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November 22, 2014

Feminism and Social Justice

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(from left to right)
Susan Hinze, Associate Professor of Sociology and Women's Gender Studies
Gladys Haddad, Host of Regionally Speaking

Susan Hinze discusses feminism and gender inequality. She explains how she became a feminist and relates the importance of gender inequality education. She also discusses her work in helping to create the new Social Justice Minor at Case Western Reserve University.

Posted on Regionally Speaking by Drew Blazewicz at 01:40 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

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November 21, 2014

OCLC Numbers, ISSN's & ISBN's When Submitting ILL Requests

These are always helpful pieces of information when included in your ILL request information, as they aid library staff in searching for potential holdings, thus expediting the overall process. However, we'd like to make note of some important issues about how you enter them into your ILLiad forms...

OCLC Accession Numbers...

These may be from 1 to 9 (or more) digits in length, and are to be found by searching the OCLC WorldCat Database. They are often included also in the bibliographic records of most online library catalogs. You may enter them into the 'OCLC Number' field of the ILLiad request form you are using -- most copy request forms (excluding 'Patent') and all loan request forms have a location to enter this. The presence of an OCLC number is greatly appreciated, but the one you provide may not necessarily the same one we use to search available holdings for processing your request. We may prefer from among other records for the same material that indicate greater potential lenders. ILL staff may thus supersede your cited OCLC number and ultimately choose a different record.

ISSN's (International Standard Serial Number)...

These are commonly cited in article references, and appear in one of these formats: '0317-8471' or '2434-561X'. ILLiad request forms of the types 'Journal Article' and 'Conference Paper' include a field to enter this number. If correctly entered, they will aid in expediting proper copyright clearance, as well as searching serial records and library holdings.

ISBN's (International Standard Book Number)...

These are often cited in references to books, book chapters, or conference papers, and are usually 10 or 13 digits in length. The exist it formats of the following types: '978-3-16-148410-0', '0-684-84328-5' or '0-8044-2957-X' (hyphen positions may vary). ILLiad request forms of the types 'Book', 'Book Chapter' and 'Conference Paper' include a field for this number.

Additional Citing Tips...

When filling out your ILLiad request forms, we ask that you enter only OCLC numbers, ISSN's or ISBN's into the their corresponding data fields. Please avoid entering multiple OCLC numbers, ISSN's or ISBN's numbers into these respective fields. If you happen to have any additional such numbers, they may be specified in the 'Notes' field instead, and ILL staff may choose from among them as alternates.

Please do not enter DOI abstract numbers (of the format such as '10.1080/0952813X.201'), UMI ProQuest AAT dissertation/thesis citation numbers (of the format such as '3090205' or 'NR20411') or any other type citation numbers where OCLC numbers, ISSN's or ISBN's should be placed. These numbers may be entered into the 'Notes' field instead, to avoid any possible confusion or processing delays.

ILL Staff appreciate any information you can provide to help us better determine the availability of the materials you need. Clearly filling out your request transaction forms, as described above, will allow us to work more efficiently in helping to meet your research needs.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 08:34 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Citations | Features | Recommendations

November 21, 2014

KSL Revised Thanksgiving Break Hours

Please note that Kelvin Smith Library will have the following revised hours for Thanksgiving Break.

  • Wednesday, Nov. 26: Open 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. (KSL closes early, no 24x7 services)
  • Thursday, Nov. 27: KSL Closed
  • Friday, Nov. 28: KSL Closed
  • Saturday, Nov. 29: KSL Closed

  • Sunday, Nov. 30: Return to regular business hours and 24x7 services resume

Cramelot Cafe will also have revised hours during this time:

  • Wednesday, Nov. 26: Open 11 a.m. - 4 p.m.
  • Closed Nov. 27 through Nov. 30
  • Resumes regular hours on Monday, Dec. 1

Wishing you a safe and happy holiday from Kelvin Smith Library!

Continue reading "KSL Revised Thanksgiving Break Hours"

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 11:17 AM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

November 19, 2014

Researchers discern the shapes of high-order Brownian motions


Nov. 19, 2014


CLEVELAND—For the first time, scientists have vividly mapped the shapes and textures of high-order modes of Brownian motions—in this case, the collective macroscopic movement of molecules in microdisk resonators—researchers at Case Western Reserve University report.

To do this, they used a record-setting scanning optical interferometry technique, described in a study published today in the journal Nature Communications.

The new technology holds promise for multimodal sensing and signal processing, and to develop optical coding for computing and other information-processing functions by exploiting the spatially resolved multimode Brownian resonances and their splitting pairs of modes.

“What we found agrees with the expected Brownian motions in high-order modes,” said Philip Feng, assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science at Case Western Reserve and senior author of the study. “But it has been pretty amazing and exhilarating to directly visualize these modes down to the fundamental limit of intrinsic Brownian motions.”

In his lab at Case School of Engineering, Feng worked closely with research associate Max Zenghui Wang and PhD student Jaesung Lee on the study.

Interferometry uses the interference of light waves reflected off a surface to measure distances, a technique invented by Case School of Applied Science physicist Albert A. Michelson (who won the Nobel prize in physics in 1907). Michelson and Western Reserve University chemist Edward Morley used the instrument to famously disprove that light traveled through “luminous ether” in 1887, setting the groundwork for Albert Einstein’s theory of relativity.

The technology has evolved since then. The keys to Feng’s new interferometry technique are focusing a tighter-than-standard laser spot on the surface of novel silicon carbide microdisks.

The microdisks, which sit atop pedestals of silicon oxide like cymbals on stands, are extremely sensitive to the smallest fluctuations arising from Brownian motions, even at thermodynamic equilibrium. Hence, they exhibit very small oscillations without external driving forces. These oscillations include fundamental and higher modes, called thermomechanical resonances.

Some of the light from the laser reflects back to a sensor after striking the top surface of the silicon dioxide film. And some of the light is refracted through the film and reflected back on a different path, causing interference in the light waves.

The narrow laser spot scans the disk surface and measures movement, or displacement, of the disk with a sensitivity of about 7 femtometers per square-root of a hertz at room temperature, which researchers believe is a record for interferometric systems. To put that in perspective, the width of a hair is about 40 microns, and a femtometer is 100 million times smaller than a micron.

Although higher frequency modes have small motion amplitudes, the technology enabled the group to spatially map and clearly visualize the first through ninth Brownian modes in the high frequency band, ranging from 5.78 to 26.41 megahertz.

In addition to detecting the shapes and textures of Brownian motions, multimode mapping identified subtle structural imperfections and defects, which are ubiquitous but otherwise invisible, or can’t be quantified most of the time. This capability may be useful for probing the dynamics and propagation of defects and defect arrays in nanodevices, as well as for future engineering of controllable defects to manipulate information in silicon carbide nanostructures.

The high sensitivity and spatial resolution also enabled them to identify mode splitting, crossing and degeneracy, spatial asymmetry and other effects that may be used to encode information with increasing complexity. The researchers are continuing to explore the capabilities of the technology.

Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 03:30 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 18, 2014

2014 Weatherhead 100 awards to recognize Northeast Ohio’s sales growth leaders




News Release: Tuesday, November 18, 2014



CLEVELAND—Companies focused on professional services or manufacturing most often appear on the 2014 Weatherhead 100 list recognizing Northeast Ohio’s leaders in sales growth.

Since 1988, the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve University has annually honored companies with exceptional five-year sales growth. The 2014 awards, to be presented Thursday, Dec. 4, at Executive Caterers at Landerhaven in Mayfield Heights, are based on sales growth from 2009-13.

The Weatherhead 100 list has now been posted, with winning companies in alphabetical order. The link: weatherhead.case.edu/weatherhead100/winners

The rankings are confidential until the awards ceremony. The 2014 Weatherhead 100 list indicates notable growth of 24 companies in professional services, from security consulting to marketing. The 13 companies in the manufacturing sector have the next strongest overall showing. Financial services and computer companies (hardware, software and information technology) and several other types of companies are also well represented among the winners.

Here are the award categories:

Weatherhead 100: Companies with sales of at least $100,000 in 2009, and more than $1 million last year, with at least 16 full-time employees.

Upstarts: Fast-growing companies with 15 or fewer employees and sales of less than $1 million last year.

Centurions: Fast-growing companies with at least $100 million in sales last year.

The Weatherhead 100 was established to celebrate Northeast Ohio’s spirit of entrepreneurship and to recognize companies that exemplify success in the region. The winning companies are headquartered during the five-year sales period in one of these counties: Ashland, Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie, Geauga, Huron, Lake, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Portage, Richland, Stark, Summit, Trumbull and Wayne.



Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 09:27 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 17, 2014

CWRU social work researchers to study why some children endure abuse and witnessing violence in the home better than others


News Release: November 17, 2014


The Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences at Case Western Reserve University received a two-year, $200,000 grant to study why some children thrive, achieve and develop despite being abused and witnessing violence in the home.

Megan R. Holmes, PhD, MSW, assistant professor of social work and the study’s lead investigator, believes the research could potentially help victims of abuse and neglect by learning why some children are more resilient to it. By understanding child resiliency, social workers and policymakers can implement interventions and programs that focus on protective factors that promote resiliency in maltreated children.

Holmes said such mistreatment is a prevalent public health concern that has both immediate and long-term consequences on a child’s behavior and academic performance. In 2012, Child Protective Services’ national report, “Child Maltreatment 2012,” found that 686,000 children suffered maltreatment, defined as abuse and neglect.

The training grant provides support for three studies: one by Holmes and two dissertations by Mandel School doctoral students Julia Kobulsky and Susan Yoon, who Holmes will mentor. The researchers will study children from 3 to 17 years old.

Kobulsky will examine the use of substances in children up to age 17, with a particular interest in those who begin using before age 13. Yoon will study the development of behavioral problems of children 4 to 13. Holmes’s study will focus on how witnessing domestic violence in the home impacts the academic performance from preschool to middle school.

The grant is provided by U. S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Fellowships for University-Based Doctoral Candidates and Faculty for Research in Child Maltreatment from the Administration of Children, Youth and Families’ division of the Children’s Bureau.

The Mandel School was among five nationally to receive the federal grant.

The researchers intend to share what they learn with social workers and policymakers who work with and address children’s issues. They expect to present their findings during a symposium in 2016 with the Cuyahoga County Division of Children and Family Services.


Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 06:31 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 04, 2014

Dark matter may be massive

CWRU theorists suggest the Standard Model may account for the stuff





Nov. 4, 2014



CLEVELAND—The physics community has spent three decades searching for and finding no evidence that dark matter is made of tiny exotic particles. Case Western Reserve University theoretical physicists suggest researchers consider looking for candidates more in the ordinary realm and, well, more massive.

Dark matter is unseen matter, that, combined with normal matter, could create the gravity that, among other things, prevents spinning galaxies from flying apart. Physicists calculate that dark matter comprises 27 percent of the universe; normal matter 5 percent.

Instead of WIMPS, weakly interacting massive particles, or axions, which are weakly interacting low-mass particles, dark matter may be made of macroscopic objects, anywhere from a few ounces to the size of a good asteroid, and probably as dense as a neutron star, or the nucleus of an atom, the researchers suggest.

Physics professor Glenn Starkman; David Jacobs, who received his PhD in Physics from CWRU in May and is now a fellow at the University of Cape Town; and Bryan Lynn, a visiting physics professor at CWRU, say published observations provide guidance, limiting where to look. They lay out the possibilities in a paper at http://arxiv.org/pdf/1410.2236.pdf.

The Macros, as Starkman and Jacobs call them, would not only dwarf WIMPS and axions, but differ in an important way. They could potentially be assembled out of particles in the Standard Model of particle physics instead of requiring new physics to explain their existence.

“We’ve been looking for WIMPs for a long time and haven’t seen them,” Starkman said. “We expected to make WIMPS in the Large Hadron Collider, and we haven’t.”

WIMPS and axions remain possible candidates for dark matter, but there’s reason to search elsewhere, the theorists argue.

“The community had kind of turned away from the idea that dark matter could be made of normal-ish stuff in the late ‘80s,” Starkman said. “We ask, was that completely correct and how do we know dark matter isn’t more ordinary stuff— stuff that could be made from quarks and electrons?”

After eliminating most ordinary matter, including failed Jupiters, white dwarfs, neutron stars, stellar black holes, the black holes in centers of galaxies and neutrinos with a lot of mass, as possible candidates, physicists turned their focus on the exotics.

Matter that was somewhere in between ordinary and exotic—relatives of neutron stars or large nuclei—was left on the table, Starkman said. “We say relatives because they probably have a considerable admixture of strange quarks, which are made in accelerators and ordinarily have extremely short lives,” he said.

Although strange quarks are highly unstable, Starkman points out that neutrons are also highly unstable. But in helium, bound with stable protons, neutrons remain stable.

“That opens the possibility that stable strange nuclear matter was made in the early universe and dark matter is nothing more than chunks of strange nuclear matter or other bound states of quarks, or of baryons, which are themselves made of quarks,” he said. Such dark matter would fit the Standard Model.

The Macros would have to be assembled from ordinary and strange quarks or baryons before the strange quarks or baryons decay, and at a temperature above 3.5 trillion degrees Celsius, comparable to the temperature in the center of a massive supernova, Starkman and Jacobs calculated. The quarks would have to be assembled with 90 percent efficiency, leaving just 10 percent to form the protons and neutrons found in the universe today.

The limits of the possible dark matter are as follows:

• A minimum of 55 grams. If dark matter were smaller, it would have been seen in detectors in Skylab or in tracks found in sheets of mica.

• A maximum of 1024 (a million billion billion) grams. Above this, the Macros would be so massive they would bend starlight, which has not been seen.

• The range of 1017 to 1020 grams should also be eliminated from the search, the theorists say. Dark matter in that range would be massive for gravitational lensing to affect individual photons from gamma ray bursts in ways that have not been seen.

If dark matter is within this allowed range, there are reasons it hasn’t been seen.

• At the mass of 1018 grams, dark matter Macros would hit the Earth about once every billion years.

• At lower masses, they would strike the Earth more frequently but might not leave a recognizable record or observable mark.

• In the range of 109 to 1018, dark matter would collide with the Earth at most once annually, providing nothing to the underground dark matter detectors in place.



Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 05:53 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 11, 2014

U.S. Supreme Court to review challenge to Obamacare based on research by Case Western Reserve University School of Law Professor Jonathan Adler


News Release: Tuesday, November 11, 2014



What began as legal analysis of the Affordable Care Act after it became law in 2010 now has Case Western Reserve University School of Law Professor Jonathan Adler close to a case that the U.S. Supreme Court agreed Friday to review.

At stake is the future of the law known as Obamacare, which authorizes subsidies to make health insurance more affordable, especially for the uninsured. Adler, in a paper he presented at a law conference in 2011, identified what seemed to be a glitch in the law’s wording.

That concern has become crucial to the case King v. Burwell. At issue is the part of the law limiting health insurance subsidies to “an exchange established by the state.”

But if a state does not establish an exchange—and 36 states have not—does that mean the federal government fills the gap? High-level courts have been trying to interpret the intent of Congress.

When the Supreme Court accepted King v. Burwell for review, Adler was somewhat surprised.

“I did not begin work on this issue in anticipation that it would ever be litigated, let alone that it would end up before the Supreme Court,” said Adler, the Johan Verheij Memorial Professor of Law and director of the Center for Business Law and Regulation at the Case Western Reserve School of Law.

“I got involved in this because I was asked to apply some of my insights on federal-state relations in environmental policy to the health care law for an academic conference,” he said. “In doing that work, I made some observations that ended up being significant, given the growth in state resistance to implementing the law and the choices the administration made implementing it.“

Early on, Adler collaborated with Michael Cannon, a health care policy expert at the libertarian Cato Institute, on whether the law limits subsidies to the state exchanges. The IRS has ruled that Affordable Care Act subsidies through federal exchanges are acceptable under the law, and the Obama administration contends the law is meant for all Americans.

“While these issues related directly to some of my core research interests in federalism and administrative law, I did not expect that this would become a big issue. I did not expect the Supreme Court to take the case. It is always safe to bet against a cert grant,” Adler said.

The term cert grant refers to a writ for judicial review. The U.S. Supreme Court issues a cert grant to only a small percentage of cases. There was wide belief the court might not be ready to again take on Obamacare. A 5-4 decision at the Supreme Court in 2012 validated the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act.

“However, I think the grant is readily understandable,” Adler said.

He went into some detail about the urgency in an online post Friday:
“This litigation creates substantial uncertainty about the operation of the law and, should the plaintiffs’ claims be upheld, policymakers, insurance companies, and those who would otherwise be eligible for subsidies will need time to figure out how to respond. This is one of the reasons all of the lower appellate courts to consider these claims have expedited their proceedings. They recognized that there are good reasons to treat these cases as more urgent and time-sensitive than the typical case.”

Adler knows for sure he will not be making an oral argument in the case before the Supreme Court.

“I will not be arguing the case. I do not represent any of the parties in the case,” he said. “I will, however, almost certainly submit an amicus (friend of the court) brief with my co-author (Cannon) presenting some of our research and findings to the court.”

Oral arguments will be held in March, and a decision is expected by late June, Adler said.


Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 04:26 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 11, 2014

CWRU nursing school awarded $2.35 million to study the link between the brain and health behavior change


News Release:November 11, 2014


 

A five-year, $2.35 million grant from the National Institute of Nursing Research will allow researchers from the Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, College of Arts and Sciences and the School of Medicine at Case Western Reserve University to study how brain activity motivates the chronically ill to manage their illnesses.

Five pilot studies, involving different chronic illnesses and researchers from nursing, medicine, public health, economics and cognitive science, will focus on how individuals activate task or emotion centers in the brain. By better understanding how these emotion and task centers work, new interventions that activate these areas of the brain can be developed to motivate patients to take better care of themselves.

“Finding a way to change brain activity and its influence on healthy behavior would be like finding the Holy Grail,” said the study’s lead investigator Shirley Moore, PhD, RN, FAAN, associate dean of research at the nursing school and the Edward J. and Louise Mellen Professor of Nursing.

Moore is working with a team of nursing school investigators led by: Carol Musil, PhD, RN, FAAN, the Marvin E. and Ruth Durr Denekas Professor of Nursing; Michael Decker, PhD, RN, RRT, Diplomate ABSM, associate professor of nursing; and Patricia Higgins, PhD, RN, FGSA, associate professor of nursing. Anthony Jack, PhD, associate professor of cognitive science, and Vikas Gulani, MD, PhD, assistant professor of medicine and director of the Case Center for Imaging Research, are also involved in the research.

The new study builds on work Moore has done in the previous seven years at the National Institute of Health’s (NIH)-funded Self-Management Advancement through Research and Translation (SMART) Center at the nursing school. While SMART Center researchers discovered how to change the behavior of chronically ill people, they hope to learn what motivates them, Moore said.

The studies will use brain imaging to discover the brain-behavior connections that influence a person’s decisions to set goals, monitor activities, reflect on their behavior and take control of their illness.

“The images show you what is happening in the brain and how the brain drives behavior,” said Jack, who has studied behaviors based on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to track blood flow to areas of the brain that are activated during thinking and feeling emotions.

People avoid taking medications, exercising and engaging in other healthy activities for many reasons. The fMRI imaging, Jack said, “will help us figure that out, and what we can do to help people manage their illnesses better.”
The grant funding comes at a time when major breakthroughs in the brain’s plasticity and imaging allow researchers to understand what areas of the brain are activated in emotions and decision-making, Moore said.

Researchers also hope to better understand how specific health self-management activities, like information, meditation, mindfulness and yoga, “rewire” the brain and motivate people to be healthier.

Researchers will collect data on anxiety, depression, social support and other factors that might impact people with hypertension, HIV/Aids, cardiovascular disease and diabetes in making healthy choices. Using common research parameters established by NIH will enable investigators on the five projects and nationally to access the data for future research.

Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 04:02 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 10, 2014

Veterans Day: Remembering Those Who Served

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Charles Augustus Young, Western Reserve College faculty member, during the American Civil War served as captain of Company B of the 85th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, composed of students and faculty of Western Reserve College. Additional details about WRC during the Civil War

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In 1898 in response to the Spanish-American war, Case School of Applied Science organized the Voluntary Case Corps of Cadets.

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In 1918 in response to the United States' entry into World War I, the Student Army Training Corps at Case School of Applied Science began induction of students.

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In 1917 Lakeside Base Hospital Number Four, comprised of 256 men and women, including faculty from the School of Medicine, sailed for Europe one month after the United States entered World War I. Pictured are officers of General Hospital No. 9.

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Naval Unit of Student Army Training Corps at Adelbert College, 1918

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Mather College WAVES in World War II

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Case Navy V-12 unit in World War II

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U.S. Cadet Nurse Corps students in World War II

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 03:13 PM | Comments (3) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

November 07, 2014

CWRU organizational behavior professor and “Appreciative Inquiry” pioneer David Cooperrider honored with academic center established in his name




News Release: November 7, 2014



CLEVELAND—When Bob Stiller, CEO of Green Mountain Coffee Roasters, sought to guide his company toward the next stage of significant growth, he sent his private jet to fetch David L. Cooperrider.

Cooperrider, a pioneering organizational behavior professor at Case Western Reserve University’s Weatherhead School of Management in Cleveland, is known worldwide for co-creating the theory known as “Appreciative Inquiry” (AI).

After incorporating AI, which is essentially based on the belief that an organization can advance by identifying and building on a company’s strengths and aspirations, Green Mountain (now Keurig Green Mountain) grew in less than a decade from annual sales of less than $100 million to an enterprise with a market value of more than $24 billion.

Today, AI, with the Weatherhead School as its home and birthplace, is practiced not only in the corporate world, but also in public service, economics, education, philanthropy, faith and even international relations.

“Without (AI), it would have been very difficult, perhaps even impossible, to constructively engage so many leaders of business, civil society and government,” said United Nations Secretary General Kofi Annan, who commended Cooperrider for introducing the approach to the UN.

The latest acknowledgement is a new AI-focused academic center that the Stiller Family Foundation established and named in Cooperrider’s honor: The David L. Cooperrider Center for Appreciative Inquiry. The center will be located in the Robert P. Stiller School of Business at Champlain College, in Burlington, Vt., and will be dedicated during a ceremony there Nov. 8.

“To be sure,” Cooperrider said, “this is not about me, but is testimony to the great power of Appreciative Inquiry as a way of leading and living, and Bob Stiller was touched at a deep level, not only by ‘AI’ as a way of creating a successful business, but by the power of the positive, in all walks of life.”

Business leaders and educators continue to adopt the AI approach around the world, changing their business cultures and developing academic centers to sustain what they learned from AI experts at the Weatherhead School. Companies such as Apple, Whole Foods Market, McKinsey & Co. and Fairmount Santrol have implemented various aspects of AI in their organizational management culture with tangible results.

“This honor is only the latest example of the profound impact that David’s writing and teaching have had upon realms from business and government to academia and more,” Weatherhead Dean Robert Widing said.

As the honorary chair of the new center at Champlain, Cooperrider will offer guidance and assist with the college’s executive education offerings. Champlain Associate Professor Lindsey Godwin, who obtained a doctorate at Weatherhead and is a Cooperrider research associate, will lead the center’s academic direction.

Cooperrider, the Fairmount Santrol - David L. Cooperrider Professor in Appreciative Inquiry at Weatherhead, will continue on the faculty at Case Western Reserve, where he is founder and faculty chair of the Fowler Center for Business as an Agent of World Benefit at the Weatherhead School. At the Fowler Center, AI is researched and taught, along with several other novel management methods—such as sustainable value and design thinking—that, together, distinguish Weatherhead from other business management schools.

Cooperrider created the original Appreciative Inquiry theory with Suresh Srivastva—his early mentor. The two published their first article on the approach in 1987 in the journal Research in Organizational Change and Development. Cooperrider also credits AI co-creators Ronald Fry, PhD, professor in Organizational Behavior at Weatherhead School, Frank Barrett, a professor at the Naval Postgraduate School, and Godwin.

Cooperrider is an internationally known management scholar and executive consultant who has written more than 20 books and more than 100 articles and book chapters. He has received some of the organizational behavior field’s highest honors.

In 2012, he was named the Peter F. Drucker Distinguished Fellow for the Peter F. Drucker & Masatoshi Ito School of Management (part of Claremont Graduate University) for his contributions to management thought. In earlier years, he was awarded the Aspen Institute’s Business and Society honor for “Pioneering Impact” in the Field; honored for his “Distinguished Contribution to the Field of Workplace Performance and Learning” by the American Society for Training and Development; and was named Visionary of the Year by Training Magazine in 2000.



Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 05:48 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 06, 2014

Children Being Pushed Out Of Schools

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Gabriella Celeste, JD is Director of Child Policy for the Schubert Center for Child Studies at Case Western Reserve University
Gladys Haddad, host of Regionally Speaking
Shakyra Diaz is Policy Director of ACLU of Ohio

In this installment of Regionally Speaking Gabrielle Celeste, Director of Child Policy for the Schubert Center for Child Studies at Case Western Reserve University, and Shakyra Diaz, Policy Director of ACLU of Ohio, bring to light a worrying epidemic of children being pushed out of schools. Celeste and Diaz speak to the causes of growing numbers of expulsions and suspensions and address the legislation that may help students and schools get back on track.


Social Justice Institute Think Tank symposium on November 15-16!

Posted on Regionally Speaking by Drew Blazewicz at 08:28 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged:

November 05, 2014

Shape of things to come in platelet mimicry

Technology may have broad use in medicine

Nov. 5, 2014


CLEVELAND—Artificial platelet mimics developed by a collaborative research team from Case Western Reserve University and University of California, Santa Barbara, are able to halt bleeding in mouse models 65 percent faster than nature can on its own.

For the first time, the researchers have been able to integratively mimic the shape, size, flexibility and surface chemistry of real blood platelets on albumin-based particle platforms. The researchers believe these four design factors together are important in inducing clots to form faster selectively at vascular injury sites while preventing harmful clots from forming indiscriminately elsewhere in the body.

The new technology, reported in the journal ACS Nano at http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/nn503732m, is aimed at stemming bleeding in patients suffering from traumatic injury, undergoing surgeries or suffering clotting disorders from platelet defects or a lack of platelets. Further, the technology may be used to deliver drugs to target sites in patients suffering atherosclerosis, thrombosis or other platelet-involved pathologic conditions.

Anirban Sen Gupta, an associate professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve, previously designed peptide-based surface chemistries that mimic the clot-relevant activities of real platelets. Building on this work, Sen Gupta now focuses on incorporating morphological and mechanical cues that are naturally present in platelets to further refine the design.

“Morphological and mechanical factors influence the margination of natural platelets to the blood vessel wall, and only when they are near the wall can the critical clot-promoting chemical interactions take place,” he said.

These natural cues motivated Sen Gupta to team up with Samir Mitragotri, a professor of chemical engineering at UC Santa Barbara, whose laboratory has recently developed albumin-based technologies to make particles that mimic the geometry and mechanical properties of red blood cells and platelets.

Together, the team has developed artificial platelet-like nanoparticles (PLNs) that combine morphological, mechanical and surface chemical properties of natural platelets.

The researchers believe this refined design will be able to simulate natural platelet’s ability to collide effectively with larger and softer red blood cells in systemic blood flow. The collisions cause margination—pushing the platelets out of the main flow and closer to the blood vessel wall— increasing the probability of interacting with an injury site.

The surface coatings enable the artificial platelets to anchor to injury-site-specific proteins, von Willebrand Factor and collagen, while inducing the natural and artificial platelets to aggregate faster at the injury site.

Testing in mouse models showed that intravenous injection of these artificial platelets formed clots at the site of injury three times faster than natural platelets alone in control mice.

The ability to interact selectively with injury site proteins, as well as the ability to remain mechanically flexible like natural platelets, enables these artificial platelets to safely ride through the smallest of blood vessels without causing unwanted clots.

Albumin, a protein found in blood serum and eggs, is already used with cancer drugs and considered a safe material. Artificial platelets that don’t become involved in a clot and continue to circulate are metabolized within one to two days.

The researchers believe the new artificial platelet design may be even more effective in larger volume blood flows where margination to the blood vessel wall is more prominent. They expect to soon begin testing those capabilities.

This research was previously funded by American Heart Association and is currently funded by National Institutes of Health.

In addition to stemming bleeding, Sen Gupta believes the technology could also be useful in delivering clot-busting medicines directly to clots, to treat heart attack or stroke without having to systemically suspend the body’s coagulation mechanism. The artificial platelets may also be used to deliver cancer medicines to metastatic tumors that have high platelet interactions. Sen Gupta is seeking grants to pursue that work.


Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 02:39 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 05, 2014

From strangers to mates in 15 minutes

Single gene enables female fruit flies to choose (Mr.) right

Nov. 5, 2014


CLEVELAND—Ah, to be a fruit fly. No meddling matchmakers, creepy dates or frog kissing.

Females process the sights, smell, sounds and touch of love to choose Mr. Right in 15 minutes. Researchers at Case Western Reserve University discovered the neural circuitry that allows females to make this decision. The work was published in the journal PLoS Biology and is featured on the cover of its October issue.

That’s just one finding from the first-ever map of the brain circuits involved—an effort more than 40 years in the making.

The mapping enabled the scientists to identify the single gene responsible for the network and the neurotransmitter that mediates the “yes” or “no” response—and confirm a 50-year-old hypothesis on decision-making.

By the way, humans have the same gene, but whether it works in us the same way is unclear.

A female’s choice of mate is a key factor in the survival or evolution of a species. She is deciding which traits will be passed on to the next generation.

“It’s a complex decision, “said Rui Sousa-Neves, a research professor in the department of genetics and genomic sciences, who led the research and is senior author of the study published in the online journal PLoS Biology.

During courtship, “the female fruit fly is listening to love songs from the male and taking in the color of his eyes, how he dances and smells, and she’s getting cues from the way he touches her abdomen,” he said.

Sousa-Neves worked with PhD student Joseph Moeller Schinaman; biology and Spanish major Rachel Lynn Giesey, who graduated in May; and assistant biology professor Claudia Mieko Mizutani from Case Western Reserve; and University of California at Irvine researcher Tamas Lukacsovich.

Scientists have been working with fruit flies for more than 100 years. The University of Tennessee’s Benjamin Hochman isolated mutations on the fly’s fourth chromosome, a tiny chromosome compared to its three others, more than 40 years ago.

But the resource sat on a shelf because no one could link mutations to genes, Sousa-Neves said.

To link the mutation to a gene, Sousa-Neves previously developed a series of tools to molecularly map it and more recently developed a method to generate mutant neurons using a fluorescent color code.

They showed that the gene datilografo (dati), a transcription factor, is essential to organizing and maintaining the neural circuitry in the central brain that enables a female to accept a mate.

The gene is required in an excitatory circuit involving just a few neurons in the olfactory lobe, the first entry point for odor processing in the brain. The neurons express acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter.

In addition, dati is required in two other brain centers: a region where olfaction and other senses are integrated; and a novel region.

Monitoring females that were being courted “provides the first evidence for a hypothesis made 50 years ago,” Sousa-Neves said. “To make decisions we don’t balance all options like a computer does…. Here females made decisions based on a sum of stimuli that came from outside.”

Further testing showed that if they removed the dati gene, female flies made no decisions and never accepted to mate with males.

“Genes similar to dati are not only found in flies,” said Sousa-Neves. “It’s a conserved gene present in marine arthropods to humans.”

Does the gene play the same role in humans? Do humans actually make such a decision in 15 minutes?

“Nobody knows,”Sousa-Neves said. Finding the answers will take time.

But, now that they’ve discovered the players involved, “it opens up investigating decision-making at a brand new level,” he said.

The researchers are looking further into how dati establishes the circuits for decision-making in flies and what decision-making involves.

The paper can be found at: http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1001964


Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 02:26 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

November 04, 2014

October Issue online

the October issue of our journal 'Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy' is now online at: www.thecdt.org

Continue reading "October Issue online"

Posted on Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy by Paul Schoenhagen at 11:57 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Announcement

November 03, 2014

Law research article paints dismal picture for litigation against greenhouse gas emitters

Case Western Reserve School of Law professor has analyzed data from 178 environmental lawsuits




News Release: Monday, November 3, 2014



Legal attempts to deter major emitters of environment-damaging greenhouse gases (GHGs) have been ineffective and are unlikely to have much effect for years, a Case Western Reserve School of Law professor concludes in peer-reviewed research published in the law journal Jurimetrics.

The article, “Pleading Patterns and the Role of Litigation as a Driver of Federal Climate Change Legislation,” by Juscelino F. Colares, with a statistical assist from Kosta Ristovski, is based on an analysis of 178 federal and state lawsuits and the pleading patterns that emerge from those cases. Their findings suggest that GHG emitters, if not motivated by fear of litigation, are unlikely to shift from blocking to supporting emissions-restricting legislation.

Colares, a climate-change law expert and associate director of the Frederick K. Cox International Law Center at Case Western Reserve in Cleveland, provides detailed legal analysis of the data. Ristovski, a research scientist at Big Data Lab Hitachi America, in Santa Clara, Calif., provides the research article with statistical techniques and graphical displays based on the cases studied.

Jurimetrics, The Journal of Law, Science, and Technology, is a publication of the American Bar Association’s Center of Science & Technology Law, at Arizona State University.

Man-made GHGs, such as carbon dioxide and methane, contribute to global warming and other environmental effects, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

When storm surges, coastal erosion and landslides harm communities, environmental lawsuits seeking to restrict GHG emitters become more likely. Yet, Colares found that tort suits, often the most threatening and costly to major emitters, are rare (only 3 percent of the cases included tort claims).

"Legal remedies under current law are very limited,” Colares said. “Due to the diffuse nature of climate change effects (emissions know no boundaries, and their effects are spread around the globe), linking an emission source to any localized climate change effect is very difficult.”

This causality issue, Colares said, explains why, to date, climate-change litigation “does not appear to have been more than a minor nuisance to major GHG emitters."

According to the EPA, Greenhouse gases can remain in the atmosphere for varying amounts of time. Some are more effective than others at making the planet warmer through a greenhouse effect.

The cases Colares and Ristovski studied share a common thread. The cases were drafted by plaintiffs seeking to have courts impose damages or tighter controls on activities associated with GHG emissions. Because proving causality in this kind of litigation is so difficult, the overwhelming majority of claims focus on regulatory issues, the research shows.

Defendants were not always major GHG emitters, however. Some were federal or state government agencies or local governments being urged to take mitigating action or stop perceived GHG emissions. These complaints would invariably raise GHG emitters’ costs.

The results of this research are surprising because they tell a consistent story: The high frequency of regulatory pleading is unlikely to induce major GHG emitters to forego their current opposition to legislative reform.

“Major emitters are not likely to support federal legislation that restricts emissions in exchange for litigation peace, when litigation is not perceived as a threat,” Colares said.




Posted on Think by Marvin Kropko at 07:16 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 29, 2014

Congratulations to KSL Arts & Humanities Info Fair Winner!

ah-infofair14-winner.jpgOn October 17, Kelvin Smith Library hosted an Arts and Humanities Information Fair in conjunction with the library's homecoming weekend open house. Vendors from JSTOR, Data-Planet, Proquest and RefWorks were present to speak with students, faculty and alumni about their research products. Representatives from the Cleveland Public Library were also on hand to talk about their services available at KSL. In addition, informational materials were available from several other research resources: Alexander Street Press, Artstor, EBSCO, EndNote, Gale, and Oxford UP. 

Case Western Reserve University senior, Andrew Breland, walked away as the raffle winner of a Kindle Paperwhite, courtesy of JSTOR. Breland stated that for his research needs, "JSTOR is the best database available," even before winning the prize.

Thank you to all who contributed to and participated in this event!


ah-infofair14.jpg

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Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

October 28, 2014

W.P.A. Project - Cleveland Regional Union Catalog

The theme of 2014 Archives Month in Ohio is Ohio in the Depression. A project, promoted by faculty and administrators of Western Reserve University (WRU) that started 4/10/1936 as a Works Progress Administration (W.P.A.) project, was the Cleveland Regional Union Catalog.

The purpose was to bring together into one place records of the holdings of libraries and other institutions. The original 42 participants included libraries of colleges and universities (such as WRU, Case School of Applied Science, Ohio State University, Oberlin College, John Carroll University), other libraries (such as Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland Medical Library, Lakewood Public Library) and organizations (such as Cleveland Board of Education, Rowfant Club, Western Reserve Historical Society, Nela Park).

The project soon expanded and was known as the state-wide Cleveland Regional Union Catalog. To develop this expanded Catalog, three other W.P.A. projects were established (7/27/1937, 1/4/1938, and 8/16/1938). The W.P.A. provided the clerical labor for the projects. Public support of the catalog ended 11/25/1939.

The first-entry library cards of the entire General Catalogs of the participating institutions were “photographed and transcribed on cards to constitute the state-wide Cleveland Regional Union Catalog.” WRU maintained the Catalog. The Cuyahoga County Board of Education helped to sponsor the project until it became state-wide and the Ohio State Library Board sponsored it after the state-wide expansion. Over the years some libraries dropped out, other libraries joined the effort, and many maintained their participation in the project by submitting cards as new purchases were made and items were withdrawn from their libraries.

During the 1940s the Library of Congress Union Catalog Division received and transcribed the cards constituting the entire state-wide Cleveland Regional Union Catalog. In 1956 the Catalog contained over 2,600,000 cards. In January 1956 the Cleveland Regional Union Catalog began “sending monthly shipments of main-entry cards from eleven of its important libraries selected by the Library of Congress for publication in the National Union Catalog.”

The Cleveland Regional Union Catalog was maintained well into the 1970s. The need for such a catalog was superseded over time by advances in networked information, especially the online catalog. Case Western Reserve University had been a founding member of OCLC. (In 1967 the Ohio College Library Center, now known as the Online Computer Library Center, was established.) During the 1971-1972 academic year, CWRU University Libraries introduced the new on-line cataloging system to its campus. “The system provides access to the large data base of bibliographic records from the Library of Congress MARC project as well as records stored by members on a current basis.”

The efforts of multiple 1930s-era W.P.A. projects are a fine example of the collaboration and cooperation by libraries which continues to this day.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Helen Conger at 07:19 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities

October 28, 2014

CWRU film scholar publishes handy "Pocket Guide to Analyzing Films"


News Release: Tuesday, October 28, 2014


Students and moviegoers may find a helpful resource in a new pocket-sized guide to better understanding and interpreting film.

Case Western Reserve University film scholar Robert Spadoni has published A Pocket Guide to Analyzing Films (University of California Press, 2014), a compact overview of the elements that make up a film and how they work together.

The 192-page book is designed to serve as a low-cost alternative to current introductory film texts, or as a supplemental text professors can assign in a film course on a director, genre, historical period, or a topic such as film adaptation or women in film. The book contains nearly 200 images from films and provides sample analyses that demonstrate ways to write persuasively about film meaning. It is divided into three main sections.

• Film form: outlines an approach to film that centers on the viewers’ experience, defining and illustrating such concepts as genres, conventions, meaning and motifs.
• Film narrative: defines narrative as a part of a story film’s overall composition, laying emphasis on film narration.
• Film style: surveys and illustrates the concrete techniques that make up a film, from camera angles to settings to different kinds of edits to film sound.

The book describes the elements that make up most films, regardless of who directed it or when or where it was made. Spadoni is aiming for, in addition to portability, broad applicability.

While the needs of film instructors inspired this book, Spadoni hopes that general readers will also find it useful as a way to further enhance their enjoyment of movies.

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Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 27, 2014

Inside prison: CWRU Begun Center researcher studies inmate-officer relationships in maintaining safety and security


News Release: Monday, October 27, 2014


Case Western Reserve University mental health researcher Joseph Galanek spent a cumulative nine months in an Oregon maximum-security prison to learn first-hand how the prison manages inmates with mental illness.  

What he found, through 430 hours of prison observations and interviews, is that inmates were treated humanely and security was better managed when cell block officers were trained to identify symptoms of mental illness and how to respond to them.

In the 150-year-old prison, he discovered officers used their authority with flexibility and discretion within the rigid prison structure to deal with mentally ill inmates.

Galanek’s observations and interviews with 23 staff members and 20 inmates with severe mental illness are described in the Medical Anthropology Quarterly article, “Correctional Officers and the Incarcerated Mentally Ill: Responses to Psychiatric Illness in Prison.” The National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Mental Health supported his research.

“With this research, I hope to establish that prisons, with appropriate policies and staff training, can address the mental health needs of prisoners with severe mental illness,” said Galanek, PhD, MPH a medical anthropologist and research associate at the Jack, Joseph and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences’ Begun Center for Violence Education and Prevention Research at Case Western Reserve.

“Additionally,” he said, “I show that supporting the mental health needs of inmates with severe mental illness concurrently supports the safety and security of prisons, and that these two missions are not mutually exclusive. With the number of prisoners with severe mental illness in prison increasing, efforts need to be made by all prison staff to ensure that this segment of the prison population has appropriate mental health care and safety.”

Galanek saw how administrative policies and cultural values at the prison allowed positive relationships to develop between officers and prisoners diagnosed with severe mental illnesses, among the prison’s 2,000 inmates.

In this maximum-security prison, left unidentified for the study to protect the confidentiality of officers and inmates, officers received training to identify symptoms of mental illness, which, in turn, led to better security, safety and humane treatment of potentially volatile inmates. But the officers were also able to use their discretion in handling some situations. 

Galanek observed, for example, the following instances where an officer’s decision—rather than rigidly enforcing prison rules—helped mentally ill inmates and maintain order within the institution:

• Prisoners are required to work 40 hours at an assigned job. But one inmate chose to remain in his cell instead of reporting to work—a prison offense. The inmate told the officer he was experiencing auditory hallucinations. Instead of sending the prisoner to a disciplinary unit, the officer allowed the prisoner to remain in his cell until the hallucinations passed.

• A correctional officer confronted a violent prisoner, who was off his medication and began smashing a TV and mirror and threatened other prisoners. Instead of disciplinary confinement, the officer conferred with mental health workers, who sent the prisoner to the inpatient psychiatric unit to get him back on his medication. 

• Prisoners aren’t allowed to loiter or talk to other inmates outside their cells. But a high-functioning inmate with a bipolar disorder worked a janitorial job that allowed him to talk to other mentally ill inmates. Through those conversations, he was able to let officers know when inmates were exhibiting symptoms of their mental illness. That information allowed the officers to quickly address potential problems and decrease security risks.

Conversely, Galanek said, if these inmates were sent to the segregation unit (“the hole”) to sit isolated for hours, their thoughts could lead to agitation and hallucinations that often bring on prison security problems. Mentally ill prisoners’ work was important and meaningful because it acted as a coping mechanism to decrease the impact of psychiatric symptoms, he said. 

To gain such access to prison culture is highly unusual. In fact, such ethnographic studies have declined in past 30 years due to perceptions that researchers are seen as security risks within these highly controlled environments. But as a mental health specialist in Oregon’s Department of Corrections from 1996-2003, Galanek was uniquely prepared to navigate the prison for his research. 

“They trusted me,” he said. “I knew how to move, talk and interact with staff and inmates in the prison.”



Posted on Think by Susan Griffith at 11:56 AM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 23, 2014

OhioLINK Loans vs. ILLiad Loans at KSL

Here are two services we provide that both fall under the category of "Interlibrary Loan", but entail some very distinct differences with regard to library policy. Just briefly making some important comparisons between them below -- please keep in mind that these explanations pertain specifically to how they are implemented in the Kelvin Smith Library and not as at any of the other CWRU campus library system service points.

** Requesting

* OhioLINK items are requested through the OhioLINK Catalog, using your CWRU login and password. You may also link to it from the CWRU Library Catalog, after determining no local copies are available.

* ILLiad items are requested at the ILLiad Main Logon site, by completing and submitting a loan transaction form. You must first create a user account on your initial usage -- this is available only for users from the College of Arts and Sciences, the Case School of Engineering, the Weatherhead School of Management, and university central administration. (Medical, Dental, Nursing, Law & MSASS users must register at their respective ILLiad sites.)

** Holds

* OhioLINK items may be held at any listed library service point on campus (selected at the time you submit your request). Those to be held at the Kelvin Smith Library will be kept in a self-service open shelving area, by the patron's last name. OhioLINK loans are held for up to 10 days upon receipt from the lender library. (Exceptions include delivery service to select faculty and distance education enrollees, with direct checkout applied.)

* ILLiad loans are held in a secured shelving area (staff access only) in the Kelvin Smith Library, until no later than the original due date assigned by the lender library. We encourage borrowers to pick them up within the first 10 days after notification of receipt. (Exceptions again include delivery service to select faculty and distance education enrollees, with direct checkout applied.) Courtesy notices are also sent out via e-mail within a week before the due date, to remind borrowers their items are still being held.

** Checkout

* OhioLINK loans may be picked up by the requesting patrons, and charged out at the self-serve kiosk or at the Service Center desk (with staff assistance). Authorized users (on behalf of faculty only) may also check them out, after notification sent by the borrowers to request an update to the note field in their circulation accounts. Notify the Access & Delivery staff by e-mail to smithcontact.case.edu.

* ILLiad items must be retrieved by attendant staff (during regular hours only), and are to be checked out at the Service Center desk (valid photo ID & signature required). Authorized users may also sign them out, but the requesting user must specify their names in the ILLiad account (prior to submitting requests), accessed through the ILLiad Main Logon page. Select 'Change User Information' under the 'Main Menu' column to update.

** Loan Period

* OhioLINK books are generally lent for normally 21 days (42 for faculty), with the due date extending from the date they are picked up and checked out. Special items may have shorter loan periods applied, and may have an in-library use restriction applied.

* ILLiad loans are assigned a fixed due date, usually from 7 days to as long as 2 months (or even longer), based on lender libraries' individual policies. These due dates do not vary in relation to the date of checkout. Some ILL items may also have a 'LIBRARY USE ONLY' restriction indicated by the lender.

** Management

* You may view all your current OhioLINK and SearchOhio loan transactions (as well as local loans from Kelvin Smith and other CWRU campus library systems) by logging into My Library Account with your CWRU network ID and password.

* You may view all your ILLiad transactions by logging into your account at the ILLiad Main Logon page, using your ILLiad username and password. Current loans may be viewed by selecting 'Checked Out Items' under the 'Main Menu' column, while loans either still in process or ready for pickup will appear under 'Outstanding Requests'.

** Renewals

* You may request renewals on OhioLINK loans by logging into My Library Account. OhioLINK allows up to 6 renewals periods (beginning from the day the renewal is submitted), and these are usually effected in real time. Renewals may be requested on multiple items simultaneously, if desired. Item holds at the home institutions may preclude renewals, however.

* You must log into your account at the ILLiad Main Logon page in order to request renewals on ILL loaned items. Select 'Checked Out Items' from the 'Main Menu' column, and then you may submit a request individually on a checked-out loan transaction, provided it does not have a 'NO RENEWALS' restriction indicated by the lender. ILL staff will mediate renewal requests, and you will receive e-mail notifications based on the responses received from the lenders. Renewal extensions may vary (more or less) from the default 2-week period set in ILLiad, or they may be denied altogether, based upon lender libraries' policies. ILL loans are normally limited to a single renewal request, as well.

** Overdues

* E-mail notifications are normally sent out within a week in advance of the due date of OhioLINK loans, with a reminder to renew. Overdue notices will follow after the due date, then monthly until a printed bill for replacement is sent, unless items have been returned.

* Notifications via e-mail are sent regarding ILLiad loans as follows: 1) Reminder 5 days prior to original due date (advising to request renewal, if eligible), 2) First Overdue notice the day after the original due date, 3) Second Overdue notice 7 days after the due date, 4) Third Overdue notice 14 days after the due date (after which time ILLiad privileges become blocked). Recall notices may also be sent, if we are so notified by the lender libraries.

** Returns

* OhioLINK loans can be returned to Kelvin Smith Library, but may also be turned in at any other CWRU campus library location, at the service desk or in the book drop (unless otherwise indicated).

* ILLiad items requested through Kelvin Smith Library must be returned directly to Kelvin Smith Library, preferably at the service desk -- avoid placing media and fragile items in the book drop. (Delivered ILL loans may be either mailed by courier or returned in person, to Kelvin Smith Library.)

** Fines

* OhioLINK book loans accrue an amount of $0.50 per day, to a maximum of $50.00. Special items may be assessed at a greater daily amount. Lost items are billed a replacement fee of $125.00.

* Overdue fees are not levied for overdue ILLiad loans, but your ILL account will be blocked from essential borrowing privileges if any checked out items become more than 14 days past due. ILL privileges will be restored once any and all such loans have been returned to Kelvin Smith Library's ILL staff. Lost items will be billed for replacement, based upon lender libraries' policies upon negotiation communications between our ILL department and theirs. Extended blocking of ILLiad account privileges may also result until missing ILL item procedures become resolved.

Questions regarding OhioLINK loans may be referred to the KSL Access & Delivery team, at (216) 368-3506 or to smithcirc@case.edu. Questions or concerns about ILLiad loan transactions (for KSL users only) may be addressed to the KSL Interlibrary Loan staff, at (216) 368-3463 or (216) 368-3517, or to smithill@case.edu.

Posted on Carl's ILLiad Blog by Carl Mariani at 04:55 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Policies | Services

October 23, 2014

Cramelot Cafe Fall Break Hours

Please note that Cramelot Cafe in Kelvin Smith Library will have revised hours beginning Sunday, October 26, during Case Western Reserve University's fall break. Cramelot will return to regular hours on Wednesday, October 29. See all revised hours below.

Continue reading "Cramelot Cafe Fall Break Hours"

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 04:00 PM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: KSL Services & Spaces

October 23, 2014

Investigating Marginalized Populations

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(from left to right)
John Flores, Climo Junior Professor of the College of Arts and Sciences at Case Western Reserve University
Gladys Haddad, host of Regionally Speaking
Tim Black, Associate Professor of Sociology and a Faculty Associate of the Social Justice Institute

Dr. Gladys Haddad is joined by Tim Black and John Flores. Tim Black, Associate Professor of Sociology and a Faculty Associate of the Social Justice Institute, discusses his work in researching and understanding marginalized minorities in society and talks about his book, "When A Heart Turns Rock Solid". John Flores, Climo Junior Professor of the College of Arts and Sciences at Case Western Reserve University, discusses his work in the area of Mexican American history and the manuscript of his upcoming book.


Social Justice Institute Think Tank symposium on November 15-16!

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October 22, 2014

Amputees discern familiar sensations across prosthetic hand

System providing sensation for more than two years

Oct. 22, 2014


CLEVELAND—CLEVELAND—Even before he lost his right hand to an industrial accident 4 years ago, Igor Spetic had family open his medicine bottles. Cotton balls give him goose bumps.

Now, blindfolded during an experiment, he feels his arm hairs rise when a researcher brushes the back of his prosthetic hand with a cotton ball.

Spetic, of course, can’t feel the ball. But patterns of electric signals are sent by a computer into nerves in his arm and to his brain, which tells him different. “I knew immediately it was cotton,” he said.

That’s one of several types of sensation Spetic, of Madison, Ohio, can feel with the prosthetic system being developed by Case Western Reserve University and the Louis Stokes Cleveland Veterans Affairs Medical Center.

Spetic was excited just to “feel” again, and quickly received an unexpected benefit. The phantom pain he’d suffered, which he’s described as a vice crushing his closed fist, subsided almost completely. A second patient, who had less phantom pain after losing his right hand and much of his forearm in an accident, said his, too, is nearly gone.

Despite having phantom pain, both men said that the first time they were connected to the system and received the electrical stimulation, was the first time they’d felt their hands since their accidents. In the ensuing months, they began feeling sensations that were familiar and were able to control their prosthetic hands with more – well – dexterity.

To watch a video of the research, click here: http://youtu.be/l7jht5vvzR4.

“The sense of touch is one of the ways we interact with objects around us,” said Dustin Tyler, an associate professor of biomedical engineering at Case Western Reserve and director of the research. “Our goal is not just to restore function, but to build a reconnection to the world. This is long-lasting, chronic restoration of sensation over multiple points across the hand.”

“The work reactivates areas of the brain that produce the sense of touch, said Tyler, who is also associate director of the Advanced Platform Technology Center at the Cleveland VA. “When the hand is lost, the inputs that switched on these areas were lost.”

How the system works and the results will be published online in the journal Science Translational Medicine Oct. 8. The study and release are embargoed until 2 p.m. Eastern U.S. time, Oct. 8.

“The sense of touch actually gets better,” said Keith Vonderhuevel, of Sidney, Ohio, who lost his hand in 2005 and had the system implanted in January 2013. “They change things on the computer to change the sensation.

“One time,” he said, “it felt like water running across the back of my hand.”

The system, which is limited to the lab at this point, uses electrical stimulation to give the sense of feeling. But there are key differences from other reported efforts.

First, the nerves that used to relay the sense of touch to the brain are stimulated by contact points on cuffs that encircle major nerve bundles in the arm, not by electrodes inserted through the protective nerve membranes.

Surgeons Michael W Keith, MD and J. Robert Anderson, MD, from Case Western Reserve School of Medicine and Cleveland VA, implanted three electrode cuffs in Spetic’s forearm, enabling him to feel 19 distinct points; and two cuffs in Vonderhuevel’s upper arm, enabling him to feel 16 distinct locations.

Second, when they began the study, the sensation Spetic felt when a sensor was touched was a tingle. To provide more natural sensations, the research team has developed algorithms that convert the input from sensors taped to a patient’s hand into varying patterns and intensities of electrical signals. The sensors themselves aren’t sophisticated enough to discern textures, they detect only pressure.

The different signal patterns, passed through the cuffs, are read as different stimuli by the brain. The scientists continue to fine-tune the patterns, and Spetic and Vonderhuevel appear to be becoming more attuned to them.

Third, the system has worked for 2 ½ years in Spetic and 1½ in Vonderhueval. Other research has reported sensation lasting one month and, in some cases, the ability to feel began to fade over weeks.

A blindfolded Vonderhuevel has held grapes or cherries in his prosthetic hand—the signals enabling him to gauge how tightly he’s squeezing—and pulled out the stems.

“When the sensation’s on, it’s not too hard,” he said. “When it’s off, you make a lot of grape juice.”

Different signal patterns interpreted as sandpaper, a smooth surface and a ridged surface enabled a blindfolded Spetic to discern each as they were applied to his hand. And when researchers touched two different locations with two different textures at the same time, he could discern the type and location of each.

Tyler believes that everyone creates a map of sensations from their life history that enables them to correlate an input to a given sensation.

“I don’t presume the stimuli we’re giving is hitting the spots on the map exactly, but they’re familiar enough that the brain identifies what it is,” he said.

Because of Vonderheuval’s and Spetic’s continuing progress, Tyler is hopeful the method can lead to a lifetime of use. He’s optimistic his team can develop a system a patient could use at home, within five years.

In addition to hand prosthetics, Tyler believes the technology can be used to help those using prosthetic legs receive input from the ground and adjust to gravel or uneven surfaces. Beyond that, the neural interfacing and new stimulation techniques may be useful in controlling tremors, deep brain stimulation and more.

Daniel Tan, a Case Western Reserve PhD student who has since graduated, and Matthew Schiefer, a biomedical engineering instructor at Case Western Reserve and investigator at the APT Center at the Cleveland VA, are co-lead authors of the study. Joyce Tyler, an occupational therapist at MetroHealth Medical Center, and surgeons, Keith and Anderson are coauthors.

The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs funded the research.
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Case Western Reserve University is one of the country’s leading private research institutions. Located in Cleveland, we offer a unique combination of forward-thinking educational opportunities in an inspiring cultural setting. Our leading-edge faculty engage in teaching and research in a collaborative, hands-on environment. Our nationally recognized programs include arts and sciences, dental medicine, engineering, law, management, medicine, nursing and social work. About 4,200 undergraduate and 5,600 graduate students comprise our student body. Visit case.edu to see how Case Western Reserve thinks beyond the possible.

About the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center
Cleveland VAMC provides both inpatient and outpatient health care services at its facility located in Cleveland (Wade Park) as well as 13 Community Based Outpatient Clinics within Northeast Ohio.  The Wade Park Campus is classified as a Level 1 (the most complex) type of medical facility because of the range of available services. It is a teaching hospital with full service patient care, as well as education & research centers. 



Posted on Think by Kevin Mayhood at 07:50 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Official Release

October 15, 2014

Kelvin Smith Library joins HathiTrust!

hathitrust_logo_web.jpgThe Kelvin Smith Library at Case Western Reserve University is now a member of HathiTrust, a large-scale collaborative repository of digital content from major research institutions and libraries. With more than 90 partners, HathiTrust aims to ensure that the cultural record is preserved and accessible long into the future.

As a member of HathiTrust, authorized Case Western Reserve users will now have access to download full digital versions of public domain materials that reside in the HathiTrust collection.

All authorized users (faculty, staff, and students) with a Case Western Reserve network ID can gain access via HathiTrust.org by selecting Case Western Reserve University from the login menu.

“Our membership in HathiTrust is not only a great way to expand access to a wealth of e-books at a very affordable price, but is also a pledge of our support to the continuation of a vital resource that is a collaborative effort of the academic library community,” said Timothy Robson, associate director for Academic Engagement Services at Kelvin Smith Library.


HathiTrust serves a dual role:

“The news about our membership in HathiTrust is wonderful,” said Miriam Levin, professor of history, with a secondary appointment in the Department of Art and Art History at Case Western Reserve. “I am constantly finding references for digitized materials on the HathiTrust site when doing research — I'm looking forward to having access to them at last.”

Over the last five years, HathiTrust partners have contributed more than 11 million volumes to the digital library, digitized from their library collections through a number of means including Google and Internet Archive digitization and in-house initiatives.

As one of these partners, Case Western Reserve users will have the ability to access the more than 3.7 million contributed volumes that are in the public domain.

“Having unrestricted access to HathiTrust will make my work and that of my students range further with less ‘friction’ in the treatment of digitized texts augmenting Kelvin Smith Library’s print holdings,” said Kurt Koenigsberger, associate professor of English at Case Western Reserve. “The full access that a HathiTrust membership provides will ensure my students work with the widest array of texts possible, and encounter the fewest barriers of access. I'm grateful to Kelvin Smith Library for providing the university community this access.”

Posted on KSL News Blog by Hannah Levy at 08:28 AM | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events & News @KSL

October 20, 2014

Case and WRU in the Great Depression

The stock market crash of October 1929 was the dramatic beginning of a decade of economic devastation. Manufacturing, agriculture, banking, construction, shipping - all sectors of the economy suffered, including higher education.

The University Archives has substantial documentation of the effects of the Depression on Case School of Applied Science and Western Reserve University as well as the actions and decisions taken in response to the crisis. Only two of those sources, student yearbooks and presidents’ annual reports, were consulted for this brief overview of the effect of the Depression on students.

What is remarkable in the student yearbooks is how infrequent references to economic conditions appear. For 1930/31, the student newspaper, The Reserve Weekly, was praised for increasing its advertisers “in spite of the acknowledged depression in business conditions.” The Case Tech earned similar praise in the Differential, “In spite of the discouragements offered by the business depression and the ensuing reluctance to invest in advertising, the business staff... has succeeded in holding up the financial end of the Tech.”

For the next five years, hopeful determination characterized the yearbooks’ depiction of the times. “The difficulties in producing the Differential by the Class of ‘34 in a period of economic chaos and financial turbulence were surpassed by the capable and concentrated efforts... of the entire staff, and the whole-hearted support of the student body and faculty.” Mather College’s 1934 Polychronicon’s senior class history read in part, “When they were Juniors the banks closed, and for several weeks it looked as though they could not have a Prom, but it turned out to be one of the best in years.”

It should be said this attitude was not because Case and Reserve students were insulated from the effects of the Depression. Reports of the presidents and deans repeatedly describe the greater need for student financial aid. Adelbert’s Dean William Trautman in 1934 wrote that, “scholarship and tuition aid funds have been spread as far as possible. In some cases even a twenty-five dollar gift has proved to be the slender thread that has kept the hope of getting an education from fading completely.” At Mather College the Alumnae Association and Advisory Council made loans and gifts to increase student aid. In 1935 Mather converted Flora Mather House to a cooperative dormitory. In return for working one hour each day on household duties, room and board fees were reduced from $400 to $250.

More students worked part-time and full-time while carrying full academic loads. The National Youth Administration’s work program for students helped nearly 400 students each year. Mather’s Vocational Counselor placed both students and alumnae in full-time and part-time work.

Curricular retrenchment included reducing sections of some classes, offering some classes only in alternative years, opening more classes to students of other colleges, and eliminating Saturday classes, to “enable many students to use the additional half-day to help themselves more financially.”

In selecting the Great Depression as 2014’s Archives Month in Ohio theme, Ohio’s archivists pay tribute to the resilience of those who persevered through that crisis.

Posted on Recollections from the Archives by Jill Tatem at 08:41 PM | Comments (0) | TrackBack (0)

Entry is tagged: Events and Activities