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February 05, 2016

State of Ohio’s Federal Research Network awards CWRU $1.65m to lead research in energy storage for defense and aerospace industries


News Release: Friday, Feb. 5, 2016


State of Ohio’s Federal Research Network awards CWRU $1.65m to lead research in energy storage for defense and aerospace industries

Funding establishes campus-based Center of Excellence with university and corporate partners

The State of Ohio’s Federal Research Network (FRN) today awarded Case Western Reserve University $1.65 million over two years to research and develop energy storage resources for the defense and aerospace industries as part of a statewide strategy to stimulate economic development and jobs.

The state investment, designed to encourage further funding from the federal government and industry, creates—as part of Case Western Reserve’s Great Lakes Energy Institute—the Partnership for Research in Energy Storage and Integration for Defense and Space Exploration (PRESIDES) Center of Excellence, a new consortium with other Ohio universities and industry partners.

The FRN Centers of Excellence are designed to advance the state’s research and commercialization of developing technologies—especially those supporting NASA Glenn Research Center and the Air Force Research Laboratory at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base (AFRL). Case Western Reserve was one of four Ohio universities to receive Round 1 awards for 2016-17, totaling $7.1 million in state funding.

For the first round of funding, three energy storage projects will be implemented that support the Federal Research Network’s plan to establish and maintain Ohio as a leader in federal research.

“We are focusing on developing next-generation batteries that are safe and lightweight and high performance to enhance applications across sectors,” said PRESIDES Director Alexis Abramson, professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering and director of the Great Lakes Energy Institute at Case Western Reserve.

• The first project explores developing a high-energy density lithium ion battery. The result would transform current lithium ion chemistries to produce batteries with higher capacity and longer life by using novel silicon anodes.

• Project two investigates a new approach to lithium-sulfur battery development using a solid ion, ceramic-based electrolyte and graphene cathode to meet the target requirements—the result of which would be a battery that safely operates in high temperatures.

• Project three explores a new approach to energy storage focused on embedding batteries within the structure, thus lowering the overall weight

“These three projects,” said Rohan Akolkar, an associate professor of chemical engineering at Case School of Engineering and faculty director of PRESIDES, “will address several critical scientific challenges in realizing high energy-density lithium batteries. Our teams will aim to develop new battery materials for improving battery performance and safety.”

The eventual goal: creating energy storage technologies that benefit AFRL and NASA Glenn that have demonstrated commercial viability and the potential to attract additional federal and industry investment.

Developing advanced energy storage solutions that address limitations is a priority for both NASA Glenn and AFRL. A broad range of NASA science, human exploration and aeronautics missions need high-performance, rechargeable batteries for load-leveling and electrical power.

“Case Western Reserve has enjoyed an extensive history with NASA since its founding,” said Anne Borchert, assistant vice president for corporate relations and strategic projects. “It’s great to have significant exploration bringing these two research partners together to benefit the state.”

The Air Force maintains a large number of military assets, including multiple types of systems worn by soldiers that rely heavily on power provided by rechargeable batteries. Even more, the rechargeable energy storage commercial market is nearly $6 billion and growing quickly, due to increased demand from the renewable energy, transportation and defense sectors.

PRESIDES will measure its success using several goals, such as attracting more than $500,000 in external funding at the end of two years and more than $2 million within three years.

Case Western Reserve’s PRESIDES partners include: Ohio State University, University of Akron, University of Toledo and University of Dayton, and, from industry, Lubrizol Corp., pHMatter, GrafTech, CRG and UES Inc.

With battery research active in multiple universities statewide, Ohio boasts one of the
most active energy storage research communities in the country. For example, CWRU has been a recognized leader in electrochemistry for decades. The University of Dayton has a strong research program developing novel electrodes and electrolytes and houses a robust battery testing facility. State funds will allow PRESIDES to capitalize on this existing research momentum to grow Ohio into a national leader in the energy storage field.

Established in 2009, the Great Lakes Energy Institute provides support to about 100 Case Western Reserve faculty members conducting research in critical areas of energy, including future grid and smart buildings, renewables through a materials and big-data approach, sensors and sensor systems for oil and gas, and energy storage.































Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 05:38 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 04, 2016

“The Power of Diversity” lecture series at Case Western Reserve University to feature Marc Lamont Hill, national political media contributor, author and professor




News Release: Thursday, February 4, 2016



Marc Lamont Hill, a noted political analyst for national media, author, and professor, and social-justice activist since his early years in Philadelphia, will be the next featured speaker in “The Power of Diversity” lecture series at Case Western Reserve University.

Free and open to the public, Hill’s lecture is Monday, Feb. 29, at 4:30 p.m., in Tinkham Veale University Center, Ballroom A, 11038 Bellflower Road, on the Case Western Reserve campus in Cleveland.

Hill, who holds a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania, is Distinguished Professor of African-American Studies at Morehouse College in Atlanta. His research focuses on the intersections of culture, politics and education.

He hosts HuffPost Live and BET News, and formerly hosted a nationally syndicated television show, Our World With Black Enterprise. He appears regularly on CNN and formerly was with Fox News. In 2011, Ebony Magazine named him one of America’s 100 most influential black leaders.

Among Hill’s books is Beats, Rhymes, and Classroom Life: Hip-Hop Pedagogy and the Politics of Identity.

Hill is a founding board member of My5th, a non-profit organization devoted to educating youth about their legal rights and responsibilities, and works with the ACLU Drug Reform Project. He has actively worked on campaigns to end the death penalty and for the release of political prisoners.

Case Western Reserve’s Office for Inclusion, Diversity and Equal Opportunity sponsors the lecture series to inspire campus dialogue, community engagement, civic education and learning about the national significance of diversity and inclusion. The annual series is presented in the fall and spring semesters.


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 09:35 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 04, 2016

CWRU School of Law to offer new Executive Master’s Degree in Financial Integrity

Fueled by demand for senior anti-money laundering/financial crime-prevention professionals




News Release: Thursday, February 4, 2016



CLEVELAND—The Case Western Reserve University School of Law is adding a new executive master’s degree program in financial integrity, inspired by increasing demand by financial institutions and government agencies for anti-money laundering experts.

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime estimates the amount of money laundered globally ranges from $800 billion to $2 trillion per year.

Regulatory demands for improved efforts to counter money laundering as well as the financing of terrorism and the evasion of financial sanctions are fueling the need for superior compliance experts. The new master’s program, which will cover each of these areas of study, will be the first offered in this field by a major research university.

The Executive Master of Arts in Financial Integrity (MAFI) will begin in the fall, directed by Professor Richard Gordon, associate director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center and director of the law school’s Financial Integrity Institute.

“We are excited to be able to offer a new master’s degree in this cutting-edge area of law,” said Co-Deans Jessica Berg and Michael Scharf.

The 16-month executive program is designed for students with at least three years of experience in financial integrity practice or a related field. Courses will be team taught by academics and senior experts from government, the private sector and international organizations over a series of three-day weekends.

A key part of the program is a supervised capstone research project that addresses a current problem in the student’s practice to be presented to a panel of senior regulatory and law enforcement officials.

Classes will be held in New York City, with capstone presentations in Washington, D.C.

“We are bringing together some of the best practitioners and academics in the world to teach in this program,” said Gordon, a former senior counsel and senior financial sector expert for the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Following the 9/11 attacks, he served on the select IMF Task Force on Terrorism Finance.

The Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Specialists will be offering continuing credits for students in the new program. John Byrne, the association’s executive vice president and an anti-money laundering veteran, will also serve on the faculty.

“In today’s challenging compliance environment, the opportunities for advanced training and education has never been greater,” Byrne said. “The program will fill a major need and assist both the private and public sectors in combating money laundering and financial crime.”

A professional advisory committee chaired by Rick McDonell, executive secretary of the Association of Certified Anti-Money Laundering Experts and the former executive secretary of the Financial Action Task Force, will guide the program.

“This program is a perfect example of anti-money laundering professionals developing a comprehensive compliance and legal response to the global challenges regarding financial crime,” said Rick Small, senior advisor for anti-money laundering and financial crimes/financial services for EY, who also serves on the degree program’s advisory committee. “I am proud to be associated with this ground-breaking effort.”

For more information about the degree or to apply, contact Nancy Pratt at 216-368-6619 or npk3@case.edu.


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 05:02 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 04, 2016

“Science evangelist” Ainissa G. Ramirez to present lecture and book-signing Feb. 15


News Release: Thursday, Feb. 4, 2016


Ainissa G. Ramirez, PhD, a widely respected author and speaker described as a “science evangelist” for spreading her passion for science to the general public, will present a lecture and book-signing at Case Western Reserve University as part of Black History Month.

Her talk, “Bold STEM Innovators of the Past and Future,” will focus on the important contributions of underrepresented minorities in science.

The free public event is Monday, Feb. 15, on the second floor of Sears think[box] in the Richey Mixon Building, 11201 Cedar Ave., on the Case Western Reserve campus in Cleveland.
The lecture is 4-5:30 p.m., followed by the book signing.

She co-authored Newton’s Football: The Science Behind America’s Game (Random House) and wrote Save Our Science: How to Inspire a New Generation of Scientists (TED Books).

Ramirez, a former associate professor of mechanical engineering and materials science at Yale University before taking on the call to improve the public’s understanding of science, has long served as a public advocate for the importance of building a pipeline of talented underrepresented minorities and women in science fields.

She now focuses her energies on making science fun, and gave an impassioned called to action at TED on the importance of understanding science, technology, engineering and math (STEM). At Yale, she directed the award-winning science lecture series for children called Science Saturdays and hosted two popular-science video series called Material Marvels and Science Xplained.

Ramirez speaks internationally on the importance of making science fun, and has served as a science advisor to the American Film Institute, WGBH/NOVA, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and several science museums. Currently, she is writing a book on the role of materials in history and co-hosts a popular science podcast called Science Underground.

Technology Review, the magazine of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), named her as one of the world’s 100 Top Young Innovators for her contributions to transforming technology.

She has been profiled in The New York Times, Fortune magazine, CBS News, Inside Edition, Fox News, CNN, NPR, ESPN, Time magazine, Scientific American and Discover magazine.

Ramirez studied materials science and engineering at Brown University (Sc.B.) and Stanford University (PhD). Before serving on the faculty at Yale, she was a research scientist at Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technologies, in Murray Hill, N.J., where she conducted award-winning research. She has written more than 50 technical papers, holds six patents and has presented her work worldwide.

Her visit is sponsored by: the Department of Physical Education and Athletics, Flora Stone Mather Center for Women, Office for Inclusion Diversity and Equal Opportunity, Office of Minority Affairs, Office of Research and Technology Management, Society of Hispanic Professional Engineers, National Society of Black Engineers, President's Advisory Council on Minorities, Office of the Provost, Greek Life and WISER (Women in Science and Engineering Roundtable).






























Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 08:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 04, 2016

Rendering Thomas Jefferson, the architect


News Release: Thursday, February 4, 2016

CLEVELAND - Thomas Jefferson is the only American architect with the distinction of having two of his projects—the University of Virginia and his home, Monticello—land on the United Nations list of World Heritage sites.

What’s more, he created these projects while also drafting the Declaration of Independence, serving as the nation’s third president and engineering the Louisiana Purchase.

“Even in the midst of his achievements as a statesman, Jefferson became the first American architect of world-class stature,” said Henry Adams, the Ruth Coulter Heede Professor of Art History at Case Western Reserve University. “His buildings are further testament to his genius, while also offering a window into his personality.”

Adams’s research on the topic—“The Architectural Jefferson: The Draftsman and His Ideals”—was unveiled Jan. 28 at the Massachusetts Historical Society’s (MHS) 225th anniversary celebration in Boston, which coincided with the opening of the exhibit, The Private Jefferson, featuring Jefferson’s personal papers and architectural drawings.

Adams will present a lecture on his research at MHS on May 16, and the display will be up through May 20.

Enduring blueprint

Jefferson was self-taught as an architect, and many of his projects contain awkward, amateurish features, laying bare his technical limitations. Never mastering how to draw buildings in perspective or render shading, he relied on professionally trained draftsmen to bring his plans to life on the page.

“For all the oddities, there’s an extraordinary intelligence,” said Adams. “His buildings are still so compelling and maintain a charisma only rivaled by, perhaps, Frank Lloyd Wright.”

Going against the architectural tenor of his time, which felt that utility alone mattered and beauty in buildings was money wasted, Jefferson insisted his designs also function as art.

Jefferson designed the Virginia State Capitol and drafted the Declaration of Independence at the same time, suggesting that the craft of architecture and the design of democracy were linked in his mind, said Adams.

“His conviction that fine architecture can contribute to good government—and that art can have a prominent place in a democratic society—was an alien idea before he introduced it in America,” said Adams. “He also wanted to improve the tastes of his countrymen, and it’s clear he continues to do so.”

Adams also contributed one of three essays in the MHS exhibit’s companion piece, The Private Jefferson: Perspectives from the Collections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, published by University of Virginia Press. Other selections written by Peter Onuf, the Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor at the University of Virginia, and writer-historian Andrea Wulf.

“For the first time, visitors can discover how Jefferson used architecture to work out practical and technical design problems—as well as larger philosophical issues,” said MHS President Dennis Fiori.

The MHS describes its Coolidge Collection of Thomas Jefferson as the world’s largest collection of his personal papers, including manuscripts contains letters, journals, record books, accounts and more than 400 architectural drawings—almost 9,500 documents in total.


























Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 03:37 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Arts and Sciences

February 04, 2016

EEPS Colloquium: Friday, February 26, 2016 Noon

Friday, February 26, 2016
Noon, AW Smith, Rm. 104

Heat Pipes, Plate Tectonics, and the History of Habitability on Terrestrial Planets by Dr. William Moore (Hampton University)

Posted on Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences News and Events by Linda Day at 11:32 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Colloquia

February 03, 2016

A "Crain’s 2016 Health Care Hero" Hails from School of Dental Medicine at Case Western Reserve University


News Release: Wednesday, February 03, 2016

Dr. Suchitra Nelson Works to Improve Oral Health of Cleveland’s Low-Income Children

CLEVELAND—Suchitra Nelson, PhD, assistant dean for clinical and translational research and professor of community dentistry at Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine, has been named a Crain’s Cleveland Business 2016 Health Care Hero.

Nelson, who was selected in the Advancements in Health Care category, is responsible for promoting clinical and translational research programs at the school.

She is currently developing and leading a study backed by a $4.6 million grant from the National Institutes of Health that is designed to reduce cavities and improve the oral health of low-income children.

“Good oral health in children is critical for overall health as they grow into adults,” said Nelson. “I’m honored to receive this award together with my research team, which validates the importance of ensuring that low-income children receive the same high-quality dental care and access as their peers. This is vital since evidence has clearly linked poor oral health, particularly gum disease, to such chronic diseases as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.”

The study will involve nearly 90 Northeast Ohio-area pediatricians who will apply a fluoride varnish to the teeth of nearly 3,700 participating children. The physicians will also deliver core oral health messages to parents and guardians, including the importance of baby teeth and information on how untreated cavities can lead to problems in the permanent teeth, serious infections and pain, trouble with eating and speaking, loss of time in school and other negative effects.

By the project’s end, Nelson hopes to pinpoint messages that most effectively sway parents and caregivers to take their children to the dentist. She will then translate the findings into a scalable model that could be adopted by pediatricians across the country.

“Dr. Nelson is a superb choice for this prestigious award,” said Kenneth B. Chance, DDS, dean of Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine. “Studies show that only one in three children from low-income and various ethnic backgrounds visit a dentist in their early years. As a result, they are more susceptible to oral diseases, including tooth decay. African American and Hispanic/Latino children are nearly twice as likely as white children to have untreated tooth decay in baby teeth. Dr. Nelson’s current and previous research is crucial to rectifying this imbalance.”

Nelson has received funding for approximately 30 other research projects and published approximately 60 peer-reviewed studies and 100 abstracts. She has taught in the dental school’s Master of Science in Dentistry Program since 1992 and has mentored and supervised theses for dozens of dental students.

Nelson has a PhD in epidemiology and an MS in both epidemiology and nutrition from Case Western Reserve University and an MSc and BSc in nutrition & dietetics from the University of Madras in Madras, India. She has received many professional honors including a Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers from the White House Office of Science and Technology.

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About Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine: https://dental.case.edu/




























Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 05:43 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 03, 2016

Addressing trauma in juvenile offenders should be larger focus of rehabilitation, study finds

News Release: Wednesday, February 03, 2016

Treating trauma in juvenile offenders can aid the formation of social relationships that help them stay out of trouble, according to a new study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University.

“Trauma is a major impediment to building important relationships that provide kids a natural support group and are protective against violence,” said Fredrick Butcher, a research associate at the Case Western Reserve’s Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences and lead author of the study published in Social Science & Medicine.

“These youth may have a hard time building meaningful relationships until trauma is addressed,” he said.

Between 65 and 75 percent of juveniles in the criminal justice system have serious issues with trauma, previous research has found.

The research

For this study, Case Western Reserve researchers reviewed data from 2,200 Midwestern youths with behavioral health issues in the justice system. Many of the youths live in disadvantaged neighborhoods, which are more likely to have higher rates of crime.

Children in these areas have a higher chance of being exposed to violence, physically abused and sexually abused, which can lead to trauma symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, dissociation and anger. Such symptoms can be expressed through committing violent acts of their own and other behaviors, such as substance abuse or attempting suicide.

“Basically, you have a lot of kids in the system who are victims themselves and behave negatively, in part, due to trauma,” said Butcher, who is also part of the Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at the Mandel School.

“Then, a lot of these kids get to courts without ever receiving any type of counseling, assessment or treatment of behavioral health problems.”

Often, juvenile justice systems do not effectively screen for and treat trauma, according to the study’s authors.

A better approach

The researchers suggest offering treatment to youths in community settings, such as with private therapists or in-home counseling, which could include family therapy and trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy. This strategy ultimately may be less expensive for taxpayers, potentially reduce recidivism and cut costs on other aspects of juvenile and adult rehabilitation.

“Addressing trauma in a culturally informed way through effective screening and treatment could help these youth improve their behavioral health outcomes, leading to less delinquency and substance use,” Butcher said.

Data came from Ohio’s Behavioral Health/Juvenile Justice (BHJJ) program that diverts youth from local or state incarceration into mental and behavioral health treatment.

The Begun Center evaluates BHJJ data and conducts research on how to improve the program’s approach. Recently, Butcher and others streamline a widely-used checklist to assess trauma, making the tool easier to interpret for more accurate diagnoses.

Results from the Begun Center’s analysis has found that the program is cheaper—about $5,000 per youth per year, as opposed to $167,000 a year to incarcerate each young offender—and a more effective option for reducing recidivism, with 3.5 percent of BHJJ-enrolled youth ever being committed to state-run juvenile institutions.

Youth also showed decreases in trauma symptoms, substance use and problem severity.

The research was funded by the Ohio Department of Youth Services and the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services. Co-authors of the study are Jeffrey M. Kretschmar and Daniel J. Flannery, of the Begun Center, and Joseph Galanek, from SciMetrika, a public health consulting firm based in Atlanta.




























Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 05:18 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 02, 2016

Case Western Reserve University to participate in Department of Energy award to develop solar energy solutions and more resilient electrical grid


News Release: Tuesday, Feb. 2, 2016


CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University will participate in a three-year collaborative research project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative to develop solar energy storage solutions and a more resilient, secure national electrical grid.

Led by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Case Western Reserve researchers will investigate grid integration of solar photovoltaic (PV) generation, energy storage, load management and solar forecasting. The project is part of the Energy Department’s Sustainable and Holistic Integration of Energy Storage and Solar PV, or SHINES, program.

With a total budget of $6.3 million, the research project aims to support the transformation of electric power system design and operation to seamlessly integrate solar PV and energy storage. Energy storage, solar PV and affordable, reliable grid modernization technologies are expected to play an increasingly important role in reaching the nation’s climate and clean energy goals.

Case Western Reserve, in collaboration with FirstEnergy, MCCo, Eaton, GE’s Grid Solutions (formerly Alstom Grid) and LG Chem, will provide a location on campus for one of the project’s three demonstration sites.

“Solar PV and energy storage, if effectively coordinated and controlled, could provide significant value to energy providers and consumers and result in very efficient grid operations,” said Marija Prica, an assistant professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science at Case Western Reserve. “These demonstrations are a critical step toward broader adoption of these technologies on the grid scale and will offer insights and advancements for managing the electric grid with high quality of service to customers while integrating PV and energy storage.”

Prica, Case Western Reserve’s lead investigator for the project, Kenneth Loparo, Nord Professor of Engineering and Chair of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, and Mingguo Hong, an associate professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, will develop, design and demonstrate a two-level control strategy that will be demonstrated at the Case Western Reserve site.

The control system’s objective is to effectively manage energy from solar PV sources, energy storage and traditional generation to maintain reliability and the quality of electricity service to consumers.

Research at Case Western Reserve will include:
• Developing a two-level control architecture with optimal control strategies;
• Developing controllable distributed energy resources that combine energy storage, load management and demand response with solar PV;
• Integrating high-resolution solar forecasting to improve solar PV predictability;
• Managing smart inverters to improve system performance.

This effort is one of six new projects, representing $18 million in funding, for research that improves the ability to provide solar power as needed and helps to improve the reliability of the nation’s electricity grid.

About Case Western Reserve University
Case Western Reserve University is one of the country's leading private research institutions. Located in Cleveland, we offer a unique combination of forward-thinking educational opportunities in an inspiring cultural setting. Our leading-edge faculty engage in teaching and research in a collaborative, hands-on environment. Our nationally recognized programs include arts and sciences, dental medicine, engineering, law, management, medicine, nursing and social work. About 4,900 undergraduate and 5,900 graduate students comprise our student body. Visit case.edu to see how Case Western Reserve thinks beyond the possible.

About the SunShot Initiative
The U.S. Department of Energy SunShot Initiative is a collaborative national effort that aggressively drives innovation to make solar energy fully cost-competitive with traditional energy sources before the end of the decade. Through SunShot, the Energy Department supports efforts by private companies, universities, and national laboratories to drive down the cost of solar electricity to $0.06 per kilowatt-hour. Learn more at www.energy.gov/sunshot.






























Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 06:24 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

February 01, 2016

Case Western Reserve University researcher developing low-cost, portable method to detect tainted medicines and impure food supplements

United Nations Human Rights Council safe-medicines resolution motivates Soumyajit Mandal’s research




News Release: Monday, February 1, 2016



CLEVELAND—Fake or low-quality medicines and food supplements are an ongoing global problem in underdeveloped nations, although technology-savvy places, such as the United States, are also not immune.

A researcher at Case Western Reserve University is developing a low-cost, portable prototype designed to detect tainted medicines and food supplements that otherwise can make their way to consumers. The technology can authenticate good medicines and supplements.

“There is a big problem with counterfeit and substandard medicines in poorer countries, particularly in Africa and Asia,” said Soumyajit Mandal, assistant professor in the Department Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in the Case School of Engineering. “In the U.S., the biggest problem is with various dietary supplements.”

Mandal and his collaborators are developing a small, box-like detector that has been preliminary tested in field trials.

"The work builds on—and improves—a related project introduced in Europe a few years ago to create a portable, low-cost detector for medicines," he said.

Mandal said the detector he and his colleagues are developing is much more flexible (capable of analyzing a wide variety of medicines and dietary supplements), and more sensitive (capable of measuring smaller quantities).

Mandal is the principal investigator of the research and co-author of an associated paper to be published in IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, a bimonthly peer-reviewed scientific journal.

Research participants are Professor Swarup Bhunia at the University of Florida, in Gainesville, Fla., and Research Fellow Jamie Barras and Professor Kaspar Althoefer, both at King's College London.

“Current results are very promising and have advantages over competing methods,” Mandal said. “The required instrumentation is simple and low-cost, compared to other analytical techniques, such as optical spectroscopy.”

A global health concern

The paper, titled “Authentication of Medicines using Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy,” links their research to the concept of safe medicines “as a human right.” In 2013, the United Nations Human Rights Council adopted a resolution focused on access to medicines “that are affordable, safe, effective and of good quality.”

“We think our technology will have an important positive impact on public health by enabling consumers to directly authenticate the contents packets or bottles without having to send samples to an analytical chemistry lab,” Mandal said.

A medicine or dietary supplement might be incorrectly labeled for a variety of reasons—intentional fraud, poor manufacturing practices and degradation due to poor storage or post-expiration date. The key to detection is to know the proper active pharmaceutical ingredients (API) in a medicine or supplement, so technicians can determine whether a pill or powder is what it appears to be. The technology being developed in Mandal’s lab does not authenticate liquids.

How it works

The device uses Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance (NQR) spectroscopy, a non-invasive and non-destructive analytical technique for medicines and supplements in pill or powder form. Most chemical elements have nuclei that generate NQR signals. Almost all medicines have API with NQR-active nuclei.

Mandal’s research team proposes a “chemometric passport approach” for quality assurance. Data on packaged medicines will be derived from a spectroscopic analysis performed at the point of manufacture. The contents of the packet will later be authenticated by matching the results of another spectroscopic analysis using unique chemical identifiers from a reference spectrum.

Authentication information can be accessed either from a secure database stored in the cloud, or from information encoded directly within the product barcode. The absence of a match triggers a “contents don’t match the label” alarm on the testing device.

Mandal said that capability would be particularly useful at customs checkpoints and postal sorting offices when a barcode might not be visible. One day, he said, a person might be able to test his or her own medicines or supplements at home, which would have a direct effect on public health.

The research is showing that NQR isn’t sensitive to pill coatings and non-metallic packaging material, Mandal said.

“Part of what we are proposing is to take this product and do a systematic survey of how much misidentification there is out there,” Mandal said. “We need more data to understand the extent of the problem. We are recruiting people willing to try our prototype.”


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 06:49 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 28, 2016

Namesakes - Frank Quail and the Quail Building

The Frank Adgate Quail Building was dedicated 5/22/1953 on the Case Institute of Technology campus. Its original occupants included the Building and Grounds Department on the first floor, the Gage Laboratory and Cleveland Regional Office of the Cleveland Ordnance District on the second floor, and Project Doan Brook and the Operations Research section of the Engineering Administration Department on the third floor. Located next to the New York Central Railroad tracks, the Quail Building was located where the Veale Convocation, Recreation and Athletic Center indoor track now stands.

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Quail Building

Ground was broken for the new building in May, 1952. The Consulting Engineers were McGeorge-Hargett & Associates and the General Contractor was E. J. Benes & Company. The cost of the building was $300,000. Originally planned as a one-story building, this idea was changed early in the planning phase and it was constructed as a three-story building. The building was faced with red brick and had white stone trim.

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Portrait of Frank A. Quail

Frank Adgate Quail was born near Canonsburg, Pennsylvania 6/18/1865. He received the B.A. in 1887 from Washburn College and the LL.B. from University of Michigan in 1889. Quail was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1889. He became a Member of the Corporation of CIT in 1919 and became a Trustee and President of the Board of Trustees in 1924. He served Case as Chairman for 25 years until 1949; however, he continued his service as a trustee until 1959 when he was named an honorary trustee. He received the honorary doctor of humane letters from CIT in 1950.

Quail moved to Cleveland in 1889 when he entered into practice with his uncle, John M. Henderson. (Henderson had been President of the CIT Board of Trustees from 1899 until his death in 1924.) Their firm was later known as Henderson, Quail, Schneider and Peirce. Quail was president of the Cleveland Bar Association and vice president of the Cleveland Chamber of Commerce. He was a trustee of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, and an organizer and trustee of Cleveland College. During World War I he was a member of the Board of Appeals of Selective Service.

In April 1956 the Case Computing Center was established. The IBM 650 computer was installed on the first floor in July. In early 1958 the Univac I was installed and the new quarters were officially dedicated 4/12/1958. The staff was headed by Raymond J. Nelson and Frederick Way, III. Computers were housed in Quail until Crawford Hall was constructed in 1968.

The University Archives moved into the third floor of Quail in 1974, taking over the space vacated by the University Press. The Archives stayed until 1996 when it was moved to the University West building (aka UCRC I or BioEnterprise). The other departments which also moved out near the end included Plant Services and Environmental Health and Safety.

Demolition of the Quail Building began in April 1996 and concluded in May, before commencement. The commencement ceremony was held in a large tent on the neighboring Van Horn Field 5/19/1996.

Frank A. Quail died 8/19/1961.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 10:18 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Places

January 21, 2016

As HIV patients live longer, updated guide helps them navigate new territory


News Release: Thursday, January 21, 2016

In the 35 years since the emergence of HIV, treatments of the disease—and patient lifespans—have dramatically improved.

“With medications, many HIV-positive people can now expect normal, healthy lives,” said Allison Webel, an assistant professor at Case Western Reserve University’s Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing and co-author of the new guide for patients, Living a Healthy Life with HIV.

First published in the mid 1990s—before the existence of effective and widely-available HIV treatments—the text has been overhauled for the first time in a decade to reflect a new reality: HIV is now considered a chronic condition, such as diabetes and heart disease, that can be managed (but is not yet cured).

Similar to those conditions, HIV can be kept in check—and prevented from advancing into AIDS—with proper self-care and medication.

“It’s something many could only imagine when the epidemic started,” Webel said. “Many of these advances have come in the last five to 10 years.”

With half of HIV-positive people in the United States over 50 years old, management of the disease now addresses nearly all aspects of patient lifespans and lifestyles: how to eat well and exercise, while working with doctors to manage the disease’s distressing symptoms; how to safely have sex and become pregnant (mother-to-child transmission is now preventable in most U.S. cases), as well as raise children.

A daily pill can effectively suppress the virus and is accessible and affordable to most U.S. patients with medical insurance.

Nevertheless, nearly 50,000 people are diagnosed with HIV each year nationally, and the epidemic is still strong in Africa, India and other places.

“Although the disease is almost entirely preventable, some populations and regions bear a disproportionate burden,” Webel said. “We want these advances and information to reach everyone affected by HIV.”

Still, HIV-positive people do not just battle the disease—they also confront myths, stigmas and prejudice, even after decades of public education. In Living a Healthy Life with HIV, authors suggest how to best communicate with family, friends and others about the often-misunderstood disease:

Be clear: Describe specific situations and observations using the facts.
Avoid making assumptions: Express your own needs and feelings directly, and if you are uncertain, ask questions.
Accept the feelings of others: Try to understand them, and if you need clarification ask, “I’m not sure I understand; could you explain some more?”
Listen first: Good communicators are patient listeners who seldom interrupt.
When disclosing HIV status:

o Take your time and decide who to tell by weighing the pros and cons.

o Plan ahead about what you are going to say, and choose a comfortable place and time.

o Expect that everyone’s reaction may not be helpful.

o Trust your instincts.

“We’ve come far,” Webel said, “but there’s still a ways to go to reduce misinformation, while aiming for zero new infections and taking care of those who are already HIV-positive.”

The book, published by Bull Publishing Co., was co-written by Kate Lorig, Diana Laurent, Virginia González, and David Sobel of Stanford University School of Medicine’s Patient Education Research Center, Allen L. Gifford of Boston University, and Marian Minor of the University of Missouri.

###

Case Western Reserve University is one of the country’s leading private research institutions. Located in Cleveland, we offer a unique combination of forward-thinking educational opportunities in an inspiring cultural setting. Our leading-edge faculty engage in teaching and research in a collaborative, hands-on environment. Our nationally recognized programs include arts and sciences, dental medicine, engineering, law, management, medicine, nursing and social work. About 4,900 undergraduate and 5,900 graduate students comprise our student body. Visit case.edu to see how Case Western Reserve thinks beyond the possible.


























Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 04:42 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 25, 2016

Case Western Reserve University wins prestigious national award for campus internationalization


News Release: Monday, January 25, 2016


Case Western Reserve University has been selected to receive the prestigious Andrew Heiskell Award for Innovation in International Education, honoring the university’s innovative and successful programs in campus internationalization.

Created in 2001 by the Institute of International Education (IIE), the annual Heiskell Awards promote and honor the most outstanding initiatives being conducted in international higher education among its 1,400 member universities and colleges.

IIE is especially interested in highlighting innovative initiatives that can be used as models to address a specific need, remove institutional barriers and broaden the base of participation in international teaching and learning on campus.

Case Western Reserve, one of nine campuses recognized for a 2016 award, won in Category 1: Internationalizing the Campus. Florida International University was a co-winner in the same category.

“Case Western Reserve University’s comprehensive plan for internationalization has created a sweeping, organic change in the university’s culture,” the IIE acknowledged in the Jan. 25 award announcement. “As a result, internationalization is becoming embedded throughout the university’s thought and curriculum.”

Representatives from Case Western Reserve will receive the Andrew Heiskell Award for Internationalizing the Campus at a ceremony in California on March 11, as part of the Annual Best Practices in Internationalization Conference. Florida International University was a co-winner in the same category.

“Case Western Reserve University has a long and proud history of international engagement,” said William A. “Bud” Baeslack III, provost and executive vice president. “However, only since focusing on internationalization in the university’s 2008 strategic plan have we specifically concentrated on strategic, campus-wide and comprehensive internationalization.”

As a result, the university hired a senior international officer, created an International Planning Committee and began a formal international strategic planning process. The process was inclusive—driven by faculty, staff, students, alumni and community members. Implementation of Phase I began in 2012; Phase II began in November 2015.

As a result, the university has increased the percentage of incoming undergraduate international students from 3 percent to 15 percent. The international student population has nearly doubled since 2008-09, from 1,076 to 2,026. International students now constitute almost 19 percent of the total student population and represent 90 countries.

The university also provided $130,000 to fund 20 Faculty Seed Grants to develop sustainable initiatives to create and implement international research projects, study-abroad programs and cross-discipline curricula.

The university has also partnered with numerous universities abroad for research and exchange. Most recently, Case Western Reserve has signed agreements with Tohoku University (Japan), Taipei Medical University (Taiwan), Albert Einstein Hospital (Brazil) and Future University (Egypt).

These efforts have placed the university among the top 20 among the nation’s doctoral-granting institutions in the percentage of undergraduates studying abroad. In 2013-14, 45 percent of undergraduate students had an academic education abroad experience, up from 19 percent in 2010, according to the 2015 Open Doors Report.

“The Heiskell Award for Internationalizing the Campus, along with CWRU’s top 20 national study-abroad ranking in November 2015, is further validation—from perhaps the most highly respected higher education organization—of our success in changing the culture of the university,” said David Fleshler, vice provost for International Affairs. “CWRU’s emergence as one of the nation’s most recognized universities for comprehensive internationalization is a true reflection of the dedication, commitment and support of faculty, staff, students, alumni and community members.”

The IIE Heiskell Awards were named for the late Andrew Heiskell, a former chairman of Time Inc. and a long-time member of IIE's Board of Trustees. Heiskell was a renowned international and cultural philanthropist and a dedicated supporter of international education.






























Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 02:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 22, 2016

Social Justice Institute establishes public digital archive on history of East Cleveland; Based on more than 150 hours of oral and video narratives


News Release: Friday, January 22, 2016


The Social Justice Institute of Case Western Reserve University has established a free public archive on the history of East Cleveland, based on more than 150 hours of interviews collected by community researchers as part of a research initiative, called the Voicing & Action Project.

The Voicing & Action Project, the debut research project of the Social Justice Institute, is a collaborative effort between Case Western Reserve and the residents of East Cleveland to document the history of the community, how people confront social injustice and residents' vision of the future.

The digital archive is an oral and video life narrative research and community bridge-building initiative that trained community members in oral narrative methodology and advanced audio-visual technologies. Community researchers recorded residents' personal testimonies as the foundation for empowering their voices and contributing to ongoing and future organizing, visioning, education and revitalization efforts in East Cleveland.

Grennetta Taylor, for example, explains how she moved to East Cleveland as a child shortly after the demographic shift toward a majority African-American community began and graduated from Shaw High School. After time in Cincinnati and Columbus, she returned to East Cleveland more than a decade ago and began volunteering as a community organizer.

Taylor shares her thoughts on how the media has been complicit in creating some of the struggles faced by East Cleveland residents.

Her father, James Taylor, was also interviewed for the project. He moved to Cleveland from the South to escape Jim Crow, only to confront racism in the North as well. As a real estate agent, he worked with the U.S. Justice Department on a discrimination case that was instrumental in the passage of the landmark Fair Housing Act in 1968.

Established in 2010, the Social Justice Institute supports and facilitates social critique and civic engagement to identify the causes and consequences of injustice and work toward resolutions. Providing a distinctive educational opportunity for students, scholars and community members, the institute ensures that the university and its neighbors are poised to better understand the role of education, development and policy in bringing about social change.

The archive can be viewed via the Social Justice Institute's YouTube page at https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCsCUno4l8DO6J-tnZUiuzDw. Additional information about the Voicing & Action Project is available on the Social Justice Institute’s website, case.edu/socialjustice/.






























Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 10:05 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 18, 2016

Curtain opens on MFA acting program’s second decade—and second act


News Release: Monday, January 18, 2016


On stages in New York, Chicago and Cleveland last spring, more than 750 actors auditioned for just eight open positions in the Master of Fine Arts (MFA) acting program, offered jointly at Case Western Reserve University and the Cleveland Play House (CPH).

Entering its 20th year, the program is not only among the most selective in the country, it’s also one of the most novel. Launched as a revival of a long-dormant partnership between two Cleveland institutions with rich histories in theater, the program is poised for a strong second act—still focused on a single pursuit:

“Shaping the mind, imagination, body and voice of each artist,” Jerrold Scott, professor and chair of the Department of Theater at Case Western Reserve. “for a discipline thousands of years old, that still connects people in intimate and commanding ways.

“What an awesome responsibility.”

Teaching hospital

Actors enrolled in the three-year program focus solely on acting—rare for an MFA program—inside a professional regional theater.

“It’s the idea of a teaching hospital,” said Ron Wilson, director of the MFA program and resident fight choreographer for CPH. “They’re immersed in the business of theater 24/7, surrounded by professionals and making contacts in the theater world.”

Curriculum has traditionally prepared actors for stage work, with a demanding schedule of classes, rehearsals and performances—held almost entirely at the downtown location of CPH, the first and oldest regional theater in the United States (and celebrating its 100th anniversary season in 2015-2016).

Paired with training in stage combat and Shakespeare are recently-added courses in film, television and voice techniques to “equip actors to develop their craft,” said Scott, “no matter if it’s on stage or in front of a camera.”

Elite company

Entrée into the hyper-competitive world of professional theater acting accompanies the students’ education. Just before graduation, each actor performs a showcase in New York City in front of agents and talent scouts. Most sign with an agent shortly after—a key step in starting their careers.

By then, the students have earned Actors’ Equity Association membership by performing in main stage shows at CPH. These performances, and the prestige of the MFA program, contributed to the theater’s selection for the 2015 Regional Theatre Tony Award.

“When the students are in our plays, they’re ever so much richer,” said Kevin Moore, CPH’s managing director since 2007. “The size and scope of the shows are bigger. Audience members that follow the program see the growth of these fine young actors over time, and feel that they are witnesses to the launch of their careers.”

Upon graduating, the actors join select company: In 20 years, fewer than 70 students have completed the program, including Rich Sommer, from TV’s Mad Men, and Elizabeth A. Davis, who garnered a Tony nomination for her Broadway performance in Once.

They also enter the professional ranks with another advantage:

“We give students an artistic education—without putting them into debt,” said Wilson, of the tuition-free program, which also provides health insurance and a living stipend.

See them on stage

The relationship between CPH and the university—which has one of the oldest academic theater programs in the country—goes back more than 80 years, first teaming up to offer graduate-level training in 1931.

While the collaboration has shape-shifted over the decades, the MFA acting program has developed into a known commodity in theater circles—“perhaps enjoying a higher national profile than local profile,” said Wilson.

“Though I’d be hard-pressed to find another community more supportive of its theater and its young artists,” added Wilson, the Katharine Bakeless Nason Professor of Theater and Drama at Case Western Reserve.

Catch the students on stage this winter in the Case Western Reserve/Cleveland Play House Conservatory Ensemble Series:

• Shakespeare’s The Two Gentlemen of Verona, from Feb. 10-13 and 17-20; directed by Paul Mullins.

• Metamorphoses, by Mary Zimmerman, from March 16-19 and 23-26; directed by Ron Wilson.

More information—and tickets—can be found here.



























Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 04:22 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 20, 2016

MLK Week event at KSL: Icabod Flewellen presentation & exhibit

Thursday, Jan. 21st at 12:00 pm, KSL is holding a talk titled 'The Collector: Icabod Flewellen, Father of the First African American History Museum and the oldest alumnus of CWRU. He was a curator, activist and community servant. Rita Knight-Gray, Archivist of the Icabod Flewellen Collection at the East Cleveland Public Library, will discuss his life, work and the collection, some of which will be on display. A light lunch will be provided.

This event is FREE and open to the public and there is still room to attend. Please RSVP for the January 21 presentation. The exhibit will be on display through February 29. For more information, please contact Library Administration at 368-2992 or ksladministration@case.edu

Sponsored by the Kelvin Smith Library and the East Cleveland Public Library

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Posted on KSL News Blog by Mahmoud Audu at 12:07 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

January 19, 2016

After Washington, D.C., Economics Professor Susan Helper brings national experiences to her teaching and research at CWRU Weatherhead School of Management

Served key roles with White House Council of Economic Advisers and Department of Commerce




News Release: Tuesday, January 19, 2016



CLEVELAND—As they interact with Susan Helper in the classroom and on research, students at Case Western Reserve University are getting a chance to learn first-hand what goes into national economic policy-making at the highest levels.

Helper spent the last two years on leave from Weatherhead School of Management, managing a team of about 20 researchers as chief economist at the U.S. Department of Commerce.

The year before that, she worked for President Barack Obama as a senior economist with the White House Council of Economic Advisers (CEA). Her CEA office was just west of the White House, in the ornate Eisenhower Executive Office Building.

Helper, Frank Tracy Carlton Professor of Economics, returns to the university with a trove of economics research experience—much of which she is imparting this semester in a Sages seminar, titled “Making: Innovation, Work and Competition.”

The course examines an array of economic questions, such as:
• Does off-shoring of production to places like China threaten or enhance U.S. technological strength?
• Do efforts to protect manufacturing in the U.S. hurt people in developing countries?
• How will the development of “maker space” (such as CWRU’s Sears think[box]) affect how products are produced?
• How does high-wage Germany run a trade surplus in manufacturing?
• Does environmental regulation help or hurt manufacturing?

Throughout the course, Case Western Reserve students gain rare insight from her economics research experiences in Washington.

Helper, for example, led a team research effort that resulted last spring in a White House and Commerce Department report, Supply Chain Innovation: Strengthening America’s Small Manufacturers, which identifies potential barriers and solutions to build sustained manufacturing growth.

“We lost a third of the manufacturing jobs in this country in the years between 2000 and 2010,” she said. “But there is a lot of potential for growth in good manufacturing jobs, and government policies can help.”

But she focused on more than just manufacturing. At CEA, she worked on finalizing national regulations, such as Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards, which reduce energy consumption by increasing the fuel economy of cars and light trucks.

“That was very interesting,” she said, “to see how that process works and the care with which new regulations are introduced.”

Helper plans to apply her Washington experiences at Case Western Reserve by involving Weatherhead School students in a couple of her research projects. In collaboration with former colleagues at the Commerce Department, a research project will seek to quantify return on investment for businesses that hire apprentices. The research seeks to document how companies benefit from creating jobs for apprentices.

She is also planning research about the impact of companies’ purchasing policies on their ability to innovate.

“Right now, a lot of companies have a really simple policy, to award business to a company that bids the lowest,” she said. “That’s problematic, because a supplier who might be the cheapest in the short-term can be very expensive in the long-term.”


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 06:49 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 19, 2016

Namesakes - Thomas J. Hill Distinguished Professorship of Physical Biology

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Thomas J. Hill

Scientist, teacher, author, and practitioner, Thomas J. Hill’s association with the university spanned fifty years. Thomas J. Hill enrolled in the Western Reserve University School of Dentistry (now School of Dental Medicine) in 1905, graduating in 1908. He was a Demonstrator in the Dental School beginning in 1909, joining the faculty in 1918 as Instructor. He was promoted through the ranks, to Professor of Oral Pathology and Therapeutics in 1928. He retired in 1955 as Professor Emeritus. He also served on the School of Medicine Pathology faculty from 1928-1955.

Dr. Hill authored nearly 100 scholarly articles and a textbook, Oral Pathology and was a leading advocate of flouridated water. He worked tirelessly to improve dentistry research and teaching, serving as Chairman of the American Dental Association Council on Dental Therapeutics and President of the International Association of Dental Research. His service continued after retirement. Dr. Hill visited every U.S. dental school to review its research facilities on behalf of the U.S. Public Health Service. In 1962 he was sent to Russia by the U.S. State Department to visit medical and scientific institutions.

His many honors included the Callahan Award, presented in 1950 by the Ohio State Dental Association and the honorary D.Sc., presented by Western Reserve University in 1960. In 1954 Hill was named an honorary member of the American Dental Association, only the eleventh person to have been so honored at that time. Hill was named a Fellow of the American College of Dentists, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the American Academy of Oral Pathology. At home, the Dental School Class of 1944 dedicated their yearbook, Odontoblast, to him. Summarizing the sentiments of many, the WRU Dental School Alumni Association in 1956 said of Dr. Hill, “In his capacity as an inspirational teacher for 39 years in the School of Dentistry he has earned the high esteem and respect of all who were under his guidance. As a scientist, educator and author he has contributed greatly to the welfare of humanity.”

In January 1965 WRU President Millis reported to the Board of Trustees that the Alumni Association of the School of Dentistry had agreed to support a Distinguished Professorship to be known as the Thomas J. Hill Distinguished Professorship of Physical Biology.

Hill Professors and the dates they held the professorship are:
David B. Scott, 1965-1975
Donald H. Enlow, 1977-1989

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 01:43 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: People

January 19, 2016

Kelvin Smith Library hosts lecture on mid-20th century destruction of books

Join us for a brown-bag lecture on mid-20th century American biblioclasm, which is the destruction or mutilation of books, Wednesday, Jan. 20, at noon in the Freedman Center. Light refreshments will be served. Lisa Fagin Davis, executive director of the Medieval Academy of America, will present “Picking up the Pieces: Case Western Reserve’s Otto Ege and the Beauvais Missal,” focusing on one of the best-known victims of biblioclasm.

Davis will discuss the incipient digital reconstruction of the 96 known leaves of the Beauvais Missal—spread across 26 states and five countries—and present initial findings based on an analysis of the extant portion of the manuscript. She will focus on the leaf owned by CWRU and its place in the manuscript.

Beauvais Missal serves as a perfect example of just how great a loss is incurred when a codex is dismembered and its leaves scattered. It also is a case study of the possibilities offered by recent developments in imaging and metadata standards, platforms and interoperability.

American industrialist William Randolph Hearst purchased the manuscript from Sotheby’s and owned it until 1942 when he sold it through Gimbel Brothers to New York dealer Philip Duschnes. Less than a month later, Duschnes cut it up and began selling leaves. He passed the remnants on to his friend and associate, former Western Reserve University professor Otto Ege, who scattered it through gift and sale.

Davis received her PhD in medieval studies from Yale University in 1993. She has catalogued medieval manuscript collections at Yale University, the University of Pennsylvania, Wellesley College, the Museum of Fine Arts Boston, the Boston Public Library and several private collections. She is the author of "The Manuscript Road Trip," a blog devoted to promoting collections of medieval and Renaissance manuscripts in North America.


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Posted on KSL News Blog by Mahmoud Audu at 12:04 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

January 19, 2016

OhioLINK Loans & ILLiad Duplicate Requests

Use of OhioLINK for loans prior to considering ILLiad is an issue that has been addressed in this blog on many previous occasions, in one context or another (starting with the most recent): April 20, 2015,October 23, 2014, December 8, 2009, December 18, 2008, November 19, 2008 Now let's take the opportunity to examine it from a new angle--i.e., how we deal with it from the standpoint of optimal and reasonable service value....

When processing loan requests submitted to ILLiad by KSL users, ILL staff routinely verify the availability of books (and other returnables) in the Kelvin Smith Library collections (including our satellite locations) and those of other CWRU campus library system locations, as well as in OhioLINK.

The ILLiad staff client (our "work-horse") itself is linked to the university's joint library catalog (and consequently to OhioLINK and SearchOhio), as well as to the OCLC WorldCat database. By virtue of this arrangement, ILL staff are alerted to the possible availability of requested items in our own library collections (including KSL and other campus locations) and in those of all other OhioLINK members--all during the initial holdings search process.

In such cases where we have determined that a title is ostensibly available through the OhioLINK resource (and in nearly all cases not needing to be obtained through an ILLiad transaction), ILL staff may take one of the following actions...

* Cancel the original ILLiad request if it has been determined that copies are available for request in OhioLINK, in the edition specified or alternate editions (if the indicated as acceptable by the user).
* Cancel what is essentially a "duplicate" in ILLiad, if the identical item is ascertained to have already been requested from OhioLINK, as verified in the patron's circulation account.
* At our discretion, process a loan request through traditional ILL (ILLiad) when ONLY ONE copy is available in OhioLINK, in case that copy is found to be missing and thus the request cannot roll over automatically to another consortium member library.
* At our discretion and as a case-by-case courtesy, process a loan request through traditional ILL (ILLiad) when a local (CWRU campus library-owned) copy appears to be available and blocks one's ability to submit a direct OhioLINK request (usually when another location's copy is classed as Reference or designated for Course Reserve).

Cancellation messages that we send out from ILLiad will explain our actions in fair detail, and direct you to the appropriate URL for the OhioLINK resource (often also including specifically the available copy holdings, as well as the direct link to the relevant catalog record page). All this will facilitate your access to OhioLINK online borrowing, which also invariably offers you a more flexible loan period and renewal policy than is typical of traditional interlibrary loan transactions.

If you have any questions or concerns about OhioLINK and ILLiad services, contact the KSL ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 04:10 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

January 15, 2016

Case Western Reserve Law School Names First Dean for Diversity

Health Disparities Scholar Ruqaiijah A. Yearby Starts New Role This Month




News Release: Friday, January 15, 2016



Case Western Reserve University School of Law’s first tenured female African-American professor has been named as the school’s inaugural Associate Dean of Institutional Diversity and Inclusiveness. Ruqaiijah A. Yearby, who joined the faculty in 2011, begins her administrative position this month.

“Professor Yearby’s knowledge, experience and commitment to helping others make her uniquely suited to take on this new role,” Deans Jessica Berg and Michael Scharf said. “Case Western Reserve has a long and proud history of commitment to diversity, and we expect to build on that progress with this appointment.”

Before becoming dean, Scharf emphasized the importance of recruiting a more diverse faculty during his leadership of the school’s appointments committee. In addition to Yearby’s appointment, 2011 also saw the arrival of Juscelino Colares, the school’s first tenured Latino professor. As deans, Berg and Scharf made increasing minority student enrollment a key priority; 20 percent of this year’s entering students are from underrepresented groups. The school today is also nationally recognized for its commitment to public interest law.

“We know the law school can be doing so much more,” the deans said. “We think this [appointment] will make for a better educational and scholarly climate, enhance admissions recruitment and provide opportunities to engage more alumni.”

These activities reflect a commitment to inclusion that dates back to the school’s first entering class 123 years ago, whose numbers included an African-American student. Before becoming renowned nationally as a civil rights attorney, Fred Gray came to Cleveland to earn his law degree at Case Western Reserve. It was the early 1950s, and Alabama’s law schools did not accept African- Americans.

Case Western Reserve’s law school also has engaged in some of today’s most dominant issues involving race, including those involving the deaths of African-Americans at the hands of police in cities such as Ferguson, New York, Baltimore and Cleveland. Last fall, for example, the school hosted a high-profile conference regarding police brutality. In the spring, Visiting Assistant Professor Ayesha Hardaway was named to the Independent Monitor Team for the federal consent decree aimed at addressing excessive use of force by Cleveland police. Meanwhile, faculty member Michael Benza has been one of the nation’s most widely quoted experts on the issue of police violence against minority citizens, including the fatal police shooting of 12-year-old Tamir Rice in Cleveland in 2014.

A handful of law schools have administrative positions dedicated to diversity, but most also include responsibilities for student affairs or other aspects of the schools’ operations. Based on Professor Yearby’s work leading the law school’s diversity committee and engaging in related university-wide efforts, Deans Berg and Scharf believe that the law school will benefit more by allowing Yearby to focus exclusively on diversity and inclusiveness, an area of proven passion and expertise.

“As the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. said, ‘I can never be what I ought to be until you are what you ought to be. And you can never be what you ought to be until I am what I ought to be,’,” Associate Dean Yearby explained. “Thus, throughout my life I have worked to improve the lives of others.”

During her undergraduate days at the University of Michigan, for example, Yearby founded and led “United Brothers and Sisters,” a student organization dedicating to bringing together students from different cultures, religions and lifestyles through diversity-related programming.

An honors biology major, Yearby discovered what would become the focus of her legal scholarship during a National Science Foundation-supported research trip to South Africa two decades ago. As she observed sharp differences in access to health care firsthand, she began to recognize that solutions could not come solely from medical professionals—no matter how well meaning.

“It showed me that there will always be disparities unless the laws and structures of society mandate equality,” she said.

After graduating from Michigan, Yearby went on to earn a Master’s in Public Health from Johns Hopkins University and a Juris Doctorate from Georgetown University. In 2003, she became the first African-American woman hired to a tenure-track position at the Loyola Chicago School of Law; five years later, she joined the University of Buffalo as an associate professor in both its law school and school of public health and health professions.

Professor Yearby’s scholarship focuses on racial disparities in health care and law, justice and medical research. Two years ago Yearby organized a national symposium at the law school, "Sick and Tired of Being Sick and Tired: Putting an End to Separate and Unequal Health Care in the United States 50 Years After the Civil Rights Act of 1964.’’ This past September, she presented her research regarding the unjust inclusion of children in medical research to the Oxford Global Health and Bioethics International Conference; later in the fall, she also presented her research regarding the continuation of racial disparities in health care at Duke University School of Law.

Yearby is the second university faculty member to assume a school-based administrative post dedicated to diversity. In 2012, the School of Medicine named Professor Sana Loue as its first Vice Dean for Faculty Development and Diversity; Yearby has served on the school’s advisory committee for faculty development and diversity since 2014.

“We want to ensure that our school is as welcoming as possible to all,” Deans Berg and Scharf said. “Professor Yearby has played an important part in these efforts to date, and we look forward to collaborating with her in this new role.”


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 06:08 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

January 14, 2016

New Postdoctoral Scholar: Ludovic Huguet

We are happy to welcome Ludovic Huguet to the Department as a Postdoctoral Scholar. Dr. Huguet earned his Ph.D. from the University of Lyon, France in 2014. His research has focused on both convection and crystallization of materials under hypergravity. He is working with Steven Hauck and James Van Orman in order to develop models of crystallization in planetary cores that experience iron snow.

Posted on Department of Earth, Environmental, and Planetary Sciences News and Events by Linda Day at 02:40 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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January 04, 2016

Case Western Reserve University School of Law establishes concurrent degree program in China




News Release: Monday, January 4, 2016



Starting next fall semester, a new concurrent degree program will allow Case Western Reserve University law students to complete their third year in China, while simultaneously earning an LLM (Master of Laws) degree in Chinese Law at Zhejiang University - Guanghua Law School and a JD from CWRU School of Law.

The agreement is among the first between law schools in the United States and China, and increases the number of international concurrent degree programs offered by Case Western Reserve’s law school to four—among the most made available by a U.S. law school.

“The practice of law grows increasingly international each year,” said Case Western Reserve law school Co-Dean Michael Scharf, who signed the concurrent degree agreement in China with Guanghua Law Dean Zhu Xinli. Scharf directs the law school’s Frederick K. Cox International Law Center.

“This is a tremendous opportunity for Case Western Reserve students and Guanghua students to further enhance their employability by earning two degrees at the same time at no extra cost,” Scharf said.

The program also permits qualified students in their fourth year of Guanghua Law School to spend an entire academic year at CWRU School of Law in studies for the LLM in U.S. and Global Legal Studies. They can complete the LLM degree from CWRU and a law degree from Guanghua.

Each year, up to two Case Western Reserve students can attend Zhejiang University, and two from Zhejiang can attend CWRU. While visiting, students pay tuition to their home institutions.

“We anticipate that both sides will send the maximum, but it doesn't require an equal number every year,” Scharf said.

Case Western Reserve is among the first American law schools to offer concurrent degree opportunities, said CWRU law school Co-Dean Jessica Berg. The agreement with Zhejiang marks the fourth concurrent degree available to CWRU law students. In the past two years, similar agreements were completed with Comillas University in Madrid, University of Paris (Dauphine) and Middlesex University in London.

CWRU Law Professor Tim Webster, who directs the law school's Asian Legal Studies program and negotiated the Zhejiang agreement, is a former visiting scholar at Guanghua Law.

"This is a fantastic opportunity for law students curious about China and interested in international commerce," Webster said.

He said Hangzhou is a beautiful city with magnificent scenery, especially around West Lake.

“It is also China's Silicon Valley, home to such global companies as Alibaba, Geely Automobile Holdings Ltd. (which owns Volvo), and Wanxiang Automotive Parts,” Webster said. “Students will have the opportunity to intern, perhaps at one of those multinational companies, learn about Chinese law in English from faculty there and earn a fantastic academic credential at the same time."



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January 04, 2016

EEPS Colloquium: Friday, January 29, 2016 Noon

Friday, January 29, 2016
Noon, AW Smith, Rm. 104

Geochemical Drivers of Organic Matter Decomposition in Arctic Tundra Soil by Dr. Elizabeth Hendron (Kent State University)

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Entry is tagged: Colloquia

December 28, 2015

Case Western Reserve University showcases ingenuity at CES 2016

From high-speed blood tests to virtual hugs, innovation infrastructures to insights




News Release: Dec. 28, 2015



CLEVELAND—More than 30 Case Western Reserve University students, staff and alumni will showcase their inventions, start-up ventures and entrepreneurial and innovation resources on a global stage: CES, produced by the Consumer Technology Association, in Las Vegas Jan. 6-9.

It marks Case Western Reserve’s third consecutive year exhibiting at the event—and largest representation yet. CES, which annually attracts more than 170,000 visitors from all over the world, introduces next-generation innovations to the marketplace.

During the international trade show, Case School of Engineering Dean Jeffrey Duerk will also present, “Beyond Academic Maker Spaces: Can Innovation Ecosystems Convert Makers to Producers?” His message: With university “maker” spaces designed to encourage experiential learning and entrepreneurial thinking gaining in popularity, their full impact will arise when connections to the broader innovation ecosystem, including production, are included.

As a key institution in Cleveland’s emergence as a rising start-up city nationally, Case Western Reserve’s exhibit of 10 booths at CES will display and demonstrate the following and more:

• Apollo Medical Devices is developing a rapid blood-testing technology than can return results in five minutes with just a single drop of blood. The portable analyzer can be used bedside or in the emergency room to speed diagnoses, decision-making and treatment. Punkaj Ahuja, Apollo’s founder and chief technology officer, is a PhD student in biomedical engineering. http://www.apollomedicaldevices.com

• Xyla Foxlin, a mechanical and aerospace engineering undergraduate, is building pairable teddy bears that can transmit a hug from parent to child or brother to sister, across town or across continents. When one bear is hugged, she said, a suite of squeezable analog sensors begins the process of sending a Wi-Fi message to the other bear—and that bear will vibrate, making a physical connection. http://parihug.com

• EveryKey, a Bluetooth-enabled wristband or key ring accessory unlocks phone, laptop, tablet, home door, car door and other controlled-access devices when nearby. When the user walks away, the device locks down. If lost, the owner can remotely freeze the device. Christopher Wentz, founder and CEO, is a 2013 CWRU graduate. Several current students are among the company’s employees. https://everykey.com/

• PrintSpace 3D manufactures and develops high-performance 3-D printers and custom 3-D printing applications using advanced materials. Known for sleek design, large print volume and more than 25 materials from which to select, PrintSpace 3D printers are used by laboratories and universities across the country. Founder Mark Jaster, a CWRU alumnus, has worked with NASA on 3-D printing in orbit. https://www.printspace3d.com

• Intwine Connect, a “spin-in” based in the Cleveland suburb of Chagrin Falls, develops hardware, software and services that allow consumers and businesses to monitor and manage electronics, energy use and indoor air quality through their Internet-connected devices. President and CEO Dave Martin earned an MBA from the university’s Weatherhead School of Management. http://intwineconnect.com

• Radhika Vazirani an undergraduate student majoring in biomedical engineering, is developing the Digital Doppler Display, a display that attaches to implantable Doppler sensors used in hospitals to measure blood flow. The display would improve care by continuously, silently and objectively monitoring flow and sounding alarms when flow is disrupted. Ultimately, Vazirani plans to build a complete portable device doctors can use for remote monitoring.

• Representatives of the City of Cleveland and the university will highlight partnerships, including the creation of the Cleveland Health-Tech Corridor and commercial 100 gigabit fiber network. The corridor includes more than 135 health technology and high-tech businesses, receiving hundreds of millions of dollars in research funding. Four startups were acquired by publicly traded companies in the last six months. http://www.100gigcle.org

• The Larry Sears and Sally Zlotnick Sears think[box] has helped generate more than a dozen patented devices in three years. Faculty and staff leaders will discuss one of the largest university-based makerspaces in the world. Open free to the campus and public, the workshop for innovation and collaboration will expand to seven stories and 50,000 square feet of space for generating ideas to starting a business. https://engineering.case.edu/thinkbox

The exhibitors will be in booths 80623 to 80627, 80723 to 80727
Tech West, Eureka Park, University Innovations.

Many of the innovations were made possible through support of the Burton D. Morgan Foundation, http://www.bdmorganfdn.org/; CWRU LaunchNet, http://students.case.edu/cwrulaunchnet; and Case Western Reserve’s Technology Transfer Office, https://www.case.edu/research/faculty-staff/tto/.



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December 23, 2015

Simple shell of plant virus sparks immune response against cancer

Mice tumor free and protected from metastases after treatment




News Release: Dec. 23, 2015



CLEVELAND—The shells of a common plant virus, inhaled into a lung tumor or injected into ovarian, colon or breast tumors, not only triggered the immune system in mice to wipe out the tumors, but provided systemic protection against metastases, researchers from Case Western Reserve University and Dartmouth College report.

The scientists tested a 100-year-old idea called in-situ vaccination. The idea is to put something inside a tumor and disrupt the environment that suppresses the immune system, thus allowing the natural defense system to attack the malignancy.

That something—the hard coating of cowpea mosaic virus—caused no detectible side effects, which are a common problem with traditional therapies and some immunotherapies.

The team’s research is published in the journal Nature Nanotechnology.

“The cowpea virus-based nanoparticles act like a switch that turns on the immune system to recognize and fight against the tumor – as well as to remember it,” said Nicole Steinmetz, an assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve, appointed by the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine.

“The particles are shockingly potent,” said Steven Fiering, professor of microbiology and immunology at Dartmouth’s Geisel School of Medicine. “They’re easy to make and don’t need to carry antigens, drugs or other immunostimmulatory agents on their surface or inside.”

The professors studied the nanoparticles with Dartmouth’s Pat Lizotte, a molecular and cellular biology PhD student; Mee Rie Sheen, a postdoctoral fellow; and Pakdee Rojanasopondist, an undergraduate student; and Case Western Reserve’s Amy Wen, a biomedical engineering PhD student.

Taking another shot

The immune system’s ability to detect and destroy abnormal cells is thought to prevent many cancers, according to the National Cancer Institute. But when tumors start to develop, they can shut down the system, allowing tumors to grow and spread.

To restart immune defenses, the scientists used the tumor itself as if it were the antigen in a vaccine—that is, the target for antibodies produced by the immune system.

The cowpea virus shell, with its infectious components removed, acts as the adjuvant—a substance that triggers and may enhance or prolong antigen-specific immune responses.

The process and results

The researchers first switched on the immune system in mice to attack B16F10 lung melanoma or skin melanoma, leaving the mice tumor-free. When the treated mice were later injected with B16F10 skin melanoma (to re-challenge the cured mice), four out of five mice were soon cancer free and one had a slow-growing tumor.

The nanoparticles proved effective against ovarian, breast and colon tumor models. Most of the tumors deteriorated from the center and collapsed. The systemic response prevented or attacked metastatic disease, which is the deadliest form of cancer.

“You get benefits against disease you don’t even know is there yet,” Fiering said.

“Because everything we do is local, the side effects are limited,” despite the strength and extent of the immune response, Fiering said. No toxicity was found.

Harsh side effects, such as fatigue, pain, flu-like symptoms and more are common with chemo and radiation therapies and with some immunostimulation drugs.

The researchers are now trying to understand how the virus shell stimulates the immune system.

“It’s not cytotoxic, there’s no RNA involved or lipopolysaccharides that may be used as adjuvants, and it’s not simply an irritant,” Steinmetz said. “We see a specific immune response.”

Unlike most other adjuvants, Fiering said, the virus shells stimulate neutrophils, a type of white blood cell. What role that plays is not yet known.

The researchers are seeking grants to study whether the shell’s physical traits or something virus-specific causes the immune response. They are also seeking grants to test the therapy in animal models that have immune systems closer to humans.

If the virus shell continues to prove effective, the researchers believe it could eventually be used in combination with other therapies tailored to individual patients.



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December 29, 2015

Newly discovered reptile fossils offer clues about elevation history of Andes Mountains and climate change


News Release: Dec. 29, 2015


CLEVELAND—On an arid plateau in the Andes Mountains of southern Bolivia, a Case Western Reserve University researcher flagged what turned out to be the fossil remains of a tortoise nearly five feet long—a find indicating this highland was likely less than a kilometer above sea level 13 million years ago.

Fossilized shell pieces of a much smaller, aquatic turtle found nearby support the altitude estimate and also indicate the climate was much wetter than today.

The remains are the first records of fossil turtles from the Miocene epoch in Bolivia, and their presence challenges a recent isotope-based study that estimated the massive plateau, called the Altiplano, near what is now the town of Quebrada Honda, was 2 to 3.2 kilometers high at that time.

In addition, the fossils provide a glimpse into climate change caused by rising mountains, which may help scientists understand climate change underway now.

The research is published in the Journal of South American Earth Sciences.

“We’re trying to understand how tectonic plate activity and changing climate affected species diversity in the past,” said Darin Croft, an anatomy professor at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and a paleomammalogist. “One way all this diversity we see in the South American tropics today was generated was through elevation. Mountains create many different climates and ecosystems in a small area, which promotes speciation.”

Croft found the tortoise remains in an embankment after he missed a turn on a path near Quebrada Honda and was working his way back toward his regular research site. Croft and Federico Anaya, a member of the geological engineering faculty at Universidad Autónoma Tomás Friás in Posotí, later identified other, more fragmentary tortoise remains from other sites in the area.

After returning to the United States, Croft sent photographs and three-dimensional computer-generated images of the remains to Edwin Cadena, a turtle expert now at Yachay Tech University in Ecuador.

Cadena identified the tortoise as a member of the same genus as the Galápagos tortoise, Chelonoidis. He identified the extinct freshwater turtle as belonging to the genus Acanthochelys, whose surviving members occur throughout much of tropical South America.

The animals are ectotherms, commonly called cold-blooded. Their reliance on the outside air to control their body temperature can be used as a proxy for the temperature where they lived and, therefore, elevation.

The ancient tortoise and aquatic turtle most likely would have had physiological requirements much like their modern relatives, which generally live at altitudes of up to about 500 meters and can’t thrive or reproduce at much higher elevations because of the cooler temperatures, Croft said.

Miocene fossilized leaf remains are scant in Bolivia, but those that have been found tend to support the findings of warmer temperatures, lower altitude, and greater precipitation than today.

The Andes were formed by subduction—a process in which one tectonic plate is shoved under another. How quickly the mountains rose to their current elevation is not fully answered.

As the highest geological feature in South America, the mountain chain affects global air circulation patterns and plays a major role in global climate.

“With current global climate change, we’d like to have a better idea of what to expect under different scenarios—how 1-degree warming or 2-degree warming will affect sea levels and animals,” Croft continued. “If we want to model the future, we need to understand and model the past.”

Looking back, if the Andes Mountains were less than 1 kilometer high during the late Miocene, they would have had a much smaller effect on global circulation than if they were two or three times as high, close to their modern elevation near Quebrada Honda.

The researchers believe they have more evidence from extinct animals that this part of the Altiplano was less than a kilometer above sea level 13 million years ago. They found fossil remains of a large snake in the same rock layer as the turtles. Those bones are currently under study by Croft and colleagues.


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December 28, 2015

CWRU researchers tailor power source for wearable electronics


News Release: Dec. 28, 2015


CLEVELAND—Wearable power sources for wearable electronics are limited by the size of garments.

With that in mind, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed flexible wire-shaped microsupercapacitors that can be woven into a jacket, shirt or dress.

By their design or by connecting the capacitors in series or parallel, the devices can be tailored to match the charge storage and delivery needs of electronics donned.

While there’s been progress in development of those electronics—body cameras, smart glasses, sensors that monitor health, activity trackers and more—one challenge remaining is providing less obtrusive and cumbersome power sources.

“The area of clothing is fixed, so to generate the power density needed in a small area, we grew radially-aligned titanium oxide nanotubes on a titanium wire used as the main electrode,” said Liming Dai, the Kent Hale Smith Professor of Macromolecular Science and Engineering. “By increasing the surface area of the electrode, you increase the capacitance.”

Dai and Tao Chen, a postdoctoral fellow in molecular science and engineering at Case Western Reserve, published their research on the microsupercapacitor in the journal Energy Storage Materials this week. The study builds on earlier carbon-based supercapacitors.

A capacitor is cousin to the battery, but offers the advantage of charging and releasing energy much faster.

How it works

In this new supercapacitor, the modified titanium wire is coated with a solid electrolyte made of polyvinyl alcohol and phosphoric acid. The wire is then wrapped with either yarn or a sheet made of aligned carbon nanotubes, which serves as the second electrode. The titanium oxide nanotubes, which are semiconducting, separate the two active portions of the electrodes, preventing a short circuit.

In testing, capacitance—the capability to store charge—increased from 0.57 to 0.9 to 1.04 milliFarads per micrometer as the strands of carbon nanotube yarn were increased from 1 to 2 to 3.

When wrapped with a sheet of carbon nanotubes, which increases the effective area of electrode, the microsupercapactitor stored 1.84 milliFarads per micrometer. Energy density was 0.16 x 10-3 milliwatt-hours per cubic centimeter and power density .01 milliwatt per cubic centimeter.

Whether wrapped with yarn or a sheet, the microsupercapacitor retained at least 80 percent of its capacitance after 1,000 charge-discharge cycles. To match various specific power needs of wearable devices, the wire-shaped capacitors can be connected in series or parallel to raise voltage or current, the researchers say.

When bent up to 180 degrees hundreds of times, the capacitors showed no loss of performance. Those wrapped in sheets showed more mechanical strength.

“They’re very flexible, so they can be integrated into fabric or textile materials,” Dai said. “They can be a wearable, flexible power source for wearable electronics and also for self-powered biosensors or other biomedical devices, particularly for applications inside the body.”

Dai ‘s lab is in the process of weaving the wire-like capacitors into fabric and integrating them with a wearable device.


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December 28, 2015

CWRU professor to build much desired chemical imager

Studies using FastRam will range from tooth decay and art, to combustion and planetary science




News Release: Dec. 28, 2015



CLEVELAND—Before Case Western Reserve University Professor Ozan Akkus applied for federal funding to build a souped-up version of a chemical analyzer, 11 fellow professors from various disciplines, as well as an art conservation group at the Cleveland Museum of Art, signed on in support, wanting to use the new device.

Akkus, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering, is turning a Raman microscope—one of the workhorses of chemical analysis—into FastRAM, a device that can provide images of materials in seconds to minutes instead of hours to days. The instrument would also allow researchers to analyze dynamic processes such as chemical reactions as they occur, which current technology cannot.

The new technology would reduce the time it takes to make discoveries and the cost of analysis and may provide the first look at a host of dynamic systems, yielding fundamental knowledge of how they operate and insight into how they may be modified to improve output, safety and more.

The National Science Foundation awarded him a $280,000 grant to develop a spectrometer that’s faster than current models by a factor of hundred, and in some cases thousand. The grant was supplemented by $60,000 from the Ohio Board of Regents and $60,000 from the Case School of Engineering.

Over the next year-and-a-half, Akkus will work with Case Western Reserve colleagues Andrew Rollins, a biomedical engineering professor who specializes in molecular imaging, Hatsuo Ishida, a macromolecular science and engineering professor who studies molecular spectroscopy of polymers, and Daniel Scherson, a chemistry professor who focuses on Raman and other spectroscopic techniques.

Case Western Reserve faculty members are already planning to use FastRAM to analyze meteors, the chemical reactions inside lithium ion batteries, organic light-emitting diodes, solar cell materials, self-assembly of polymers, for early detection of tooth decay and more. Cleveland Museum of Art’s conservation science division plans to use the device to analyze and better preserve and restore artworks. Area businesses have also shown interest.

Raman spectrometry allows users to see the different molecules inside materials.

“If you mix optically similar things together, for example sugar and cocaine, you can’t tell the difference by looking at them,” Akkus said. “When laboratories use this type of chemical imaging, they focus light at one point and see the chemical bonds specific to cocaine and the chemical bonds specific to sugar, and can tell them apart.”

But the chemical imaging produced by traditional Raman spectroscopy requires tedious point by point spatial scanning to see the distribution of the two materials, he explained. Hundreds or thousands of points need to be scanned to construct a single image, to get the full picture.

“The FastRam has 100 focal points, so you get 100 times the information simultaneously,” Akkus said.

To create multiple focal points, the team will modify incoming laser paths in the spectrometer with arrays of microlenses. The light that’s reflected off of chemical molecules will be filtered. Extremely sensitive charged coupled device cameras will collect and process information across the full electromagnetic spectrum of each pixel in the image.

In addition to building the device, Akkus and his colleagues will develop use manuals, training seminars and undergraduate laboratory modules.



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December 28, 2015

Ohio Third Frontier Commission approves funding for four early-stage technology companies being developed at Case Western Reserve


News Release: Wednesday, December 23, 2015


Four early-stage tech companies at Case Western Reserve University will each receive $50,000 from the Ohio Third Frontier Commission to further develop and bring their products to the marketplace.

The Ohio Third Frontier Technology Validation and Start-Up Fund (TVSF), which provides grants to advance technology developed by Ohio institutions of higher education and other nonprofit research institutions, last week approved seven of 19 proposals statewide for Phase I funding.

Researchers at Case Western Reserve submitted four of the seven proposals.

“Three of the four funded programs have also previously received funding from the Case- Coulter Translational Research Partnership,” said Michael Haag, executive director of the university’s Technology Transfer Office. “I am excited to see us further build on the partnership we have established with the Case-Coulter program. The combination of these two sets of funds will allow for our faculty to make significant advances in the translation and commercialization of their projects.”

The four projects approved for state funding include:

 HemeChip, a device to provide rapid diagnosis of sickle cell disease (SCD) and other disorders in newborns (project leader: Umut Gurkan, assistant professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering)

SCD is a genetic disorder that’s treatable, especially when caught early. But existing tests for the disease take too long (two to six weeks for results) and cost too much (at least $10). Without detection and treatment, at least half of the 400,000 infants born yearly with SCD in sub-Saharan Africa will die.

HemeChip is a diagnostic device that uses electrophoresis of red blood cells to identify SCD and other blood disorders. The device integrates with a smartphone app to produce faster, less expensive and more convenient results. A small amount of blood from a finger-stick (or heel-stick in the case of newborns) is applied at one end of a strip of absorbent and moistened paper, and an electric field applied. The devices can be provided for about $2.

The new round of funding will allow Gurkan and his team to refine the design, manufacture a pilot run of 5,000 units in Ohio and field-test the device in Ghana.

 A removable device that uses electrical currents for pain control (project leader: Niloy Bhadra, assistant professor of biomedical engineering)

While electrical signals have been used to block nerves for 30 years, interest in the technology for pain relief after surgery has grown enormously in recent years because of advances in electronics and the advantages over using drugs.
Bhadra and his associates are developing a nerve-blocking device that uses charge-balanced direct current (CBDC) with an external power source, which requires electrodes to conduct power from the external source to the site of the nerve. They see the technology as especially useful for knee- and hip-replacement patients.

The funding will be used to further develop electrodes that are expected to be part of the device and to learn whether the approach is safe for repeated delivery to the nerve for up to a few weeks after surgery.

 SynthoPlate, synthetic platelets to reduce traumatic bleeding (project leader: Anirban Sen Gupta, assistant professor of biomedical engineering)

Blood and blood products from donors have limitations—inadequate supply, pathogenic or foreign contaminants, special storage requirements, limited shelf life and high collection costs.
But commercial and military demand for an artificial blood is high.

Sen Gupta is leading the development of artificial blood platelets, which, if proven effective, could provide large amounts of the principal element that forms clots to stop the flow of blood at the site of an injury.

Devising artificial platelets is a challenge because it requires a product that only forms a clot at the site of an injury, and not somewhere else as well. His lab has proven the concept effective in a rodent model. The new funding will allow for scale-up, sterilization, stability analysis and larger animal studies for effectiveness and safety.

 Self-powering wireless sensors that could turn conventional buildings into energy efficient “smart” buildings” (project leader: Philip Feng, assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science)

About 40 percent of the nation’s energy consumption is generated in buildings. Feng and his team are developing a low-cost, self-powering wireless sensor system that can be easily integrated with a “smart” HVAC system. The principals estimate the system could cut energy use in buildings by nearly a third.

The concept consists of a small circuit board with energy harvesting components, supercapacitors for energy storage, temperature, pressure and humidity sensors along with a controller chip and transmitter.
Funding will be used to develop more advanced prototypes and to test the concept in a building energy management system.

The Ohio Third Frontier Program aims to encourage private investment that accelerates the growth of Ohio-based technology companies and creates jobs.






























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December 23, 2015

American Astronomical Society 67th meeting and Warner & Swasey Observatory dedication

The American Astronomical Society held its 67th meeting Sunday-Tuesday, 12/28-12/30/1941 in Cleveland in conjunction with the 12/29 dedication of the enlarged Warner & Swasey Observatory and the Burrell Schmidt-type telescope. On Monday evening (12/29 ), Dr. Harlow Shapley, director of the Harvard College Observatory, delivered a lecture in Severance Hall at 8:00 p.m., “Exploring our Galaxy with the Newer Telescopes.” Following the lecture a reception was held at the Warner & Swasey Observatory, sponsored by the Warner & Swasey Company and Case School of Applied Science.

ShapleyInvitation.jpg

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Invitation and ticket for the Harlow Shapley lecture

A Council meeting and conference on teaching were held Sunday; while morning and afternoon sessions for papers were held Monday followed by the Shapley lecture and reception. A symposium on the Schmidt-type telescope and its work was held Tuesday morning capped by a Society photograph at the Observatory. Afternoon sessions for papers were followed by the Society dinner in the evening. A proposed tour of the Warner & Swasey Company plant had to be cancelled because of war work.

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Jason J. Nassau

The Warner & Swasey Observatory originally had been dedicated 10/12/1920. It was the gift of Worcester R. Warner and Ambrose Swasey, both trustees of Case. Under longtime faculty member and head of the Astronomy Department, Jason J. Nassau, the work of the department progressed and grew necessitating more space and equipment. In the late 1930s funds were sought for the improvements. Gifts of over $150,000 were received. Major donors included: Cornelia and Helen Warner, widow and daughter of Worcester Warner; Katherine W. Burrell, widow of Edward Burrell who for many years was the director of engineering for the Warner & Swasey Company; Eckstein Case; and Warner & Swasey Company via in-kind services. A new dome, telescope, exhibition space, and auditorium were added.

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Warner & Swasey Observatory

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 06:49 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities | Places

December 22, 2015

CWRU School of Law expands public access to faculty expertise with new video podcast series and speakers’ bureau




News Release: Wednesday, December 22, 2015



CLEVELAND—In an initiative to make its faculty expertise available to a wider audience, Case Western Reserve University School of Law has introduced a new video podcast series and speakers’ bureau.

The video podcast series, “Faculty View from CWRU,” features brief expert commentaries on cutting-edge legal developments. The 10-minute videos, posted every few weeks on YouTube, so far have examined “The New Phase in the War on Isis” (Co-Dean Michael Scharf), “The Future of Abortion Rights: Whole Women's Health v. Cole” (Associate Dean Jessie Hill) and “The Paris Climate Change Conference” (Professor Juscelino Colares).


The next video podcast will feature criminal justice instructor Michael Benza, discussing the Tamir Rice investigation, a widely reported Cleveland case in which a police officer shot and killed a boy carrying a toy gun.


Faculty participating in the law school’s Faculty Speakers’ Bureau provide free lunchtime talks at law firms on more than 30 contemporary legal issues, such as "Making Sense of the U.S. Supreme Court," "Integrity Compliance Requirements" and "Regulation of Copying and Creativity."


Nearly a dozen law firms have hosted Case Western Reserve law faculty in recent months. The firms select topics and faculty speakers from an extensive and expanding menu of options. The speakers’ bureau is available to firms in Ohio and Pennsylvania.


Additionally, CWRU law faculty members participate in the well-established “Case Downtown” program at the Cleveland City Club, which features monthly breakfast Continuing Legal Education presentations free to attendees.


“Faculty View from CWRU, the Faculty Speakers’ Bureau and Case Downtown reflect the law school’s desire to make its faculty expertise available to the Cleveland community and beyond,” said law school Co-Deans Jessica Berg and Scharf. “Throughout the year, we host numerous conferences and lectures in University Circle, but these programs make it even more convenient for lawyers and others to benefit from our faculty research.”


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December 17, 2015

KSL's Winter Break hours

Beginning Wednesday, Dec. 16th, KSL's hours make an adjustment for the CWRU winter break, as detailed below. 24/7 also takes a break during this time. It does resume the evening of Monday, Jan. 11th. Enjoy your holiday break!

Dec. 16 - Dec. 18: 8 am - 5 pm, No 24/7 or card swipe access

Dec. 19 - Dec. 20: CLOSED No 24/7 or card swipe access

Dec. 21 - Dec. 22: 9 am - 5 pm, No 24/7 or card swipe access

Dec. 23: 9 am - 3 pm, No 24/7 or card swipe access

Dec. 24 - Dec. 27: CLOSED No 24/7 or card swipe access

Dec. 28 - Dec. 30: 9 am - 5 pm, No 24/7 or card swipe access

Dec. 31 - Jan. 3: CLOSED No 24/7 or card swipe access

Jan. 4 - Jan. 8: 8 am - 5 pm, No 24/7 or card swipe access

Jan. 9 - Jan. 10: CLOSED No 24/7 or card swipe access

Jan. 11: Resume Regular Business Hours


Cramelot Cafe's Winter Break hours

Dec. 16 - Dec. 18th: 11 am - 3 pm

Dec. 19 - Jan. 10th: CLOSED

Jan. 11th: Resume Regular Business Hours

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Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

December 17, 2015

Case Western Reserve School of Nursing scientist to lead new gene-modifying cystic fibrosis research


News Release: Thursday, December 17, 2015


CLEVELAND—A scientist at Case Western Reserve University Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing will lead a pair of studies to develop more effective treatment for symptoms of cystic fibrosis (CF), a life-threatening genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and progressively limits the ability to breathe.

About 30,000 people in the United States (70,000 worldwide) suffer from CF, with about 1,000 new cases diagnosed annually. Most CF patients are diagnosed as newborns.

A defective gene causes a thick buildup of mucus in the lungs, pancreas and other organs of CF patients. In the lungs, the mucus clogs airways, leading to extensive damage and, eventually, respiratory failure.

CF can be treated, but there is no cure. The average lifespan is less than 40 years.

Rebecca Darrah, assistant professor at the School of Nursing and assistant director of Case Western Reserve’s Genetic Counseling Training Program, will direct two new studies to learn more about how gene-modifying treatment can be used to minimize the symptoms of CF.

Both research projects will begin in January.

“With these new studies,” Darrah said, “we are hoping to not only develop new treatment strategies that would benefit all CF patients, but also determine the ideal timing for other clinical interventions already in place to help patients with specific mutations.”

First study

Data from a recent genetic survey of CF patients suggest they may benefit from medications— such as ACE inhibitors—that regulate blood pressure and fluid balance.

Scientists have found that worsening lung symptoms in CF patients are linked to variations in the genetic code for a receptor in a pathway related to high blood pressure (known as angiotensin) that restricts vessels and raises blood pressure. The researchers will try to determine if CF lung symptoms can be somewhat reduced by altering a specific component of the angiotensin pathway.

With funding from the Gilead Sciences Inc., Darrah and her team will study the effects of altering the angiotensin pathway in genetically modified mouse models. They will also determine whether giving CF mouse models medication designed to alter angiotensin signaling will have a positive effect on their breathing.

Darrah has already begun to analyze clinical data to determine if CF patients prescribed hypertensive drugs experienced improvement in lung symptoms. Since FDA-approved drugs targeting the angiotensin pathway exist, results could lead to a clinical trial in CF patients.

Second study

“Treating chronic diseases, such as CF, can be clinically challenging because it is often unclear whether disease symptoms can be reversed or whether the best hope is just to slow the progression of the disease,” Darrah said. “With clinical trials of new drugs to correct the genetic defect that causes CF, knowing the ideal timing of this treatment is critical.”

In the second study, with a grant from the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, mouse models of CF will undergo genetic “correction” of the mutations causing the disease when exposed to a certain drug.

In this study, researchers hope to:
• Determine which of the respiratory symptoms are reversible or preventable with genetic correction.

• Determine the ideal timing of genetic correction. Would treatment be most effective as infants to prevent lung disease or can it also be given to adults to reverse lung disease?

• Determine the amount of genetic correction required. Does the gene have to be corrected completely or would partial correction help alleviate or prevent symptoms?

The findings are expected to help design more effective clinical trials by providing important data on CF lung symptoms that are correctable and reversible, and the timing necessary to achieve these clinical benefits.

###

Case Western Reserve University is one of the country’s leading private research institutions. Located in Cleveland, we offer a unique combination of forward-thinking educational opportunities in an inspiring cultural setting. Our leading-edge faculty engage in teaching and research in a collaborative, hands-on environment. Our nationally recognized programs include arts and sciences, dental medicine, engineering, law, management, medicine, nursing and social work. About 4,900 undergraduate and 5,900 graduate students comprise our student body. Visit case.edu to see how Case Western Reserve thinks beyond the possible.































Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 07:46 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

December 04, 2015

Extra Study spaces for Finals starting 12/4

The end of the semester is finally here! KSL is offering students additional Quiet Study spaces during the day and throughout 24/7 to make room for everyone.

Rooms LL01, LL06 A & LL06 B will be open for Quiet Study for the following time period: Friday, December 4th at 5:00 pm through Wednesday, December 16th 4:00 pm

Tables and chairs will be added to 2nd floor for overflow seating

Good luck with finals!


Quiet Study Space Reading Days & Finals - 2nd rev for Fall 2015.jpg

Posted on KSL News Blog by Mahmoud Audu at 10:42 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

December 15, 2015

CWRU researchers to make virtual energy audits a reality

Receive ARPA-E grant to boost energy efficiency nationally

News Release: Dec. 15, 2015


CLEVELAND—Case Western Reserve University researchers were awarded a $1.4 million U.S. Department of Energy grant to develop software to perform virtual energy audits of light commercial buildings.

In addition to audits, the computer program will enable a building owner to assess energy efficiency and elicit the most cost-effective solutions to energy waste.

“Before big data analytics, to pinpoint a building’s efficiency problems, we had to walk through a building, read sensors and conduct blower door and smoke tests,” said Alexis Abramson, a professor of mechanical and aerospace engineering and director of the Great Lakes Energy Institute at Case Western Reserve. “By analyzing at least two years of whole building energy use data, we can uncover some of the same information.”

Large industrial buildings are often wired to provide owners details of energy consumption, but the practice is uncommon in light commercial buildings, particularly older structures.

The national goals of the project are to help ensure that the United States maintains a technological lead in developing and deploying energy efficient technologies, enhance the nation’s economic and energy security by improving the energy efficiency of buildings and reduce energy imports as well as harmful emissions. The funding comes from the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) program.

Abramson and Roger French, the F. Alex Nason professor of materials science and engineering at the Case School of Engineering, and Jiayang Sun, professor of epidemiology and biostatistics at the Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, will work with Milwaukee-based Johnson Controls Inc., a world leader in building-efficiency equipment, controls and services, to develop the software over the next three years. The software will assess and analyze multiple streams of data, including climate, weather, the amount of sunshine each day and utility meter records.

“The data streams are like DNA, which has codes imbedded in it. It took us a while to understand what these codes meant,” Abramson said. “Similarly, we can find out what’s going on inside a building by uncovering the codes in the data.”

The researchers are looking for patterns and correlations in the data that reveal if the heating and ventilation systems are oversized or undersized, when the lights come on, if the building needs better insulation and windows, and more. Using this information, a predictive model, developed from the building’s data, can then be created and tested.

For example, a building’s electric meter may show substantial fluctuation in energy use. If the fluctuation, when tied to many days worth of weather records, is statistically significant, it could signal a leaky building. With that information, the software could build models that would suggest high return-on-investment, energy-efficiency solutions based on predicted performance.

The CWRU project is one of 41 nationally to receive funding under ARPA-E OPEN this year. Following contract negotiations, the researchers begin their work this winter.


Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 08:14 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

December 14, 2015

Competitive auctions drive women to bid—and value winning—more than men


News Release: Tuesday, December 15, 2015

In the heat of competition, women value winning more than men.

Women also bid more in auctions than men—but only when competing against other women. Against men, women bid about the same as men competing against each other.

These discoveries, drawn from a new study co-written by an economist at Case Western Reserve University, seem to challenge decades of research showing women are less likely to compete.

“Our results show women are more competitive than men—once inside a competition,” said Roman Sheremeta, the study’s co-author and an assistant professor of economics at the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve. “But there is a barrier of entry: Women are less likely to enter competitions in the first place.”

The findings also offer insight into still-present gender gap in pay—women in the United States earn about 21 percent less than men—and why women occupy only five percent of Fortune 500 CEO positions.

“While some gender gaps are shrinking, they still exist,” said Sheremeta. “Our results could provide insight into the forces contributing to gender inequality in the workplace, especially given that competitiveness can be strongly correlated with choosing to pursue prestigious employment.”

In an experiment known as an “all-pay auction,” researchers found women risked more when the costs of competing against other women were unrecoverable, such as winner-take-all. Against men, women bid about the same as when men competed with men.

“The notion that women are less competitive than men has worked its way into decision-making and is a part of our culture,” said Sheremeta. “Our results seem to challenge this idea.”

This study, published in Economic Letters, is particularly intriguing given existing literature showing:

• Women believe men will do better in competitions. Men think men will do better. In reality, they perform about the same;

• When odds favor women in competitions against men, they still tend to shy away from participating;

• Women are as competitive as men in negotiating equal salaries—when negotiating on behalf of others;

• Women are more than twice as likely to have apprehension about negotiating, which could explain, for example, why women tend to pay higher prices for vehicles;

• Women are overconfident less often than men.

Sheremeta, who has replicated some of these results in his own work, was surprised at how his latest findings were inharmonious with existing studies.

“In some ways, these results blow out previous research,” he said, “though they are more provocative than conclusive.”

Gender-competition research could eventually inform policies and interventions to create gender-equal workplaces, Sheremeta said.

This fall, Forbes named Sheremeta the top economic thinker of Ukrainian descent—an honor based on the amount of citations and publications stemming from his original research, and by votes from peers in his field.

His latest paper, “The gender difference in the value of winning,” was co-written by Zhuoqiong (Charlie) Chen, of the London School of Economics, and David Ong, of Peking University and the Chinese University of Hong Kong.



























Posted on Think by Daniel Robison at 06:04 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

September 25, 2015

Kelvin Smith Library is a SHARES Member

So what does this mean? Well, the SHARES Research Libraries Group is a worldwide consortium consisting of over 100 participating institutions. Membership in this group affords us preferential treatment for interlibrary loan services among our peer libraries. Researchers from our university also enjoy comparable on-site collection and service access (short of full borrowing privileges), while visiting any of these locations. This is particularly valuable to traveling scholars in facilitating their research endeavors while away from our campus.

For your convenience, below is a list of those institutions closest geographically to our university, primarily within Ohio and its surrounding states (and province). Note there are currently no SHARES members in Indiana, Kentucky, West Virginia or Wisconsin.

OHIO:

Cleveland Museum of Art, Ingalls Library
Hebrew Union College, Klau Library
Ohio State University, Health Sciences Library
Ohio State University Libraries

MICHIGAN:

University of Michigan
University of Michigan, Law Library

PENNSYLVANIA:

Bryn Mawr College, Canaday Library
Carnegie Mellon University, Hunt Library
Haverford College Library
Pennsylvania State University Libraries
Philadelphia Museum of Art
Swarthmore College, McCabe Library
Temple University, Paley Library
University of Pennsylvania, Biddle Law Library
University of Pennsylvania, Van Pelt Library

WESTERN & CENTRAL NEW YORK:

Cornell University Library
State University of New York, Binghamton, Bartle Library
Syracuse University Libraries

NORTHERN ILLINOIS:

Art Institute of Chicago, Ryerson & Burnham Libraries
Northwestern University
University of Chicago Library

SOUTHERN ONTARIO (CANADA):

University of Toronto, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education
University of Toronto, Engineering & Computer Science Library
University of Toronto, Mississauga Library

Others of Major Importance:

Library of Congress
New York Public Library

During the course of our membership in the SHARES program, we have been provided easier access to the collections of a number of specialized and international libraries. This has allowed us to obtain use of materials we previously were not permitted to borrow or have reproduced. We hope our users will also choose to take advantage of the special benefits available with on-site use at other member institution locations.

If you have any questions or concerns regarding ILL services and the SHARES library consortium, please contact us, by phone at (216) 368-3463 or (216) 368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 11:15 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Recommendations | Services

December 11, 2015

Forecast: U.S. economy modestly stronger in 2016

CWRU Weatherhead School of Management Executive in Residence Mark Sniderman also sees likely upward bump in interest rates




News Release: Friday, December 11, 2015



CLEVELAND—Economist Mark Sniderman, executive in residence at Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management, on Friday predicted moderate expansion in the U.S. economy in 2016 and a bump in interest rates.

Sniderman, adjunct professor of economics and a former executive vice president and chief policy officer with the Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, offered those projections and more at the 42nd David A. Bowers Economic Forecast Luncheon at the Cleveland Renaissance Hotel.

Sniderman forecasted the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC)—the Federal Reserve monetary policymaking body—to increase its federal funds rate target at its meeting next Tuesday and Wednesday (Dec. 15-16).

He suggested the most important news will not be a rate hike, but what the Federal Reserve committee has to say about a strategy to tighten policy in response to evolving economic conditions.

Sniderman characterized the U.S. economy as “being in fairly good shape, considering the significant blow it suffered during the worst recession since the Great Depression.” The nation’s unemployment rate has returned to 5 percent—a rate Sniderman expects to continue for the next year as the economy continues to expand.

“The expansion itself is likely to be a moderate one, in the range of 2½ to 3 percent next year, and slightly slower in 2017,” he said.

Sniderman expects inflation, at just under 2 percent, once the effects of falling energy prices are removed, will continue at that pace next year and beyond. He also expects a continuing jobs expansion amid a gradual tightening in labor market conditions.

“If this happens, people should see their earnings improve over time,” he said. “Business executives are cautious and willing to expand capacity slowly, and in response to—rather than ahead of—consumer spending.”

Sniderman said the Federal Reserve has to pay attention to structural changes in the global economy, and factor those changes into its monetary policy process. He believes there is “a high degree of uncertainty” surrounding these shifts.

“Europe is still struggling to regain its footing after the global recession, and not likely to be a stronger market for U.S. goods and services,” he said.

As for global concerns, Sniderman explained that China is putting a greater emphasis on its domestic markets after decades of vigorous capital spending and export led-growth.

As a result, he said, “this re-balancing act will take time and expose the Chinese economy to more economic fluctuations than we have seen in the past.”


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 08:13 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

December 11, 2015

Mano a Mano

Back when I was blogging here regularly, one of the banes of my existence petty annoyances was encountering the blog of Mano Singham. Let's just say that we had different takes on almost everything, though I would sometimes find something to agree with. Now I read that he is retiring. Tempting as it might be to celebrate the departure of another leftish atheist, (why bother? He'll just be replaced with another), it would be churlish, and I've never wished ill on the man. Instead, I wish him all due success in his future writings, and great fun in his retirement.

Posted on Jeffrey Quick's Blog by Jeffrey Quick at 09:54 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: campus

December 10, 2015

Social justice visionary Bryan Stevenson, described as “America’s young Nelson Mandela,” to present keynote at Case Western Reserve University’s annual MLK convocation


News Release: Wednesday, December 10, 2015


Bryan Stevenson, one of the country’s most visionary legal thinkers and social justice advocates who has dedicated his career to helping the poor, the incarcerated and the condemned, will present the keynote address at Case Western Reserve University’s annual Martin Luther King Jr. convocation.

A MacArthur fellow and founder of the Equal Justice Initiative (EJI), Stevenson is considered a leader in the movement against mass incarceration in the United States. He recently served on President Barack Obama's task force on 21st-century policing.

Stevenson’s speech, on Friday, Jan. 22, at 12:30 p.m., in the Tinkham Veale University Center, 11038 Bellflower Road, Cleveland, is free and open to the public, although registration is recommended. To register, visit http://www.case.edu/events/featured-events/mlk/.

Each year, Case Western Reserve honors Martin Luther King, Jr.—the holiday, the man and the legacy—with a weeklong celebration featuring a range of activities, from workshops and films to panel discussions and celebrated speakers. The theme of the 2016 MLK Week Celebration is “Reflections on the Movement: The Urgency of Then and Now.”

Stevenson, who Nobel Peace Laureate Desmond Tutu has called “America’s young Nelson Mandela,” has received numerous awards, including the MacArthur Foundation “Genius” Grant and the NAACP Image Award for best non-fiction, and was named one of TIME magazine’s “100 Most Influential People” for 2015.

Under Stevenson’s leadership, EJI has won major legal challenges eliminating excessive and unfair sentencing, exonerating innocent death-row prisoners, confronting abuse of the incarcerated and the mentally ill and aiding children prosecuted as adults.

Stevenson, a New York University School of Law professor, has successfully argued several cases in the U.S. Supreme Court and won an historic ruling that mandatory life-without-parole sentences for children 17 or younger are unconstitutional.

He has initiated major anti-poverty and anti-discrimination efforts that challenge the legacy of racial inequality in America, including major projects to educate communities about slavery, lynching and racial segregation.
His memoir, Just Mercy, is the story of a young lawyer fighting on the frontlines of a country in thrall to extreme punishments and careless justice. It is an inspiring story of unbreakable humanity in the most desperate circumstances, and a powerful indictment of our broken justice system and the twisted values that allow it to continue.






























Posted on Think by William Lubinger at 08:06 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

December 10, 2015

WORKSHOP: HOW TO GET CONNECTED REMOTELY AND ACCESS THE KSL ONLINE RESOURCES

TAKE ADVANTAGE OF OUR PERSONAL ASSISTANCE AND ONLINE RESOURCES WHILE ON BREAK!

Kelvin Smith Library’s Personal Librarians will provide assistance to you any time of year, even when you are on break! The library offers a dynamic and comprehensive website to facilitate your research and information needs, 24-7. The online catalog and databases provide information for papers and projects with just a few clicks of the mouse.

If you need research assistance during Winter Break, you may contact your PL or other library staff at: http://library.case.edu/ksl/contactus/ask/

HOW DO I GET REMOTE ACCESS?

The KSL Personal Librarians and ITS Information Security Staff are providing a workshop on how students can connect to the network and access the library’s online resources through VPN (Virtual Private Networking). VPN is a point-to-point connection between a personal computer and CWRU servers.

CWRU has incorporated two-factor authentication into the Virtual Private Network (VPN). Two-factor authentication protects your account in the event that your password is stolen. You can quickly and simply configure DUO security 2-factor authentication for use with your cell phone, landline, smartphone, tablet, desktop computer, laptop or hardware token.

WHEN: Tuesday, December 15, 2015

Time: 7pm – 8pm

Location: Kelvin Smith Library, Classroom 215

Sponsored by: The Kelvin Smith Library’s Personal Librarian Program & Information Technology Services Information Security Staff

Light refreshments will be served

Posted on KSL News Blog by Brian Gray at 04:17 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

December 10, 2015

Assorted End-of-Year Reminders

Once again, here is a short list of routine reminders for submitting your requests in ILLiad. I realize this it not exactly ending the year with at 'BANG', but then again, sometimes 'you gotta do what you gotta do'--

* Do not attempt to enter full citation strings into any single request field; please break down and enter the separate components and type them into their corresponding specific individual fields.
* When entering an OCLC accession number into its respective field, please type in only one per request form; additional prospective OCLC numbers may be specified in the 'Notes' field.
* Please use OCLC numbers with numerous (rather than few) holdings, if possible; this is preferred, for a greater probability of obtaining materials through ILL.
* Please use legitimate OCLC numbers, (i.e., that have been obtained as a result of actual OCLC WorldCat searches); other numbers (such as ISSN, ISBN, LC Call Number) are to be entered in their own corresponding request field.
* Similarly, when entering an ISSN or ISBN into its own respective field, please type in only one per request form; additional such numbers may be specified in the 'Notes' field.
* When providing ISSN's or ISBN's, please enter only legitimate, properly-formatted such numbers into their corresponding field; no other forms of citation identification number should be used in their place.
* 'Other (Misc.)' form is to be used for requesting special loans only; do not enter full citations for articles, book chapters, conference papers, etc, or for any regular loan-type for which a request for otherwise already exists.
* Last, but not least -- please avoid entering abbreviated and ambiguous titles.

Though a little off-topic, a couple more timely reminders worth putting out there...

* Return all your loans on time (KSL, OhioLINK, ILLiad), to avoid loss of ILL (and regular) borrowing privileges.
* Keep your regular library fines at $15.00 or below (or, better yet, pay them off entirely), also to avoid loss of ILL (and regular) borrowing privileges.

To keep this entry short, it is simply worth mentioning that all these points have been addressed in greater detail elsewhere throughout this blog. So, I don't think I need to provide the rationale behind any of these here or now. Thanks to all ILL users for their cooperation when using ILLiad and all KSL services.

As always, if you have any questions or concerns, please contact KSL ILL staff by phone at 216-368-3463 or 216-368-3517, or by e-mail at smithill@case.edu.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 02:57 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Features | Recommendations

December 09, 2015

President Pytte visits the University Archives

The staff of the University Archives joins the rest of campus in mourning the death of President Emeritus Agnar Pytte on Friday, November 6, 2015. We’d like to recall his visit to the Archives in 1989.

The staff of the University Archives at the time (University Archivist Dennis Harrison, Jill Tatem, Eleanor Blackman, Helen Conger, and Denis New) planned a small celebration in December 1989 for the 25th anniversary of the establishment of the University Archives in December 1964. (A nice article about the 25th anniversary of the University Archives appeared in the November 1990 issue of CWRU Magazine.)

All past staff members were invited as well as President Pytte, Vice President and University Marshal Patricia B. Kilpatrick, and University Archivist Emerita Ruth W. Helmuth. We originally invited the president as a courtesy and did not actually expect him to attend such a small informal event. But attend he did, accompanied by Pat Kilpatrick, our vice president.

04311D1 copy.jpg
President Pytte and Pat Kilpatrick at 25th anniversary luncheon

The event consisted of a luncheon, exhibit, and tour of the Archives in the Quail Building (where the indoor track at the Veale Convocation, Athletic, and Recreation Center now stands). Jill Tatem prepared the exhibit. Ruth Helmuth, accompanied by Virginia Krumholz (former Archives staff member), conducted the tour of the Archives. It was a memorable event and we were all impressed with our “new” president.

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The University Archives was located on the third floor of the Quail Building

Another interesting note about the day was that it was snowing all morning. After President Pytte and Pat Kilpatrick walked back to their offices in Adelbert Hall, Pat called to let us know that since the snowstorm was so bad we were allowed to leave work early. While we’d like to think it was in honor of the Archives’ anniversary, the snow really was severe and it took staff members hours to get home. You can see the snow outside the window in the background of the luncheon photo.

While this event will not make a top ten list of presidential events or accomplishments for President Pytte, attendance at our small event showed us what a gracious, friendly person he was.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 04:51 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities | People

October 14, 2015

CWRU researcher lands grant to build stealthy brain tumor treatment

Combining nanotechnology with traditional chemotherapy drug and resistance-inhibitors

News Release: Oct. 14, 2015


CLEVELAND—A Case Western Reserve University researcher has received a 5-year, $2.82 million National Institutes of Health grant to make, in essence, stealth bombs that slip past the brain’s defenses to attack an incurable form of cancer.

Efstathios Karathanasis, a biomedical engineer at Case School of Engineering, has developed chain-like nanoparticles that can carry drugs across the blood-brain barrier that keeps standard medicines from reaching their target—a highly aggressive brain cancer called glioblastoma multiforme.

The nanochains will tote bombs of chemotherapy medicine and glioblastoma stem cell inhibitors identified by Jeremy Rich, MD, chairman of the Department of Stem Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine at Cleveland Clinic Lerner Research Institute.

The researchers expect the chemotherapy will destroy the majority of tumor cells and the inhibitor will eliminate cancer cells that are resistant and can cause brain tumors to reoccur. Their goal is to develop a treatment that eradicates the cancer with one safe dose.

“The grant enables our labs to integrate our technologies,” Karathanasis said. “We need integration to solve this problem.”

Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and most malignant tumors of glial cells, which provide structure to the brain. The median survival rate among adults is just under 15 months, according to the American Brain Cancer Association.

The blood-brain barrier that normally protects the brain from harm becomes a deadly impediment when tumors are present, preventing drugs from crossing from the blood stream into the diseased tissue.

And “surgeons can’t go in and cut liberally,” Karathanasis said. “Brain tumor cells are often invasive and spread throughout the normal brain, and drugs—if they get in—do nothing because of resistance that develops.”

To reach inside tumors, Karathanasis’ lab developed a short chain of magnetic nanoparticles made of iron oxide and modified the surfaces so one links to the next, much like Lego building blocks.

They link three and then chemically link a liposome sphere filled with a chemotherapy drug. The surface of the nanochain is also modified to penetrate and attach to the tumors’ vascular walls.

When nanochains congregate inside a tumor, the researchers place a wire coil, called a solenoid, outside near the tumor. Electricity passed through the solenoid creates a weak radiofrequency field. The field causes the magnetic tails of the chain to vibrate, bursting the liposome spheres, releasing their drug cargo into the brain tumors.

In testing with mouse models of aggressive brain tumors, the technology took out far more cancer cells, inhibited tumor growth better and extended life longer than traditional chemotherapy delivery. The targeted delivery system also used far less drug than used in traditional chemotherapy, saving healthy tissue from toxic exposure.

To treat glioblastoma multiforme, which typically produces cells resistant to chemotherapy, the team will add inhibitors to traditional chemotherapy drugs.

For instance, Rich’s lab has shown that inducible nitric acid synthase is a unique signal regulator in glioblastoma stem cells. The cancerous stem cells depend on the enzyme for growth and to form tumors. Normal neural cells do not.

In testing with mouse models of the cancer, models injected with an inducible nitric acid synthase inhibitor had fewer and smaller tumors compared to control models.

In addition to the grant money, the researchers will have access to the National Cancer Institute’s Alliance for Nanotechnology in Cancer, and will exchange ideas and resources, Karathanasis said.

As a corollary to the NIH funding, Karathanasis, along with Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Professors James Basilion and John Letterio, is also funded by Prayers from Maria Children's Glioma Cancer Foundation to explore the use of nanotechnology to more effectively treat pediatric glioma brain tumors. Prayers from Maria’s 2014 grant was the first major funding award for application of this technology. The combined synergy of funding from Prayers from Maria and NIH offers great hope for both children and adults affected by brain cancers.

The Karathanasis and Rich labs will work with Mark Griswold, professor of radiology at Case Western Reserve School of Medicine, who will build radiofrequency systems. Ketan Ghaghada, assistant professor of radiology at Baylor College of Medicine, will guide and oversee the steps taken to translate the research toward clinical trials.

Over the next five years, they’ll optimize the drug delivery system and mix of chemotherapy drug and inhibitor, study their effects and effectiveness in mouse models and evaluate the efficacy on human glioblastoma grafts in the models.



Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 12:10 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

December 07, 2015

CWRU Law clinic to represent victims of human trafficking and sexual assault

Continue reading "CWRU Law clinic to represent victims of human trafficking and sexual assault"

Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 02:04 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

December 04, 2015

Evergreen Industrial Batteries achieves top rank in the Weatherhead 100

Awards recognize Northeast Ohio’s sales growth leaders




News Release: Friday,December 4, 2015



CLEVELAND—Evergreen Industrial Batteries, a Valley View-based supplier of reconditioned and new forklift batteries, has captured the top rank for sales growth in the 2015 Weatherhead 100, the prestigious annual list of rapidly growing companies compiled by Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management.

The companies were honored at a ceremony Thursday night at Executive Caterers at Landerhaven in Mayfield Heights. The 2015 Weatherhead 100 list indicates notable growth in professional services, from security consulting to marketing. Companies in the manufacturing sector and computer companies (hardware, software and information technology) also were represented.

Weatherhead 100 was established to celebrate Northeast Ohio’s spirit of entrepreneurship and recognize companies that exemplify success in the region. The awards are divided into three categories:

Weatherhead 100: Companies with sales of at least $100,000 in 2010, and more than $1 million last year, with at least 16 full-time employees.

Upstarts: Fast-growing companies with up to 15 employees and sales of less than $5 million last year.

Centurions: Fast-growing companies with at least $100 million in sales last year.

The complete 2015 lists of Weatherhead 100, Centurion and Upstarts winning companies are posted at: http://weatherhead.case.edu/weatherhead100/winners

Established in 2010, Evergreen Industrial Batteries posted sales growth of 2,592.84 percent in the Weatherhead 100 five-year measurement period (2010-2014). The company captured the top rank the first time it has qualified for consideration.

In addition to selling batteries, the company provides reconditioned and new batteries for monthly rentals during its customers’ seasonal or peak demand. The firm also buys scrap or used batteries.

”We’re fortunate to have a staff of great people who are very dedicated to the quality of the products and services we offer to customers. That has greatly helped fuel our growth,” said Bob Rowland, Evergreen Industrial Batteries president and chief executive officer.

Jeremy O’Reilly, the company’s vice president, said “building relationships really matters.” He knew Evergreen Industrial Batteries would be competitive in the Weatherhead 100 rankings.

“We are thrilled to be among so many exceptional leaders” at the ceremony, O’Reilly said.

Lauden Properties, headquartered in Twinsburg, ranked second in the Weatherhead 100, with sales growth of 2,551.34 percent during the five-year period. Laudan Properties, a residential contractor offering inspection, repair and remodel services, also was second in the 2014 Weatherhead 100 ranking.

Echo Health Inc., of Westlake, placed third, with sales growth of 2,336.77 percent in the five-year period. The company also placed third the previous two years. Echo Health is a provider of health-care payment systems, focusing on electronic payment and delivery.

In the Centurions category, EnvisionRx, a pharmacy benefit management company in Twinsburg, took first, with five-year sales growth of 241.24 percent. This year, Rite Aid acquired EnvisionRx, which became a wholly owned subsidiary of Rite Aid.

In the Upstarts category, first place went to WellnessIQ, in Independence. The company posted five-year sales growth of 1,698.37 percent. It provides health management strategies for employees of client companies.


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 05:40 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release