registrant or current user is in good standing. In other words, you may not be allowed to set up a new account or you may be blocked from signing into an existing account, if you have fines in excess of $15.00 or if you have not properly entered your Case Account Number into the new user registration form.

Getting back on topic--

You can only view your ILL statuses for returnable items by logging into the account you have already created at the Kelvin Smith Library ILLiad website (or the corresponding sites for MSASS Harris Library, the CWRU Law Library or the Cleveland Health Sciences Library). Click on the "Checked Out Items" link from your account's Main Menu, to view the list of all your current ILLiad loans, conveniently displayed in table format, then select a specific transaction number to open up the corresponding request record. This, of course, is also where you would request a renewal, provided the loan in question is eligible for one.

Hopefully this has clarified some common misconceptions.

For further assistance in determining your appropriate service point, please consult the Libraries of Case Interlibrary Loan Directory or my blog entry for August 7, 2009.

If you have any questions or concerns about ILL loans through ILLiad, please contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 09:27 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Features | Policies | Recommendations | Services

July 12, 2016

Dr. Jeffrey Pigott receives AGU Award

Dr. Jeffrey Pigott, an NSF Postdoctoral Scholar in the department, is a recipient of the 2016 AGU Mineral and Rock Physics Graduate Research Award. The award, established in 1990, recognizes 1-2 promising young scientists each year for outstanding contributions achieved during their PhD research. Congratulations, Jeff!

Posted on Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences News and Events by Linda Day at 10:53 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged:

July 11, 2016

Researchers developing quick, inexpensive test to assess ER+ breast cancers

National Cancer Institute awards $3.3 million to develop digital image analytics

News Release: July 11, 2016

CLEVELAND—Researchers from Case Western Reserve University are teaming with industry and other academics to develop a quick and inexpensive test to predict which women with ER+ breast cancer need chemotherapy and which need only the more tolerable hormonal therapy.

The National Cancer Institute has awarded the group a $3.3 million, five-year grant to produce software that recognizes minute features in pathology images to distinguish between the two groups and develop an image based risk score.

Estrogen receptor-positive, or ER+, is the most common form of breast cancer with nearly 1 million women worldwide diagnosed with the disease annually. Medical guidelines recommend chemotherapy and hormonal therapy, even though researchers estimate that more than half of women who suffer from ER+ don’t require or benefit from harsh chemotherapy.

The only test to predict which women require chemo costs about $4,000 and takes up to two weeks to produce results. For many women, especially in developing nations, the test isn’t a realistic option.

“With this technology, any woman with suspected breast cancer will have a biopsy, the slides of which can be digitized and analyzed for pennies on the dollar,” said Anant Madabhushi, the F. Alex Nason professor II of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and leader of the research.

“This will be especially attractive in low- and middle-income countries,” said Madabhushi, who also directs Case Western Reserve’s Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics and a member of the Case Comprehensive Cancer Center. “If you can accurately determine the cancer does not require chemotherapy, you are not only sparing the patient from the detrimental effects of the therapy, but sparing your resources.”

Because images can be sent electronically worldwide, patients would be able to receive their results in a day, even hours, saving them weeks of worry, the researchers say.

The academics are partnering with Florida-based Inspirata Inc., to develop a pathway to translate and commercialize the technology quickly.

Inspirata will ensure that the software development follows the protocols necessary for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval. The company will work with the university-based researchers and plans to create a pre-commercial prototype.

The researchers will use slides from two clinical trial cooperatives: the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group and the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project, to validate the tools they develop.

Madabhushi’s lab is working with Case Western Reserve School of Medicine’s Hannah Gilmore, MD, assistant professor of pathology, and Pingfu Fu, associate professor of biostatistics; Rutger’s University’s Shridar Ganesan, MD, associate professor of medicine and pharmacology; University of Pennsylvania’s Michael Feldman, MD, associate professor of pathology and laboratory medicine; and State University of New York, Buffalo’s John Tomaszewski, MD, chairman of pathology and anatomical sciences.

Inspirata founder and Executive Vice President Mark Lloyd, PhD, and Lead Scientist James Monaco, PhD, are leading the company’s effort.

Inspirata has licensed eight technologies Madabhushi has helped develop. Madabhushi is a scientific consultant and a member of the company’s scientific advisory board and has equity in Inspirata.

Madabhushi’s lab has been working for more than a decade on using big data and digital pathology to benefit human health.

In addition to this grant, Madabhushi’s lab with Dr. Vinay Varadan, Assistant Professor of General Medical Sciences at CWRU has been awarded a $115,000 grant from Philips Electronics to integrate magnetic resonance images taken before and during treatment, and digital pathology images of Her2+ breast cancers to develop what they hope will be a stronger predictor of outcome Inspirata will also be involved on this project.

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Entry is tagged: Official Release

July 06, 2016

Changes in benign tissue next to prostate tumors may predict biomedical recurrence of cancer, scientists find

News Release: July 6, 2016

CLEVELAND—Changes in benign tissues next to prostate tumors may provide an early warning for patients at higher risk for biochemical recurrence after a radical prostatectomy, a study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions shows.

Biochemical recurrence, which is increasing prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels, can be used to predict which prostate cancer patients will develop local recurrence, distant metastases and death.

In a small sampling, image analysis of the adjacent tissue was a better predictor than the current standard for prognosis following the prostatectomy.

If preliminary findings are confirmed by further studies, they may help doctors decide sooner which patients need more follow-up therapies after surgery or should return for more regular monitoring.

“In a sense, this study is validating what a lot of people think regarding these cancers—that there is a field effect, as if the tumor has hard-to-see tentacles that can affect the patient and outcomes,” said Anant Madabhushi, the F. Alex Nason professor II of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and leader of the research.

Madabhushi worked with Case Western Reserve’s George Lee, a research assistant professor, and Sahirzeeshan Ali, a PhD student, and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions’ Robert W. Veltri, associate professor of urology, and Jonathan I. Epstein, the Reinhard Professor of Urologic Pathology. Their study is published in the journal European Urology Focus.

The researchers analyzed records from 70 patients who underwent radical prostatectomies from 2000 to 2004 with up to 14 years follow-up. They digitized images of the resected prostate specimens and analyzed the tumor regions and surrounding tissue that appeared to be benign.

Of the group studied, 22 suffered from biochemical recurrence, metastasis or died.

The scientists used computers to search for and identify image features that may be undetectable with the human eye, but which may correlate with a biochemical recurrence. They used the top 10 features to develop a risk score.

They were surprised to find that nuclear shape and architecture in the benign-looking tissue were greater predictors of recurrence than features found in the tumor, Madabhushi said. “Its an amazing finding, completely unexpected.”

Among the risk calculators used to assess prostate cancer recurrence is a nomogram of variables known to influence recurrence, and a Gleason score, which is based on the cancer tissue pattern compared to normal tissue.

“We were able to do better than nomograms and the Gleason score,” Madabhushi said.

But by combining the benign-field features with tumor features extracted from patient’s pathology images and Gleason scoring, they were able to further improve the prediction of recurrence.

All of the specimens and images used in this study came from Johns Hopkins. To validate the computer image analysis is universal, the researchers will test images and specimens from hospitals in Cleveland.

“We know information from different labs tend to be slightly different,” Madabhushi said. “We’ll see how the image analysis handles these variables.”

The researchers suggest that if the features they identified prove to be reliable indicators, that they be used in combination with the traditional tools.

“There’s a clear path to a clinical/translational test,” Madabhushi said. “There’s no destruction of tissue—nothing to stop us from analyzing the images and specimens and coming up with a risk score.”

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June 24, 2016

Shakespeare beginnings on campus

To help commemorate the 400th anniversary of William Shakespeare’s death, the Folger Shakespeare Library is sending a First Folio on a tour of the country. From June 20 through July 30, 2016, the Cleveland Public Library will be the host site in Ohio. To join in this celebration we wanted to touch on Shakespeare in the classroom and on stage at CWRU.

For much of the 19th century the classical curriculum was taught and required of all students. In the late 19th century electives began to be offered.

On 2/29/1892, as reported in the College for Women faculty minutes, a committee was appointed to consider forming a lectureship on Shakespeare. On 5/3 the “Committee on Lectureship on Shakespeare reported that arrangement had been made with Professor Lounsbury to deliver 8 lectures.” A week later, the WRU Board of Trustees Executive Committee approved the appointment of “Professor Thomas R. Lounsbury of Yale Scientific as lecturer on Shakespeare at a salary of $500.” These lectures were given in the Spring 1893 semester.

The first course in Shakespeare at the College for Women was taught in the 1893-1894 academic year. Here is the description from the Catalogue:

“Shakspere. Four plays selected for their illustration of different stages in the development of Shaksperian art, and as a basis for textual criticism. The prescribed work will include the Rolfe edition of the plays, the Shakspere Primer (Dowden), Shakspere’s Versification (Browne), and collateral reading from Shakspere: His Mind and Art (Dowden), and Shakspere as a Dramatic Artist (Moulton).” The class was taught by Mr. C. W. Ayer.

Lemuel S. Potwin

The first Shakespeare class at Adelbert College was taught in 1895-1896 by Lemuel Potwin. However, according to the 1892-1893 annual report by Potwin, a class was held (1892-1893) studying English poets from Chaucer to Tennyson. During the second half of the year a class of six seniors and juniors “read the whole of Shakespeare, one play being discussed on each day of recitation. Points of discussion were: The characteristics of the different periods of the poet’s work. A comparison with some earlier dramas, and the merits of select passages.” There was also held a class in the Elizabethan Dramatists. A graduate of Yale, Potwin was professor of Latin at Western Reserve College and Adelbert College (1871-1892), professor of English Language and Literature, Adelbert College (1892-1906) and professor emeritus (1906-1907).

In the library’s catalog of 1849 there was a Shakespeare book listed but no title given. It was book 604 on shelf 62. In the 1851 catalog the listing was for Shakspeare William, Dramatic Works.

Coming: Shakespeare performances on campus

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Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

June 24, 2016

Scientists ditch approximations, begin modeling universe with Einstein’s full theory of General Relativity

Researchers find small-scale structures produce important effects using new computer codes

News Release: June 22, 2016

CLEVELAND—Research teams on both sides of the Atlantic have shown that precise modeling of the universe and its contents will change the detailed understanding of the evolution of the universe and the growth of structure in it.

One hundred years after Einstein introduced general relativity, it remains the best theory of gravity, the researchers say, consistently passing high-precision tests in the solar system and successfully predicting new phenomena such as gravitational waves, which were recently discovered by the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory.

The equations of general relativity, unfortunately, are notoriously difficult to solve. For the past century, physicists have used a variety of assumptions and simplifications in order to apply Einstein’s theory to the universe.

On Earth, that’s something like averaging the music made by a symphony. The audience would hear a single average note, keeping the overall beat, growing generally louder and softer rather than the individual notes and rhythms of each of the orchestra’s instruments.

Wanting details and their effects, U.S. and European teams each wrote computer codes that will eventually lead to the most accurate possible models of the universe and provide new insights into gravity and its effects.

While simulations of the universe and the structures within it have been the subject of scientific discovery for decades, these codes have made some simplifications or assumptions. These two codes are the first to use Einstein’s complete theory of general relativity to account for the effects of the clumping of matter in some regions and the dearth of matter in others.

Both groups of physicists were trying to answer the question of whether small-scale structures in the universe produce effects on larger distance scales. Both confirmed that’s the case, though neither has found qualitative changes in the expansion of the universe as some scientists have predicted.

“Both we and the other group examine the universe using the full theory of general relativity, and have therefore been able to create more accurate models of physical processes than have been done before,” said James Mertens, a physics PhD student at Case Western Reserve University who took the lead in developing and implementing the numerical techniques for the U.S. team.

Mertens worked with John T. Giblin Jr., the Harvey F. Lodish Development Professor of Natural Science at Kenyon College and an adjunct associate professor of physics at Case Western Reserve; and Glenn Starkman, professor of physics and director of the Institute for the Science of Origins at Case Western Reserve. They submitted two manuscripts describing their work to the arXiv preprint website on Nov. 3, 2015.

Less than two weeks later, Marco Bruni, reader in cosmology and gravitation at the University of Portsmouth, in England, and Eloisa Bentivegna, Senior Researcher
and Rita Levi Montalcini Fellow at the University of Catania, Italy, submitted a similar study.

Letters by the two groups appear back-to-back in the June 24th issue of The Physical Review Letters, and the U.S. group has a second paper giving more of the details in the issue of The Physical Review Part D to be published on the same day. The work will be highlighted as Editors’ Suggestion by Physical Review Letters and Physical Review D and in a Synopsis on the American Physical Society Physics website.

The researchers say computers employing the full power of general relativity are the key to producing more accurate results and perhaps new or deeper understanding.

“No one has modeled the full complexity of the problem before,” Starkman said. “These papers are an important step forward, using the full machinery of general relativity to model the universe, without unwarranted assumptions of symmetry or smoothness. The universe doesn’t make these assumptions, neither should we.”

Both groups independently created software to solve the Einstein Field Equations, which describe the complicated interrelationships between the contents of the universe and the curvature of space and time, at billions of places and times over the history of the universe.

Comparing the outcomes of these numerical simulations of the correct nonlinear dynamics to the outcomes of traditional simplified linear models, the researchers found that approximations break down.

“By assuming less, we’re seeing something new,” Giblin said.

Bentivegna said that their preliminary applications of numerical relativity have shown how and by how much approximations miss the correct answers. More importantly, she said, “This will allow us to comprehend a larger class of observational effects that are likely to emerge as we do precision cosmology.”

“There are indeed several aspects of large-scale structure formation (and their consequences on, for example, the cosmic microwave background) which call for a fully general relativistic approach,” said Sabino Matarrese, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Padua, who was not involved in the studies.

This approach will also provide accuracy and insight to such things as gravitational lensing maps and studying the cross-correlation among different cosmological datasets, he added.

The European team found that perturbations reached a “turnaround point” and collapsed much earlier than predicted by approximate models.

Comparing their model to the commonly assumed homogeneous expansion of the universe, local deviations in an underdensity (a region with less than the average amount of matter) reached nearly 30 percent.

The U.S. team found that inhomogeneous matter generates local differences in the expansion rate of an evolving universe, deviating from the behavior of a widely used approximation to the behavior of space and time, called the Friedmann–Lemaître–Robertson–Walker metric.

Stuart L. Shapiro, professor of physics and astronomy at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, is among the acknowledged leaders of solving Einstein’s equations on the computer. “These works are important, not only for the new results that they report, but also for being forerunners in the application of numerical relativity to long-standing problems in cosmology,” said Shapiro, who was not involved in the studies.

No longer restricted by the assumptions, researchers must abandon some traditional approaches, he continued, “and these papers begin to show us the way.”

Bruni said galaxy surveys coming in the next decade will provide new high-precision measurements of cosmological parameters and that theoretical predictions must be equally precise and accurate.

“Numerical relativity simulations apply general relativity in full and aim precisely at this high level of accuracy,” he said. “In the future they should become the new standard, or at least the benchmark for any work that makes simplifying assumptions.”

Both teams are continuing to explore aspects of the universe using numerical relativity and enhancing their codes.

Bentivegna and Bruni used the Einstein Toolkit, which is open-source, to develop theirs. The U.S. team created CosmoGRaPH and will soon make the software open-source. Both codes will be available online for other researchers to use and improve.

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June 23, 2016

Kelvin Smith Library Exhibits News

Shakespear poster

The Kelvin Smith Library’s Special Collections has so much news in the way of exhibits!

To begin, the first floor Art Gallery is getting a makeover! Coming this fall, the Art Gallery will feature new wall panels, like those in professional art galleries and museums. Such panels adapt to the needs of each exhibit (panels are paintable and movable), permitting a more natural flow through an exhibit. 

Currently running in the Hatch Reading Room on the second floor of KSL is the Epicurean Adventures exhibit, which explores the evolution of cookbooks and gastronomic-related texts as documents of history, culture, gender roles and the growing interest in sustainable food practices. In the end, you’ll walk away from this experience feeling encouraged to reconsider the cookbook as an historical primary document. On display throughout the summer, Epicurean Adventures is a beautiful, interesting and informative exhibit you need to see!

On July 14 beginning at 5:30 in the evening, to complement the Epicurean exhibit, KSL will be hosting a panel discussion featuring local food journalists David Farkas, Mary Sweeney and Elaine Cicora. Discussions will be centered around how food journalism has changed in light of technology, how gender plays into food documentation, changes in food and hospitality industry and a few lighter questions about the speakers' experiences related to food memories. If you’re interested in attending, please email

Lastly, this year marks the 400th anniversary of the death of William Shakespeare. As a nod to Bill and his affect on pop culture, KSL will be hosting Shakespeare Goes Pop! We are currently seeking submissions from all CWRU and CIA community members. Anything goes regarding your view of how this iconic writer has affected what we see and hear daily — commercials, movies, posters, etc. Submissions are due September 9 to 

Posted on KSL News Blog by Rachel Trem at 03:12 PM | Comments (0)

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June 22, 2016

CWRU researcher scaling up knotty polymer research

Advincula receives $300,000 National Science Foundation grant

News Release: June 22, 2016

CLEVELAND—Turning the art of a trefoil knot into polymer science is no easy process, but researchers at Case Western Reserve University developed a technique that produces a long chain molecule with the desired pretzel-like shape.

Knotted polymers, sometimes found in nature, produce different properties than a relatively straight polymer chain, and scientists and manufacturers hope to take advantage.

“There are indications knotted polymers could be used to make more stable protein structures in drugs or imaging biomarkers—making both more effective,” said Rigoberto Advincula, Case Western Reserve professor of macromolecular science and engineering and leader of the research. “Or they may be used to make high value polymers with lower viscosity and lower melting points, which would make them less expensive to produce.”

In the year since he announced the new technique, physicists and polymer researchers worldwide have been requesting and receiving samples from Advincula, most often to test for new properties the knots may offer, compared to the simpler chains used to make polymer films and fibers.

Now, the National Science Foundation has awarded, a $300,000, three-year grant to develop methods for producing knots at an industrial level.

Advincula worked with CWRU graduate students Peng-Fei Cao and Joey Mangadlao to develop the original technology. Their research, published in the journal Angewandte Communications, drew a congratulatory email from Jean-Pierre Sauvage, an emeritus professor of chemistry at Université de Strasbourg, France, who is considered the father of supramolecular knot synthesis.

Trefoil knots are common in Celtic art: three intertwining loops resembling the outlines of three overlapping leaves. A trefoil knot can be made with rope by first tying an overhand knot then connecting the two loose ends. But that strategy doesn’t work well when trying to tie a long-chain molecule.

Instead, Advincula’s group created a copper-based template, then grew a polymer knot along the template’s architecture through a process called ring-expansion.

Like the trefoil and other knots studied by mathematicians using knot theory, the molecule appears to have no beginning and no end.

When the grant starts in July, Advincula’s lab will focus on designing and synthesizing new compositions of catenated polymers (monomers connected in a chain) and block copolymers (two polymers joined at the ends) using ring opening and ring expansion polymerization techniques.

The researchers will collaborate with polymer physicists, theorists, and rheologists in the U.S. and around the world. They will use knot theory to develop various knotted macromolecules with controlled entanglements as well as block copolymer compositions with high yields and high molecular weight.

The knots are expected to produce different physical and chemical properties in plastics, coatings, rubber, composites and more.

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June 15, 2016

CWRU physicists deploy magnetic vortex to control electron spin

Potential technology for quantum computing, keener sensors

News Release: June 15, 2016

CLEVELAND—Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a way to swiftly and precisely control electron spins at room temperature.

The technology, described in Nature Communications, offers a possible alternative strategy for building quantum computers that are far faster and more powerful than today’s supercomputers.

“What makes electronic devices possible is controlling the movement of electrons from place to place using electric fields that are strong, fast and local,” said physics Professor Jesse Berezovsky, leader of the research. “That’s hard with magnetic fields, but they’re what you need to control spin.”

Other researchers have searched for materials where electric fields can mimic the effects of a magnetic field, but finding materials where this effect is strong enough and still works at room temperature has proven difficult.

“Our solution,” Berezovsky said, “is to use a magnetic vortex.”

Berezovsky worked with physics PhD students Michael S. Wolf and Robert Badea.

The researchers fabricated magnetic micro-disks that have no north and south poles like those on a bar magnet, but magnetize into a vortex. A magnetic field emanates from the vortex core. At the center point, the field is particularly strong and rises perpendicular to the disk.

The vortices are coupled with diamond nanoparticles. In the diamond lattice inside each nanoparticle, several individual spins are trapped inside of defects called nitrogen vacancies.

The scientists use a pulse from a laser to initialize the spin. By applying microwaves and a weak magnetic field, Berezovsky’s team can move the vortex in nanoseconds, shifting the central point, which can cause an electron to change its spin.

In what’s called a quantum coherent state, the spin can act as a quantum bit, or qubit—the basic unit of information in a quantum computer,

In current computers, bits of information exist in one of two states: zero or one. But in a superposition state, the spin can be up and down at the same time, that is, zero and one simultaneously. That capability would allow for more complex and faster computing.

“The spins are close to each other; you want spins to interact with their neighbors in quantum computing,” Berezovsky said. “The power comes from entanglement.”

The magnetic field gradient produced by a vortex proved sufficient to manipulate spins just nanometers apart.

In addition to computing, electrons controlled in coherent quantum states might be useful for extremely high-resolution sensors, the researchers say. For example, in an MRI, they could be used to sense magnetic fields in far more detail than with today’s technology, perhaps distinguishing atoms.

Controlling the electron spins without destroying the coherent quantum states has proven difficult with other techniques, but a series of experiments by the group has shown the quantum states remain solid. In fact, “the vortex appears to enhance the microwave field we apply,” Berezovsky said.

The scientists are continuing to shorten the time it takes to change the spin, which is a key to high-speed computing. They are also investigating the interactions between the vortex, microwave magnetic field and electron spin, and how they evolve together.

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June 15, 2016

Burning for knowledge: researchers ignite fire in space

News Release: June 15, 2016

CLEVELAND—Researchers from Case Western Reserve University, NASA John H. Glenn Research Center and around the world performed the largest fire-safety experiment ever in space when the unmanned Cygnus cargo module backed a safe distance from the International Space Station (ISS), Tuesday afternoon.

Small-scale experiments on materials about the size of an index card, done on the ISS, indicate that flames behave differently in microgravity than on Earth. This experiment, called Saffire-I, is expected to show how fire may grow and spread at a size that aerospace researchers consider dangerous.

NASA and other space agencies say this and the series of five more experiments over the next two years are essential to verifying fire-safety protocols or developing new rules and perhaps materials for the ISS and manned flights to Mars.

"Because flames behave so differently in space, we worry about fire safety," said James T'ien, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Case Western Reserve and member of the research team. "You can't escape fire in space. You can't just jump out a window."

A second use
David L. Urban, branch chief at NASA Glenn, devised the idea to place the experiment in an unmanned space vehicle that delivers supplies to the ISS and hauls away the station’s garbage. The Orbital ATK Cygnus is regularly burned up on re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean.

The experiment series, called Spacecraft Fire Experiment, or Saffire for short, cost $24 million and includes researchers from European, Japanese and Russian space agencies.

T'ien and Ya-Ting Tseng Liao, an assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering at Case Western Reserve, have recently been running computer simulations of the fire, based on the ISS work and burns lasting about 5 seconds in drop towers that simulate microgravity on Earth.

Their model predicts that, on the large scale, the flame will grow to approximately 6 centimeters in length and spread steadily through the sample.

“The Saffire experiment will provide unique data for us to validate and fine tune parameters of our model,” Liao said.

Fire on board
The fire was contained in a 3-by-5-foot chamber that's subdivided to keep the monitoring and control equipment safely away from the burning material. The experiment was placed aboard the Cygnus before it lifted off to resupply the station in March.

A heated wire ignited a cloth that's 75 percent cotton and 25 percent fiberglass, 16 inches by 40 inches. The researchers chose cotton because most astronauts like to wear the material in space, Tien said.

On Earth, buoyancy is the force that raises a flame. Because there is no buoyancy in space, fans blowing at one end of the chamber provide a force, moved air as slow as 5 centimeters per second.

Video from two cameras that provide a top-down view of the burning material will help determine the length of the flame. Data from temperature gauges called thermocouples will be used to trace the temperature changes of the flame and help reconstruct the three-dimensional shape.

During the 2½-hour experiment, the researchers monitored the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations and temperatures in the chamber.

Due to the volume of video, transmitting the data to Earth is expected to take up to eight days. The researchers will watch to see how the flame grows and spreads, look for the limit at which a flame forms—or doesn't—and the intensity of the combustion.

The new data will be used to improve the computer model, Liao said. "Once we've validated the model under these conditions, we will begin predicting flame behavior under other conditions and use it as a guide to improve testing on Earth," she said.

In Saffire-II, the international team will test a mix of nine different strips of fabric commonly used in space, including flame-retardant cloths. Saffire-III is similar to Saffire-I but will run at a different flow velocity. Researchers plan to build the rest of the experiments largely on what they learn from the first three.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 04:15 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

June 15, 2016

Renovations Happening at KSL

Please pardon our mess for the next few weeks, as we are working efficiently to improve the Kelvin Smith Library. Though flexible and may be adjusted, the schedule of changes and floors affected is as follows: 

Beginning June 15: Tear-out and installation of 3rd Floor Atrium and Quiet Study Area

Beginning June 27: Tear-out and installation of 2nd Floor Atrium, O’Neill Reading Room, Research Commons, Dampeer Room and Hatch Reading Room

Beginning July 5: Tear-out and installation of Cramelot, Reference Collection, Lower Level Atrium and Collaboration Rooms

Please note the following regarding changes and construction at KSL:

The Service Desk is available for any help at all, including finding alternative workspaces

All collections will remain available throughout the entire installation process

Updates will be provided regularly to keep the transition as easy as possible on all KSL visitors

Thank you in advance for your cooperation!


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May 24, 2016

Case Western Reserve University’s landmark polymer science program launches dual-PhD with students from Brazil

News Release: Tuesday, May 24, 2016

CLEVELAND—The polymer science and engineering program at Case Western Reserve University, already historic as the first of its kind in the country when launched 53 years ago, has reached another milestone: the start of an innovative PhD dual-degree with four leading Brazilian universities.

The collaboration, funded by the Coordenação de Aperfeicoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES), the Brazilian equivalent of the National Science Foundation, will eventually support 80 PhD students in polymer science and engineering. Each will devote the first and fourth years at their home institutions in Brazil, and the second and third years in residence at Case Western Reserve.

The first group of 12 Brazilian PhD students began the Case School of Engineering program this month, marking a milestone five years in the making as part of the university’s agreement with CAPES, part of Brazil’s Ministry of Education.

Associate Professor João Maia, in Case Western Reserve’s Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering, helped arrange the program through meetings in Brazil that began in 2011, leading to an agreement signed in 2014.

The Brazil program is expected to push Case Western Reserve’s PhD enrollment in polymers research to more than 100 students this fall, and to as many as 160 by fall 2019.

“For the Brazilians, they gain international ties to a university in the United States with very strong programs,’’ Maia said.

Through the same international collaboration, Case Western Reserve’s biomedical engineering program will soon also welcome students from Brazil, he said.

The agreement was finalized with support from David A. Schiraldi, the Peter A. Asseff, PhD, Professor of Organic Chemistry and chair of the Department of Macromolecular Science and Engineering at Case School of Engineering, and Associate Provost for International Affairs David Fleshler.

“To welcome the first Brazilian PhD students after five years of planning is a true reflection of the dedication and effort of everyone involved, both at CWRU and in Brazil,” Fleshler said. “I commend everyone for their support of this exciting program, and I look forward to increasing our educational initiatives in Brazil.”

Arranging the program required considerable coordination because of the distance and contrasting academic seasons. The students will have U.S. and Brazilian co-advisers for their research and receive PhD degrees from both Case Western Reserve and their home universities.

“This program represents a major investment by the Brazilian government in polymer PhD students, supporting the growth of this industry in their country,” Schiraldi said.

Macromolecular science is the study of the synthesis, structure, processing, properties and use of polymers—giant molecules that serve as the basis of synthetic materials including plastics, fibers, rubber, films, paints, membranes and adhesives.

“The advances in computation power have completely changed the paradigm in how we work and what kind of information we can extract,” Maia said. ”It’s a very exciting time for the field. We are getting a really good understanding about how polymers behave, from the macroscopic to the nano scale. That’s a huge thing for us.”

The school of engineering’s Macromolecular Science and Engineering Department was founded in 1963 as the first for education and research in polymers nationally, and remains among the top-ranked in the world.

“The Brazilian government and the participating universities have chosen to partner with an internationally recognized, strong and comprehensive university,” Schiraldi said.

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December 08, 2009

Alternative Request Forms & Resources

This is not meant to dissuade anybody from making use of our ILLiad interlibrary loan services, but just another friendly reminder to make sure to use the many other resources available through the university's libraries first...

Of course you will want to check the CASE Online Catalog to find out if anything you need is already available in the collections of Kelvin Smith Library or any of the other library systems here on campus. If you can't locate what you require locally, then be sure to check the holdings in OhioLINK next. When copies of books are available there, you can submit requests there to borrow them directly. (If you experience difficulty using the OhioLINK system, you may instead submit a loan request through ILLiad, as long as you indicate this in your notes.) If you need to have a journal article supplied from OhioLINK holdings, of course you will still need to submit your request in ILLiad, and a comment about such availability in the 'Notes' field is always helpful. Another resource you may wish to consult for your research needs is CPL Books at KSL, especially if you are seeking more popular or leisure-type materials.

Always remember to check into our Electronic Journals and Electronic Books for quick access to online materials. You can print out or save copies many journal articles, and view a large collection of online books, without ever having to go to the shelves. Also, be aware that much of our collections are held off-campus at our R.R.C.C. Storage (local) and Iron Mountain (remote) facilities, and you may request items for same-day or next-day retrieval. Catalog entries for electronic items will usually contain links to access and download these materials, and those for items in storage will normally include links to the appropriate retrieval request forms.

If you need access to CASE theses or dissertations, you may be able to locate these in the Kelvin Smith collections, including Iron Mountain and University Archives (non-circulating), or in the other campus library systems. You may also be able to access a large number of electronic versions of these by searching in Digital Case Electronic Theses. Case electronic theses, as well as many from OhioLINK member universities, can also be searched at OhioLINK Electronic Theses.

When you have exhausted all these resources, then it's time to submit your interlibrary loan requests through your ILLiad account. If the item you need is particularly new or rare, you may concurrently choose to suggest a purchase for addition to the KSL collections, as well as attempting an ILL request. However, we ask that you do NOT submit this information in the 'Notes' field of your ILLiad request form--instead, use the Suggest a Purchase request form.

By following these few recommendations, you can make better, more efficient use of the libraries' convenient services, and avoid unnecessary delays in obtaining the materials you require.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 11:10 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

June 13, 2016

Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised V)

I realize it doesn't take much imagination to create another one of these, so I'm putting a little more effort into this one than I have in the past...

So, in order to allow interested parties to better navigate this site, I have now provided this present index (and very likely all forthcoming ones) with direct links to each entry, including previous Cumulative Indexes -- Why? Well, why not? And yes, I know there technically is a difference between an "index" and a "table of contents", but for my purposes, these terms are synonymous. Well, then, here it is --

Textbooks on Interlibrary Loan -- August 26, 2008
Archives of American Art Holdings -- September 9, 2008
Requesting Renewals in ILLiad -- September 25, 2008
Proper Entry of Data into Article Request Forms -- October 14, 2008
One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please -- October 29, 2008
Checking Local & OhioLINK Holdings First -- November 19, 2008
Blocked ILLiad Accounts -- December 3, 2008
ILLiad Loans vs. OhioLINK Loans & Local Checkouts -- December 18, 2008

Abbreviated Titles -- January 23, 2009
'Notes' and 'Source of Citation' Fields in ILLiad Request Forms -- February 13, 2009
Authorized Users -- March 4, 2009
'Library-Use-Only' Materials Borrowed through ILLiad -- March 25, 2009
Other' Request Form (Miscellaneous Loans) -- April 16, 2009
Retrieving Electronic Delivery Articles -- May 5, 2009
Viewing E-Mail Notifications from ILLiad -- June 3, 2009
Tracking in Your ILLiad Requests & Explanation of Statuses -- July 7, 2009
Which ILLiad Site or ILL Service Point to Use? -- August 7, 2009
Variation in Electronic Delivery Quality -- September 8, 2009
Theses & Dissertations -- Availability through Interlibrary Loan -- October 6, 2009
Cancelling ILLiad Requests Already Submitted -- November 4, 2009
Alternative Request Forms & Resources -- December 8, 2009

Foreign Language Titles in Interlibrary Loan Requests -- January 22, 2010
Copyright Issues & ILL -- February 24, 2010
Converted ILL Requests -- March 24, 2010
ILLiad System Alerts -- April 27, 2010
Requesting Specific Editions & New Books on ILL -- May 19, 2010
Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Up-to-Date -- June 28, 2010
Requesting Books vs. Book Chapters -- July 28, 2010
Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date) -- August 27, 2010
Requesting '[Epub ahead of print]' Articles on ILL -- September 24, 2010
Multiple-Part Loans Borrowed through ILL -- October 27, 2010
Blocked from Using ILLiad - Revisited -- November 17, 2010
OCLC WorldCat and ILLiad Requests -- December 15, 2010

E-Books through Interlibrary Loan? -- January 26, 2011
Your ILLiad Password -- February 22, 2011
Requesting Entire Series through ILL -- March 25, 2011
Duplicate Requests in ILLiad -- April 21, 2011
Paperwork with Loaned ILL Books -- May 25, 2011
ILLiad Menu in Your Login Session -- June 23, 2011
Case Account Number and ILLiad New User Registration -- July 25, 2011
Courtesy Electronic Delivery Materials for Faculty ILLiad Users at KSL -- August 24, 2011
Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised) -- September 20, 2011
One Item per ILLiad Transaction, Please - Revisited -- October 25, 2011
ILL Do's and Don't's - 1st Installment -- November 23, 2011
OCLC Non-Supplier Locations -- December, 27, 2011

ILL Do's and Don't's - 2nd Installment -- January 25, 2012
Quick List of ILL Pointers -- February 23, 2012
Reminders about Electronic Deliveries -- March 23, 2012
Some Tips on Properly Filling out ILL Request Forms -- April 23, 2012
Some Brief Comments about ILL Turnaround Times -- May 23, 2012
Logging in with Your ILLiad UserName & Password -- June 19, 2012
ILLiad Login Problems? -- It May be Your Browser -- July 24, 2012
Tips for Distance Ed Graduates (DM Program, Document Delivery & ILL) -- August 28, 2012
5 Quick Tips for ILL -- September 21, 2012
2 Tips Regarding Article Requests -- October 25, 2012
Browsers and Viewing PDF's in ILLiad -- November 20, 2012
ILLiad Login vs. Single Sign-On -- December 20, 2012

ILLiad Requests and Non-Roman Alphabetical Characters -- January 28, 2013
Loan Notifications from ILLiad: Overdues, Renewals, Recalls, etc. -- February 19, 2013
Reminder About Library-Use-Only Loans -- March 6, 2013
Faculty Campus Delivery & ILLiad Loans -- April 17, 2013
Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised II) -- May 22, 2013
Coming Soon -- Another Overdue Notice ... and a Few Comments on Loans -- June 18, 2013
Planning Your Use of ILLiad Loaned Materials -- July 24, 2013
Some Comments on Electronic Delivery -- August 27, 2013
ILL and the New KSL Service Center Configuration -- September 20, 2013
A Few General ILL Comments Worth Repeating -- October 24, 2013
ILLiad Help Pages May Have the Answer -- November 18, 2013
Some Timely End-of-Year Odds and Ends -- December 17, 2013

New Feature--ILL Staff Can Log into ILLiad as Patron, and an Update on Requesting Renewals -- January 23, 2014
Memory Cues for KSL ILL Staff Contacts -- February 20, 2014
A Few Words About Picking up Your ILLiad Loans -- March 19, 2014
ILL Books No Longer Needed? -- April 22, 2014
Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised III) -- May 13, 2014
ILL Books May Become Part of the KSL Collections -- June 23, 2014
Numbers to Remember for Interlibrary Loan Services -- July 11, 2014
Things to Remember About ILLiad and ILL Services -- August 20, 2014
Visiting Scholars and ILL Services -- September 17, 2014
OhioLINK Loans vs. ILLiad Loans at KSL -- October 23, 2014
OCLC Numbers, ISSN's & ISBN's When Submitting ILL Requests -- November 21, 2014
Some Quick End-of-Year Reminders About ILL -- December 5, 2014

Quick Refresher Course on Password Reset -- January 21, 2015
Loans vs. Copies - When Catalogued Monographs Turn Out to be Journal Article or Book Chapter Reprints -- February 13, 2015
ILL Convenient Services at the KSL Service Center -- March 16, 2015
Essential ILLiad vs. OhioLINK -- April 20, 2015
Don't Get Blocked! -- Maintaining Uninterrupted ILLiad Service at KSL -- May 20, 2015
Cumulative Table of Contents for this Blog (to Date, Revised IV) -- June 24, 2015
Using Appropriate Forms When Submitting Requests in ILLiad -- July 30, 2015
Some Quick Tips for the Coming Year + Some ILL Statistics -- August 22, 2015
Kelvin Smith Library is a SHARES Member -- September 25, 2015
We Can Clone -- and So Can You! -- October 14, 2015
Keeping Your ILLiad User Information Current -- A Reprise -- November 18, 2015
Assorted End-of-Year Reminders -- December 10, 2015

OhioLINK Loans & ILLiad Duplicate Requests -- January 19, 2016
ILLiad Request Basics -- A Few Reminders -- February 19, 2016
Non-Roman Alphabetical Characters in ILLiad Requests - Revisited -- March 21, 2016
Please Don't Hammer! -- A Little Patience with ILLiad -- April 18, 2016
Renewals -- Another Look -- May 19, 2015

Just a note-- I accidentally deleted virtually the entire first draft of this entry, so I essentially had to re-create it from scratch. Well, these things do happen, but I'm not fishing for any sympathy. After all, it's not exactly a Ph.D. dissertation.

Thanks for using it, and hope it proves helpful.

Questions about ILLiad or ILL policies and services? Feel free to contact the Kelvin Smith Library ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 03:51 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Indexes

June 08, 2016

Drug candidate shrinks tumor when delivered by plant virus nanoparticle

Phenanthriplatin outperformed cisplatin in mouse model of triple-negative breast cancer when encapsulated into nanocarrier

News Release: June 8, 2016

CLEVELAND—In a pair of firsts, researchers at Case Western Reserve University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology have shown that the drug candidate phenanthriplatin can be more effective than an approved drug in vivo, and that a plant-virus-based carrier successfully delivers a drug in vivo.

Triple-negative breast cancer tumors of mice treated with the phenanthriplatin -carrying nanoparticles were four times smaller than those treated either with cisplatin, a common and related chemotherapy drug, or free phenanthriplatin injected intravenously into circulation.

The scientists believe the work, reported in the journal ACS Nano, is a promising step toward clinical trials.

“We may have found the perfect carrier for this particular drug candidate,” said Nicole Steinmetz, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve, who has spent 10 years studying the use of plant viruses for medical purposes.

She teamed with Stephen J. Lippard, Arthur Amos Noyes Professor of chemistry at MIT, and an expert in biological interactions involving platinum-based chemotherapies.

Platinum-based drugs are used to treat more than half of cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Two of the most commonly used drugs are cisplatin and carboplatin. They form bifunctional cross-links with DNA in cancer cells, which block the DNA from transcribing genes and result in cell death, Lippard explained.

Despite widespread use, cisplatin has been shown to cure only testicular cancer, and many cancers have or develop immunity to the drug.

Lippard’s lab altered cisplatin by replacing a chloride ion with phenanthridine and found that the new molecule also binds to DNA. Instead of forming cross-links, however, phenanthriplatin binds to a single site but still blocks transcription.

In fact, his lab found that phenanthriplatin is up to 40 times more potent than traditional platins when tested directly against cancer cells of lung, breast, bone and other tissues. The molecule also appears to avoid defense mechanisms that convey resistance.
But when injected into mouse models of cancer, the drug candidate performed no better than standard platins.
Lippard realized phenanthriplatin wasn’t reaching its target. He had a drug delivery problem.

He found a potential solution while visiting Case Western Reserve’s campus and heard Steinmetz explain her work investigating tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) for drug delivery more than a year ago.

“I envisioned that TMV would be the perfect vehicle,” Lippard said. “So we had a beer and formed a collaboration.”

The long, thin tobacco mosaic virus nanoparticles are naturals for delivering the drug candidate into tumors, said Steinmetz, who was appointed by the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine.

The virus particles, which won’t infect humans, are hollow. A central tube about 4 nanometers in diameter runs the length of the shell and the lining carries a negative charge.

Phenanthriplatin is about 1 nanometer across and, when treated with silver nitrate, has a strong positive charge. It readily enters and binds to the central lining.

The elongated shape of the nanoparticle causes it to tumble along the margins of blood vessels, remain unnoticed by immune cells and pass through the leaky vasculature of tumors and accumulate inside. Little healthy tissue is exposed to the toxic drug.

Inside tumors, the nanoparticles gather inside the lysosomal compartments of cancer cells, where they are, in essence, digested. The pH is much lower than in the circulating blood, Steinmetz explained. The shell deteriorates and releases phenanthriplatin.

The shell is broken down into proteins and cleared through metabolic or natural cellular processes within a day while the drug candidate starts blocking transcription, leading to greater amounts of cell death through apoptosis than cross-linking platins.

The researchers say delivery of the phenanthriplatin into the tumor led to its improved performance over cisplatin or free phenanthriplatin.

Lippard and Steinmetz continue to collaborate, investigating use of this system to deliver other drugs or drug candidates, use in other types of cancers, the addition of agents on the exterior of the shell to increase accumulation inside tumors and more.

Other authors of the paper are Anna E. Czapar, PhD student in pathology at the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine; and Sourabh Shukla, research assistant professor in biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve; and MIT’s Yao-Rong Zheng, Imogen Riddell and Samuel G. Awuah, postdoctoral researchers in Lippard’s lab.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 06:46 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

June 07, 2016

Practicing how to play during school can improve student imaginations and creative problem-solving, study shows

News Release: Wednesday, June 07, 2016

Elementary students who practiced playing at school significantly improved their organization of stories, imagination and frequency in showing emotion, according to a study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University.

Students who struggled using their imaginations before the study also saw marked improvement in their creative problem-solving abilities—considered essential to navigate the adult world, according to researchers.

“Sometimes people think you’re creative or not,” said Sandra Russ, the study’s co-author and Distinguished University Professor and Louis D. Beaumont University Professor of psychology at Case Western Reserve. “Everybody has potential to be creative; it’s a skill that can be improved with practice. It doesn’t take a year or two. We showed significant improvements in how the students were playing in a brief time during the school day.”

For the study, children were asked to use their imaginations to create and act out stories about everyday life through a number of activities organized by researchers, such as pretending toy blocks were other objects and making up stories, while using gestures and expressions to indicate a range of emotions.

All students improved their abilities to generate a variety of ideas—apparent in actions such as making up alternate story endings or envisioning blocks as multiple props.

“Helping kids develop play skills transfers to other tasks that require creativity,” said Russ. “Children who play better, cope better. They can think of more things to do if something doesn’t go according to plan.”

“These 5-year olds are future 16-year-olds,” said Jessica Hoffmann, lead author of the study and a postdoctoral research associate at the Yale Center for Emotional Intelligence. “Playing helps prepare them for what they’ll face later in life.”

Teaching by playing

The findings show the benefits of practicing play in schools for developing creativity in children, say researchers. Yet with limited room in curriculums, there has been a reduction in play and recess time in schools.

“This study suggests that, with a little bit of play guidance, we can make a positive difference. It fights the idea that play is a waste of time. It’s not,” said Russ. “It’s how kids, for centuries have developed. It’s how kids deal with problems.”

Children use play as a safe space to practice using and regulating emotional content, allowing them to express fears or concerns in a distanced way, such as pretending a doll is mad at a parent, when it’s the child who is angry.

“Play activities are a way schools can work with kids to help them feel comfortable expressing feelings, start to handle unpleasant thoughts, knowing what to do with aggression and sadness and being overly excited,” said Hoffmann.

With a brief teacher training, play sessions can be integrated into recess time or after-school activities, and parents can do similar activities at home, say researchers.

The research

For the study Hoffmann and Russ held six 30-minute play activities during the school day for students 5 to 8 years old.

First, each child was asked to play with blocks and puppets in any way they wanted while telling a story, and were scored on organization and imagination—including story complexity and novelty—as well how they expressed emotions, such as aggression, happiness, competitiveness and frustration.

Another activity, using a common measure of creativity, asked children to think of uses for everyday objects, such as a newspaper or button, in order to reflect a child’s ability to generate original ideas.

Then, children were randomly assigned to two groups: one a control group that played with crafts and puzzles and the other participated in the play group.

During the play activities, adults provided examples of how to play, while praising and reflecting on actions by the students.

Then, once again, individual play and creativity assessments were carried out.

Children in the play groups increased organization, imagination and emotional expression in their play when compared with the control group. And below average players were more creative than before.

“The power of a school group is that students can learn from each other. Children who are good at playing help their fellow classmates,” said Hoffmann, who conducted the study as her thesis while a PhD student at Case Western Reserve.

“Play is natural for children,” she added. “Once you provide the space and parameters, children know what to do, they learn fast, and these skills will help them in their lives.”

The study was published in the journal Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. The study was sponsored by the Center for Research on Girls at the Laurel School in Shaker Heights, Ohio.

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 06:59 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged:

June 06, 2016

Testing of backlogged rape kits yields new insights into rapists and major implications for how sexual assaults should be investigated

News Release: Monday, June 06, 2016

New data challenges conventional wisdom about rape among scholars, advocates, police and prosecutors.

The testing of nearly 5,000 forgotten and backlogged rape kits in Cuyahoga County has led to investigations, indictments, prosecutions—and, already more than 250 convictions.

But besides bringing justice to long-ignored victims and taking scores of violent offenders off the streets, the efforts of the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Task Force are also helping to change how law enforcement agencies and the academic community view and prosecute rape.

That’s because the Task Force has partnered with researchers from the Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at Case Western Reserve University’s Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, and has given unprecedented access to information on hundreds of sexual assaults committed between 1993 and 2010.

The research team discovered serial rapists are far more common than previous research suggested—a finding that could change how sexual assaults, including so-called acquaintance rapes, are investigated. They are also learning more about how rapists operate and their victims.

“By working together, we can help change the way sexual assaults are investigated and how the system and society view sexual assaults, victims, and offenders,” said Daniel J. Flannery, the Dr. Semi J. and Ruth W. Begun Professor at the Mandel School, director of the Begun Center, and co-lead researcher of the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Pilot Research Project.

“We have an historical opportunity and obligation to make a difference,” he said.

“These rape kits have been the greatest gold mine of information and leads for law enforcement that I have seen in my four-decade career,” said Cuyahoga County Prosecutor Timothy J. McGinty. “We are going to end up prosecuting a thousand criminals, and that will make our county significantly safer. But we also want to learn from mistakes that created this backlog and never allow them to be repeated.”

“The thousand or more cases we expect to solve will help us understand the behavior of these career criminals so that police can more effectively and promptly investigate and prosecute rapes. This task force will prevent new victims from being attacked because these criminals will be in prison,” McGinty added.

Among the research team’s early findings, available in a series of briefs now online (

Serial rapists are far more common than previous studies had suggested. Of the 243 sexual assaults studied, 51 percent were tied to serial offenders, who generally had more extensive and violent criminal histories than one-time sexual offenders.

“Our findings suggest it is very likely that a sexual offender has either previously sexually assaulted or will offend again in the future,” said Rachel Lovell, a senior research associate at the Begun Center and co-leader of the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Pilot Research Project. “Investigating each sexual assault as possibly perpetrated by a serial offender has the potential to reduce the number of sexual assaults if investigations focus more on the offender than on single incidents.”

Rapists have long criminal histories that often began before their first documented sexual assault and continued after it.

An overwhelming majority of both serial and one-time sexual offenders had felony-level criminal histories: 74 percent of all serial rapists had at least one prior felony arrest and 95 percent of them had at least one subsequent felony arrest. Among one-time sexual assault offenders, the figures were 51 percent and 78 percent.

Among the serial sex offenders, 26 percent had a prior arrest for sexual assault and 60 percent had a subsequent arrest for sexual assault (not related to the sexual assault identified in the SAK Initiative).

“These are one-man crime waves,” said Prosecutor McGinty. “And now that we realize this, we cannot allow these kits to sit on shelves untested in the future. They hold the keys to identifying and convicting dangerous criminals.”

Serial and one-time rape suspects exhibited different behaviors during their crimes.
For example, sexual assaults committed by serial offenders more frequently involved kidnapping victims and then verbally and physically threatening them, often with weapons. And yet sexual assaults committed by serial offenders less frequently involved restraining victims and injuring them in order to complete the attack. One-time offenders were actually more likely to punch, slap, hold down or restrain a victim.

Serial offenders were more likely to commit sexual assault outdoors, in a vehicle, or a garage while a one-time offender was more likely to attack in his own house, or the house of the victim or a third party. Serial sexual offenders tend to attack in the same type of location: 58 percent of serial offenders commit all of their crimes in the same type of setting.

One-time offenders are more likely than serial offenders to commit sexual assaults with others, such as participating in gang rapes.

Serial offenders were more frequently strangers to their victims compared to one-time offenders.

Half the serial offenders assaulted only strangers, but fully a third of them had a mix of known and unknown individuals among their victims. This underscores the need to thoroughly investigate acquaintance rapes, because of the possibility those offenders have or will engage in assaults against strangers, too.

Also of note: Even in cases of assaults by strangers, victims frequently provided some kind of identifying information to police, such as a partial name, a nickname or a license plate.

Most victims, even in the backlog, initially cooperated with police. The drop-off came after the first reporting encounter between investigators and victims: 69 percent did not respond to further attempts to be contacted by police.

Victims in the cases studied—all but three of them female—ranged in age from two to 70, with an average age of 26. Nearly 70 percent were African American, a reflection of the neighborhoods where the incidents documented in the backlogged rape kits took place.

In 2013, Prosecutor McGinty organized the multi-agency Task Force to investigate DNA evidence generated by Attorney General Mike DeWine’s Sexual Assault Kit Testing Initiative. A year later, McGinty approached the Begun Center to mine data accumulated through the testing, investigation and prosecution of nearly 5,000 rape kits collected but not tested for DNA between 1993 and 2010.

Researchers coded police and investigative reports, DNA lab reports, and criminal histories of victims and defendants identified through DNA testing—histories that in many cases include lengthy lists of arrests, convictions and violent incidents.

“We can start to say we have a better picture of who victims are and who offenders are,” said Lovell.

“Also, we know more about how offenders rape. How cases moved through the process—or failed to move to prosecution. How can we do a better job of holding offenders accountable. We have data on a larger and more diverse group of rapists, which allows us a better understanding of what kind of rapists commit certain kinds of crimes—and how this information can aid an investigation,” Lovell added.

Prosecutor McGinty said the Task Force has been “phenomenally successful.” To date, 462 defendants responsible for more than 500 sexual assaults have been indicted. Prosecutors have won convictions in 92 percent of completed cases, with an average sentence of 10 years. A team of investigators, advocates and prosecutors is currently working on more than 2,700 cases.

“Law enforcement greatly underestimated the positive results that would come out of investigating these rape kits,” Prosecutor McGinty said. “We are identifying, prosecuting and punishing some of the most dangerous violent repeat offenders in our communities. The research now coming out of the Begun Center is reinforcing the importance of this work, not only in Cuyahoga County, but nationally.”

As researchers move forward with this project, they hope to explore additional topics, including a deeper understanding of different types of serial and one-time offenders, the characteristics of victims that significantly impact an investigation and prosecution of a rape allegation, and how communication between police and victim affects continued victim cooperation.

Additional funding to expand the Begun Center’s research came last fall as part of $2 million Department of Justice grant to the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor’s Office to support the work of the Sexual Assault Kit Task Force.

“The experience of collecting a rape kit is invasive and especially so right after a victim has been traumatically assaulted. These victims did what they have been asked to do to preserve evidence—but that evidence just sat, untested,” said Lovell. “The new processes we hope will emerge from our effort will better honor victims.”

In addition to the Cuyahoga County Prosecutor’s Office, the Task Force includes the Ohio Bureau of Criminal Investigation, the Cleveland Division of Police Sex Crimes Unit, the Cuyahoga County Sheriff’s Department and Cleveland Rape Crisis Center.

Additional researchers on the project from the Begun Center include: Fredrick Butcher, a research associate on the project; and Tiffany Walker and Laura Overman, both research assistants.

Read the four research briefs at:

Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 04:12 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

May 25, 2016

Cleveland researchers developing GPS for rectal cancer surgery

Risk score would determine who would benefit from chemoradiation alone

News Release: May 25, 2016

CLEVELAND—Researchers estimate that up to 10,000 rectal cancer patients undergo unnecessary surgery, and more than 25,000 suffer from pelvic sepsis, wound infection and permanent impairments from aggressive surgery in the United States annually.

That’s because it’s difficult to reliably tell which patients treated with chemotherapy and radiation still need surgery. Another challenge is surgeons lack strong guidance on just how much tissue beyond the cancerous tumor they should remove.

A researcher at Case Western Reserve University aims to provide answers to both uncertainties by analyzing features found in magnetic resonance images regularly taken before surgery and pathological specimens removed during surgery.

The features are too small to be seen by the human eye, but can be measured with computers. When associated with the known outcomes of past patients, the features may be used to make risk assessments and surgical maps for new patients.

“Because we have access to the images and the pathology, we can create accurate maps of residual disease,” said Satish Viswanath, research assistant professor in biomedical engineering and member of the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) at Case Western Reserve. “These analytics can be used as a guide for the surgical margins—a GPS for surgeons.”

Viswanath has received a $569,000, three-year grant from the Department of Defense to fund the project.

While obviously not limited to those who serve in the military, colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer among veterans and active duty military personnel.

Although studies show less invasive laparoscopic surgery yields more benefit, more than 90 percent undergo radical surgery due largely to the lack of reliable guidance. Still, 5 percent to 10 percent suffer local recurrence, a significant cause of death among older veterans.

By mining the images and data, Viswanath and co-investigators aim to learn which features, such as textures associated with lesions or fibrosis, are associated with residual disease.

The researchers will co-register, or align and fuse, the post-chemoradiation MR images with post-surgery pathology images. They will then try to determine which features on MRI are associated with patients’ outcomes—whether the cancer returned, they suffered incontinence or other impairments, or they beat the disease with little collateral damage with or without surgery.

Researchers will develop a risk-assessment scoring system based on those associations. The score will help doctors determine which patients need surgery after chemotherapy and radiation treatments and which don’t.

For those who need surgery, the associations will be used to define the boundaries. The goal is to remove enough tissue to prevent recurrence of cancer, but no more. Researchers believe that will reduce metastasis and also the number of impairments caused by overly aggressive surgery.

Co-investigators on this project include: Joseph Willis, professor of pathology; Raj Paspulati, associate professor of radiology; Conor Delaney, professor of surgery (Cleveland Clinic); Pingfu Fu, associate professor of epidemiology and biostatistics; and Sanford Markowitz, professor of hematology and oncology and colon cancer researcher, from the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine; Anant Madabhushi, professor of biomedical engineering at Case School of Engineering and Director of the CCIPD; and Eric Marderstein, surgeon, Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Pablo Ros, chairman of radiology at the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, will serve as a consultant.

The researchers will use post-chemoradiation images and pathology specimens from University Hospitals Case Medical Center to develop the surgical GPS and risk scores. They will validate the tools using images and pathology outcomes and assessments from the Stokes Cleveland VA.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 08:26 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

May 25, 2016

Same book, different culture, new meaning

News Release: Wednesday, May 25, 2016

In the 1960’s, when matchmakers paired writers with receptive readers overseas, so-called “World Literature” was born

The spark for William Marling’s new book—Gatekeepers: The Emergence of World Literature and the 1960s—came 20-odd years ago, while lecturing on the hard-boiled detective story as a Fulbright professor at the University of Vienna. A student stood up and asked why he wasn’t teaching Charles Bukowski.

How a student living in the shadow of Eastern Europe during the Cold War read (and found resonance in) the works of a Southern California beatnik fascinated Marling, who set out to understand how literature crosses not only language, but cultures

“When an author’s work makes sense to a new audience in a new context, it gains meaning—and becomes ‘World Literature,’ ” said Marling, professor of English at Case Western Reserve University. “For readers, it’s often about imagining a world that’s better or more interesting than their own.”

This cross-cultural matchmaking with works of literature is no accident; the agency of individuals whom Marling dubs “gatekeepers”—translators, literary scouts, friends, entrepreneurs, promoters—began opening doors for writers to find literary success in unlikely places starting the 1960’s.

Gatekeepers focuses on such four internationally known authors (including Bukowski). Marling traveled the world to study their unpublished letters and manuscripts in multiple languages, including those of Paul Auster, an American writer with a significant French following; Marling spotted an Auster novel for sale at a grocery check out aisle in the 1990’s and wondered: How did this get here?

“Books require a tighter cultural fit than movies or music, and literary gatekeepers have needed a subtle understanding of different cultures to produce these matches,” said Marling. “Exposing writers to overseas audiences used to be the domain of pretty rarified specialists, who would master languages, translate and compare works. Very few people have these skills anymore.”

Book reviewers are among the most influential gatekeepers of all, writes Marling, who ends his new book with a criticism of Michiko Kakutani, the lead literary critic at The New York Times. Through a statistical analysis of the books Kakutani reviewed in a five-year period, Marling shows she has promoted a rather limited scope of “World Literature.”

“She writes about mostly people with foreign names who came to the United States and are native speakers of English,” said Marling. “My book tries to expand our understanding of World Literature and the fascinating individuals who helped create it.”

By highlighting the shift in how literature finds audiences, Marling hopes to contribute to a growing theory in his field stressing the role of behind-the-scenes players in determining what people are reading when—and where. In the process, Marling calls on theories across the academic spectrum, including prospect theory and agent-oriented economic theory.

In fact, the combination of literature and economics in Gatekeepers is reflective of Marling’s unique background and a mingling of intellectual interests.

English professor with a business bent

Raised in a family of small business owners, Marling has “always had a more heightened economic awareness than most English majors,” he said, a facet that made him a natural for writing stories about businesses while traveling the country as a reporter for the magazines Fortune and Money.

After leaving journalism, Marling wrote a number of books about esteemed writers, such as 1982’s William Carlos Williams and the Painters, Dashiell Hammett (the first-ever scholarly study on the author), and Raymond Chandler—as well as the genre-focused The American Roman Noir and a study of the impacts of American culture and technology culture on societies overseas, How ‘American’ is Globalization? in 2006 (paperback, 2008).

As for Marling’s gatekeeper? That would be his wife, Raili Marling, he said, who is a gender studies/ American studies scholar and chair of the English department at the University of Tartu in Estonia:

“She helps point me in the right direction, toward the right people,” he said. “Good gatekeepers are hard to find.”

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